A World of Gangs

"On the street with gangs in three world cities - Chicago, Rio de Janeiro, and Capetown - Hagedorn discovers that many of them have institutionalized as a strategy to confront a hopeless cycle of poverty, racism, and oppression.

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Author: John Hagedorn

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 9780816650668

Category: Social Science

Page: 198

View: 216

"On the street with gangs in three world cities - Chicago, Rio de Janeiro, and Capetown - Hagedorn discovers that many of them have institutionalized as a strategy to confront a hopeless cycle of poverty, racism, and oppression. The mhilistic appeal of gangsta rap and its ethic of survival "by any means necessary," he argues, provides vital insights into the ideology and persistence of gangs around the world. Proposing how gangs can be encouraged to overcome their violent tendencies, Hagedorn appeals to community leaders to use the urgency, outrage, and resistance common to both gang life and hip-hop to bring gangs into broader movements for social justice."--BOOK JACKET.

Street Gangs Throughout the World

scholars think about street gangs, there is a tendency to view them as principally
an American phenomenon. After all, researchers have conducted most of the
world's research on street gangs, and these gangs are known throughout the
world.

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Author: Herbert C. Covey

Publisher: Charles C Thomas Publisher

ISBN: 9780398079703

Category: Electronic books

Page: 328

View: 701

This updated and expanded new edition continues the theme of the first edition of emphasizing the substantial growth of street gangs throughout the world. Although a substantial amount of research on street gangs has been conducted in recent decades, much of it has focused on the United States. This book summarizes much of the research being conducted in many other countries where the street gang phenomenon is currently developing, which includes poverty, the retreat of the state, increasing income inequality, urbanization, population growth, exploitation, marginalization, underground economie.

The World s Most Evil Gangs

This encouraged the kidnap gangs: five other footballers' mothers were
kidnapped during the next five months. ... following the murder of Sir Peter Blake,
a world-famous sailor and environmentalist who was shot by a gang known as
the 'Water ...

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Author: Nigel Blundell

Publisher: Kings Road Publishing

ISBN: 9781782198031

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 203

Crime DOES pay. There's no denying it. And in pursuit of riches and power, those outside the law have always tended to band together - spawning today's murky, brutal world of organised crime.The origins of the archetypical gangster can be traced to 1920s America, when Prohibition turned street-corner hoodlums into rich and powerful businessmen. But today highly organised ferociously protective gangs are prevalent throughout the world. Despite their despicable methods, we are still fascinated by their labyrinthe networks. How did these gangs form? How do they wield their power? How do they maintain their secretive societies? And how do they evade the massive forces of law and order arrayed against them? Nigel Blundell, who is author of more than a dozen factual crime books, reveals the answers in The World's Most Evil Gangs.This book delves into the darkest depths of the underworld, from mobsters in America to Hells Angels in Germany to child armies in Africa...not forgetting the monsters on our own doorstep.

Upping the Anti 7

A World of Gangs: Armed Young Men and Gangsta Culture. University of
Minnesota Press, 2008. For years, John Hagedorn has made the honest study of
gang culture and its institutionalization the cornerstone of his research and work.

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Author:

Publisher: UTA Publications

ISBN: 9780968270424

Category:

Page:

View: 464

Youth Gangs and Community Intervention

“The Strategic Prevention of Gang Violence Among Gang Involved Offenders.”
Justice ... “The System Model of Gang Behavior. ... Gang Wars. Washington, D.C.:
Justice Policy Institute. Hagedorn, John M. 2008. A World of Gangs. Minneapolis:
 ...

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Author: Robert Chaskin

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231519311

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 491

Although a range of program and policy responses to youth gangs exist, most are largely based on suppression, implemented by the police or other criminal justice agencies. Less attention and fewer resources have been directed to prevention and intervention strategies that draw on the participation of community organizations, schools, and social service agencies in the neighborhoods in which gangs operate. Also underemphasized is the importance of integrating such approaches at the local level. In this volume, leading researchers discuss effective intervention among youth gangs, focusing on the ideas behind, approaches to, and evidence about the effectiveness of community-based, youth gang interventions. Treating community as a crucial unit of analysis and action, these essays reorient our understanding of gangs and the measures undertaken to defeat them. They emphasize the importance of community, both as a context that shapes opportunity and as a resource that promotes positive youth engagement. Covering key themes and debates, this book explores the role of social capital and collective efficacy in informing youth gang intervention and evaluation, the importance of focusing on youth development within the context of community opportunities and pressures, and the possibilities of better linking research, policy, and practice when responding to youth gangs, among other critical issues.

