Autopoiesis and Cognition

This is a bold, brilliant, provocative and puzzling work.

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Author: H.R. Maturana

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400989474

Category: Science

Page: 146

View: 619

This is a bold, brilliant, provocative and puzzling work. It demands a radical shift in standpoint, an almost paradoxical posture in which living systems are described in terms of what lies outside the domain of descriptions. Professor Humberto Maturana, with his colleague Francisco Varela, have undertaken the construction of a systematic theoretical biology which attempts to define living systems not as they are objects of observation and description, nor even as in teracting systems, but as self-contained unities whose only reference is to them selves. Thus, the standpoint of description of such unities from the 'outside', i. e. , by an observer, already seems to violate the fundamental requirement which Maturana and Varela posit for the characterization of such system- namely, that they are autonomous, self-referring and self-constructing closed systems - in short, autopoietic systems in their terms. Yet, on the basis of such a conceptual method, and such a theory of living systems, Maturana goes on to define cognition as a biological phenomenon; as, in effect, the very nature of all living systems. And on this basis, to generate the very domains of interac tion among such systems which constitute language, description and thinking.

Topics in the Philosophy of Biology

This volume, we think, offers ample evidence of how good contempo rary work in the philosophical understanding of biology has become.

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Author: Marjorie Grene

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 902770595X

Category: Science

Page: 454

View: 219

The philosophy of biology should move to the center of the philosophy of science - a place it has not been accorded since the time of Mach. Physics was the paradigm of science, and its shadow falls across con temporary philosophy of biology as well, in a variety of contexts: reduction, organization and system, biochemical mechanism, and the models of law and explanation which derive from the Duhem-Popper Hempel tradition. This volume, we think, offers ample evidence of how good contempo rary work in the philosophical understanding of biology has become. Marjorie Grene and Everett Mendelsohn aptly combine a deep philo sophical appreciation of conceptual issues in biology with an historical understanding of the radical changes in the science of biology since the 19th century. In this book, they present essays which probe such historical and methodological questions as reducibility, levels of organization, function and teleology, and the range of issues emerging from evolution ary theory and the species problem. In conjunction with Professor Grene's collection of essays on the philosophy of biology, The Under standing of Nature (Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. XXIII) and the occasional essays on these topics which we have published in other volumes (listed below), this volume contributes to bringing biology to the center of philosophical attention. Everett Mendelsohn, 'Explanation in Nineteenth Century Biology' (Boston Studies, Vol. II, 1965). David Hawkins, 'Taxonomy and Information', (Boston Studies, Vol. III, 1967).

The New General Systems Theory

From the theories developed by Humberto Maturana to explain the living being (Autopoiesis Theory and Biology of Cognition) Mateus Esteves-Vasconcellos extracted a general theory applicable to all systems.

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Author: mateus esteves-vasconcellos

Publisher: Revolução eBook

ISBN: 9788591576227

Category: Science

Page: 199

View: 277

From the theories developed by Humberto Maturana to explain the living being (Autopoiesis Theory and Biology of Cognition) Mateus Esteves-Vasconcellos extracted a general theory applicable to all systems. Then he developed a general theory for autonomous systems, especially focusing on social systems. New scientific paradigms started in the 20th century finally found a rigorous, inclusive and transdisciplinary theoretical description.

Understanding Computers and Cognition

4.2 Autopoiesis , evolution , and learning Maturana's understanding of an
organism's relation to its environment leads to an ... How can a history of
independent perturbations lead to the phenomena of cognition that our
introspective intuitions ...

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Author: Terry Winograd

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: 0201112973

Category: Computers

Page: 207

View: 488

Understanding Computers and Cognition presents an important and controversial new approach to understanding what computers do and how their functioning is related to human language, thought, and action. While it is a book about computers, Understanding Computers and Cognition goes beyond the specific issues of what computers can or can't do. It is a broad-ranging discussion exploring the background of understanding in which the discourse about computers and technology takes place. Understanding Computers and Cognition is written for a wide audience, not just those professionals involved in computer design or artificial intelligence. It represents an important contribution to the ongoing discussion about what it means to be a machine, and what it means to be human. Book jacket.

Neocybernetics and Narrative

Neocybernetics and Narrative opens a new chapter in Bruce Clarke’s project of rethinking narrative and media through systems theory.

