Ancient Middle Niger

Survey of the emergence of the ancient urban civilization of Middle Niger.


Author: Roderick J. McIntosh

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052181300X

Category: History

Page: 261

View: 812

Survey of the emergence of the ancient urban civilization of Middle Niger.

Water and Society from Ancient Times to the Present

Ancient Middle Niger: Urbanism and the Self-Organizing Landscape. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press. McIntosh, R.J. (2015). Climate shock and awe: Can
there be an “ethno-Science” of deep-time Mande palaeoclimate memory?


Author: Federica Sulas

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317197379

Category: Social Science

Page: 402

View: 425

As water availability, management and conservation become global challenges, there is now wide consensus that historical knowledge can provide crucial information to address present crises, offering unique opportunities to appreciate the solutions and mechanisms societies have developed over time to deal with water in all its forms, from rainfall to groundwater. This unique collection explores how ancient water systems relate to present ideas of resilience and sustainability and can inform future strategy. Through an investigation of historic water management systems, along with the responses to, and impact of, various water-driven catastrophes, contributors to this volume present tenable solutions for the long-term use of water resources in different parts of the world. The discussion is not limited to issues of the past, seeking instead to address the resonance and legacy of water histories in the present and future. Water and Society from Ancient Times to the Present speaks to an archaeological and non-archaeological scholarly audience and will be a useful primary reference text for researchers and graduate students from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds including archaeology, anthropology, history, ecology, geography, geology, architecture and development studies.

African Dominion

A New History of Empire in Early and Medieval West Africa Michael Gomez ...
The groundbreaking publications of the McIntoshes include Roderick J. McIntosh,
Ancient Middle Niger: Urbanism and the Self-Organizing Landscape (Cambridge:


Author: Michael A. Gomez

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691196824

Category: History

Page: 520

View: 275

A groundbreaking book that puts early and medieval West Africa on the map of global history Pick up almost any book on early and medieval world history and empire, and where do you find West Africa? On the periphery. This pioneering book tells a different story. Interweaving political and social history and drawing on a rich array of sources, Michael Gomez unveils a new vision of how categories of ethnicity, race, gender, and caste emerged in Africa and in global history. Focusing on the Savannah and Sahel region, Gomez traces how Islam's growth in West Africa, along with intensifying commerce that included slaves, resulted in a series of political experiments unique to the region, culminating in the rise of empire. A radically new account of the importance of early Africa in global history, African Dominion will be the standard work on the subject for years to come.

Urbanisation and State Formation in the Ancient Sahara and Beyond

McIntosh, R.J. 1998. The Peoples of the Middle Niger: Island of Gold. Oxford:
Blackwell. McIntosh, R.J. 2005. Ancient Middle Niger: Urbanism and the Self-
Organizing Landscape. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. McIntosh, R.J.


Author: Martin Sterry

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108494441

Category: History

Page: 600

View: 334

This ground-breaking volume pushes back conventional dating of the earliest sedentarisation, urbanisation and state formation in the Sahara.

The Archaeology of Africa

It emerges from this book as the proud possessor of a vast and highly complicated interweaving of peoples and cultures, practising an enormous diversity of economic and social strategies in an 2xtraordinary range of environmental situations ...


Author: Bassey Andah

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134679423

Category: Social Science

Page: 896

View: 951

Africa has a vibrant past. It emerges from this book as the proud possessor of a vast and highly complicated interweaving of peoples and cultures, practising an enormous diversity of economic and social strategies in an 2xtraordinary range of environmental situations. At long last the archaeology of Africa has revealed enough of Africa's unwritten past to confound preconceptions about this continent and to upset the picture inferred from historic written records. Without an understanding of its past complexities, it is impossible to grasp Africa's present, let alone its future.

The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology

The Peoples of the Middle Niger. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers. ——— (2005).
Ancient Middle Niger: Urbanism and the SelfOrganizing Landscape. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press. ——— SINCLAIR, P. J. J., TOGOLA, T., PETRèN, M.
, ...