Gang Life in Two Cities

“Back in the Field Again: Gang Research in the Nineties.” In Gangs in America ,
edited by C. R. Huff, 240–59. Newbury Park, Calif.: Sage. ———. 2008. A World
of Gangs: Armed Young Men and Gangsta Culture . Min- neapolis: University of ...

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Author: Robert J. Durán

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231530965

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 514

Refusing to cast gangs in solely criminal terms, Robert J. Durán, a former gang member turned scholar, recasts such groups as an adaptation to the racial oppression of colonization in the American Southwest. Developing a paradigm rooted in ethnographic research and almost two decades of direct experience with gangs, Durán completes the first-ever study to follow so many marginalized groups so intensely for so long, revealing their core characteristics, behavior, and activities within two unlikely American cities. Durán spent five years in Denver, Colorado, and Ogden, Utah, conducting 145 interviews with gang members, law enforcement officers, prosecutors, and other relevant individuals. From his research, he constructs a comparative outline of the emergence and criminalization of Latino youth groups, the ideals and worlds they create, and the reasons for their persistence. He also underscores the failures of violent gang suppression tactics, which have only further entrenched these groups within the barrio. Encouraging cultural activists and current and former gang members to pursue grassroots empowerment, Durán proposes new solutions to racial oppression that challenge and truly alter the conditions of gang life.

The World s Most Threatening Terrorist Networks and Criminal Gangs

The oft heard but unattributed quote “One man's terrorist is another man's
freedom fighter” is a nearly perfect description of the world's view of the
Lebanese group Hezbollah. Some, such as the United States, clearly view this
organization as a ...

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Author: B. Schneider

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230623293

Category: Political Science

Page: 281

View: 651

Terrorist organizations and international criminal networks pose an increasing danger to the world. This book looks at diverse groups from Al Qaeda to Mexican drug cartels and includes a chapter on terrorist WMD threats. This look at sub-state rivals is recommended to all serious students of international security.

Violence at the Urban Margins

(1960), Delinquency and Opportunity: A Theory of Delinquent Gangs, The Free
Press, New York, NY. Covey, Herbert C. 2003. Street Gangs Throughout The
World. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas Publisher Ltd. Dowdney, Luke. 2007.

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Author: Javier Auyero

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190221485

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 656

In the Americas, debates around issues of citizen's public safety--from debates that erupt after highly publicized events, such as the shootings of Jordan Davis and Trayvon Martin, to those that recurrently dominate the airwaves in Latin America--are dominated by members of the middle and upper-middle classes. However, a cursory count of the victims of urban violence in the Americas reveals that the people suffering the most from violence live, and die, at the lowest of the socio-symbolic order, at the margins of urban societies. The inhabitants of the urban margins are hardly ever heard in discussions about public safety. They live in danger but the discourse about violence and risk belongs to, is manufactured and manipulated by, others--others who are prone to view violence at the urban margins as evidence of a cultural, or racial, defect, rather than question violence's relationship to economic and political marginalization. As a result, the experience of interpersonal violence among the urban poor becomes something unspeakable, and the everyday fear and trauma lived in relegated territories is constantly muted and denied. This edited volume seeks to counteract this pernicious tendency by putting under the ethnographic microscope--and making public--the way in which violence is lived and acted upon in the urban peripheries. It features cutting-edge ethnographic research on the role of violence in the lives of the urban poor in South, Central, and North America, and sheds light on the suffering that violence produces and perpetuates, as well as the individual and collective responses that violence generates, among those living at the urban margins of the Americas.

Forces Gangs to Riots

As youth progress in their levels of gang immersion, they increasingly prefer to be
in the womb of the world that they understand and are able to function. Much as
anyone in a strange or unfamiliar setting would do, they search out others like ...

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Author: Steven D. Valdivia

Publisher: Steven D. Valdivia

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page:

View: 863

Describes processes of violence evolution without regard to culture and ethnicity. Describes societal processes to relative types and levels of peace and violence in a cause and effect format. Explains how violence (and peace) can be periodic outcomes of societal processes. Assigned reading in college classrooms.

