Beyond Turk and Hindu


Author: David Gilmartin

Publisher: Orange Groove Books

ISBN: 1616101180

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 391

Beyond Turk and Hindu

This collection challenges the popular presumption that Muslims and Hindus are irreconcilably different groups, inevitably conflicting with each other.


Author: David Gilmartin


ISBN: 0813017815

Category: Religion

Page: 354

View: 606

"[Sets] the stage for a rewriting of nearly a thousand years of history to create new understandings of the nature of cultural encounters. . . . The volume breaks free from the polemics of present-day politics and historicist distortions that have seeped into most standard texts."--David Lelyveld, Cornell University This collection challenges the popular presumption that Muslims and Hindus are irreconcilably different groups, inevitably conflicting with each other. Invoking a new vocabulary that depicts a neglected substratum of Muslim-Hindu commonality, the contributors demonstrate how Indic and Islamicate world views overlap and often converge in the premodern history of South Asia. Contents Part 1: Literary Genres, Architectural Forms, and Identities 1. Alternate Structures of Authority: Satya Pir on the Frontiers of Bengal, by Tony K. Stewart 2. Beyond Turk and Hindu: Crossing the Boundaries in Indo-Muslim Romance, by Christopher Shackle 3. Religious Vocabulary and Regional Identity: A Study of the Tamil Cirappuranam, by Vasudha Narayanan 4. Admiring the Works of the Ancients: The Ellora Temples as Viewed by Indo-Muslim Authors, by Carl W. Ernst 5. Mapping Hindu-Muslim Identities through the Architecture of Shahjahanabad and Jaipur, by Catherine B. Asher Part 2: Sufism, Biographies, and Religious Dissent 6. Indo-Persian Tazkiras as Memorative Communications, by Marcia K. Hermansen and Bruce B. Lawrence 7. The "Naqshbandi Reaction" Reconsidered, by David W. Damrel 8. Real Men and False Men at the Court of Akbar: The Majalis of Shaykh Mustafa Gujarati, by Derryl N. MacLean Part 3: The State, Patronage, and Political Order 9. Sharia and Governance in Indo-Islamic Context, by Muzaffar Alam 10. Temple Desecration and Indo-Muslim States, by Richard M. Eaton 11. The Story of Prataparudra: Hindu Historiography on the Deccan Frontier, by Cynthia Talbot 12. Harihara, Bukka, and the Sultan: The Delhi Sultanate in the Political Imagination of Vijayanagara, by Phillip B. Wagoner 13. Maratha Patronage of Muslim Institutions in Burhanpur and Khandesh, by Stewart Gordon David Gilmartin, professor of history at North Carolina State University, is the author of Empire and Islam: Punjab and the Making of Pakistan. Bruce B. Lawrence, Nancy and Jeffrey Marcus Professor of Religion at Duke University, is the author of Shattering the Myth: Islam Beyond Violence and Defenders of God: The Fundamentalist Revolt against the Modern Age, which received the 1990 prize for excellence in religious studies awarded by the American Academy of Religion.

American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences 19 3

Beyond Turk and Hindu: Rethinking Religious Identities in Islamic South Asia David Gilmartin and Bruce B. Lawrence, eds. Gainsville: University Press of Florida, 2000 354 pages. Beyond Turk and Hindu grew out of a collection of papers ...


Author: Murad Wilfried Hofmann

Publisher: International Institute of Islamic Thought (IIIT)



Page: 180

View: 929

The American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences (AJISS), established in 1984, is a quarterly, double blind peer-reviewed and interdisciplinary journal, published by the International Institute of Islamic Thought (IIIT), and distributed worldwide. The journal showcases a wide variety of scholarly research on all facets of Islam and the Muslim world including subjects such as anthropology, history, philosophy and metaphysics, politics, psychology, religious law, and traditional Islam.