Author: Peter Mitchell

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191626159

Category: Social Science

Page: 1080

View: 764

Africa has the longest and arguably the most diverse archaeological record of any of the continents. It is where the human lineage first evolved and from where Homo sapiens spread across the rest of the world. Later, it witnessed novel experiments in food-production and unique trajectories to urbanism and the organisation of large communities that were not always structured along strictly hierarchical lines. Millennia of engagement with societies in other parts of the world confirm Africa's active participation in the construction of the modern world, while the richness of its history, ethnography, and linguistics provide unusually powerful opportunities for constructing interdisciplinary narratives of Africa's past. This Handbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis of African archaeology, covering the entirety of the continent's past from the beginnings of human evolution to the archaeological legacy of European colonialism. As well as covering almost all periods and regions of the continent, it includes a mixture of key methodological and theoretical issues and debates, and situates the subject's contemporary practice within the discipline's history and the infrastructural challenges now facing its practitioners. Bringing together essays on all these themes from over seventy contributors, many of them living and working in Africa, it offers a highly accessible, contemporary account of the subject for use by scholars and students of not only archaeology, but also history, anthropology, and other disciplines.

Egalitarian Revolution in the Savanna

Marcus, Joyce (1998) The peaks and valleys of ancient states: An extension of
the dynamic model. In G. M. Feinman and J. Marcus ... ——(2005) Ancient Middle
Niger: Urbanism and the Self-Organizing Landscape. Cambridge: Cambridge ...


Author: Stephen A. Dueppen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317543657

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 170

Many West African societies have egalitarian political systems, with non-centralised distributions of power. 'Egalitarian Revolution in the Savanna' analyses a wide range of archaeological data to explore the development of such societies. The volume offers a detailed case study of the village settlement of Kirikongo in western Burkina Faso. Over the course of the first millennium, this single homestead extended control over a growing community. The book argues that the decentralization of power in the twelfth century BCE radically transformed this society, changing gender roles, public activities, pottery making and iron-working. 'Egalitarian Revolution in the Savanna' will be of interest to students of political science, anthropology, archaeology and the history of West Africa.

The Ancient City

1998 The Peoples of the Middle Niger . Oxford : Blackwell . 2005 Ancient Middle
Niger : Urbanism and the Self - Organizing Landscape . Cambridge : Cambridge
University Press . McIntosh , Roderick J . , and Susan Keech McIntosh 2003 ...


Author: Joyce Marcus

Publisher: School for Advanced Research on the

ISBN: UOM:39015082711865

Category: Social Science

Page: 405

View: 595

"Ancient cities have much to tell us about the social, political, religious, and economic conditions of their times - and also about our own. Ongoing excavations all over the world are enabling scholars to document intra-city changes through time, city-to-city interaction, and changing relations between cities and their hinterlands. As the essays in this volume reveal, archaeologists now know much more about the founding and functions of ancient cities, their diverse trade networks, their heterogeneous plans and layouts, and their various lifespans and trajectories."--Jacket.

Forgotten Africa

17 JENNÉ - JENO An early city on the Middle Niger For the last few thousand
years the Sahara Desert has made contact difficult between Mediterranean North
Africa and West Africa . Difficult but not impossible . The existence of important ...


Author: Graham Connah

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 041530590X

Category: Social Science

Page: 193

View: 166

Forgotten Africa provides an introduction to Africa's past from an archaeological perspective.

Fortunes of Africa

... D., A History of Christianity, 2009 Macey, D., Frantz Fanon: a Biography, 2000
McIntosh, R., The Peoples of the Middle Niger, 1988 ———, Ancient Middle
Niger, 2005 Mackintosh, J. et al., Nigerian Government and Politics, 1966
Macmillan, ...


Author: Martin Meredith

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781471135460

Category: History

Page: 768

View: 971

In this vast and vivid panorama of history, Martin Meredith, bestselling author of The State of Africa, follows the fortunes of Africa over a period of 5,000 years. With compelling narrative, he traces the rise and fall of ancient kingdoms and empires; the spread of Christianity and Islam; the enduring quest for gold and other riches; the exploits of explorers and missionaries; and the impact of European colonisation. He examines, too, the fate of modern African states and concludes with a glimpse into their future. This is history on an epic scale.

