Against Dharma

Here, historian of religions Wendy Doniger offers a spirited and close reading of ancient Indian writings, unpacking a long but unrecognized history of opposition against dharma.


Author: Wendy Doniger

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300235234

Category: Religion

Page: 224

View: 189

An esteemed scholar of Hinduism presents a groundbreaking interpretation of ancient Indian texts and their historic influence on subversive resistance Ancient Hindu texts speak of the three aims of human life: dharma,artha, and kama. Translated, these might be called religion, politics, and pleasure, and each is held to be an essential requirement of a full life. Balance among the three is a goal not always met, however, and dharma has historically taken precedence over the other two qualities in Hindu life. Here, historian of religions Wendy Doniger offers a spirited and close reading of ancient Indian writings, unpacking a long but unrecognized history of opposition against dharma. Doniger argues that scientific disciplines (shastras) have offered lively and continuous criticism of dharma, or religion, over many centuries. She chronicles the tradition of veiled subversion, uncovers connections to key moments of resistance and voices of dissent throughout Indian history, and offers insights into the Indian theocracy’s subversion of science by religion today.

Against Dharma

My book is about the denial of dharma, the dissent against dharma, and at times the subversion of dharma through the hidden transcript in two great ...


Author: Wendy Doniger

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300216196

Category: History

Page: 226

View: 423

Cover -- Half Title -- Title -- Copyright -- Contents -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- Note on the Translations and Transliterations -- Timeline: Relevant Events and Historical Developments -- ONE. The Three Human Aims -- TWO. The Influence of the Arthashastra on the Kamasutra -- THREE. Dharma and Adharma in the Arthashastra -- FOUR. Adharma and Dharma in the Kamasutra -- FIVE. Glossing Adharma with Dharma -- SIX. Skepticism and Materialism in Ancient India -- SEVEN. Epilogue: Dhairma and the Subversion of Science -- Notes -- Bibliography -- Index -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- P -- Q -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- Y

Moonlight Leaning Against an Old Rail Fence

Moonlight Leaning Against an Old Rail Fence points beyond our literal fixations with language, ideas, and doctrines to the great ungraspable poetic reality that is expressed in all our spirituality and in all our human experience.


Author: Paul Weiss

Publisher: North Atlantic Books

ISBN: 9781583949467

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 288

View: 953

A rich and original collection of Dharma teachings, Moonlight Leaning Against an Old Rail Fence weaves the poetic and the expository in a series of Zen poems and commentaries that invite both direct experience and meditative study. Paul Weiss evokes the awake, pristine, and poetic nature of our human experience while also examining the mechanisms of ego that define our personal and cultural experience of separation and suffering. Here you will find simple, ecstatic celebrations of luminous and transparent reality; clarification of technical points of practice; support for everyday life; and reflections on issues of history, culture, and human ecology. All become threads in a jeweled net of integrative spiritual thought and practice that will inform and encourage any reader's practice, contemplation and personal growth. Moonlight Leaning Against an Old Rail Fence points beyond our literal fixations with language, ideas, and doctrines to the great ungraspable poetic reality that is expressed in all our spirituality and in all our human experience. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Against Dogmatism

treatment of Christian responsibility provides a helpful but apologetic comparison with the more traditional and narrative treatments of dharma, khalifa, ...


Author: Madhuri M. Yadlapati

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 9780252095207

Category: Religion

Page: 224

View: 290

Many contemporary discussions of religion take an absolute, intractable approach to belief and non-belief, which privileges faith and dogmatism while treating doubt as a threat to religious values. As Madhuri M. Yadlapati demonstrates, however, there is another way: a faith (or non-faith) that embraces doubt and its potential for exploring both the depths and heights of spiritual reflection and speculation. Through three distinct discussions of faith, doubt, and hope, Yadlapati explores what it means to live creatively and responsibly in the everyday world as limited, imaginative, and questioning creatures. She begins with a perceptive survey of diverse faith experiences in Islam, Buddhism, Judaism, Hinduism, and Protestant Christianity, then narrows her focus to Protestant Christianity and Hinduism to explore how the great thinkers of those faiths have embraced doubt in the service of spiritual transcendence. Defending the rich tapestry of faith and doubt against polarization, Against Dogmatism reveals a spiritual middle way, an approach native to the long-standing traditions in which faith and doubt are interwoven in constructive and dynamic ways.

