American Women Missionaries at Kobe College 1873 1909

This study examines one aspect of American women's professionalization and the implications of the cross-cultural dialogue between American woman missionaries and Japanese students and supporters at Kobe College between 1873 and 1909.


Author: Noriko Kawamura Ishii

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135936204

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 317

This study examines one aspect of American women's professionalization and the implications of the cross-cultural dialogue between American woman missionaries and Japanese students and supporters at Kobe College between 1873 and 1909.

Casting Faiths

For a history of the Women's Boards of the American Board of Commissioners of Foreign Missions, see Noriko Ishii, American Women Missionaries at Kobe College, 18731909: New Dimensions in Gender (New York: Routledge, 2004).


Author: T. DuBois

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230235458

Category: History

Page: 271

View: 182

How did European imperialism shape the ideas and practices of religion in East and Southeast Asia? Casting Faiths brings together eleven scholars to show how Western law, governance, education and mission shaped the basic understanding of what religion is, and what role it should play in society.

Religious Journeys in India

Errand to the World: American Protestant Thought and Foreign Missions. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Ishii, Noriko Kawamura. 2004. American Women Missionaries at Kobe College, 18731909: New Dimensions of Gender.


Author: Andrea Marion Pinkney

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9781438466033

Category: Religion

Page: 338

View: 967

Explores how religious travel in India is transforming religious identities and self-constructions. In an increasingly global world where convenient modes of travel have opened the door to international and intraregional tourism and brought together people from different religious and ethnic communities, religious journeying in India has become the site of evolving and often paradoxical forms of self-construction. Through ethnographic reflections, the contributors to this volume explore religious and nonreligious motivations for religious travel in India and show how pilgrimages, missionary travel, the exportation of cultural art forms, and leisure travel among coreligionists are transforming not only religious but also regional, national, transnational, and personal identities. The volume engages with central themes in South Asian studies such as gender, exile, and spirituality; a variety of religions, including Sikhism, Islam, Buddhism, and Christianity; and understudied regions and emerging places of pilgrimage such as Manipur and Maharashtra. “It’s rare to find such diverse accounts of religious travel collected in a single volume, where scholars’ engagements with individual places of pilgrimage in India and with the journeys surrounding them are truly in conversation with one another. For readers, it makes for a deeply enlightening journey. It also raises an interesting question: Is the reality of India powerful enough that it absorbs divergent expressions of religious tourism, making of them a common fabric? Here, so unusually, readers have the materials to decide.” — John Stratton Hawley, author of A Storm of Songs: India and the Idea of the Bhakti Movement

Handbook of Christianity in Japan

American Women Missionaries at Kobe College, 18731909.” Ph.D. dissertation. George Washington University, 1998. Kawashima Yoko. “Female Workers: An Overview of Past and Current Trends.” In Kumiko Fujimura-Fanselow and Kameda Atsuko, ...


Author: Mark Mullins

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789047402374

Category: Social Science

Page: 423

View: 538

An indispensable reference work on the history, cultural impact, and reshaping of Christianity in Japan. Based on the latest Japanese and Western scholarship, this handbook includes a guide to archival collections, research institutes, and extensive bibliographies.

Women s Colleges and Universities in a Global Context

Ishii, N. K. (2004). American women missionaries at Kobe College, 18731909: New dimensions in gender. New York: Routledge. Jamjoom, F. B., & Kelly, P. (2013). Higher education for women in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.