Peoples of the Middle Niger Region Northern Nigeria

early in the last half of the 18th century , as the last of many waves of immigrants (
cf. ' BASA ) , there is a tradition of a long association with Koro in Bomu ( cf.
KORO , below ) . The same authority reports that Bimin Gwari was founded oniy c


Author: H. D. Gunn


ISBN: UCLA:L0059625707

Category: Ethnology

Page: 138

View: 542

The Meanings of Timbuktu

Antiquity 74 : 483 - 484 Levtzion N ( 1973 ) Ancient Ghana and Mali . London :
Methuen MacDonald K ( 1994 ) Socio - economic diversity and the origin of
cultural complexity along the Middle Niger ( 2000 BC to AD 300 ) . PhD thesis ...


Author: Shamil Jeppie

Publisher: Human Sciences Research Council

ISBN: UOM:39015082635833

Category: History

Page: 376

View: 797

Salt comes from the north, gold from the south, but the word of God and the treasures of wisdom are only to be found in Timbuktu." 15th-century Malian proverb. In a joint project between South Africa and Mali, a library to preserve more than 200 000 Arabic and West African manuscripts dating from the 13th to the 19th centuries is currently under construction. It is the first official cultural project of the New Partnership for Africa's Development (Nepad), the socio-economic development plan of the African Union, and when the library is built, the cultural role of Timbuktu will be revived, as it becomes the safehaven for the treasured manuscripts. The manuscripts prove that Africa had a rich legacy of written history, long before western colonisers set foot on the continent. This volume, authored by leading international scholars, begins to sketch the 'meaning' of Timbuktu within the context of the intellectual history of West Africa, in particular, and of the African continent, in general. The book covers four broad areas: Part I provides an introduction to the region; outlines what archaeology can tell us of its history, examines the paper and various calligraphic styles used in the manuscripts; and explains how ancient institutions of scholarship functioned. Part II begins to analyse what the manuscripts can tell us of African history. Part III offers insight into the lives and works of just a few of the many scholars who achieved renown in the region and beyond. Part IV provides a glimpse into Timbuktu's libraries and private collections. Part V looks at the written legacy of the eastern half of Africa, which like that of the western region, is often ignored. A fascinating read for anyone who wishes to gain an understanding of the aura of mystique and legend that surrounds Timbuktu. The Meanings of Timbuktu strives to contextualise and clarify the importance of efforts to preserve Timbuktu's manuscripts for Mali, for Africa and for the intellectual world."--Abstract

Mande Studies

Ancient Ghana and Mali . London : Methuen & Co . MacDonald , Kevin . 1994 .
Socio - Economic Diversity and the Origins of Cultural Complexity along the
Middle Niger ( 2000 BC to AD 300 ) . Ph . D . Dissertation , University of
Cambridge .




ISBN: IND:30000054739366

Category: Mandingo (African people)


View: 666

Fields of Change

Identifying African rice domestication in the Middle Niger Delta (Mali) S.S.
MURRAY Anthropology Department, ... Ratios ofthe dimensions (length, width,
thickness) of whole, ancient grains were compared to those of modern African
rice ...


Author: René T. J. Cappers

Publisher: Barkhuis

ISBN: 9789077922309

Category: Social Science

Page: 214

View: 339

This volume contains fifteen papers given at the International Workshop on African Archaeobotany in Groningen in 2003. Several papers deal with the domestication history and related aspects of specific plants, including wheat (Triticum), rice (Oryza), pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum), fig (Ficus), cotton (Gossypium), silk-cotton (Ceiba pentandra) and baobab (Adansonia digitata). Other contributions discuss the exploitation of woody vegetations, members of the sedge family (Cyperaceae) and the botanical composition of mummy garlands. Three papers present the subfossil plant remains from Egyptian sites: Pharaonic caravan routes through the Theban Desert, Predynastic Adaïma and Napatan to Islamic Qasr Ibrim. The last contribution presents an update inventory of the ancient plant remains present in the Agricultural Museum (Dokki, Cairo). The book covers a wide range of countries and includes Namibia, Burkina Faso, Mali, Senegal, Mauritania, Canary Isles, Libya and Egypt.

