Agricultural Education and Empowerment of Subsistence Farmers

This study explored agricultural education under the National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS) programme in Uganda.

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Author: Mugoya Paul David B W

Publisher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing

ISBN: 3659742694

Category:

Page: 116

View: 310

This study explored agricultural education under the National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS) programme in Uganda. It was critical since about 80% of the population depend on agriculture for livelihood, so improving this economic activity deserved attention. Since 2001, the NAADS programme was started to empower farmers to demand for advisory services and adopt modern farming techniques. The study sought to understand how and whether subsistence farmers were empowered using the adult education principles. Being qualitative, the study used in-depth interviews, observations and documentary sources. Findings were that agricultural education followed a top-down approach with no active involvement of farmers at the programme formulation design. Though some subsistence farmers exhibited good results, many were not empowered. Since the principles of adult education were largely ignored, subsistence farmers did not improve their productivity and farming systems and so, their livelihoods were not transformed.

Education Creativity and Economic Empowerment in Africa

The Ugandan government has, since1986, provided women with literacy, educational, political, andsocio-economic ... 17 Besides, a majority of women arealso subsistence agricultural farmers, and employment in the agricultural sector is ...

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Author: T. Falola

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137438508

Category: Social Science

Page: 259

View: 728

Education and the arts offer multiple, mutually clarifying lenses through which to examine and understand issues of poverty and empowerment. Here, both are combined in a fascinating look at how these two often overlooked elements promote social equality and cultivate personal agency across Africa's diverse political-economic landscapes.

Conservation Agriculture in Subsistence Farming

... 179, 254–255 analysis of 242–245 benefits 40–41 conservation agricultural preferences 247–250 education 240–241, 250–254 labor 246–247 women empowerment 237 analysis of 229–230 conservation agriculture 228–229 crop yield 233–234 ...

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Author: Catherine Chan

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9781780644233

Category: Science

Page: 278

View: 212

Conservation agriculture systems have long-term impacts on livelihoods, agricultural production, gender equity, and regional economic development of tribal societies in South Asia. This book presents South Asia as a case study, due to the high soil erosion caused by monsoon rainfall and geophysical conditions in the region, which necessitate conservation agriculture approaches, and the high percentage of people in South Asia relying on subsistence and traditional farming. The book takes an interdisciplinary approach to analyse systems at scales ranging from household to regional and national levels.

Handbook for monitoring and evaluation of child labour in agriculture

Children's Empowerment Through Education Services (CHES) Project, Winrock International Cambodia. crossroads to development. 2011b. Research on child labour in subsistence agriculture. Final Report. Children's Empowerment Through ...

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Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251087794

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 119

View: 759

The Handbook aims to sensitize agricultural programme staff on the importance of incorporating child labour prevention as a crosscutting issue in their planning, monitoring and evaluation (M&E) system and of systematically considering the potential positive and negative impacts of agricultural programmes on child labour. The Handbook furthermore encourages the user to identify good agricultural practices for preventing and reducing child labour in agriculture.

Empowerment and agricultural production

In order to assess the role of empowerment in agricultural production, we use new household- and individual-level WEAI data from Niger and regression analysis.

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Author: Wouterse, Fleur Stephanie

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 28

View: 641

Niger is a landlocked Sahelian country, two-thirds of which is in the Sahara desert, with only one-eighth of the land considered arable. Nevertheless, more than 90 percent of Niger’s labor force is employed in agriculture, which is predominantly subsistence oriented. Since the great famines of the 1970s and 1980s, the country has pursued agrarian intensification through technological change to address challenges to the food security situation. However, this approach has failed to recognize that the main characteristic of the Sahelian part of West Africa is the intricate complexity of the social, environmental, and economic dimensions that differentially affect male and female rural dwellers. One example is the patrilineal tenure system, which under increased population pressure has led to the exclusion of women and youth from agriculture in some areas. The Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI) indicates that access to land is one important dimension of empowerment. In order to assess the role of empowerment in agricultural production, we use new household- and individual-level WEAI data from Niger and regression analysis. Our results show that empowerment is important for agricultural production and that households in which adult individuals are more empowered are more productive. This means that other and possibly more effective pathways to agrarian intensification exist and important agricultural productivity gains could be made by empowering men and women in rural households.

Food Security Gender and Resilience

Improving Smallholder and Subsistence Farming Leigh Brownhill, Esther Njuguna, Kimberly L. Bothi, ... of innovation systems framework as a tool for gendering agricultural innovations: Exploring gendered learning and systems empowerment.

