Cadmium in the Environment

The therapy of cadmium poisoning has not been discussed.This review on cadmium in the environment has been performed under a contract between the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Environmental Hygiene of the ...

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Author: Lars Friberg

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351087278

Category: Science

Page: 168

View: 996

The focus of this report is upon information essential to the understanding of the toxic action of cadmium and the relationship between dose (exposure) and effects on human beings and animals. The therapy of cadmium poisoning has not been discussed.This review on cadmium in the environment has been performed under a contract between the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Environmental Hygiene of the Karolinska Institute, Sweden. The report is intended to serve as a background paper for a future Air Quality Criteria document on cadmium. Therefore, particular attention has been given to information relevant for the evaluation of risks due to long-term exposure to low concentrations of cadmium. Acute effects from short-term exposure to high concentrations are dealt with briefly. In vitro studies without bearing on the main problem have not been dealt with.The report is not limited to effects from exposure via inhalation. Newly accessible information, showing that large populations may be exposed considerably via the oral route, can elucidate chronic effects of cadmium in general. Man and animals can be victims of secondary exposure through vehicles such as food and water which have been contaminated by cadmium in air.

Cadmium and the Environment

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Author: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Environment Directorate

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112022507187

Category: Cadmium

Page: 88

View: 710

Cadmium in the Environment

Cadmium (Cd) is a toxic heavy metal of increasing environmental concern due to its wide variety of adverse effects. Living organisms are exposed to Cd via food, water and contaminated air.

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Author: Reini G. Parvau

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 1607419343

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 609

Cadmium is a natural element found in the earth's crust and, therefore, present in terrestrial and marine environments. Due to its chemical and physical properties, it is widely used in special alloys, stabilisers, coatings and above all in rechargeable nickel-cadmium batteries. Cadmium (Cd) is a toxic heavy metal of increasing environmental concern due to its wide variety of adverse effects. Living organisms are exposed to Cd via food, water and contaminated air. Studies in humans, animals and cultured cells revealed that Cd causes carcinogenesis in several organs and tissues; including lung, kidney, prostate, adrenals, testes and the hemopoietic system. This new and important book gathers the latest research from around the globe in this field of study with a focus on topics such as: the relation of cadmium to other elements and the antioxidant system, mechanisms of cadmium toxicity to various trophic saltwater organisms, the immunotoxicity of cadmium and others.

Cadmium in the Human Environment

The possibility of more widespread contamination and greater mobility of cadmium in the environment on the one hand and the advent of new data concerning the carcinogenicity of cadmium on the other make it timely to review the state-of-the ...

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Author: Gunnar Nordberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: UCSD:31822008209470

Category: Medical

Page: 469

View: 566

The possibility of more widespread contamination and greater mobility of cadmium in the environment on the one hand and the advent of new data concerning the carcinogenicity of cadmium on the other make it timely to review the state-of-the-art in human

Sources of Cadmium in the Environment

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Author: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

Publisher: OECD

ISBN: UOM:39015038536770

Category: Science

Page: 482

View: 985

Effects of Cadmium in the Canadian Environment

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Author: National Research Council Canada. Subcommittee on Heavy Metals and Certain Other Elements

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951P00307318S

Category: Cadmium

Page: 148

View: 257