Biomimetics

Henry David Thoreau At its simplest, biomimetics is the design and production of materials, structures, and systems that are modelled on biological entities and processes. The concept of biomimetics stems from the realization that ...

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Author: Sandy B. Primrose

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119683315

Category: Science

Page: 128

View: 727

Provides a professional, contemporary, and concise review of the current knowledge and advances in biomimetics This book covers the field of biomimicry, an area of science where researchers look to mimic aspects of plants or animals in order to solve problems in aerospace, shipping, building, electronics, and optics, among others. It presents the latest developments in biomimicry and gives readers sufficient grounding to help them understand the current, and sometimes technically complex, research literature. Different themes are covered throughout and text boxes deal with the relevant physics for readers who may lack this knowledge. Biomimetics: Nature-Inspired Design and Innovation examines issues in fluid dynamics such as avoiding sonic booms, reducing train noise, increasing wind turbine efficiency, and more. Next, it looks at optical applications, e.g. how nature generates color without dyes and pigment, and how animals stay cool in desert environments. A chapter on the built environment discusses cooling systems for buildings based on termite mounds; creating self-cleaning paint based on lotus leaves; unobtrusive solar panels based on ivy; and buildings that respond to the environment. Two more sections focus on biomimicry for the creation of smart materials and smart devices. The book finishes with a look at the field’s future over the next decade. Presents each topic in sufficient detail in order to enable the reader to comprehend the original scientific papers Emphasizes those examples of biomimicry that have made it into products Features text boxes that provide information on the relevant physics or engineering principles for biologists who do not have a physics background Covers the scientific literature up to July 2019 Biomimetics: Nature-Inspired Design and Innovation is an excellent book for senior undergraduates and post-graduate students in the life sciences, material sciences, and bioengineering. It will also appeal to lay readers with an interest in nature as well as scientists in general.

Biomimetics

This new edition also contains new chapters on the butterfly wing effect, bio- and inorganic fouling and structure and Properties of Nacre and structural coloration.

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Author: Bharat Bhushan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319282848

Category: Science

Page: 591

View: 385

This revised, updated and expanded new edition presents an overview of biomimetics and biologically inspired structured surfaces. It deals with various examples of biomimetics which include surfaces with roughness-induced superomniphobicity, self-cleaning, antifouling, and controlled adhesion. The focus in the book is on the Lotus Effect, Salvinia Effect, Rose Petal Effect, Oleophobic/philic Surfaces, Shark Skin Effect, and Gecko Adhesion. This new edition also contains new chapters on the butterfly wing effect, bio- and inorganic fouling and structure and Properties of Nacre and structural coloration.

Biomimetics Materials Structures and Processes

The complexity of architecture, its existence on many levels is on the one hand very interesting, as many possibilities for biomimetic innovation exist, but on the other hand it is impossible that all levels are involved in a biomimetic ...

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Author: Petra Gruber

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642119347

Category: Science

Page: 268

View: 144

The book presents an outline of current activities in the field of biomimetics and integrates a variety of applications comprising biophysics, surface sciences, architecture and medicine. Biomimetics as innovation method is characterised by interdisciplinary information transfer from the life sciences to technical application fields aiming at increased performance, functionality and energy efficiency. The contributions of the book relate to the research areas: - Materials and structures in nanotechnology and biomaterials - Biomimetic approaches to develop new forms, construction principles and design methods in architecture - Information and dynamics in automation, neuroinformatics and biomechanics Readers will be informed about the latest research approaches and results in biomimetics with examples ranging from bionic nano-membranes to function-targeted design of tribological surfaces and the translation of natural auditory coding strategies.

Biomimetics

To.fully.understand.the.modus.operandi.of.biomimetic.R&D.projects,.it. may.be.helpful.to.subdivide.the.process.in.three.fundamental.subprocesses:.technical.biol- ogy,.biomimetics,.and.reverse.biomimetics.(Nachtigall,.2002;.Speck.

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Author: Yoseph Bar-Cohen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439834770

Category: Medical

Page: 788

View: 746

Mimicking nature – from science fiction to engineering reality Humans have always looked to nature’s inventions as a source of inspiration. The observation of flying birds and insects leads to innovations in aeronautics. Collision avoidance sensors mimic the whiskers of rodents. Optimization algorithms are based on survival of the fittest, the seed-picking process of pigeons, or the behavior of ant colonies. In recent years these efforts have become more intensive, with researchers seeking rules, concepts, and principles of biology to inspire new possibilities in materials, mechanisms, algorithms, and fabrication processes. A review of the current state of the art, Biomimetics: Nature Based Innovation documents key biological solutions that provide a model for innovations in engineering and science. Leading experts address a wide range of topics, including: Artificial senses and organs Mimicry at the cell–materials interface Multiscale modeling of plant cell wall architecture and tissue mechanics The making of biomimetic composites Electroactive polymer (EAP) actuators as artificial muscles EAP-based refreshable braille displays Biomimetic optics from the angles of biology and plants Biomimicry of flying birds, insects, and marine biology Applications of biomimetics in manufacturing, products, and medicine Robotics, including the development of human-like robots Biologically inspired design as a tool for interdisciplinary education The biomimetic process in artistic creation The final chapter outlines the challenges to biomimetic-related innovation and offers a vision for the future. A follow-up to Biomimetics: Biologically Inspired Technologies (2005), this comprehensive reference methodically surveys the latest advances in this rapidly emerging field. It features an abundance of illustrations, including a 32-page full-color insert, and provides extensive references for engineers and scientists interested in delving deeper into the study of biomimetics.