Hinduism and Modernity

In David Gilmartin and Bruce B. Lawrence (eds), Beyond Turk and Hindu: Rethinking Religious Identities in Islamicate South Asia, 246–81. Gainsville: University of Florida Press. Eaton, Richard M. 2000b: (Re)imagining Otherness: A ...


Author: David Smith

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470776858

Category: Religion

Page: 264

View: 383

This examination of Hinduism in the context of modernity will be of interest to all students of Hinduism, as well as to those interested in the sociology and history of religion. Shows Hinduism to be a highly dynamic world-view which challenges western notions of modernity. Considers a broad range of topics including women, the caste system, the self, divinities and gurus. Contains up-to-date discussions of modern Hindu culture and beliefs.

Beyond Religion in India and Pakistan

... South Asia Research, 29 (3): 223–234. Latif, M. (1984), History of the Punjab from the Remotest Antiquity to the Present Time. Lahore: Progressive Books. Lawrence, B. and D. Gilmartin (2000), Beyond Turk and Hindu: Rethinking ...


Author: Virinder S. Kalra

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781350041776

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 529

Drawing on insights from theoretical engagements with borders and subalternity, Beyond Religion in India and Pakistan suggests new frameworks for understanding religious boundaries in South Asia. It looks at the ways in which social categories and structures constitute the bordering logics inherent within enactments of these boundaries, and positions hegemony and resistance through popular religion as an important indication of wider developments of political and social change. The book also shows how borders are continually being maintained through violence at national, community and individual levels. By exploring selected sites and expressions of piety including shrines, texts, practices and movements, Virinder S. Kalra and Navtej K. Purewal argue that the popular religion of Punjab should neither be limited to a polarised picture between formal, institutional religion, nor the 'enchanted universe' of rituals, saints, shrines and village deities. Instead, the book presents a picture of 'religion' as a realm of movement, mobilization, resistance and power in which gender and caste are connate of what comes to be known as 'religious'. Through extensive ethnographic research, the authors explore the reality of the complex, dynamic and contested relations that characterize everyday material and religious lives on the ground. Ultimately, the book highlights how popular religion challenges the borders and boundaries of religious and communal categories, nationalism and theological frameworks while simultaneously reflecting gender/caste society.

Religion and Violence in South Asia

Dirks, N. (2001) Castes of Mind: Colonialism and the Making of Modern India, Princeton: Princeton University Press. Eaton, R. (2000) 'Temple Desecration and Indo-Muslim States', in Beyond Turk and Hindu: Rethinking Religious Identities ...


Author: John Hinnells

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134192199

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 787

Do religions justify and cause violence or are they more appropriately seen as forces for peace and tolerance? Featuring contributions from international experts in the field, this book explores the debate that has emerged in the context of secular modernity about whether religion is a primary cause of social division, conflict and war, or whether this is simply a distortion of the ‘true’ significance of religion and that if properly followed it promotes peace, harmony, goodwill and social cohesion. Focusing on how this debate is played out in the South Asian context, the book engages with issues relating to religion and violence in both its classical and contemporary formations. The collection is designed to look beyond the stereotypical images and idealized portrayals of the peaceful South Asian religious traditions (especially Hindu, Buddhist, Jain and Sufi), which can occlude their own violent histories and to analyze the diverse attitudes towards, and manifestations of violence within the major religious traditions of South Asia. Divided into three sections, the book also discusses globalization and the theoretical issues that inform contemporary discussions of the relationship between religion and violence.

Islamic Tolerance

Beyond Turk and Hindu: Crossing the Boundaries in IndoMuslim Romance.” In Gilmartin and Lawrence, Beyond Turk and Hindu, 55–73. Sharma, Sunil. “Amir Khusraw and the Genre of Historical Narratives in Verse.” Comparative Studies of South ...


