A Strategy for Research in Space Biology and Medicine in the New Century

Physiol. Rev. 72: 369417. Edgerton, V.R., and Roy, R.R. 1994. Neuromuscular adaptation to actual and simulated weightlessness. Pp. 33-67 in Advances in Space Biology and Medicine, Vol. 4 (S.L. Bonting, ed.). JAI Press, Greenwich, Conn.

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Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309060479

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 186

Construction of the international space station, scheduled to start in late 1998, ushers in a new era for laboratory sciences in space. This is especially true for space life sciences, which include not only the use of low gravity as an experimental parameter to study fundamental biological processes but also the study of the serious physiological changes that occur in astronauts as they remain in space for increasingly longer missions. This book addresses both of these aspects and provides a comprehensive review of ground-based and space research in eleven disciplines, ranging from bone physiology to plant biology. It also offers detailed, prioritized recommendations for research during the next decade, which are expected to have a considerable impact on the direction of NASA's research program. The volume is also a valuable reference tool for space and life scientists.

A Strategy for Research in Space Biology and Medicine into the Next Century

Physiol. Rev. 72: 369417. Edgerton, V.R., and Roy, R.R. 1994. Neuromuscular adaptation to actual and simulated weightlessness. Pp. 33-67 in Advances in Space Biology and Medicine, Vol. 4 (S.L. Bonting, ed.). JAI Press, Greenwich, Conn.

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Author: Committee on Space Biology and Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309522069

Category: Science

Page: 257

View: 498

Construction of the international space station, scheduled to start in late 1998, ushers in a new era for laboratory sciences in space. This is especially true for space life sciences, which include not only the use of low gravity as an experimental parameter to study fundamental biological processes but also the study of the serious physiological changes that occur in astronauts as they remain in space for increasingly longer missions. This book addresses both of these aspects and provides a comprehensive review of ground-based and space research in eleven disciplines, ranging from bone physiology to plant biology. It also offers detailed, prioritized recommendations for research during the next decade, which are expected to have a considerable impact on the direction of NASA's research program. The volume is also a valuable reference tool for space and life scientists.

Life Into Space

Space Life Sciences Experiments, Ames Research Center, Kennedy Space Center, 1991-1998 : Including Profiles of 1996-1998 Experiments Kenneth A. Souza, ... 98 ( 4 ) , 1996 , pp . ... Advances in Space Biology and Medicine , vol .

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Author: Kenneth A. Souza

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112048624560

Category: Government publications

Page: 555

View: 702

Advances in Space Biology and Medicine

Schwartzkopf, S.H., Human life support for advanced space exploration. ... In: Foundations of Space Biology and Medicine (M. Calvin, O. Gazenko, Eds.), vol. 3, pp. ... (Translation in: Space Biology and Medicine l(4):41-47, 1967). 10.

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Author: S.L. Bonting

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080877311

Category: Science

Page: 250

View: 933

During the past several years there has been a shortage of flight opportunities for biological and medical projects. And those that were available usually had severe restrictions on instrumentation, number of subjects, duration, time allotted for performing the experiments, a possibility for repetition of experiments. It is our hope and expectation that this will change once the international Space Station is in full operation. The advantages of a permanent space station, already demonstrated by the Russian Mir station, are continuous availability of expert crew and a wide range of equipment, possibility of long-term experiments where this is waranted, increased numbers of subjects through larger laboratory space, proper controls in the large 1-G centrifuge, easier repeatability of experiments when needed. The limited number of flight opportunities during recent years probably explains why it has taken so long to acquire a sufficient number of high quality contributions for this seventh volume of Advances in Space Biology and Medicine. While initially the series wassailed at annually appearing volumes, we are now down to a biannual appearance. Hopefully, it will be possible to return to annual volumes in the future when results from space station experimentation at beginning to pour in. The first three chapters of this volume deal with muscle. Fejtek and Wassersug provide a survey of all studies on muscle of rodents flown in space, and include an interesting demography of this aspect of space research. Riley reviews our current knowledge of the effects of long-term spaceflight and re-entry on skeletal muscle, and considers the questions still to be answered before we can be satisfied that long-term space missions, such as on the space station, can be safely undertaken. Stein reviews our understanding of the nutritional and hormonal aspects of muscle loss in spaceflight, and concludes that the protein loss in space could be deleterious to health during flight and after return. Strollo summarizes our understanding of the major endocrine systems on the ground, then considers what we know about their functioning in space, concluding that there is much to be learned about the changes taking place during spaceflight. The many problems of providing life support (oxygen regeneration and food supply) during extended stay on the Moon, on Mars, or in space by means of plant cultivation are discussed by Salisbury. The challenges of utilizing electrophoresis in microgravity for the separation of cells and proteins are illustrated and explained by Bauer and colleagues. Finally, the chapter on teaching of space life sciences by Schmitt shows that this field of science has come of age, but also that its multidisciplinary character poses interesting challenges to teaching it.

