Basque Phonology

In particular, it is argued that only low tones are present in the lexical phonology of these dialects. Basque Phonology explores many areas for the first time, and other familiar topics are considered in an entirely new light.


Author: José Ignacio Hualde

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134934324

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 228

View: 645

This book is the first comprehensive treatment of the phonological system of Basque available in English. Basque is a morphologically rich and fairly regular language with a number of active phonological rules that are limited to certain morphological environments. In addition, it has a high degree of dialectical fragmentation. These characteristics of Basque make this language a good test ground to investigate the interaction of phonological rules both with each other and with morphological processes, which the author does within the Lexical Phonology framework. The effects of rule interaction on feature geometry are a major concern - how phonological operations modify underlying structures and how the structures created by one phonological rule can serve as input to other rules. These effects are examined in a study of the rather peculiar behaviour of Basque affricates. Another area which requires particular attention, and in which Basque dialects differ widely, is prosody. Along with stress-accent systems of different types, Basque also possesses pitch-accent or restricted tonal systems in some of its western dialects. This book should be of interest to advanced students and teachers of linguistics, especially Romance linguistics and lexical phonology.

Loan Phonology

of Spanish, enables him or her to also pronounce them in Basque. Therefore the process of sequenced nasal-sibilant transition of Basque phonology becomes at most an optional substitution. It follows automatically therefore, ...


Author: Andrea Calabrese

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027248237

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 273

View: 859

For many different reasons, speakers borrow words from other languages to fill gaps in their own lexical inventory. The past ten years have been characterized by a great interest among phonologists in the issue of how the nativization of loanwords occurs. The general feeling is that loanword nativization provides a direct window for observing how acoustic cues are categorized in terms of the distinctive features relevant to the L1 phonological system as well as for studying L1 phonological processes in action and thus to the true synchronic phonology of L1. The collection of essays presented in this volume provides an overview of the complex issues phonologists face when investigating this phenomenon and, more generally, the ways in which unfamiliar sounds and sound sequences are adapted to converge with the native language s sound pattern. This book is of interest to theoretical phonologists as well as to linguists interested in language contact phenomena."

The History of Basque

Encouraged by Martinet to make a study of the historical phonology of Basque, he devoted more than ten years to the project. Taking advantage of his unmatched knowledge of ancient and medieval documents and of modern dialect variants, ...


Author: R. L. Trask

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136167560

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 480

View: 866

Basque is the sole survivor of the very ancient languages of Western Europe. This book, written by an internationally renowned specialist in Basque, provides a comprehensive survey of all that is known about the prehistory of the language, including pronunciation, the grammar and the vocabulary. It also provides a long critical evaluation of the search for its relatives, as well as a thumbnail sketch of the language, a summary of its typological features, an external history and an extensive bibliography.

Advances in Proto Basque Reconstruction with Evidence for the Proto Indo European Euskarian Hypothesis

Egurtzegi (2014) provides a current phonetically grounded diachronic phonology of Basque from the Middle Ages onward. Part I of this book can be seen as an attempt to push back in time from where Michelena (1977) and Egurtzegi (2013a) ...


Author: Juliette Blevins

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429000263

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 368

View: 849

This book presents a new reconstruction of Proto-Basque, the mother language of modern Basque varieties, historical Basque, and Aquitanian, grounded in traditional methods of historical linguistics. Building on a long tradition of Basque scholarship, the comparative method and internal reconstruction, informed by the phonetic bases of sound change and phonological typology, are used to explain previously underappreciated alternations and asymmetries in Basque sound patterns, resulting in a radically new view of the proto-language. The comparative method is then used to compare this new Proto-Basque with Proto-Indo-European, revealing regular sound correspondences in basic vocabulary and grammatical formatives. Evaluation of these results supports a distant genetic relationship between Proto-Basque and Proto-Indo-European, and offers new insights into specific linguistic properties of these two ancient languages. This comprehensive volume, which includes a detailed appendix including Proto-Basque/Proto-Indo-European cognate sets, will be of general interest to linguists, archeologists, historians, and geneticists, and of particular interest to scholars in historical linguistics, phonetics and phonology, language change, and Basque and Indo-European studies.

Generative Studies in Basque Linguistics

“Syllable Structure in Modern Basque and in ProtoBasque”. This volume Azkue, Resurreccion Maria de. 1931-32. “Del acento tOnico vasco en algunos de sus dialectos”. Euskera 4.282-318 & 6.3-5. Clements, George N. 1987. “Phonological ...


Author: José Ignacio Hualde

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027277060

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 334

View: 457

In part due to its exotic place within the languages of Europe, but mainly because of its basic typological differences with better-described languages, Basque has often attracted the interest of linguists of very different theoretical persuasions. This book presents a collection of articles which are representative of work being done on Basque at the moment from a generative perspective. Most of the major issues in Basque Syntax, Morphology and Phonology are examined in this book and the implications of the Basque data for theories of universal grammar are made explicit.

Variation typology

Issues in the Phonology and Morphology of the Major Iberian Languages . Washington DC 1997 , 3-78 . Gorrochategui , Joaquín : The Basque Language and its Neighbors in Antiquity . In : Hualde [ et al . ] 1995 , 31–63 .