Author: Kristen A. Renn

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9781421414775

Category: Education

Page: 178

View: 305

Educating girls and women is a powerful route to improving societies worldwide. When women receive more education, literacy rates in children rise, maternal and infant death rates drop, and women enjoy an increased earning capacity. Yet in parts of the developing world, women’s education is considered a low priority at best and a dangerous countercultural activity at worst. In Europe and North America, the number of women’s colleges is shrinking—yet women-only institutions are growing in size and number in many other regions of the world, where they provide access to female students who are prevented for legal, cultural, religious, or practical reasons from attending coeducational universities. Women’s Colleges and Universities in a Global Context is the first book to provide a comprehensive comparative analysis of the increasing significance of single-sex higher education institutions for women around the world. Based on Kristen A. Renn’s on-site study of thirteen women’s colleges and universities in ten different countries—Australia, Canada, China, India, Italy, Japan, Kenya, South Korea, the United Arab Emirates, and the United Kingdom—this timely and provocative volume combines interviews of campus leaders, faculty, and students with extensive online and archival research. Renn provides an overview of each country’s political, economic, and educational situation, then explores the theoretical and practical themes she uncovers in their educational institutions for women. In the end, this volume addresses not only the role of women’s colleges in their own countries but also what these institutions can teach us that would benefit higher education worldwide.

A Short History of Global Evangelicalism

118 Noriko Kawamura Ishii, American Women Missionaries at Kobe College, 18731909, New York: Routledge, 2004, p. 183. 119 V.S. Azariah, 'The Problem of Co-operation between Foreign and Native Workers', World Missionary Conference, vol.


Author: Mark Hutchinson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107376892

Category: Religion


View: 551

This book offers an authoritative overview of the history of evangelicalism as a global movement, from its origins in Europe and North America in the first half of the eighteenth century to its present-day dynamic growth in Africa, Asia, Latin America and Oceania. Starting with a definition of the movement within the context of the history of Protestantism, it follows the history of evangelicalism from its early North Atlantic revivals to the great expansion in the Victorian era, through to its fracturing and reorientation in response to the stresses of modernity and total war in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It describes the movement's indigenization and expansion toward becoming a multicentered and diverse movement at home in the non-Western world that nevertheless retains continuity with its historic roots. The book concludes with an analysis of contemporary worldwide evangelicalism's current trajectory and the movement's adaptability to changing historical and geographical circumstances.

Christianity and the Modern Woman in East Asia

Fujin shimpō no. 106 (February 25, 1906): 1. Ishii, Noriko Kawamura. American Women Missionaries at Kobe College, 18731909: New Dimensions of Gender. New York: Routledge, 2004. Katō Hiroyuki. “Abuses of Equal Rights for Men and Women.


Author: Garrett L. Washington

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004369108

Category: Religion

Page: 264

View: 861

These chapters examine pathbreaking East Asian women who mobilized Christian beliefs, knowledge, institutions, and networks between 1880 and 1945 to raise the profile of “The Woman Question,” frame the contours of the related debate, and craft original responses.

Women and Networks in Nineteenth Century Japan

Anderson , Marnie S. “ Women and Political Life in Early Meiji Japan ” U.S. - Japan Women's Journal 44 ( 2013 ) , 43–66 . Boylan , Anne M. Review of ... American Women Missionaries at Kobe College , 1873-1909 . Routledge , 2004 .


Author: Bettina Gramlich-Oka

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472054695

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 486

Although scholars have emphasized the importance of women’s networks for civil society in twentieth-century Japan, Women and Networks in Nineteenth-Century Japan is the first book to tackle the subject for the contentious and consequential nineteenth century. The essays traverse the divide when Japan started transforming itself from a decentralized to a centralized government, from legally imposed restrictions on movement to the breakdown of travel barriers, and from ad hoc schooling to compulsory elementary school education. As these essays suggest, such changes had a profound impact on women and their roles in networks. Rather than pursue a common methodology, the authors take diverse approaches to this topic that open up fruitful avenues for further exploration. Most of the essays in this volume are by Japanese scholars; their inclusion here provides either an introduction to their work or the opportunity to explore their scholarship further. Because women are often invisible in historical documentation, the authors use a range of sources (such as diaries, letters, and legal documents) to reconstruct the familial, neighborhood, religious, political, work, and travel networks that women maintained, constructed, or found themselves in, sometimes against their will. In so doing, most but not all of the authors try to decenter historical narratives built on men’s activities and men’s occupational and status-based networks, and instead recover women’s activities in more localized groupings and personal associations.

Providence Has Freed Our Hands

Valorous Ventures : A Record of Sixty and Six Years of the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society , Methodist Episcopal Church . Boston : WFMS . Ishii , Noriko Kawamura . 2004. American Women Missionaries at Kobe College , 18731909.


