Associations in the Greco Roman World

An invaluable companion for New Testament study


Author: Richard S. Ascough


ISBN: 1602583749

Category: Religion

Page: 394

View: 223

An invaluable companion for New Testament study

Voluntary Associations in the Graeco Roman World

Based upon a series of detailed case studies of associations such as early synagogues and churches, philosophical schools and pagan mystery cults, this collection addresses the question of what can legitimately be termed a 'voluntary ...


Author: John S. Kloppenborg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134778577

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 183

Based upon a series of detailed case studies of associations such as early synagogues and churches, philosophical schools and pagan mystery cults, this collection addresses the question of what can legitimately be termed a 'voluntary association'. Employing modern sociological concepts, the essays show how the various associations were constituted, the extent of their membership, why people joined them and what they contributed to the social fabric of urban life. For many, those groups were the most significant feature of social life beyond family and work. All of them provided an outlet of religious as well as social commitments. Also included are studies of the way in which early Jewish and Christian groups adopted and adapted the models of private association available to them and how this affected their social status and role. Finally, the situation of women is discussed, as some of the voluntary associations offered them a more significant recognition than they received in society at large.

Paul in the Greco Roman World A Handbook

Since there was no single blueprint for “association,” many different groups were
simply adopting and adapting the practices of the associations writ large as they
organized themselves within the Greco-Roman world. Christ groups were no ...


Author: J. Paul Sampley

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9780567656742

Category: Religion

Page: 416

View: 955

This landmark handbook, written by distinguished Pauline scholars, and first published in 2003, remains the first and only work to offer lucid and insightful examinations of Paul and his world in such depth. Together the two volumes that constitute the handbook in its much revised form provide a comprehensive reference resource for new testament scholars looking to understand the classical world in which Paul lived and work. Each chapter provides an overview of a particular social convention, literary of rhetorical topos, social practice, or cultural mores of the world in which Paul and his audiences were at home. In addition, the sections use carefully chosen examples to demonstrate how particularly features of Greco-Roman culture shed light on Paul's letters and on his readers' possible perception of them. For the new edition all the contributions have been fully revised to take into account the last ten years of methodological change and the helpful chapter bibliographies fully updated. Wholly new chapters cover such issues as Paul and Memory, Paul's Economics, honor and shame in Paul's writings and the Greek novel.

Greco Roman Associations


Author: John S. Kloppenborg

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110253450

Category: Philosophy

Page: 488

View: 357

Private associations organized around a common cult, profession, ethnic identity, neighbourhood or family were common throughout the Greco-Roman antiquity, offering opportunities for sociability, cultic activities, mutual support and a context in which to display and recognize virtuous achievement. This volume collects a representative selection of inscriptions from associations inAttica, Central Greece, Macedonia, Thrace, published with English translations, brief explanatory notes, commentaries and full indices. This volume is essential for several areas of study: ancient patterns of social organization; the organization of diasporic communities in the ancient Mediterranean; models for the structure of early Christian groups; and forms of sociability, status-displays, and the vocabularies of virtue.

The Greco Roman World of the New Testament Era

Most voluntary associations , outside of the Jewish synagogues , had little or no
contact with similar groups , but the Christian congregations believed they were
connected to a worldwide society of like - minded believers . 11 Despite using the


Author: James S. Jeffers

Publisher: InterVarsity Press

ISBN: 0830815899

Category: Religion

Page: 352

View: 845

James S. Jeffers provides an informative tour of the various facets of the Roman world--class and status, family and community, work and leisure, religion and organization, city and country, law and government, death and taxes, and the events of Roman history.

Jewish Identity in the Greco Roman World

associations of Ptolemaic Egypt as well as of other regions of the Hellenistic and
Roman world.7 Andererseits stellt aber auch er immer wieder explizit eine
Beeinflussung durch hellenistische Vorbilder fest.8 Wenn er schließlich im
Ergebnis ...


Author: Jörg Frey

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789047421559

Category: Religion

Page: 444

View: 570

The book addresses critical issues of the formation and development of Jewish identity in the late Second Temple period. How could Jewish identity be defined? What about the status of women and the image of ‘others’? And what about its ongoing influence in early Christianity?

Private Associations and Jewish Communities in the Hellenistic and Roman Cities

This book explores the methodological dividing lines, based on the common-sense assumption that different questions require different solutions.