Author: Alyssa Gabbay

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135230241

Category: History

Page: 160

View: 405

Although pluralism and religious tolerance are most often associated today with Western Enlightenment thinkers, the roots of these ideologies stretch back to non-Western and premodern societies, including many under Muslim rule. This book explores the development of pluralism in Islam in South Asia through the work of the poet, historian and musician Amir Khusraw and sheds new light on how Islam developed its own culture of tolerance. Countering stereotypes of Islam as intrinsically intolerant, the book provides a better understanding of how rhetorics of pluralism develop, which may aid in identifying and encouraging such discourses in the present. Khusraw, a practicing Muslim who showed great affection toward Hindus and used much indigenous imagery in his poetry, is an ideal figure through whom to explore these issues. Addressing issues of ethnicity, religion and gender in the early medieval period, Alyssa Gabbay demonstrates the pre-modern precedents for pluralism, conveying the broad sweep of Perso-Islamicate culture and the profound transformations it underwent in medieval South Asia. Accurately depicting the paradoxicality and jaggedness involved in the development of its composite culture, this book will have great relevance to scholars and students of Islam in South Asia, gender, religious pluralism, and Persian literature.

Historical Dictionary of Hinduism

Nicholson, Andrew J. Unifying Hinduism: Philosophy and Identity in Indian Intellectual History. New York: Columbia University Press, 2010. ... Beyond Turk and Hindu: Rethinking Religious Identities in Islamicate South Asia.


Author: Jeffery D. Long

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: 9780810879607

Category: Religion

Page: 390

View: 246

The Historical Dictionary of Hinduism relates the history of Hinduism through a chronology, an introductory essay, photos, an extensive bibliography, and over 1,000 cross referenced dictionary entries on Hindu terminology, names of major historical figures and movements, gods and goddesses, prominent temples, terms for items used in Hindu practice, major texts, philosophical concepts, and more. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Hinduism.

Negating the Image

References Asher, Catherine B. (2000), 'Mapping Hindu-Muslim identities through the architecture of Shahjahanabad and Jaipur', in Gilmartin, David and Lawrence, Bruce B. (eds), Beyond Turk and Hindu: Rethinking Religious Identity in ...


Author: Jeffrey Johnson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351556606

Category: Art

Page: 204

View: 499

Why do people attack monuments and other public objects charged with authority by the societies that produced them? What do open assaults on images and artworks mean? Iconoclasm, the principled destruction of images, has recurred throughout human history as theory and practice. This book contains seven historical studies of the changing causes and meanings of iconoclasm and the radical transformations in the function of images it has brought about in societies around the world, from Ancient Egypt to Islamic India and Revolutionary Mexico, as well as Medieval and Reformation Europe. Scholars of art history, history and archaeology explore shifting definitions of art and the forms of representation in delineating varied forms of 'iconoclasm'.

Navigating Social Exclusion and Inclusion in Contemporary India and Beyond

Beyond Turk and Hindu.' Rethinking Religious Identities in Islamicite South Asia. Gainsville, FL: University Press of Florida. Gottschalk, Peter. 2000. Beyond Hindu and Muslim.' Multiple Identity in Narratives from Village India.


Author: Uwe Skoda

Publisher: Anthem Press

ISBN: 9780857283221

Category: Social Science

Page: 238

View: 575

‘Navigating Social Exclusion and Inclusion in Contemporary India and Beyond’ contains a collection of lucid, empirically grounded articles that explore and analyse the structures, agents and practices of social inclusion and exclusion in contemporary India and beyond. The volume combines a broad range of approaches to challenge narrow conceptualisations of social inclusion and exclusion in terms of singular factors such as caste, policy or the economy. This collaborative endeavour and cross-disciplinary approach, which brings together younger and more established scholars, facilitates a deeper understanding of complex social and political processes in contemporary India.

Islamic Revival in Nepal

4 Peter Van der Veer, Religious Nationalism: Hindus and Muslims in India (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1994). 5 David Gilmartin and Bruce B. Lawrence, eds, Beyond Turk and Hindu: Rethinking Religious Identities in ...