Author: Karen K. Seat

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 0815631812

Category: Religion

Page: 204

View: 220

At the close of the nineteenth century, American women missionaries traveled far afield to spread Christianity across the globe. Their presence abroad played a significant role in shaping foreign perceptions of America. At the same time, the cultural knowledge and independence these women missionaries gained had a profound impact on gender roles and racial ideologies among Protestants in the United States. In “Providence Has Freed Our Hands,” Karen K. Seat tells the history of women’s foreign missions in Japan and reveals the considerable role they played in liberalizing American understandings of Christianity, gender, and race. The author uses the story of Elizabeth Russell, a colorful missionary to Japan, as the backbone for her study. As a member of the Women’s Foreign Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church, one of the most powerful women’s institutions of the late nineteenth century, Russell founded a progressive school for girls in Japan, defying the conservative ideologies not only of her own organization but also of the government of Japan. Transformed by her experience in Japan, Russell became a forceful advocate for racial tolerance and women’s access to education. With a storyteller’s gift for narration, Seat illustrates how Russell’s own life reflected the key issues fueling women’s missions: increased access to higher education, the impact of evangelical spirituality on women’s identities, and the broadening horizons available to women, while Russell’s missionary work in turn opened up new discourses in American culture.

Meiji Japan in Global History

American women missionaries at Kobe College, 18731909: new dimensions in gender. New York: Routledge. Ishii, N., 2010. The role of church networks in international exchange: Kobe College graduates as students in the United States, ...


Author: Catherine L. Phipps

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000461688

Category: History

Page: 210

View: 428

This book examines Meiji Japan (1868–1912) to demonstrate the complex interplay between Japanese nation-building and the country’s engagement with global processes. "Meiji Japan" refers to an era (1868–1912) that—as experienced from within—had an undetermined duration and extent. The length of the emperor’s reign was not preordained, and the country’s territorial borders were not as well-defined or wide-reaching at the start of the period as at the close. Questions about who was represented by and who identified with the emerging nation-state remained in flux as Japan’s modern political, economic, legal, and sociocultural parameters were being created. Basing their inquiries on the idea of Meiji Japan in global history, the authors examine Japan’s rise on the modern world stage, focusing on the individuals—whether government leaders, intellectual elites, indigenous communities, or colonial migrants—who both shaped and were shaped by this era of global connectivity. Localized challenges and supranational opportunities meant people were in motion, as territorial expansion redefined marginalized groups, and as diverse populations moved to and from colonized and foreign lands. This volume seeks to excavate how people back then positioned themselves in a specific time and place, just as people in the twenty-first century seek to give Meiji Japan meaning at the sesquicentennial commemoration of its start. The chapters in this book were originally published in the journal Japan Forum.

Gender Nation and State in Modern Japan

Ichikawa, Fusae (1974) Ichikawa Fusae den [The Life of Ichikawa Fusae] Tokyo: Shinjuku shobo. Ishii, Noriko Kawamura (2004) American Women Missionaries at Kobe College, 18731909: New Dimensions in Gender.


Author: Andrea Germer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317667155

Category: Social Science

Page: 316

View: 127

Gender, Nation and State in Modern Japan makes a unique contribution to the international literature on the formation of modern nation–states in its focus on the gendering of the modern Japanese nation-state from the late nineteenth century to the present. References to gender relations are deeply embedded in the historical concepts of nation and nationalism, and in the related symbols, metaphors and arguments. Moreover, the development of the binary opposition between masculinity and femininity and the development of the modern nation-state are processes which occurred simultaneously. They were the product of a shift from a stratified, hereditary class society to a functionally-differentiated social body. This volume includes the work of an international group of scholars from Japan, the United States, Australia and Germany, which in many cases appears in English for the first time. It provides an interdisciplinary perspective on the formation of the modern Japanese nation–state, including comparative perspectives from research on the formation of the modern nation–state in Europe, thus bringing research on Japan into a transnational dialogue. This volume will be of interest in the fields of modern Japanese history, gender studies, political science and comparative studies of nationalism.