Introduction to Gangs in America

Introduction Gang members running through streets, alleys, and parks shooting
at one another. Drive-by shootings coming ... Yes, killing is a problem, not only in
the world of gangs, but in our society in general. Killing by and of gang members,
 ...

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Author: Ronald M. Holmes

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439869475

Category: Computers

Page: 170

View: 976

Gangs have long been a social and criminal threat to society. Introduction to Gangs in America explains how gangs are addressed as a criminal justice and public policy problem, providing a student-friendly, easily accessible, concise overview of the role, place, structure, and activities of gangs in American society. The book describes what gangs a

Global Gangs

Volume editors Jennifer M. Hazen and Dennis Rodgers bring together contributors who examine gangs from a comparative perspective, discussing such topics as the role the apartheid regime in South Africa played in the emergence of gangs, the ...

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Author: Jennifer M. Hazen

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 9781452941813

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 99

Gangs, often associated with brutality and senseless destructive violence, have not always been viewed as inherently antagonistic. The first studies of gangs depicted them as alternative sources of order in urban slums where the state’s authority was lacking, and they have subsequently been shown to be important elements in some youth life cycles. Despite their proliferation there is little consensus regarding what constitutes a gang. Used to denote phenomena ranging from organized crime syndicates to groups of youths who gather spontaneously on street corners, even the term “gang” is ambiguous. Global Gangs offers a greater understanding of gangs through essays that investigate gangs spanning across nations, from Brazil to Indonesia, China to Kenya, and from El Salvador to Russia. Volume editors Jennifer M. Hazen and Dennis Rodgers bring together contributors who examine gangs from a comparative perspective, discussing such topics as the role the apartheid regime in South Africa played in the emergence of gangs, the politics behind child vigilante squads in India, the relationship between immigration and gangs in France and the United States, and the complex stigmatization of youths in Mexico caused by the arbitrary deployment of the word “gang.” Featuring an afterword by renowned U.S. gang researcher Sudhir Venkatesh, this volume provides a comprehensive look into the experience of gangs across the world and in doing so challenges conventional notions of identity. Contributors: Enrique Desmond Arias, George Mason U; José Miguel Cruz, Florida International U; Steffen Jensen, DIGNITY–Danish Institute Against Torture; Gareth A. Jones, London School of Economics and Political Science; Marwan Mohammed, École Normale Supérieure, Paris; Jacob Rasmussen, Roskilde U; Loren Ryter, U of Michigan; Rustem R. Safin, National Research Technological U, Russia; Alexander L. Salagaev, National Research Technological U, Russia; Atreyee Sen, U of Manchester; Mats Utas, Nordic Africa Institute; Sudhir Venkatesh, Columbia U; James Diego Vigil, U of California, Irvine; Lening Zhang, Saint Francis U.

Gangs

This chapter explores the existence and growth of gangs in other countries and is
organized according to continent or region of the world, and then alphabetically
by country. A representative sample of countries is included to give the reader a ...

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Author: Karen L. Kinnear

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781598841251

Category: Social Science

Page: 303

View: 801

Discusses the history of gangs, why people join them, and where they are found, and includes statistical information and summaries of print and nonprint resources.

Gangs and Society

Second, this competition with other gangs reinforced loyalty to the group—in that
sense, external competition reinforced internal loyalty and ... First, the gang is a
response to social disorganization: It produces order in a world of disorder.

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Author: Louis Kontos

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231507516

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 731

Compiled by three leading experts in the psychological, sociological, and criminal justice fields, this volume addresses timely questions from an eclectic range of positions. The product of a landmark conference on gangs, Gangs and Society brings together the work of academics, activists, and community leaders to examine the many functions and faces of gangs today. Analyzing the spread of gangs from New York to Texas to the West Coast, the book covers such topics as the spirituality of gangs, the place of women in gang culture, and the effect on gangs of a variety of educational programs and services for at-risk youth. The final chapter examines the "gang-photography phenomenon" by looking at the functions and politics of different approaches to gang photography and features a photographic essay by Donna DeCesare, an award-winning journalist.

Gangs Peers Cooffending

INTRODUCTION Gangs and peers have received considerable attention from
both researchers and practitioners. Less research exists, however, ... An
excellent entry point into the world of gang research. Based upon decades of
study, the ...

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Author: Oxford University Press

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199803412

Category:

Page: 22

View: 244

This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of criminology find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In criminology, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Criminology, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study and practice of criminology. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.