Author: Dr. Benedikt Eckhardt

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004407602

Category: Religion

Page: 234

View: 400

In 'Private Associations and Jewish Communities in the Hellenistic and Roman Cities', Benedikt Eckhardt brings together a group of experts to investigate a problem of historical categorization. Traditionally, scholars have either presupposed that Jewish groups were "Greco-Roman Associations" like others or have treated them in isolation from other groups. Attempts to begin a cross-disciplinary dialogue about the presuppositions and ultimate aims of the respective approaches have shown that much preliminary work on categories is necessary. This book explores the methodological dividing lines, based on the common-sense assumption that different questions require different solutions. Re-introducing historical differentiation into a field that has been dominated by abstractions, it provides the debate with a new foundation. Case studies highlight the problems and advantages of different approaches.

T T Clark Handbook to Early Christian Meals in the Greco Roman World

It contains components of two separate sub-genres, association by-laws and
utopian literature. ... Acts 2.42-47 has numerous parallels to by-laws of Greco-
Roman associations (Smith 2013b: 159–61; Ascough 2012: 211–15; Öhler 2005)


Author: Soham Al-Suadi

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9780567669322

Category: Religion

Page: 416

View: 721

This handbook situates early Christian meals in their broader context, with a focus on the core topics that aid understanding of Greco-Roman meal practice, and how this relates to Christian origins. In addition to looking at the broader Hellenistic context, the contributors explain the unique nature of Christian meals, and what they reveal about early Christian communities and the development of Christian identity. Beginning with Hellenistic documents and authors before moving on to the New Testament material itself, according to genre - Gospels, Acts, Letters, Apocalyptic Literature - the handbook culminates with a section on the wider resources that describe daily life in the period, such as medical documents and inscriptions. The literary, historical, theological and philosophical aspects of these resources are also considered, including such aspects as the role of gender during meals; issues of monotheism and polytheism that arise from the structure of the meal; how sacrifice is understood in different meal practices; power dynamics during the meal and issues of inclusion and exclusion at meals.

Women s Religions in the Greco Roman World

2 (1989): 342–70; Peter G. Richardson and Valerie Heuchan, “Jewish Voluntary
Associations in Egypt and the Roles of Women,” in John S. Kloppenborg and
Stephen G. Wilson, eds., Voluntary Associations in the Graeco-Roman World ...


Author: Ross Shepard Kraemer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199725837

Category: History

Page: 520

View: 910

This is a substantially expanded and completely revised edition of a book originally published in 1988 as Maenads, Martyrs, Matrons, Monastics. The book is a collection of translations of primary texts relevant to women's religion in Western antiquity, from the fourth century BCE to the fifth century CE. The selections are taken from the plethora of ancient religions, including Judaism and Christianity, and are translated from the six major languages of the Greco-Roman world: Greek, Latin, Aramaic, Hebrew, Syriac, and Coptic. The texts are grouped thematically in six sections: Observances, Rituals, and Festivals; Researching Real Women: Documents to, from and by Women; Religious Office; New Religious Affiliation and Conversion; Holy, Pious, and Exemplary Women; and The Feminine Divine. Women's Religions in the Greco-Roman World provides a unique and invaluable resource for scholars of classical antiquity, early Christianity and Judaism, and women's religion more generally.

Subversive Meals

Jeffers, Greco-Roman World, 73. 156. See Jeffers, Greco-Roman World, 73. The
formation of voluntary associations still exists. In many jurisdictions in America,
for instance, a group of individuals can voluntarily form an association without ...


Author: R. Alan Streett

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781621897569

Category: Religion

Page: 340

View: 746

Subversive Meals examines the Lord's Supper within the sociopolitical context of first-century Roman domination, and concludes that it was an anti-imperial praxis. Although the Christian communal meal looked much like a typical Roman banquet in structure, with a deipnon and a symposion, it was essentially different. The Roman meal supported the empire's ideology, honored Caesar and the gods, reinforced stratification among the masses, and upheld Rome's right to rule the world. The Christian meal, on the other hand, included hymns that extolled Jesus as Lord, prophecies that challenged Rome's ideological claims, and letters--read aloud--that promoted egalitarianism and instructed believers on how to live according to kingdom of God principles. Hence, the Christian banquet was an act of nonviolent resistance, or what James C. Scott calls a "hidden transcript."

Paul and the Politics of Difference

In Voluntary Associations in the Greco-Roman World, edited by John S.
Kloppenborg and Stephen G. Wilson, 268–86. London: Routledge, 1996. Meeks,
Wayne A. “Breaking Away: Three New Testament Pictures of Christianity's Sep-
aration ...