Sex Love and Dharma

There is a fractious energy around you when you go against dharma, and others feel it at a subtle level, even if they can't express what they're feeling.


Author: Simon Chokoisky

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781620552889

Category: Self-Help

Page: 384

View: 475

Discover your dharma type and prepare your body, mind, and spirit to attract and build a lifelong union with your soul mate • Explores how the dharma types align in relationships, giving quick and simple insights into which dharma pairings work and which ones need work • Details methods for attracting a mate as well as practical techniques for improving your sex life, including the best time to have sex during the day • Provides self-tests to determine your dharma type and outlines unique ayurvedic diet, exercise, detox, and lifestyle tips for better health and sex appeal The people of ancient India understood that most humans are incomplete without an intimate partner, a soul mate to share life’s journey. Drawing upon astrology, Ayurveda, and dharma type--your personality and spiritual purpose archetype--they developed detailed systems to analyze physical, emotional, and spiritual compatibility between people. This analysis encouraged joyous relationships by revealing the sexual compatibility of a couple, the innate relationship conflicts they face, and their potential for financial success together. In this way, couples were able to distinguish biological attraction from long-term compatibility, lust from love, and soul mates from playmates. Sharing ancient Vedic secrets of sex, love, health, and dharma, Simon Chokoisky explains how to prepare your mind, body, and spirit for the right partner and how to determine if a potential mate is a good match for your unique chemistry. He provides self-tests to determine your dharma type and outlines unique ayurvedic diet, exercise, detox, and lifestyle tips for each type to reclaim your health and vitality and, by doing so, your sexiness. He explores how the dharma types align in relationships to create harmony or disharmony, giving quick and simple insights about which dharma pairings work and which ones need work. Highlighting the skills inherent to each dharma type, he makes suggestions on how to improve day-to-day relationships for personal and financial benefit and to build lifelong romance that grows into a spiritual union. Moving to the bedroom, the author details methods for attracting a mate as well as practical techniques for improving your sex life, including the best time to have sex during the day and month. Showing how knowing who you are will help you find your right mate, and keep away those unsuitable for you, Chokoisky explains how living your dharma helps you flow with nature in a way that makes life and your relationships more fulfilling.

The Five Dharma Types

But when leaders are corrupted and force soldiers to commit adharmic acts (actions that go against dharma), the soldiers must stand up for what is right ...


Author: Simon Chokoisky

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781620552841

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 416

View: 956

A handbook for unlocking the soul’s purpose and manifesting a fulfilling life • Reinterprets the traditional Dharma system of ancient India as a map for revealing one’s true purpose • Provides tests for determining one’s Dharma type • Explains the benefits, challenges, and social, interpersonal, and health dynamics associated with each of the 5 Dharma types Have you ever wondered why, despite great obstacles, some people achieve success, while others, though given everything, seem to squander it away? Or why some people, despite having very little, radiate joy, while others appear miserable though surrounded by opulence? The answer is Dharma: knowing your soul’s purpose and living it is the key to creating a fulfilling life. Built on a deep body of Vedic knowledge, the ancient system of social structure and spiritual duty known as Dharma has modern applications for people seeking their life’s purpose. Author Simon Chokoisky explains the five Dharma archetypes--Warrior, Educator, Merchant, Laborer, and Outsider--and how your life’s purpose goes hand-in-hand with your Dharma type. Providing tests to determine your type, he outlines the benefits, challenges, emotional and learning styles, and social, interpersonal, and health dynamics associated with each type. Chokoisky reveals how the Dharma types function as an operating system for your identity, helping you map your life and play to your innate strengths, whether in choosing a prosperous career or field of study or in facing health challenges and meeting fitness goals. By accepting and understanding the nature of your type, you begin to align with your true purpose and, regardless of fate, find joy and meaning in life.

Against a Hindu God

teach his opponents the dharma itself, but rather to turn them away from their false views so that it will be easier for them to eventually realize it.