Author: Thorsten Roelcke

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110160838

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1047

View: 577

Der Band verbindet erstmals eine sprachtypologische und eine variationslinguistische Betrachtung von 34 europäischen Sprachen in Geschichte und Gegenwart. Die einzelnen Sprachen werden dabei jeweils zunächst im Hinblick auf ihre sprachtypologischen Grundzüge auf drei Ebenen charakterisiert: Lautung (Bestand an Vokalen und Konsonanten, Prosodik und weitere Erscheinungen), Morphologie (Inventar an grammatischen Kategorien, Verhältnis zwischen synthetischem und analytischem Sprachbau sowie Repräsentation morphologischer Haupttypen) und Syntax (Wort- und Satzgliedstellung, Einordnung aus Sicht der relationalen Typologie sowie prominenztypologische Einordnung). Im Anschluss hieran werden jeweils die lautliche, morphologische und syntaktische Variation dieser Sprachen in historischer, regionaler, sozialer und funktionaler Hinsicht sprachtypologisch interpretiert sowie auf Konstanten und Tendenzen hin analysiert. Auf diese Weise trägt der Band einerseits zu einem tieferen und breiteren Verständnis der strukturellen Variation europäischer Sprachen bei und eröffnet andererseits neue Perspektiven für die allgemeine und vergleichende Sprachwissenschaft.

Issues in the Phonology and Morphology of the Major Iberian Languages

Although in recent years there has been a rise in researchers ' interest in prosodic aspects of Basque phonology , this has been reduced almost entirely to the accentuation system of different dialects ( cf.


Author: Fernando Martínez-Gil

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 0878406476

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 694

View: 567

This collection explores current issues in the phonology and morphology of the major Iberian languages: Basque, Catalan, Galician, Portuguese, and Spanish. Most of the essays are based on innovative theoretical frameworks and show how recent revolutions in theoretical ideas have affected the study of these languages. Distinguished scholars address a diverse range of topics, including: stress assignment, phonological variability, distribution of rhotics, the imperative paradigm, focus, pluralization, spirantization, intonation, prosody, apocope, epenthesis, palatalization, and depalatalization.

The Blackwell Companion to Phonology 5 Volume Set

Among his publications are the books Phonological variation and change (1985) and English sound structure (1994). ... He is author of Basque phonology (1991) and The sounds of Spanish (2005), co-author of The Basque dialect of Lekeitio ...


Author: Marc van Oostendorp

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781405184236

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 3192

View: 199

Available online or as a five-volume print set, "The Blackwell Companion to Phonology" is a major reference work drawing together 124 new contributions from leading international scholars in the field. It will be indispensable to students and researchers in the field for years to come. Key Features: Full explorations of all the most important ideas and key developments in the field Documents major insights into human language gathered by phonologists in past decades; highlights interdisciplinary connections, such as the social and computational sciences; and examines statistical and experimental techniques Offers an overview of theoretical positions and ongoing debates within phonology at the beginning of the twenty-first century An extensive reference work based on the best and most recent scholarly research - ideal for advanced undergraduates through to faculty and researchers Publishing simultaneously in print and online; visit for full details Additional features of the online edition (ISBN: 978-1-4443-3526-2): Powerful searching, browsing, and cross-referencing capabilities, including Open URL linking, with all entries classified by key topic, subject, place, people, and period For those institutions already subscribing to "Blackwell Reference Online," it offers fully integrated and searchable content with the comprehensive "Handbooks in Linguistics" series

Microparameters in the Grammar of Basque

We have also briefly offered a diachronic perspective on dialectal diversification in Basque. ... In Inquiries into the Lexicon-Syntax Relations in Basque [Supplements of ASJU 43], Bernard Oyharçabal (ed.), 23–46. ... Basque phonology.


Author: Beatriz Fernández

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027266422

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 302

View: 819

This book is an endeavor to present and analyze some standard topics in the grammar of Basque from a micro-comparative perspective. From case and agreement to word order and the left periphery, and including an incursion into determiners, the book combines fine-grained theoretical analyses with empirically detailed descriptions. Working from a micro-parametric perspective, the contributions to the volume address in depth some of the exuberant variation attested in the different dialects and subdialects of Basque. At the same time, although the contributions focus mainly on Basque data, cross-linguistic evidence is also presented and discussed. After all, the goal pursued in this book is to attempt to explain variation in Basque as a particular instantiation of variation in human language at large. The volume presents and analyzes a wide range of empirical phenomena, many typologically marked among European languages, and will therefore be a welcome resource to linguists looking for detailed description and/or theoretical discussion.

Towards a History of the Basque Language

Gavel, Henri & Georges Lacombe. 1937. Grammaire basque II: Le verbe. Bayonne: La Presse. Hualde, José Ignacio. 1991. Basque phonology. London: Routledge. Inchauspe, Emmanuel. 1858. Le verbe basque. Paris: Duprat. Irigoien, Alfonso.


Author: José Ignacio Hualde

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027236340

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 365

View: 741

Questions related to the origin and history of the Basque language spark considerable interest, since it is the only surviving pre-Indo-European language in western Europe. However, until now, there was no readily available source in English providing answers to these questions or giving an overview of past and current research in this area. This book is intended to partly fill this void.The book contains both state-of-the-art papers which summarize our knowledge about particular areas of Basque historical linguistics, and articles presenting new hypotheses and points of view based on hard evidence and careful analysis.All contributors to this volume have demonstrated expertise in the topic within Basque historical linguistics that their chapter addresses. Two classical articles by the late Luis Michelena are included in English translation. In addition, the book includes studies on diachronic phonology, morphology and syntax. The relation of Basque to other languages is also investigated in a couple of chapters.