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Author: Bruce Clarke

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 9781452942162

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 248

View: 383

Neocybernetics and Narrative opens a new chapter in Bruce Clarke’s project of rethinking narrative and media through systems theory. Reconceiving interrelations among subjects, media, significations, and the social, this study demonstrates second-order systems theory’s potential to provide fresh insights into the familiar topics of media studies and narrative theory. A pioneer of systems narratology, Clarke offers readers a synthesis of the neocybernetic theories of cognition formulated by biologists Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varela, incubated by cyberneticist Heinz von Foerster, and cultivated in Niklas Luhmann’s social systems theory. From this foundation, he interrogates media theory and narrative theory through a critique of information theory in favor of autopoietic conceptions of cognition. Clarke’s purview includes examinations of novels (Mrs. Dalloway and Mind of My Mind), movies (Avatar, Memento, and Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind), and even Aramis, Bruno Latour’s idiosyncratic meditation on a failed plan for an automated subway. Clarke declares the era of the cyborg to have ended, laid to rest as the ontology of technical objects is brought into differential coordination with operations of living, psychic, and social systems. The second-order discourse of cognition destabilizes the usual sense of cognition as conscious awareness, revealing the possibility of nonconscious and nonhuman forms of sentience.

Embodied Cognition Acting and Performance

In this collection of essays, the four branches of radical cognitive science—embodied, embedded, enactive and ecological—will dialogue with performance, with particular focus on post-cognitivist approaches to understanding the embodied ...

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Author: Experience Bryon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351169585

Category: Psychology

Page: 124

View: 121

In this collection of essays, the four branches of radical cognitive science—embodied, embedded, enactive and ecological—will dialogue with performance, with particular focus on post-cognitivist approaches to understanding the embodied mind-in-society; de-emphasising the computational and representational metaphors; and embracing new conceptualisations grounded on the dynamic interactions of "brain, body and world". In our collection, radical cognitive science reaches out to areas of scholarship also explored in the fields of performance practice and training as we facilitate a new inter- and transdisciplinary discourse in which to jointly share and explore common reactions of embodied approaches to the lived mind. The essays originally published as a special issue in Connection Science.

The Tree of Knowledge

This text explores 'knowing how we know'.

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Author: Humberto R. Maturana

Publisher: Shambhala Publications

ISBN: 0877736421

Category: Medical

Page: 269

View: 955

This text explores 'knowing how we know'. Its authors present a new view of cognition that has important social and ethical implications. They assert that the only world we humans can have is the one we create together through the actions of our coexistence.

Cybersemiotics

Such an epistemological and ontological framework is also developed in this volume. Cybersemiotics not only builds a bridge between science and culture, it provides a framework that encompasses them both.

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Author: Soren Brier

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9781442691490

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 544

View: 597

A growing field of inquiry, biosemiotics is a theory of cognition and communication that unites the living and the cultural world. What is missing from this theory, however, is the unification of the information and computational realms of the non-living natural and technical world. Cybersemiotics provides such a framework. By integrating cybernetic information theory into the unique semiotic framework of C.S. Peirce, Søren Brier attempts to find a unified conceptual framework that encompasses the complex area of information, cognition, and communication science. This integration is performed through Niklas Luhmann's autopoietic systems theory of social communication. The link between cybernetics and semiotics is, further, an ethological and evolutionary theory of embodiment combined with Lakoff and Johnson's 'philosophy in the flesh.' This demands the development of a transdisciplinary philosophy of knowledge as much common sense as it is cultured in the humanities and the sciences. Such an epistemological and ontological framework is also developed in this volume. Cybersemiotics not only builds a bridge between science and culture, it provides a framework that encompasses them both. The cybersemiotic framework offers a platform for a new level of global dialogue between knowledge systems, including a view of science that does not compete with religion but offers the possibility for mutual and fruitful exchange.

Explorations in the Complexity of Possible Life

By this application , we can find whether the proposed formalization can
discriminate between autopoietic and non - autopoietic systems . 5 Summary
This paper focused on the ... Autopoiesis and cognition . Artificial Life , 10 ( 3 ) :
327 ...

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Author: Stefan Artmann

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 3898380769

Category: Artificial life

Page: 147

View: 986

From Being to Doing

Neurobiologen og systemteoretikeren Humberto R. Maturana (f. 1928) anskueliggør sin filosofi og teorier gennem samtale og anekdoter, og samtidig dannes et billede af personen Maturana og hans livsanskuelse

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Author: Humberto R. Maturana

Publisher: Carl-Auer Verlag

ISBN: STANFORD:36105132346755

Category: Cognition

Page: 208

View: 497

Neurobiologen og systemteoretikeren Humberto R. Maturana (f. 1928) anskueliggør sin filosofi og teorier gennem samtale og anekdoter, og samtidig dannes et billede af personen Maturana og hans livsanskuelse

S

Autopoiesis and Cognition . The Realization of the Living . Dordrecht - Boston -
London : D . Reidel ( MATU 82 ] Maturana H . R . ( 1982 ) . Erkennen : Die
Organisation und Verkörperung von Wirklichkeit . Braunschweig - Wiesbaden :
Vieweg ...

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000028649550

Category: Semiotics

Page:

View: 294

Enactive Cognition at the Edge of Sense Making

The enactive approach replaces the classical computer metaphor of mind with emphasis on embodiment and social interaction as the sources of our goals and concerns.