Author: Parimal G. Patil

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231513074

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

View: 701

Philosophical arguments for and against the existence of God have been crucial to Euro-American and South Asian philosophers for over a millennium. Critical to the history of philosophy in India, were the centuries-long arguments between Buddhist and Hindu philosophers about the existence of a God-like being called Isvara and the religious epistemology used to support them. By focusing on the work of Ratnakirti, one of the last great Buddhist philosophers of India, and his arguments against his Hindu opponents, Parimal G. Patil illuminates South Asian intellectual practices and the nature of philosophy during the final phase of Buddhism in India. Based at the famous university of Vikramasila, Ratnakirti brought the full range of Buddhist philosophical resources to bear on his critique of his Hindu opponents' cosmological/design argument. At stake in his critique was nothing less than the nature of inferential reasoning, the metaphysics of epistemology, and the relevance of philosophy to the practice of religion. In developing a proper comparative approach to the philosophy of religion, Patil transcends the disciplinary boundaries of religious studies, philosophy, and South Asian studies and applies the remarkable work of philosophers like Ratnakirti to contemporary issues in philosophy and religion.

Hindu Nationalism

He categorically declared that the system of slavery was against tradition, the Dharma, the principles which were at the basis of American nation.


Author: Christophe Jaffrelot

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400828031

Category: Political Science

Page: 424

View: 661

Hindu nationalism came to world attention in 1998, when the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) won national elections in India. Although the BJP was defeated nationally in 2004, it continues to govern large Indian states, and the movement it represents remains a major force in the world's largest democracy. This book presents the thought of the founding fathers and key intellectual leaders of Hindu nationalism from the time of the British Raj, through the independence period, to the present. Spanning more than 130 years of Indian history and including the writings of both famous and unknown ideologues, this reader reveals how the "Hindutuva" movement approaches key issues of Indian politics. Covering such important topics as secularism, religious conversion, relations with Muslims, education, and Hindu identity in the growing diaspora, this reader will be indispensable for anyone wishing to understand contemporary Indian politics, society, culture, or history.

Gandhi against Caste

system or varnashrama dharma. And none of the caste restrictions were observed in his ashrams. It seems difficult to accept that a man who violated almost ...


Author: Nishikant Kolge

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199091386

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 723

In 1909, while still in South Africa, Gandhi publicly decried the caste system for its inequalities. Shortly after his return to India though, he spoke of the generally beneficial aspects of caste. Gandhi’s writings on caste reflect contradictory views and his critics accuse him of neglecting the unequal socio-economic structure that relegated Dalits to the bottom of the caste hierarchy. So, did Gandhi endorse the fourfold division of the Indian society or was he truly against caste? In this book, Nishikant Kolge investigates the entire range of what Gandhi said or wrote about caste divisions over a period of more than three decades: from his return to India in 1915 to his death in 1948. Interestingly, Kolge also maps Gandhi’s own statements that undermined his stance against the caste system. These writings uncover the ‘strategist Gandhi’ who understood that social transformation had to be a slow process for the conservative but powerful section of Hindus who were not yet ready for radical reforms. Seven decades after it attained freedom from colonial powers, caste continues to influence the socio-political dynamics of India. And Gandhi against caste—the battle is not over yet.

Against Apocalypse

An important source—perhaps the key source—in this respect is the Bhagavad Gita with its emphasis on “dharma” seen as the proper, ethical path of human life ...


Author: Fred Dallmayr

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9781498524452

Category: Philosophy

Page: 148

View: 116

The book is a protest against some geopolitical agendas which are pushing the world toward a major global war, and possibly toward a nuclear apocalypse. As an antidote, the book issues a call to people everywhere to oppose this rush to destruction and to restore the "wholeness of humanity" through the quest for just peace.

Brahmapur a

... 210.6-10 ; 212.72-85 against Brahmins , punishment for 215.29-38 - against brother , punishment for 217.75cd -77ab - against dharma , punishment for ...


Author: Renate Söhnen

Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag

ISBN: 3447029609

Category: Religion

Page: 596

View: 593

Friendship Dharma and Money

Your money is lying there, I have got it confirmed but the problem is that there were certain dues against my name which they had asked me to clear, ...