Author: Megan Adamson Sijapati

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136701337

Category: Religion

Page: 188

View: 532

This book draws on extensive fieldwork among Muslims in Nepal to examine the local and global factors that shape contemporary Muslim identity and the emerging Islamic revival movement based in the Kathmandu valley. Nepal's Muslims are active participants in the larger global movement of Sunni revival as well as in Nepal's own local politics of representation. The book traces how these two worlds are lived and brought together in the context of Nepal's transition to secularism, and explores Muslim struggles for self-definition and belonging against a backdrop of historical marginalization and an unprecedented episode of anti-Muslim violence in 2004. Through the voices and experiences of Muslims themselves, the book examines Nepal’s most influential Islamic organizations for what they reveal about contemporary movements of revival among religious minorities on the margins--both geographic and social--of the so-called Islamic world. It reveals that Islamic revival is both a complex response to the challenges faced by modern minority communities in this historically Hindu kingdom and a movement to cultivate new modes of thought and piety among Nepal’s Muslims.

The Languages of Political Islam

For some recent works in this direction , see Tony K . Stewart , ' Alternative Structures of Authority : Satya Pir on the Frontiers of Bengal , Christopher Shackle , ' Beyond Turk and Hindu : Crossing the Boundaries in Indo - Muslim ...


Author: Muzaffar Alam


ISBN: 1850657092

Category: India

Page: 244

View: 886

This volume seeks to show the diverse ways in which political Islam, from the time of its arrival in India in the 12th century to its decline as the ruling theology in the 19th century, adapted itself to the Indian context and became Indianized.

Lines in Water

In Beyond Turk and Hindu: Rethinking Religious Boundaries in Islamicate South Asia, edited by David Gilmartin and Bruce B. Lawrence, 246–81. Gainesville: Univ. Press of Florida. Flueckiger, Joyce B. 2006. In Amma's Healing Room: Gender ...


Author: Eliza Kent

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 9780815652250

Category: Religion

Page: 432

View: 141

This collection examines the projections and fantasies, conflict and cooperation, and borrowing and purifying that takes place around religious boundaries in South Asia and in the South Asian diaspora. These essays illustrate how people negotiate social divisions constructed on the basis of religious differences by describing, defining, maintaining, and blurring those religious boundaries in diverse ways. The authors approach religious traditions from a variety of angles including healing and pilgrimage practices, artistic performances, and national holidays. The principal strength of the volume lies in the way its regionally specific case studies generate insights that are more commonly associated with religious pluralism.

Studies in Hinduism

Studia Iranica fat ul-Muwah.h. 44: 55–81. Gilmartin, David, and Bruce Lawrence. 2000. Beyond Turk and Hindu: Rethinking Religious Identities in Islamicate South Asia. Gainesville: University Press of Florida. Gottschalk, Peter. 2000.


Author: Amiya P. Sen

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783036507002

Category: Social Science

Page: 174

View: 962

This is a collection of articles by established scholars in the fields of History, Philosophy, Literature and Religious Studies. These are original essays which address the issues and concerns that now dominate the study of religion in its multiple dimensions with a fresh approach. They critique settled opinions and raise new and engaging questions concerning cultural hermeneutics and the academic study of religion. Embellished with a substantive and topical introduction by the editor, this collection of articles will be of abiding interest to scholars and interested lay persons alike.

Hinduism in India

“Remaking the Past: Tamil Sacred Landscape and Temple Renovations.” Bulletin of SOAS, 76(1): 21–47. ... Beyond Turk and Hindu: Rethinking Religious Identities in Islamicate South Asia. Gainesville: University of Florida ...


