Autonomy and Self Respect

A feature of the collection is the contrast of Kantian and utilitarian answers to these problems. The essays are crisply and lucidly written and will appeal to both teachers and students of philosophy.

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Author: Thomas E. Hill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521397723

Category: Philosophy

Page: 236

View: 246

This stimulating collection of essays in ethics eschews the simple exposition and refinement of abstract theories. Rather, the author focuses on everyday moral issues, often neglected by philosophers, and explores the deeper theoretical questions which they raise. Such issues are: Is it wrong to tell a lie to protect someone from a painful truth? Should one commit a lesser evil to prevent another from doing something worse? Can one be both autonomous and compassionate? Other topics discussed are servility, weakness of will, suicide, obligations to oneself, snobbery, and environmental concerns. A feature of the collection is the contrast of Kantian and utilitarian answers to these problems. The essays are crisply and lucidly written and will appeal to both teachers and students of philosophy.

Personal Autonomy in Society

their lives and by refraining from treating them paternalistically even if the lives they ultimately select are not lives rich in autonomy. Selfrespect and respectful treatment from others may increase the likelihood that a person will ...

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Author: Marina Oshana

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351911955

Category: Philosophy

Page: 204

View: 396

People are socially situated amid complex relations with other people and are bound by interpersonal frameworks having significant influence upon their lives. These facts have implications for their autonomy. Challenging many of the currently accepted conceptions of autonomy and of how autonomy is valued, Oshana develops a 'social-relational' account of autonomy, or self-governance, as a condition of persons that is largely constituted by a person’s relations with other people and by the absence of certain social relations. She denies that command over one's motives and the freedom to realize one's will are sufficient to secure the kind of command over one's life that autonomy requires, and argues against psychological, procedural, and content neutral accounts of autonomy. Oshana embraces the idea that her account is 'perfectionist' in a sense, and argues that ultimately our commitment to autonomy is defeasible, but she maintains that a social-relational account best captures what we value about autonomy and best serves the various ends for which the concept of autonomy is employed.

Self Trust and Reproductive Autonomy

Self - knowledge is also important because of the substantive conditions for autonomy of self - worth and self - respect . To know whether we are deserving of respect or whether we possess moral worth , we must have selfknowledge .

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Author: Carolyn McLeod

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262263777

Category: Medical

Page: 238

View: 823

A study of the importance of self-trust for women's autonomy in reproductive health. The power of new medical technologies, the cultural authority of physicians, and the gendered power dynamics of many patient-physician relationships can all inhibit women's reproductive freedom. Often these factors interfere with women's ability to trust themselves to choose and act in ways that are consistent with their own goals and values. In this book Carolyn McLeod introduces to the reproductive ethics literature the idea that in reproductive health care women's self-trust can be undermined in ways that threaten their autonomy. Understanding the importance of self-trust for autonomy, McLeod argues, is crucial to understanding the limits on women's reproductive freedom. McLeod brings feminist insights in philosophical moral psychology to reproductive ethics, and to health-care ethics more broadly. She identifies the social environments in which self-trust is formed and encouraged. She also shows how women's experiences of reproductive health care can enrich our understanding of self-trust and autonomy as philosophical concepts. The book's theoretical components are grounded in women's concrete experiences. The cases discussed, which involve miscarriage, infertility treatment, and prenatal diagnosis, show that what many women feel toward themselves in reproductive contexts is analogous to what we feel toward others when we trust or distrust them. McLeod also discusses what health-care providers can do to minimize the barriers to women's self-trust in reproductive health care, and why they have a duty to do so as part of their larger duty to respect patient autonomy.

Autonomy and Equality

Anderson and Honneth also center self-reflexive attitudes of self-respect, self-trust, and self-esteem as necessary for autonomy. Concern for the social conditions necessary for these self-reflexive attitudes is especially prominent in ...

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Author: Natalie Stoljar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000469554

Category: Philosophy

Page: 258

View: 610

This book draws connections and explores important questions at the intersection of the debates about relational autonomy and relational equality. Although these two research areas share several common assumptions and concerns, their connections have not been systematically explored. The essays in this volume address theoretical questions at the intersection of relational theories of autonomy and equality and also consider how these theoretical considerations play out in real-world contexts. Several chapters explore possible conceptual links between relational autonomy and equality by considering the role of values—such as agency, non-domination, and self-respect—to which both relational autonomy theorists and relational egalitarians are committed. Others reflect on how debates about autonomy and equality can clarify our thinking about oppression based on race and gender, and how such oppression affects interpersonal relationships. Autonomy and Equality: Relational Approaches is the first book to specifically address the relationship between these two research areas. It will be of interest to scholars and graduate students working in social and political philosophy, moral philosophy, and feminist philosophy.