Author: Jae Won Lee

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781630874759

Category: Religion

Page: 204

View: 357

Paul lies at the core of the constant debate about the opposition between Christianity and Judaism in biblical interpretation and public discourse as well. The so-called new perspective on Paul has not offered a significant break from the formidable paradigm of Christian universalism vs. Jewish particularism in Pauline scholarship. This book seeks to liberate Paul from the Western logic of identity and its dominant understanding of difference, which tend to identify Pauline Christianity as its ally. Drawing attention to the currency of discourses on difference in contemporary theories as well as in biblical studies, the author critically examines the hermeneutical relevance of a contextual and relational understanding of difference and applies it to interpret the dynamics of Jew-Gentile difference reflected particularly in meal practices (Galatians 2:1-21 and Romans 14:1--15:13) of early Christian communities. This book argues that by deconstructing the hierarchy of social relations underlying the Jew-Gentile difference in different community situations, Paul promotes a politics of difference, which affirms a preferential option for the socially "weak," that is, solidarity with the weak. Paul's politics of difference is invoked as a liberative potential for the vision of egalitarian justice in the face of contemporary globalism's proliferation of differences.

Mahl und religi se Identit t im fr hen Christentum

Ascough, R. S. / Harland, P. A. / Kloppenborg, I. S. (Hrsg.): Associations in the
GrecoRoman World. A Sourcebook, Waco 2012. Haase, W./Temporini, H. (
Hrsg.): Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt. Geschichte und Kultur
Roms im ...


Author: Matthias Klinghardt

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9783772084461

Category: Dinners and dining in the Bible

Page: 372

View: 264

Finance Fundamentals for Nonprofits

''The Collegia and Roman Law: State Restrictions on Voluntary Associations.'' In
Voluntary Associations in the Greco-Roman World, edited by John S.
Kloppenborg and Stephen G. Wilson, 59–73. London: Routledge. De Borms,
Tayart. 2005.


Author: Woods Bowman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118114001

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 820

A complete guide to the financial requirements a nonprofit organization must follow to indefinitely maintain the volume and quality of their services An organization may have plenty of capacity in the long run, but in the short run, donor restrictions and limited financing options are constraining. Here-and-now liquid assets are the only resources available. Finance Fundamentals for Nonprofits: Building Capacity and Sustainability shows how to measure a nonprofit organization's financial capacity in different time frames and how to measure its ability to sustain capacity in each case. Explains how nonprofits differ from businesses and how they promote values-centered management Reveals how to improve financial capacity and sustainability Written by a nonprofit scholar Filled with real-world case studies and actionable advice relating financial health to financial capacity and sustainability, this book is essential reading for every nonprofit professional.

Syrian Identity in the Greco Roman World

various cult associations, reflected by inscriptions andtesserae(small tokens)
used for admission to sacred banquets, constituted a “communal set of ritual
actions” facilitating overlapping networks of social affiliation.66 The council's
hegemonic ...


Author: Nathanael J. Andrade

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107244566

Category: History


View: 787

By engaging with recent developments in the study of empires, this book examines how inhabitants of Roman imperial Syria reinvented expressions and experiences of Greek, Roman and Syrian identification. It demonstrates how the organization of Greek communities and a peer polity network extending citizenship to ethnic Syrians generated new semiotic frameworks for the performance of Greekness and Syrianness. Within these, Syria's inhabitants reoriented and interwove idioms of diverse cultural origins, including those from the Near East, to express Greek, Roman and Syrian identifications in innovative and complex ways. While exploring a vast array of written and material sources, the book thus posits that Greekness and Syrianness were constantly shifting and transforming categories, and it critiques many assumptions that govern how scholars of antiquity often conceive of Roman imperial Greek identity, ethnicity and culture in the Roman Near East, and processes of 'hybridity' or similar concepts.

The Church According to the New Testament

The " bishop and deacon " pattern as it is mentioned Philippians 1 : 1 and 1
Timothy 3 : 1-13 was founded more on the structures of voluntary associations in
the Greco - Roman world . It appears that in the Pastorals , as in Titus 1 : 5-9 ,
these ...


Author: Daniel J. Harrington

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1580511112

Category: Religion

Page: 188

View: 131

In the last days of the twentieth century, leading New Testament scholar and popular preacher Daniel Harrington, S.J., asked himself two powerful questions: What might the church of the first century have to say to the church of the twenty-first century? And How might a brief sythesis of what the New Testament says and does not say about the church help bring greater vitality within and unity among the churches? The result of Father Harrington's research and thinking is this timely and important book.

Meals in the Early Christian World

AGRW Associations in the GrecoRoman World, ed. Ascough, Harland, and
Kloppenborg AION Annali dell'Instituto Orientale di Napoli AJP American Journal
of Philology Anc. Soc. Ancient Society AThR Anglican Theological Review BAR ...


Author: Dennis E. Smith

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137032485

Category: History

Page: 315

View: 347

This book provides three categories of investigation: 1) The Typology and Context of the Greco-Roman Banquet, 2) Who Was at the Greco-Roman Banquets, and 3) The Culture of Reclining. Together these studies establish festive meals as an essential lens into social formation in the Greco-Roman world.