Author: Greg Bailey

Publisher: SAGE Publications India

ISBN: 9789351505730

Category: Religion

Page: 248

View: 646

A major contribution toward the ongoing debates on the nature and history of Hinduism in India Hinduism in India: The Early Period covers the major thematic and historical aspects of Hinduism in ancient and medieval India, emphasising primarily on belief structures, rituals, theology, art, and myths. Although the book focuses on the period from 200 BCE to 1200 ACE, the chapters make several references to ideas and practices preceding and following this period. This is a reflection of the fact that the cultural entity named “Hinduism” has been in a process of constant change and evolution, and continues to demonstrate many recognizably ancient elements even today.

Kites over the Mango Tree Restoring Harmony between Hindus and Muslims in Gujarat

Restoring Harmony between Hindus and Muslims in Gujarat Janet M. Powers ... The Camphor Flame: Popular Hinduism and Society in India. ... Beyond Turk and Hindu: Shaping Indo-Muslim Identity in Pre-Modern India.


Author: Janet M. Powers

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9780313351587

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 291

Hindu nationalists in the west Indian state of Gujarat repudiate the pluralist vision of Gandhi and Nehru and foment state-sponsored violence and ethnic cleansing against Muslims and Christians. In 2002, the burning to death of 59 rightwing Hindu militants in a train in Gujarat set off waves of state-condoned communal riots in which as many as 2,000 predominantly Muslim Gujaratis were murdered and 200,000 made homeless. In the wake of these atrocities, secular peace-building organizations have redoubled their efforts to heal the rift between Hindus and Muslims in Gujarat. A certified mediator, Janet Powers bases her book on interviews with workers in twenty of these peace-building NGOs and grassroots peace organizations, which are locked in struggle with politicized Hindu religious organizations largely funded by money raised in the United States. This is the first book to examine Hindu-Muslim relations in Gujarat in the frame of ongoing peace and conflict resolution efforts. Gujarat is the state of origin of most of the entrepreneurial Indians who own motels, convenience stores, and gas stations in the United States and United Kingdom. Much of the funding for the rightwing Hindu parties that foment extremist violence, ethnic cleansing, and re-conversion campaigns against the Muslim and Christian minorities in Gujarat comes from Gujarati expatriates in the U.S. and UK. Gujarat is the home of Mahatma Gandhi, who was assassinated in 1948 by an agent of the RSS, a violently anti-Muslim Hindu nationalist organization that flourishes today in Gujarat in virulent association with the ruling BJP and VHP parties. Equally dangerous to the peace of Gujarat are violent Wahhabist organizations based in Pakistan but operating in India. Powers assesses the prospects for long-term healing in Gujarat based on historical precedents, and she applies the lessons of Gujarati grassroots peace-building organizations in Gujarat to zones of state-sponsored religious conflict in other parts of the world.

Sacred Aid

In Beyond Turk and Hindu: Rethinking Religious Identities in Islamicate South Asia, edited by D. Gilmartin and B. B. Lawrence. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2000. Fuller, C.J. “Hinduism and Scriptural Authority in Modern ...


Author: Michael Barnett

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199916023

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 258

View: 907

The global humanitarian movement, which originated within Western religious organizations in the early nineteenth century, has been of most important forces in world politics in advancing both human rights and human welfare. While the religious groups that founded the movement originally focused on conversion, in time more secular concerns came to dominate. By the end of the nineteenth century, increasingly professionalized yet nominally religious organization shifted from reliance on the good book to the public health manual. Over the course of the twentieth century, the secularization of humanitarianism only increased, and by the 1970s the movement's religious inspiration, generally speaking, was marginal to its agenda. However, beginning in the 1980s, religiously inspired humanitarian movements experienced a major revival, and today they are virtual equals of their secular brethren. From church-sponsored AIDS prevention campaigns in Africa to Muslim charity efforts in flood-stricken Pakistan to Hindu charities in India, religious groups have altered the character of the global humanitarian movement. Moreover, even secular groups now gesture toward religious inspiration in their work. Clearly, the broad, inexorable march toward secularism predicted by so many Westerners has halted, which is especially intriguing with regard to humanitarianism. Not only was it a highly secularized movement just forty years ago, but its principles were based on those we associate with "rational" modernity: cosmopolitan one-worldism and material (as opposed to spiritual) progress. How and why did this happen, and what does it mean for humanitarianism writ large? That is the question that the eminent scholars Michael Barnett and Janice Stein pose in Sacred Aid, and for answers they have gathered chapters from leading scholars that focus on the relationship between secularism and religion in contemporary humanitarianism throughout the developing world. Collectively, the chapters in this volume comprise an original and authoritative account of religion has reshaped the global humanitarian movement in recent times.