American Evangelists and Tuberculosis in Modern Japan

American Women Missionaries at Kobe College, 18731909: New Dimensions in Gender. Routledge, 2004. Ishikawa, Takuboku. Romaji Diary and Sad Toys. Translated by Sanford Goldstein and Seishi Shinoda. Tuttle Publishing, 1985.


Author: Elisheva A. Perelman

Publisher: Hong Kong University Press

ISBN: 9789888528141

Category: History

Page: 252

View: 134

Tuberculosis ran rampant in Japan during the late Meiji and Taisho years (1880s–1920s). Many of the victims of the then incurable disease were young female workers from the rural areas, who were trying to support their families by working in the new textile factories. The Japanese government of the time, however, seemed unprepared to tackle the epidemic. Elisheva A. Perelman argues that pragmatism and utilitarianism dominated the thinking of the administration, which saw little point in providing health services to a group of politically insignificant patients. This created a space for American evangelical organizations to offer their services. Perelman sees the relationship between the Japanese government and the evangelists as one of moral entrepreneurship on both sides. All the parties involved were trying to occupy the moral high ground. In the end, an uneasy but mutually beneficial arrangement was reached: the government accepted the evangelists’ assistance in providing relief to some tuberculosis patients, and the evangelists gained an opportunity to spread Christianity further in the country. Nonetheless, the patients remained a marginalized group as they possessed little agency over how they were treated. “Perelman captures the strategies that enabled Protestant missionaries to become a central force in treating tuberculosis and providing social services in prewar Japan. Acting as ‘moral entrepreneurs,’ the medical missionaries deftly raised funds abroad, gained support from the Japanese state, gained converts, and cultivated a corps of Japanese medical practitioners.” —Sheldon Garon, Princeton University; author of Molding Japanese Minds: The State in Everyday Life “Based on a wide range of primary and secondary sources, this groundbreaking book traces evangelical Christianity and the work of medical missions in late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Japan. It is a must-read for anyone interested in the history of Christianity, disease, medicine, or public health in modern Japan.” —William Johnston, Wesleyan University; author of The Modern Epidemic: A History of Tuberculosis in Japan

Trans Pacific Japanese American Studies

Her research interests include transnational women's history, race, gender, war memories, and U.S.- Japan relations. Her major works include American Women Missionaries at Kobe College, 18731909: New Dimensions in Gender (Routledge, ...


Author: Yasuko Takezawa

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 9780824867621

Category: Social Science

Page: 456

View: 518

Trans-Pacific Japanese American Studies is a unique collection of essays derived from a series of dialogues held in Tokyo, Kyoto, and Los Angeles on the issues of racializations, gender, communities, and the positionalities of scholars involved in Japanese American studies. The book brings together some of the most renowned scholars of the discipline in Japan and North America. It seeks to overcome past constraints of dialogues between Japan- and U.S.-based scholars by providing opportunities for candid, extended conversations among its contributors. While each contribution focuses on the field of “Japanese American” studies, approaches to the subject vary—ranging from national and village archives, community newspapers, personal letters, visual art, and personal interviews. Research papers are divided into six sections: Racializations, Communities, Intersections, Borderlands, Reorientations, and Teaching. Papers by one or two Japan-based scholar(s) are paired with a U.S.-based scholar, reflecting the book’s intention to promote dialogue and mutuality across national formations. The collection is also notable for featuring underrepresented communities in Japanese American studies, such as Okinawan “war brides,” Koreans, women, and multiracials. Essays on subject positions raise fundamental questions: Is it possible to engage in a truly equal dialogue when English is the language used in the conversation and in a field where English-language texts predominate? How can scholars foster a mutual respect when U.S.-centrism prevails in the subject matter and in the field’s scholarly hierarchy? Understanding foundational questions that are now frequently unstated assumptions will help to disrupt hierarchies in scholarship and work toward more equal engagements across national divides. Although the study of Japanese Americans has reached a stage of maturity, contributors to this volume recognize important historical and contemporary neglects in that historiography and literature. Japanese America and its scholarly representations, they declare, are much too deep, rich, and varied to contain in a singular narrative or subject position.