Author: Gaurav Mohla

Publisher: Notion Press

ISBN: 9781946390479

Category: Fiction

Page: 264

View: 650

Gaurav met Chhitarpal for the first time while working in a bank together. Over a period of time, their friendship transformed into brotherhood, despite the total contrast in their personality and interests. Gaurav could often related Chhitarpal to Yellow Pages, depending on him for almost every other damn thing, whether personal or professional. But when one unfortunate incident shook Gaurav's life, Chhitarpal was not there to bail him out. Why was Chhitarpal absent when he needed him most? 1) Song 1 - 'Aaj Night Out Song' - This song is about celebration of friendship between characters of the Novel - Gaurav, Chhitrapal and Karan. They are out on their night out plan. Below is the Youtube link of the song. 2) Song 2 - 'Teri Aankhon mein mere knone ki arzi' - In the Novel, Gaurav likes Ishika very much and wants her to accept his proposal. Below is the Youtube link of the song.

The Life of Buddha as Legend and History

But in the sixth century B.c. protests had already arisen , not against dharma , but against the view taken by the class of brahmins concerning their own ...


Author: Edward Joseph Thomas

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 048641132X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 297

View: 390

This scholarly work offers a fascinating examination of the lore surrounding the life of Buddha. From his ancestry, birth, and youth to his final days, it chronicles Buddha's preaching, his 20 years' wandering, the establishment of rival schools of philosophy, and much more -- including thought-provoking perspectives on Buddhism as religion and philosophy.

The Mahabharata

Those who steal100 from the sacred texts are against dharma. They understand their purport unevenly and vainly seek to explain them.



Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 9789351185673

Category: Fiction

Page: 752

View: 662

It is the aftermath of the war in Volume 8. Ashvatthama kills all the remaining Pandavas—with the exception of the five Pandava brothers—and Panchalas. The funeral ceremonies for the dead warriors are performed. Bhishma’s teachings in the Shanti Parva, after Yudhishthira is crowned, is about duties to be followed under different circumstances.

Viraha Bhakti

Vātsyāyana summarizes ( in sūtras 25-9 ) a materialistic ( Lokāyata ) objection against dharma : One should not perform acts of dharma , because their ...


Author: Friedhelm Hardy

Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass

ISBN: 9788120838161

Category: Religion

Page: 716

View: 728

The Lord Krsna abandoned his earthly mistresses who then spent their days of separation pining for his return. This powerful theme found expression not only in myth but also in the devotion and poetry of a religious culture that evolved in South India. From the fifth century A.D., the Tamils absorbed many elements from the classical traditions of the North, such as yoga, the temple worship and Krsna myths, and the results were unique blends of the two civilizations. Viraha-bhakti, as the author styles this type of Krsna religion, imbued the theme of separation with erotic and ecstatic features and evolved as one of the highlights of Indian religion and culture. The present work is a detailed study of the multifarious origins of Viraha-bhakti in South India and its developments up to the point at which it entered the pan-Indian scene. The study suggests a revision of the monolithic image of Indian religion implied in much scholarly literature. It differentiates a great variety of interacting traditions and milieux and demonstrates the dynamism of Indian culture. By identifying a specific type of religion and reflecting on its significance, the author attempts, at the same time, to go beyond purely textual and historical considerations. Thus the book will be of interest to any student of Indian religion and culture.

Buddhism in Christendom

If in aught I have sinned against Dharma, " May Dharma forgive me my sin ! ... I salute that Dharma who is the wisdom of the unseen world (Prajna Paramita), pointing out the way of perfect tranquility to mortals, leading them to the ...


Author: Arthur Lillie


ISBN: WISC:89088247119

Category: Buddhism

Page: 410

View: 549


... of an individual in order to speak against society . My contention is , there is something above both society and an individual , and that is dharma .


Author: Rabindranath Tagore

Publisher: Sahitya Akademi

ISBN: 8126018011

Category: Bengali fiction

Page: 497

View: 309

Gora Is The Fifth In Order Of Writing And The Largest Of RabindranathýS Twelve Novels. It Is An Epic Of India In Translation At A Crucial Period Of Modern History, When The Social Concience And Intellectual Awareness Of The New Intelligentsia Were In The Throes Of A Great Churning. No Other Book Gives So Masterly An Analysis Of The Complex Of Indian Social Life With Its Teeming Contradictions, Or Of The Character Of Indian Nationalism Which Draws Its Roots From Renacent Hinduism And Streches Out Its Arms Towards Universal Humanism.