What Does It Mean to Do This

In fact, the meetings of the early church were primarily for meals, as was the case
with other associations in the Greco-Roman world.3 Part of the meaning of the
anamnesis, therefore, is simply to “do” the supper Jesus had with his disciples on


Author: Michael Root

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781630876647

Category: Religion

Page: 158

View: 174

Jesus' best-known mandate--after perhaps the mandate to love God and neighbor--was given at the Last Supper just before his death: "Do this in memory of me." Indeed, a case can be made that to "do this" is the source and summit of the way Christians carry out Jesus' love-mandate. Of course, Christians have debated what it means to "do this," and these debates have all too often led to divisions within and between them--debates over leavened and unleavened bread, reception of the cup, real presence and sacrifice, "open" or "closed" communion, this Supper and the hunger of the world. These divisions seem to fly in the face of Jesus' mandate, causing some to wonder whether this is "really" the Lord's Supper we celebrate (compare 1 Corinthians 11). Everything turns on just what it means to "do this." The purpose of the Center for Catholic and Evangelical Theology's 2012 conference was to address at least some of the many aspects of this question--to address them together, as Catholic, Protestant, and Orthodox pastors and theologians, and all participants in the Supper.

The Roman Empire

Vol. 1: Attica, Central Greece, Macedonia, Thrace. [Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für die
neutestamentliche Wissenschaft 181–] Berlin and New York Kloppenborg, J.S.
and Wilson, S.G., eds. (1996) Voluntary Associations in the Graeco-Roman World


Author: Peter Garnsey

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472534903

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 986

During the Principate (roughly from 27 BC to AD 235), when the empire reached its maximum extent, Roman society and culture were radically transformed. But how was the vast territory of the empire controlled? Did the demands of central government stimulate economic growth or endanger survival? What forces of cohesion operated to balance the social and economic inequalities and high mortality rates? How did the official religion react in the face of the diffusion of alien cults and the emergence of Christianity? These are some of the many questions posed here, in an expanded edition of the original, pathbreaking account of the society, economy and culture of the Roman empire. As an integrated study of the life and outlook of the ordinary inhabitants of the Roman world, it deepens our understanding of the underlying factors in this important formative period of world history. Additions to the second edition include an introductory chapter which sets the scene and explores the consequences for government and the governing classes of the replacement of the Republic by the rule of emperors. A second extra chapter assesses how far Rome's subjects resisted her hegemony. Addenda to the chapters throughout offer up-to-date bibliography and point to new evidence and approaches which have enlivened Roman history in recent decades.

The Earliest History of the Christian Gathering

The Graeco-Roman world was saturated with cults and religious groups,
movements, traditions, all with their own meetings ... Practically all clubs,
associations and societies in the Graeco-Roman world held periodical
gatherings in which a ...


Author: Valeriy A. Alikin

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004183094

Category: Religion

Page: 342

View: 601

Recent research has made a strong case for the view that Early Christian communities, sociologically considered, functioned as voluntary religious associations. This is similar to the practice of many other cultic associations in the Greco-Roman world of the first century CE. Building upon this new approach, along with a critical interpretation of all available sources, this book discusses the social and religio-historical background of the weekly gatherings of Christians and presents a fresh reconstruction of how the weekly gatherings originated and developed in both form and content. The topics studied here include the origins of the observance of Sunday as the weekly Christian feast-day, the shape and meaning of the weekly gatherings of the Christian communities, and the rise of customs such as preaching, praying, singing, and the reading of texts in these meetings.

Hellenistic and Biblical Greek

Alongside these cults were numerous voluntary associations, comprising people
of many nationalities, including freemen, ... Associations and Christian Churches
on Delos,” in Voluntary Associations in the Graeco-Roman World, 186–225, ed.


Author: B. H. McLean

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107025585

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 352

View: 122

This Hellenistic Greek reader is designed for students who have completed one or more years of Greek and wish to improve their reading ability and gain a better appreciation for the diversity of the language. The seventy passages in this reader reflect different styles, genres, provenances and purposes, and are arranged into eight parts according to their level of difficulty. Grammatical support and vocabulary lists accompany each passage, and a cumulative glossary offers further assistance with translation. Students are led to a deeper understanding of Hellenistic Greek, and a greater facility with the language. • Includes canonical and non-canonical Christian texts, Septuagint (prose and poetry), Jewish Pseudepigrapha, inscriptions, and Jewish and Hellenistic literary Greek • Includes a web component with more than thirty additional readings for classroom and independent use • Passages offer a glimpse into the everyday life of Hellenistic Greeks, with themes such as sexuality, slavery, magic, apocalypticism, and Hellenistic philosophy.