The Cultural Matrix

“Gang Violence in the Postindustrial Era.” In Youth Violence, edited by Michael
Tonry and Mark H. Moore, 365–419. Crime and Justice Series, no. 24. Chicago:
University of Chicago Press. Hagedorn, John M. 2009. A World of Gangs: Armed
 ...

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Author: Orlando Patterson

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674967304

Category: Social Science

Page: 685

View: 414

The Cultural Matrix seeks to unravel an American paradox: the socioeconomic crisis and social isolation of disadvantaged black youth, on the one hand, and their extraordinary integration and prominence in popular culture on the other. This interdisciplinary work explains how a complex matrix of cultures influences black youth.

The Projects

Gang and Non-gang Families in East Los Angeles James Diego Vigil ... CHOLAS
IN THE WORLD OF GANGS ... The socialization of girls into street life not only
shapes a permissive attitude toward deviant gang subcultures but also affects ...

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Author: James Diego Vigil

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 9780292795099

Category: Social Science

Page: 239

View: 820

In this work, Vigil adds to the tradition of poverty research and elaborates on the association of family dynamics and gang membership. The main objective of his research was to discover what factors make some families more vulnerable to gang membership, and why gang resistance was evidenced in similarly situatied non-gang-involved families.

Street Gang Patterns and Policies

Well, the world of gang control can provide few guidelines for success, only
continuing approaches that “feel right,” those that conform to conventional
wisdoms. We noted it in the mid-1990s, and it remains true now: “The saddest
message of ...

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Author: Malcolm W. Klein

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199890101

Category: Law

Page: 320

View: 100

In the past two decades, many prevention and suppression programs have been initiated on a national and local level to combat street gangs--but what do we really know about them? Why do youths join them? Why do they proliferate? Street Gang Patterns and Policies is a crucial update and critical examination of our understanding of gangs and major gang-control programs across the nation. Often perceived solely as an urban issue, street gangs are also a suburban and rural dilemma. Klein and Maxson focus on gang proliferation, migration, and crime patterns, and highlight known risk factors that lead to youths form and join gangs within communities. Dispelling the long-standing assumptions that the public, the media, and law enforcement have about street gangs, they present a comprehensive overview of how gangs are organized and structured. The authors assess the major gang programs across the nation and argue that existing prevention, intervention, and suppression methods targeting individuals, groups, and communities, have been largely ineffective. Klein and Maxson close by offering valuable policy guidelines for practitioners on how to intervene and control gangs more successfully. Filling an important gap in the literature on street gangs and social control, this book is a must-read for criminologists, social workers, policy makers, and criminal justice practitioners.

State and Nonstate Associated Gangs

This timely monograph contributes significantly to an understanding of the new
kinds of threats characteristic of a world in which instability and irregular conflict
are no longer on the margins of global politics. For those responsible for making
 ...

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Author: Max G. Manwaring

Publisher: Strategic Studies Institute

ISBN: 9781584873907

Category: Counterinsurgency

Page: 71

View: 356

This monograph explores the complex protean character and hegemonic role of gangs operating as state and nonstate surrogates in the contemporary asymmetric and irregular global security arena. Gangs come in different types with different motives, and with different modes of action. Examples include Venezuela's institutionalized "popular militias," Colombia's devolving paramilitary criminal or warrior bands (bandas criminales), and al-Qaeda's loosely organized networks of propaganda-agitator gangs operating in Spain and elsewhere in Western Europe.

Youth in Crisis

'Gangs', Territoriality and Violence Barry Goldson. Chapter 5 ... Here gangs
created 'a world distinctly their own . . . rough and untamed, yet rich in elemental
social processes' (ibid.). Their 'delinquencies' were minor yet serious,
spontaneous ...

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Author: Barry Goldson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136833298

Category: Law

Page: 248

View: 618

Few issues attract greater concern and censure than those that surround youth 'gangs'. Comprising a series of essays from leading national and international researchers, this book subjects such claims to rigorous critical scrutiny. It provides a challenging and authoritative account of complex questions pertaining to urban youth identities, crime and social order.

Rain Taxi Review of Books

Foreword by Mike Davis WORLD OF GANGS Author of People and Folks R A
WORLD OF GANGS United Nations reports one billion people living in slums in
both first and third world nations , while predicting that ARMED YOUNG MEN by ...

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105133692157

Category: Arts, Modern

Page:

View: 568