Terrains of Exchange

Noriko Kawamura Ishii, American Women Missionaries at Kobe College, 18731909: New Dimensions in Gender (London: Routledge, 2004); and Japan Directory (Tokyo: Japan Gazette Co., 1923), p. 452. Merriam (1900), p. 175.


Author: Nile Green

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190257286

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 652

Terrains of Exchange offers a bold new paradigm for understanding the expansion of Islam in the modern world. Through the model of religious economy, it traces the competition between Muslim, Christian and Hindu religious entrepreneurs that transformed Islam into a proselytising global brand. Drawing Indian, Arab, Iranian and Tatar Muslims together with Scottish missionaries and African-American converts, Nile Green brings to life the local sites of globalisation where Islam was repeatedly reinvented in modern times. Evoking terrains of exchange from Russia's imperial borderlands to the factories of Detroit and the ports of Japan, he casts a microhistorian's eye on the innovative new Islams that emerged from these sites of contact. Drawing on a multilingual range of materials, the book challenges the idea that globalisation has given rise to a unified "global Islam." Instead, it reveals the forces behind the fracturing of Islam in the hands of feuding and fissiparous "'religious firms". Terrains of Exchange not only presents global history as Islamic history. It also reveals the forces of that history at work in the world today.

Opening a Window to the West

The Foreign Concession at Kobe, Japan, 1868-1899 Peter Ennals. Howe, Christopher. ... Hyōgo Prefecture and City of Kōbe Panama–Pacific International Exposition. ... Ishi, Noriko K. American Women Missionaries at Kōbe College, 18731909.


Author: Peter Ennals

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9781442614161

Category: History

Page: 237

View: 994

The first book-length study of Kōbe's Foreign Concession, Opening a Window to the West situates Kōbe within the larger pattern of globalization occurring throughout East Asia in the nineteenth century.

A Companion to Japanese History

American Women Missionaries at Kobe College, 18731909: New Dimensions in Gender. London: Routledge, 2004. Karlin, Jason. ''The Gender of Nationalism: Competing Masculinities in Meiji Japan.'' Journal of Japanese Studies 28:1 (2002): ...


Author: William M. Tsutsui

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781405193399

Category: History

Page: 618

View: 372

An authoritative overview of current debates and approaches within the study of Japan's history Composed of 30 chapters written by an international group of scholars Combines traditional perspectives with the most recent scholarly concerns Supplements a chronological survey with targeted thematic analyses.

Accommodating the Chinese

The American Hospital in China, 1880-1920 Michelle Campbell Renshaw ... THE PROSPECTS FOR A REGIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS MECHANISM IN EAST ASIA Hidetoshi Hashimoto AMERICAN Women MISSIONARIES AT Kobe College, 18731909 New Dimensions in Gender ...


Author: Michelle Campbell Renshaw

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135872366

Category: History

Page: 334

View: 817

This in-depth comparative study demonstrates that the hospital established in China - its planning and architecture, financing, and all aspects of day-to-day operation - differed from its counterpart at home. These differences were never due to a single, or even dominant cause. They were a result of a complex process involving accommodation, appreciation, negotiation, opportunism and pragmatism.

Liberal Rights and Political Culture

... 1860–1900 Joseph Tse-Hei Lee AN AMERICAN EDITOR IN EARLY REVOLUTIONARY CHINA John William Powell and the China ... ASIA Hidetoshi Hashimoto AMERICAN WOMEN MISSIONARIES AT KOBE COLLEGE, 18731909 Noriko Ishii A PATH TOWARD GENDER ...


Author: Zhenghuan Zhou

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135468286

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 873

This book argues that the liberal concept of rights presupposes and is grounded in an individualistic culture or shared way of relating, and that this particular shared way of relating emerged only in the wake of the Reformation in the modern West.

Making a Market Economy



Author: Ning Wang

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135932138

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 210

View: 692

First published in 2005. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.