A History of State and Religion in India

Muzaffar Alam, 'Sharia and Governance in Indo-Islamic Context', in Gilmartin and Lawrence, Beyond Turk and Hindu, p. 219. 73 Eaton, 'Temple Desecration', pp. 255–60. 74 Barani, Tarikh-i Firuz Shahi, p. 291. 75 Ibid., p. 147.


Author: Ian Copland

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136459504

Category: History

Page: 342

View: 887

Offering the first long-duration analysis of the relationship between the state and religion in South Asia, this book looks at the nature and origins of Indian secularism. It interrogates the proposition that communalism in India is wholly a product of colonial policy and modernisation, questions whether the Indian state has generally been a benign, or disruptive, influence on public religious life, and evaluates the claim that the region has spawned a culture of practical toleration. The book is structured around six key arenas of interaction between state and religion: cow worship and sacrifice, control of temples and shrines, religious festivals and processions, proselytising and conversion, communal riots, and religious teaching/doctrine and family law. It offers a challenging argument about the role of the state in religious life in a historical continuum, and identifies points of similarity and contrast between periods and regimes. The book makes a significant contribution to the literature on South Asian History and Religion.

Religion and the City in India

Beyond Turk and Hindu: Rethinking Religious Identities in Islamicate South Asia. Gainesville: Florida. 282–299. Venkatachari, K.K.A. 1978. The Manipravala Literature of the Srivaisnava Acaryas. Bombay: Anantacarya Indological Institute.


Author: Supriya Chaudhuri

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000429015

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 757

This book offers fresh theoretical, methodological and empirical analyses of the relation between religion and the city in the South Asian context. Uniting the historical with the contemporary by looking at the medieval and early modern links between religious faith and urban settlement, the book brings together a series of focused studies of the mixed and multiple practices and spatial negotiations of religion in the South Asian city. It looks at the various ways in which contemporary religious practice affects urban everyday life, commerce, craft, infrastructure, cultural forms, art, music and architecture. Chapters draw upon original empirical study and research to analyze the foundational, structural, material and cultural connections between religious practice and urban formations or flows. The book argues that Indian cities are not ‘postsecular’ in the sense that the term is currently used in the modern West, but that there has been, rather, a deep, even foundational link between religion and urbanism, producing different versions of urban modernity. Questions of caste, gender, community, intersectional entanglements, physical proximity, private or public ritual, processions and prayer, economic and political factors, material objects, and changes in the built environment, are all taken into consideration, and the book offers an interdisciplinary analysis of different historical periods, different cities, and different types of religious practice. Filling a gap in the literature by discussing a diversity of settings and faiths, the book will be of interest to scholars to South Asian history, sociology, literary analysis, urban studies and cultural studies.

Islam in South Asia

Beyond Turk and Hindu, “Introduction”, p. 15. 6 For this argument, see Asher: Architecture of Mughal India, p. 254; Carl Ernst: “Ellora Temples as Viewed by Indo-Muslim Authors”, in: Gilmartin and Lawrence (eds.): Beyond Turk and Hindu, ...


Author: Jamal Malik

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004422711

Category: Religion

Page: 746

View: 767

Jamal Malik provides new insights into the social and intellectual history of the complex forms of cultural articulation among Muslims in South Asia from the seventh to twenty-first century, elaborating on various trends and tendencies in a highly plural setting.