Biomimetics

This field is now called as biomimetics or bio-inspired technology. The term biomimetics is derived from bios meaning life and mimesis meaning to imitate. While some of nature's designs can be copied, there are many ideas that are best ...

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Author: Amitava Mukherjee

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9789533070254

Category: Medical

Page: 544

View: 340

Nature’s evolution has led to the introduction of highly efficient biological mechanisms. Imitating these mechanisms offers an enormous potential for the improvement of our day to day life. Ideally, by bio-inspiration we can get a better view of nature’s capability while studying its models and adapting it for our benefit. This book takes us into the interesting world of biomimetics and describes various arenas where the technology is applied. The 25 chapters covered in this book disclose recent advances and new ideas in promoting the mechanism and applications of biomimetics.

Biomimetics

How one is to define “Biomimetics”? The term was likely coined by Janine Benyus in her 1997 book “Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired by Nature.” Biomimicry (from bios, meaning life, and mimesis, meaning to imitate) has been generally ...

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Author: Raz Jelinek

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110281194

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 258

View: 158

Biological systems have always inspired mankind in the creation of new systems and technologies. In recent years the interface between the biological and non-biological worlds appears increasingly blurred due to significant advances both in our understanding of biological phenomena, as well as the development of sophisticated means to manipulate molecular systems for varied applications. Biomimetics as a distinct discipline shows how biology and biological processes are manifested in diverse aspects of chemistry, physics and engineering. This book aims to methodically describe artificial and synthetic assemblies mimicking biological and living systems - from biomaterials to drug discovery to microelectronics and computer sciences.

Biomimetics

The word biomimetics is relatively new; however, our ancestors looked to nature for inspiration and development of various materials and devices many centuries ago (Ball, 2002; Bar-Cohen, 2011; Vincent et al., 2006; Anonymous, 2007; ...

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Author: Bharat Bhushan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642254086

Category: Science

Page: 350

View: 762

This book presents an overview of the general field of biomimetics - lessons from nature. It presents various examples of biomimetics, including roughness-induced superomniphobic surfaces which provide functionality of commercial interest. The major focus in the book is on lotus effect, rose petal effect, shark skin effect, and gecko adhesion. For each example, the book first presents characterization of an object to understand how a natural object provides functionality, followed by modeling and then fabrication of structures in the lab using nature’s route to verify one’s understanding of nature and provide guidance for development of optimum structures. Once it is understood how nature does it, examples of fabrication of optimum structures using smart materials and fabrication techniques, are presented. Examples of nature inspired objects are also presented throughout.

Potentials and Trends in Biomimetics

Intensity of biomimetics activities varies according to actors Institutionalisation hardly developed Approaches to »learning from nature<< are pursued by various actors Strong increase of biomimetic approaches in past 15 years Many ...

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Author: Arnim Gleich

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642052460

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 197

View: 638

There is a wide consensus about the necessity of sustainable development. There is also a consensus that wide areas of our economy, industry, and technology and the life styles in industrialized countries are not susta- able. Science and technology are widely regarded as (main) causes for this situation. Issues in this context comprise the generally low resource ef- ciency, an increased and mostly undebated technological power, an - creased invasiveness of modern technologies, increasing amounts and - versity of pollutants, and high technological risks. On the other hand science and technology are also regarded as (main) solution providers towards more sustainability. Thus the question is which type of science and technology is rather a part of the problem, and which type is rather a part of the solution? ‘Learning from nature’ may give some orientation in this context. B- mimetics and bionics are widely regarded as being a part of the solution.

Biomimetics

These biomimetic biodegradable nanodevices and their derivatives have promise for applications ranging from detoxification agents, to drug delivery vehicles, and to biological sensors [19, 20]. High-strength carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were ...

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Author: Maki K. Habib

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9781839621703

Category: Medical

Page: 186

View: 342

Bioinspired systems, technologies and techniques known as “biomimetics” or the “mimicry of nature,” represent a ground-breaking method of scientific research based on innovation and a creative design approach of the ‘nature’ laboratory to be applied to any scientific discipline. This approach and the associated way of thinking facilitates the cross-fertilization of scientific fields, integrating biology and the interdisciplinary knowledge featuring the evolution of models that have refined in nature within any scientific discipline.

Biomimetics for Architecture Design

Bionics/Biomimetics as scientific discipline is concerned with the technological implementation and application of structural, procedural, and developmental principles of biological systems. Bionics is then accordingly a discipline of ...

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Author: Göran Pohl

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319191201

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 337

View: 344

This book provides the readers with a timely guide to the application of biomimetic principles in architecture and engineering design. As a result of a combined effort by two internationally recognized authorities, the biologist Werner Nachtigall and the architect Göran Pohl, the book describes the principles which can be used to compare nature and technology, and at the same time it presents detailed explanations and examples showing how biology can be used as a source of inspiration and “translated” in building and architectural solutions (biomimicry). Even though nature cannot be directly copied, the living world can provide architects and engineers with a wealth of analogues and inspirations for their own creative designs. But how can analysis of natural entities give rise to advanced and sustainable design? By reporting on the latest bionic design methods and using extensive artwork, the book guides readers through the field of nature-inspired architecture, offering an extraordinary resource for professional architects, engineers, designers and urban planners, as well as for university teachers, researchers and students. Natural evolution is seen throughout the book as a powerful resource that can serve architecture and design by providing innovative, optimal and sustainable solutions.