Geomorphology and Human Palaeoecology of the M ma Mali

In : P . Demeny & G . McNicoll ( eds . ) The encyclopedia of population .
Macmillan , New York , pp . 144149 . McIntosh , R . J . ( forthcoming ) Ancient
Middle Niger : urbanism and the selforganizing landscape . Cambridge Case
Studies in Early ...


Author: E. de Vries


ISBN: UOM:39015069178062

Category: Geomorphology

Page: 117

View: 822

The Méma is a semi-arid region in central-Mali with a rich archaeological heritage indicating the former existence of large urban settlements. Previous investigations suggest that the Méma is an important area in which to study the origins of Sahelian agriculture, metallurgy, and urbanism, the continuing effects of long-term desiccation, the fluvial history of the Niger River basin, human responses to desertification, and regional abandonment. As a basis for such future studies, a geomorphological map of the Méma was made based on remote sensing and field data. In this report the geomorphological map is presented with a discussion of the origin and chronology of the landforms. Following upon this discussion, the archaeology of the Méma is described, with theoretical considerations about the origin of urbanism and the abandoment of the urban settlements.

Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society

Ancient Middle Niger : urbanism and africain et de leur exploitation . Africana
Bulletin 7 , 49–68 the self - organizing landscape . Cambridge : University Press
Lhote , H. 1942-1943 . Découverte d'un atelier de perles McIntosh , R.J. &
McIntosh ...


Author: Prehistoric Society (London, England)


ISBN: NWU:35556041357146

Category: Antiquities, Prehistoric


View: 321

Deforestation in Ghana

However, early historical accounts of Ghana indicate that the population had
largely settled down in farmsteads, villages, and small towns and had been
practicing ... The Akans, in antiquity, organized long-range trade with the middle
Niger ...


Author: Michael S. Asante

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 0761822976

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 267

View: 340

Deforestation in Ghana is a research-based analytical study that explains the disconnect between the declared deforestation policy intentions and their outcomes in Ghana. Intended as a case study of the renewable resources policy process in developing economies, this book provides complete information and clarification about the phenomenon of continued deforestation in Ghana in spite of the long history of policies and actions to control it. Author Michael Asante's detailed in-depth analysis of historical, political, economic, and cultural factors and events fully explain the unending destruction of the forests in Ghana. He provides experts, students, and all others with rational, practical answers and recommendations for this lingering problem.

Postcolonial Archaeologies in Africa

What sets the Middle Niger urban research apart is that , since the late 1980s ,
Malian archaeologists Téréba Togola and ... The now classic interpretation of the
clustered cities of the ancient Middle Niger as complex seats of multiple
corporate ...


Author: Peter Ridgway Schmidt

Publisher: School for Advanced Research on the

ISBN: STANFORD:36105124109971

Category: Social Science

Page: 287

View: 996

Postcolonial Archaeologies in Africa features some of the foremost archaeologists from Africa and the United States and presents cutting-edge proposals for how archaeology in Africa today can be made more relevant to the needs of local communities.

Eden in Sumer on the Niger

... meant much of South-Eastern Nigeria, and the Western Niger/Benue areas, as
well as the Middle Belt of present-day. ... Gate of the ancient Canaanite city of
Petra in Palestine show that the ancient Canaanites made City Gates by piling up


Author: Catherine Obianuju Acholonu

Publisher: Chinazor Onianwah


Category: Social Science

Page: 250

View: 541

"EDEN IN SUMER ON THE NIGER" provides archeological, linguistic, genetic, and inscribed evidence of the West African origin of mankind, language, religion and civilization. It provides multidisciplinary evidence of the actual geographical location in West Africa of the Garden of Eden, Atlantis and the original homeland of the Sumerian people before their migration to the "Middle East". By translating hitherto unknown pre-cuneiform inscriptions of the Sumerians, Catherine Acholonu and Sidney Davis have uncovered thousands of years of Africa's lost pre-history and evidences of the West African origins of the earliest Pharaohs and Kings of Egypt and Sumer such as Menes and Sargon the Great. This book provides answers to all lingering questions about the African Cavemen (Igbos/Esh/Adamas/Adites) original guardians of the human races, Who gave their genes for the creation of Homo Sapiens (Adam) and were the teachers in the First Age of the world.