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Author: Leigh Brownhill

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317596585

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 340

Through the integration of gender analysis into resilience thinking, this book shares field-based research insights from a collaborative, integrated project aimed at improving food security in subsistence and smallholder agricultural systems. The scope of the book is both local and multi-scalar. The gendered resilience framework, illustrated here with detailed case studies from semi-arid Kenya, is shown to be suitable for use in analysis in other geographic regions and across disciplines. The book examines the importance of gender equity to the strengthening of socio-ecological resilience. Case studies reflect multidisciplinary perspectives and focus on a range of issues, from microfinance to informal seed systems. The book’s gender perspective also incorporates consideration of age or generational relations and cultural dimensions in order to embrace the complexity of existing socio-economic realities in rural farming communities. The issue of succession of farmland has become a general concern, both to farmers and to researchers focused on building resilient farming systems. Building resilience here is shown to involve strengthening households’ and communities’ overall livelihood capabilities in the face of ongoing climate change, global market volatility and political instability.

Fostering transformation and growth in Niger s agricultural sector

Agricultural Systems 27: 23-34. Alkire, S., Malapit, H., Meinzen-Dick, R., Peterman, A., Quisumbing, A., Seymour, G. and Vaz, A., 2013. Instructional guide on the women's empowerment in agriculture index. IFPRI, Washington DC, USA.

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Author: Fleur Wouterse

Publisher: Wageningen Academic Publishers

ISBN: 9789086868735

Category: Science

Page: 242

View: 615

For Niger, the development of agriculture is essential to strategies to raise incomes and eradicate poverty in a sustainable manner, without further depleting its natural resource base. While traditional approaches to agricultural development have emphasized food security and have been rather technology focused, African countries are increasingly emphasizing the role of innovation in development. 'Fostering transformation and growth in Niger's agricultural sector' seeks to further the understanding of potential innovations that can sustainably transform the agriculture sector in Niger. This publication uses the agricultural value chain perspective to provide a reference point for improvements in supporting services and the business environment. The first part describes several innovations that could contribute to enhancing agricultural productivity. Particularly interesting is the emphasis on the grassroots nature of some of these innovations. The second part offers a reference point for improvements in supporting services, the business and institutional environments that can contribute to pro-poor initiatives and to a stronger linkage of smallholders to markets. The comprehensive approach taken in this book ensures its contribution to an understanding of transformative innovations in agriculture as well as enabling conditions.

Women Education and Empowerment

The dominant caste group of the region are the landed upper caste Thakurs who own and control a large part of the agriculture land ' . The mainstay of the economy is rain - fed subsistence agriculture . In Manipur there is high level of ...

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Author: Digumarti Bhaskara Rao

Publisher: Discovery Publishing House

ISBN: 8171414958

Category: Women

Page: 468

View: 485

Women and men are equal in every human concern in this world. They are equally competing in almost all spheres of work and power and are equally achieving the set goals. Culture, economy and polity may be barriers to women in certain parts of the globe, still women and marching ahead with great conviction and confidence to keep themselves on par with their counterparts in every affair. This Book will be very much useful to the policy makers, planners, researchers, educationists and activists. Women and men are the inseparable units of this universe. Long live the affectionate bond between the two.

Building Food Security and Managing Risk in Southeast Asia

In the Philippines, enrolments in agriculture, forestry and fisheries-related programmes have declined, even as the number of ... A lack of resources potentially affects the quality of agricultural education in some ASEAN member states.

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Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789264272392

Category:

Page: 260

View: 575

This report explores effective policy solutions to the current and future challenges related to food security in the countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). While robust GDP growth, rising agricultural productivity and output, and strong growth in agricultural incomes ...

Genetically Engineered Foods

There is also a need for proper empowerment, education/orientation of farmers so that they are able to use modern farming techniques. This education is especially important for the farmers who practice subsistence agriculture so that ...

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Author: Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128112717

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 438

View: 485

Genetically Engineered Foods, Volume 6 in the Handbook of Food Bioengineering series, is a solid reference for researchers and professionals needing information on genetically engineered foods in human and animal diets. The volume discusses awareness, benefits vs. disadvantages, regulations and techniques used to obtain, test and detect genetically modified plants and animals. An essential resource offering informed perspectives on the potential implications of genetically engineered foods for humans and society. Written by a team of scientific experts who share the latest advances to help further more evidence-based research and educate scientists, academics and government professionals about the safety of the global food supply. Provides in-depth coverage of the issues surrounding genetic engineering in foods Includes hot topic areas such as nutragenomics and therapeutics to show how genetically engineered foods can promote health and potentially cure disease Presents case studies where genetically engineered foods can increase production in Third World countries to promote food security Discusses environmental and economic impacts, benefits and risks to help inform decisions