Uplink downlink

A History of the NASA Deep Space Network, 1957-1997 Douglas J. Mudgway ... for Intelligent Life in the Universe : NASA's High Resolution Microwave Survey , ” in Sjoerd L. Bonting , ed . , Advances in Space Biology and Medicine , Vol .

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Author: Douglas J. Mudgway

Publisher:

ISBN: NASA:31769000641053

Category: Deep Space Network

Page: 674

View: 964

How are NASA's robotic spacecraft tracked and controlled? Although the public generally focuses its attention on the remarkable scientific achievements of these spacecraft, the Deep Space Network (DSN) is less heralded. The DSN, however, provides the logistical backbone for scientists, engineers, and technicians to know where a particular spacecraft is, to be able to send it on its proper path through (and in some cases beyond) the solar system, and to download useful scientific data. Douglas Mudgway tells the compelling story of how this complex technological and international system was built and improved over four decades. Therefore, it is appropriate that the Deep Space Network be recognized at this time for its contribution to this remarkable record of progress in our knowledge of the solar system. "Uplink-downlink" presents this record clearly for the attention of specialists, policymakers, students, and general readers.

Sourcebook of Models for Biomedical Research

Mammalian development in space. In: Marthy HJ, Ed. Advances in Space Biology and Medicine, Vol. 9, Development in Space. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier, 2003:217–251. 4. Wassersug RJ. Vertebrate biology in microgravity.

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Author: P. Michael Conn

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781588299338

Category: Medical

Page: 778

View: 769

The collection of systems represented in this volume is a unique effort to reflect the diversity and utility of models used in biomedicine. That utility is based on the consideration that observations made in particular organisms will provide insight into the workings of other, more complex systems. This volume is therefore a comprehensive and extensive collection of these important medical parallels.

Advances in Space Biology and Medicine

This volume has contributions from the United States (3), Russia (2), and Europe (4).

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Author: Sjoerd L. Bonting

Publisher: Elsevier Science

ISBN: 1559384093

Category: Science

Page: 314

View: 700

This volume has contributions from the United States (3), Russia (2), and Europe (4). These contributions include investigations of biological problems encountered in spaceflight by humans, animals, plants, and single cells, as well as studies of a fundamental biological problem aided by space experiments. Two extensive chapters attempt to determine the mechanisms of the effects of long-term space missions on the human body (Grigoriev and Egorov, Russia), and the adaptative mechanisms operative in the human body under these conditions (same authors). Other chapters deal with ultrastructural observations of myocardial deconditioning (Philpott et al., United States), fluid and electrolyte regulation (Gharib and Hughson, France/Canada), human nutrition in space (Hinghofer-Szalkay and Konig, Austria), growth and cell division in plants (Krikorian et al., United States), mechanisms of the effects of gravity on single cells (Mesland, The Netherlands), orbital exobiology studies of the origin of life (Hornech and Brack, Germany/France), and my own contribution on the use of chemical sensors for space biomedical research and monitoring of water recycling.

Creation and Double Chaos

G. R. Coulter et al . , " Searching for Intelligent Life in the Universe , " in Advances in Space Biology and Medicine , vol . 4 , ed . S. L. Bonting , 189-224 ( Greenwich , Conn .: JAI , 1994 ) . 14. Richard A. Kerr , " No Din of Alien ...

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Author: Sjoerd Lieuwe Bonting

Publisher: Fortress Press

ISBN: 1451418388

Category: Religion

Page: 275

View: 326

Scientist and theologian Sjoerd Bonting offers a new overarching framework for thinking about issues in religion and science. He looks at the creation controversy itself, including biblical perspectives, tradtional doctrines, and the particular potential contribution of chaos theory. Finally, Bonting extends this perspective, a combination of chaos theory and chaos theology he calls "double-chaos," into a framework that addresses traditional questions about evil, divine agency, soteriology, the understanding of disease, possible extraterrestrial life, and the future.

Nuclear Science Abstracts

Conference held at Evian , France , June 29-July 4 , 1970 , 31 : 26025 Advances in radiation research . Biology and medicine . Volume III . Conference held at Evian , France , June 29July 4 , 1970 , 31 : 26147 Life sciences and space ...

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015023546420

Category: Nuclear energy

Page:

View: 447

Foundations of Space Biology and Medicine

In His , Polnoe Sobranie Sochinenii , Vol . 4 , pp . 361-376 . ( Trudy po fiziko , Astronomii ) , 1744-1765 . Moscow , Akad . ... L. , and E. Zaitzeff , Eds . Advanced Space Experiments . Advances in the Astronautical Sciences , Vol .

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Author: Melvin Calvin

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105126844385

Category: Space biology

Page:

View: 156