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Author: M. Cappucio

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137363367

Category: Philosophy

Page: 317

View: 874

The enactive approach replaces the classical computer metaphor of mind with emphasis on embodiment and social interaction as the sources of our goals and concerns. Researchers from a range of disciplines unite to address the challenge of how to account for the more uniquely human aspects of cognition, including the abstract and the nonsensical.

Theories and Paradigms of Counseling and Psychotherapy

In H . R . Maturana & F . J . Varela , Autopoiesis and cognition : The realization of
the living . Boston : D . Reidel . Maturana , H . R . ( 1980 ) . Biology of cognition .
In H . R . Maturana & F . J . Varela , Autopoiesis and cognition : The realization of
 ...

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Author: R. Rocco Cottone

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: UOM:39015024989322

Category: Medical

Page: 378

View: 616

For practitioners and advanced students of psychotherapy, introduces the notion that the field of counseling has developed paradigms within which the prevailing theories function, and examines four of them: organic-medical, psychological, systemic-relational, and contextual. Acidic paper. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Zeichen theorie und Praxis

Lannoch , Helga and Hans - Jürgen Lannoch . Toward a Semantic Notion of
Space . Design Issues 5 , 2 : 40 - 50 , 1989 . Maturana , Humberto and Francisco
J . Varela . Autopoiesis and Cognition . Boston Studies in the Philosophy of
Science ...

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Author: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Semiotik. Internationaler Kongress

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000039079375

Category: Cognitive science

Page: 315

View: 162

Understanding Understanding

In these ground-breaking essays, Heinz von Foerster discusses some of the fundamental principles that govern how we know the world and how we process the information from which we derive that knowledge.

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Author: Heinz von Foerster

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387217222

Category: Computers

Page: 362

View: 467

In these ground-breaking essays, Heinz von Foerster discusses some of the fundamental principles that govern how we know the world and how we process the information from which we derive that knowledge. The author was one of the founders of the science of cybernetics.

The Emergence of Life

Addressing the emergence of life from a systems biology perspective, this new edition has undergone extensive revision, reflecting changes in scientific understanding and evolution of thought on the question 'what is life?

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Author: Pier Luigi Luisi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316571668

Category: Science

Page:

View: 860

Addressing the emergence of life from a systems biology perspective, this new edition has undergone extensive revision, reflecting changes in scientific understanding and evolution of thought on the question 'what is life?'. With an emphasis on the philosophical aspects of science, including the epistemic features of modern synthetic biology, and also providing an updated view of the autopoiesis/cognition theory, the book gives an exhaustive treatment of the biophysical properties of vesicles, seen as the beginning of the 'road map' to the minimal cell - a road map which will develop into the question of whether and to what extent synthetic biology will be capable of making minimal life in the laboratory. Fully illustrated, accessibly written, directly challenging the reader with provocative questions, offering suggestions for research proposals, and including dialogues with contemporary authors such as Humberto Maturana, Albert Eschenmoser and Harold Morowitz, this is an ideal resource for researchers and students across fields including bioengineering, evolutionary biology, molecular biology, chemistry and chemical engineering.

MIND and LOVE The Human Experience

This is a scientific explanation of mind, leavened with process philosophy, also invoking spirituality without any religious connotation.

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Author: Lloyd Fell

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 9781446643334

Category: Cognitive neuroscience

Page: 280

View: 418

The new scientific paradigm of 'embodied mind' or 'situated cognition' is percolating into popular mind science, but its fundaments, autopoiesis and structural coupling, have never been thoroughly explained. Combines the paradigm shift in biology initiated by Maturana and Varela with the recent rush of ideas in social neuroscience to create what hopes to be a refreshingly new explanation of the way our mind works in our everyday experience and reveals the most common blind spots in what we thought we knew about our mind. These blind spots are spoiling our individual lives and harming our prospects for peaceful coexistence and care of our environment, e.g., the mistaken ideas that meaning is transferable, that decisions come from conscious awareness, or that knowledge is a commodity. The biological significance of love and the value of embracing uncertainty and respecting the unknown point to a very hopeful vision for our future. This is a scientific explanation of mind, leavened with process philosophy, also invoking spirituality without any religious connotation.

Basic and Applied General Systems Research

1623 ] Maturana , H . : Autopoiesis and Cognition : The Realization of the Livi (
1128 ) Petkoff , B . : ntific Research and ... ( 1328 ) Rapoport , A . : een two
Theories of cognition ( 1383 ) Bobrow , D . G . : tanding : Studies in Cognitive
Science .

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Author: Robert Trappl

Publisher: Hemisphere Pub

ISBN: UCSC:32106006902164

Category: Computers

Page: 348

View: 774