Relational Autonomy

In "Self-Trust, Autonomy, and Self-Esteem," Hypatia 8 (Winter 1993): 99-120, Trudy Govier draws a connection between self-trust and autonomy, but she does not explore the impact of oppression on self-trust, as we do later. 12.

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780198028727

Category:

Page:

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Autonomy Oppression and Gender

self-esteem. This second condition for self-authorization has been articulated in different ways in the literature on social and relational autonomy.59 I mention here Joel Anderson and Axel Honneth's version of the claim, which brings ...

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Author: Andrea Veltman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199969616

Category: Philosophy

Page: 352

View: 420

This collection of new essays examines philosophical issues at the intersection of feminism and autonomy studies. Are autonomy and independence useful goals for women and subordinate persons? Is autonomy possible in contexts of social subordination? Is the pursuit of desires that issue from patriarchal norms consistent with autonomous agency? How do emotions and caring relate to autonomous deliberation? Contributors to this collection answer these questions and others, advancing central debates in autonomy theory by examining basic components, normative commitments, and applications of conceptions of autonomy. Several chapters look at the conditions necessary for autonomous agency and at the role that values and norms -- such as independence, equality, inclusivity, self-respect, care and femininity -- play in feminist theories of autonomy. Whereas some contributing authors focus on dimensions of autonomy that are internal to the mind -- such as deliberative reflection, desires, cares, emotions, self-identities and feelings of self-worth -- several authors address social conditions and practices that support or stifle autonomous agency, often answering questions of practical import. These include such questions as: What type of gender socialization best supports autonomous agency and feminist goals? When does adapting to severely oppressive circumstances, such as those in human trafficking, turn into a loss of autonomy? How are ideals of autonomy affected by capitalism? and How do conceptions of autonomy inform issues in bioethics, such as end-of-life decisions, or rights to bodily self-determination?

The Different Faces of Autonomy

An interesting observationisthat selftrust and selfrespect are preconditions for theexercise and development ofautonomy skills (Govier1993, Verkerk 1998). Selfrespectis conceptually linked to autonomy since the procedure ...

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Author: M. Schermer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401599726

Category: Philosophy

Page: 212

View: 526

Patient autonomy is a much discussed and debated subject in medical ethics, as well as in healthcare practice, medical law, and healthcare policy. This book provides a detailed and nuanced analysis of both the concept of autonomy and the principle of respect for autonomy, in an accessible style. The unique feature of this book is that it combines empirical research into hospital practice with thorough philosophical analyses. As such, it is an example of a new movement in applied ethics, that of 'empirical ethics'. The key themes are informed consent and medical decision making, personal well-being, competence, paternalism and decision making for incompetent patients. Much attention is also devoted to autonomy in non-decision making situations - patient control over small everyday aspects of care, authenticity and existential aspects of illness, autonomy and the 'ethics of care', and the relationship between autonomy and trust in the physician-patient relationship. This book will be of interest to those working or studying in the field of medical ethics and applied ethics but also to healthcare professionals and health policy makers.

Autonomy and Social Interaction

Privacy contributes to self - respect and self - esteem in a fairly straightforward way by giving people a chance to recover from social interaction that tears them down . Sociologist Alan Bates observes that people need privacy for ...

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Author: Joseph H. Kupfer

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791403459

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 157

This book makes a distinctive contribution to the growing discussion of autonomy. As the ability to determine one's life in both thought and action, autonomy is foundational among our many and varied values. Other philosophical treatments tend to emphasize the significance of autonomy for moral theory or institutional arrangements such as legal, political, or economic power structures. Kupfer, however, focuses on the context of social relations and interactions in which autonomous living occurs. He handles autonomy and social interaction reciprocally, so that the significance of each for the other is drawn out. In addition, key themes are threaded throughout, such as the nature of dependency, self-concept and self-knowledge, and authority.

Autonomy and Intervention

Consequently, in a society of interdependence and mutual caring, all may enjoy self-respect if all have the ... Respect for Persons Our analysis of the value of autonomy has been conducted in terms of its consequences in the broad sense ...

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Author: John H. Kultgen

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195085310

Category: FAMILY & RELATIONSHIPS

Page: 277

View: 518

This philosophical treatise explores the place of paternalism in caring for others. It provides guidelines for balancing respect for the recipients' autonomy with the good that can be provided by intervening in their lives.

Reason Value and Respect

On the Value of Evaluative Self-Respect,” in Margaret Walker and Peggy DesAutels, eds., Minds, Hearts, and Morality: Feminist ... “Ideals of Human Excellence and Preserving Natural Environments,” in Hill, Autonomy and Self-Respect.

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Author: Mark Timmons

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199699575

Category: Philosophy

Page: 337

View: 139

In 13 specially written essays, leading philosophers explore Kantian themes in moral and political philosophy that are prominent in the work of Thomas E. Hill, Jr., such as respect and self-respect, practical reason, conscience, and duty. In conclusion Hill offers an overview of his work and responses to the preceding essays.