Against Empire

Dharma is concerned with reconciliation, rights with resistance; dharma demands self-abnegation, rights demand self-assertion; dharma focuses on ...


Author: Zillah Eisenstein

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 9781848136076

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 469

In Against Empire, Zillah Eisenstein extends her critique of neoliberal globalization and its capture of democratic possibilities. Faced with an aggressive American empire hostage to ideological extremism and violently promoting the narrowest of its interests around the globe, Eisenstein urgently looks to a global anti-war movement to counter U.S. power. Looking beyond the distortions of mainstream history, Eisenstein detects the silencing of racialized, sex/gendered and classed ways of seeing. Against Empire insists that 'the' so-called West is as much fiction as reality, while the sexualized black slave trade emerges as an early form of globalization. 'The' West and western feminisms do not monopolize authorship; there is a need for plural understandings of feminisms as other-than-western. Black America, India, the Islamic world and Africa envision unique conceptions of what it is to be fully, 'polyversally', human. Professor Eisenstein offers a rich picture of women's activism across the globe today. If there is to be hope of a more peaceful, more just and happier world, it lies, she believes, in the understandings and activism of women today.

Social Philosophy of Vivekananda and Indian Nationalism

We may also note here that during the Vedic period, the concept of Dharma which ... of the Mahabharata, we find the following objection rose against Dharma.


Author: Sebastian Velassery

Publisher: Brown Walker Press

ISBN: 9781599426181

Category: Philosophy

Page: 184

View: 719

Among the galaxy of scholars, Swami Vivekananda stands out as a majestic tower of light who has given a new tempo to the building up of a new sense of nationalism in modern India. The uniqueness of Vivekananda was his endeavour to translate every ounce of Vedanta into a social living and was never a cold theoretician or an abstract metaphysician. He was aware that India's life is governed by her sovereign sense of the infnite and inclusiveness which nourished her national life and India has been a spiritual strength for her people, implanting the seeds that have continuously sprouted and flowered in her art, literature, religion, philosophy, science and politics. It is a civilization that should be seen, not as a closed system or as a finished product, but as a dynamic and unfolding process. Whatever the differences, India's spiritual heritage should be recognized as the focal point and to be appropriated in the conception of a new resurgent India. Regrettably, what we had been glorifying as the central value of this culture and civilization is disorientated today due to the brutal exhibition of barbarous instincts which were exhibited through the rivalry between religious groups. What is being experienced is the loss of inherited values and our inability in reinventing new values. By virtue of its characteristic pluralism and its continuously evolving synthesis, India represents a nation which is continuously unfolding its civilizational potentialities. In making of such an Indian ethos, the foundational ideal which has been the basis of Indian culture and civilization is the concept of Dharma and Vivekananda was able to comprehend and articulate the relation between morality (dharma) and human affairs which are the concerns of practical Vedanta.

Re ending the Mahabharata

This book challenges two prevalent assumptions about the Mah?bh?rata: that its narrativeis inherently incapable of achieving a conclusion and that its ending, the Svarg?roha?a parvan, is an extraneous part of the text.


Author: Naama Shalom

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9781438465012

Category: Religion

Page: 266

View: 872

Offers a fresh perspective on the Mahābhārata based on an exploration of its ending, the Svargārohaṇa parvan. This book challenges two prevalent assumptions about the Mahābhārata: that its narrativeis inherently incapable of achieving a conclusion and that its ending, the Svargārohaṇa parvan, is an extraneous part of the text. While the exegetic traditions have largely tended to suppress, ignore, or overlook the importance of this final section, Shalom argues that the moment of the condemnation of dharma that occurs in the Svargārohaṇa parvan, expressed by the epic protagonist, Yudhiṣṭhira, against his father, Dharma, is of crucial importance. It sheds light on the incessant preoccupation and intrinsic dismay towards the concept of dharma (the cardinal theme around which the epic revolves) expressed by Mahābhārata narrators throughout the epic, and is thus highly significant for understanding the Mahābhārata narrative as a whole.