Energy and Geopolitics in China

The world was surprised when China emerged in 2004 as a major importer and consumer of oil.

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Author: Robert E. Ebel

Publisher: CSIS

ISBN: 9780892065936

Category: Science

Page: 65

View: 227

The world was surprised when China emerged in 2004 as a major importer and consumer of oil. Today, that surprise has been replaced by growing concern that the China of tomorrow may be in a position to challenge the United States not only for economic leadership but for political leadership as well.Are these concerns justified? This report explores, among other issues, the limits to growth that currently confront China. The author analyzes how the country seeks to reduce its vulnerability deriving from its ever-increasing reliance on imports of oil, including the issue of diversity among sources of supply and how that supply moves to China. Threats to supply lines are examined and means to offset those threats are spelled out. In addition, the report considers China's demographic dilemma—an population and declining birthrates—a challenge that may very well define China's future.Other fuels—coal, natural gas, nuclear energy—are examined in terms of current and likely future contributions to domestic supply. But it is those alternative forms of energy that appear to be attracting particular attention, in large part because of their role in helping China meet the goals of responding to global warming. The report concludes with a look at how China plans to secure its energy future. Do these plans differ from those of other countries? No, they do not.

China s Energy Geopolitics

This book focuses on the need of a stable and secure investment environment which is necessary for the energy provision of China from the Central Asian states.

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Author: Thrassy N. Marketos

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134106028

Category: Political Science

Page: 184

View: 906

China’s need for energy has become a driving factor in contemporary world politics and a precondition for sustaining China’s continuing high economic growth. Accordingly, Chinese energy policy has been a political and strategic rather than market-driven policy. This book focuses on the need of a stable and secure investment environment which is necessary for the energy provision of China from the Central Asian states. The author argues that the institutionalization of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (S.C.O.), the Friendship and Cooperation Treaty between Russia and China and Chinese bilateral agreements with individual Central Asian states present an avenue and a framework of stability in which pipeline construction can commence. With the backing of the US in the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, Chinese involvement in the region has now been expanding. However, in order to stabilize the region for Chinese investment in energy resources, the author states that the US needs to be present in the region and that a strategic framework of cooperation between Russia, China and the US has to be developed. The book will be of interest to academics working in the field of International Security, International Relations and Central Asian and Chinese politics.

Secure Oil and Alternative Energy

This volume puts the geopolitical implementation of China’s and the EU’s energy security into the context of geo-economic systems in a global scale, and the emergence of a geo-economic energy network spreading from China to Western ...

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Author: M. Parvizi Amineh

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004233324

Category: Social Science

Page: 516

View: 610

While intensive cooperation between China and the EU in the fields of energy use, environmental protection and sustainability is highly needed the question remains unanswered how this cooperation could be organized. This volume puts the geopolitical implementation of China’s and the EU’s energy security into the context of geo-economic systems in a global scale, and the emergence of a geo-economic energy network spreading from China to Western Europe.

Eurasia s Ascent in Energy and Geopolitics

The Sino-Russian relationship has experienced several permutations in recent decades, as both states have undergone radical domestic changes.

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Author: Robert E. Bedeski

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780415681506

Category: Political Science

Page: 242

View: 903

The Sino-Russian relationship has experienced several permutations in recent decades, as both states have undergone radical domestic changes. This analysis of the new evolving relationship addresses global strategy, energy politics, national security, and Central Asian links.

The Geopolitics of Red Oil

This book offers fresh insights into the rise of China as a global superpower and the ways in which its rise is perceived to threaten Western energy security, engaging specifically with how the idea of the China threat has emerged in ...

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Author: Andrew Stephen Campion

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317354291

Category: Social Science

Page: 186

View: 679

Energy security has emerged as one of the most important contemporary geopolitical issues. Access to reliable, cheap energy has become essential to the functioning of modern economies but the uneven distribution of energy supplies has led to perceptions of significant Western vulnerability. At the same time, many in the West have become wary of China’s re-emergence as a major power in global politics, with its impact on Western foreign policies and potential threat to Western energy security. This book offers fresh insights into the rise of China as a global superpower and the ways in which its rise is perceived to threaten Western energy security, engaging specifically with how the idea of the China threat has emerged in popular discourse. The author questions how recent US foreign policy has sought to position China as an antagonist to Western energy interests and explores how this image has become the dominant understanding of China by the West. Rather than treating these issues as given, which orthodox approaches tend to do, this book analyses the discursive relationship between US identity, foreign policy and energy security, which leads to a more nuanced and critical understanding of perceptions of China’s potential threat to Western energy security. Filling an important gap in the emerging corpus of research on energy security, this book will be particularly valuable to students and scholars of Politics, International Relations and Chinese Studies.

China s Energy Strategy

in the energy geopolitics between China and Southeast Asia . However , the
extent to which LNG will be a major factor in rising Chinese influence is less clear
. Economically , the relationship is being driven by enormous trade and financial
 ...

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Author: Gabriel B. Collins

Publisher: Naval Inst Press

ISBN: STANFORD:36105131791902

Category: Political Science

Page: 485

View: 433

A variety of viewpoints is offered in this timely analysis of China's economy and the future shape of Beijing's energy consumption. The authors, all noted authorities in the fields of economics, diplomacy, energy, and defense, consider an unprecedented range of influences and factors to avoid the limitations of looking at the subject myopically or with political bias. They conclude that while energy insecurity could eventually lead to an arms race at sea or even a naval conflict that neither side wants, there is ample room for Sino-American energy dialogue and cooperation in the maritime domain.

China s Search for Energy Security

China is rapidly emerging as a major force in both world energy markets and
global energy geopolitics . This emergence reflects the scale of China ' s rising oil
demand and Beijing ' s increasingly active strategic diplomacy designed to
secure ...

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Author: Kenneth Lieberthal

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822034373209

Category: China

Page: 42

View: 371

Islam Oil and Geopolitics

Once an obscure and little-known region, Central Asia has become an important test of America's ability to consistently promote global liberal change, of Russia's true foreign policy agenda, and of China's readiness to translate economic ...

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Author: Elizabeth Van Wie Davis

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 9781461638285

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 367

Once an obscure and little-known region, Central Asia has become an important test of America's ability to consistently promote global liberal change, of Russia's true foreign policy agenda, and of China's readiness to translate economic power into political influence. Terrorism, economics, and politics all converge in this strategic region, with important implications for Asia and the world. A set of international contributors focuses on three important issues that are usually—and unfortunately—analyzed separately: Islamic political issues, energy security, and geopolitical maneuvering. This significant and timely volume helps readers understand current events in Central Asia and how those events affect the rest of the world.

The New Geopolitics of Energy

Investment in nuclear energy, choice of nuclear plant and fuel supplier may
likewise raise issues with the USA and other nuclear countries concerned about
nuclear proliferation risks - as in the case of North Korea. Chinese 'dirty burning'
of ...

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Author: John Mitchell

Publisher: Brookings Inst Press

ISBN: STANFORD:36105020377458

Category: Energy policy

Page: 196

View: 709

This path-breaking study attempts to define a new international dimension to energy policy that takes account of the dramatic political changes since the oil crises of the 1970s. This 'new geopolitics of energy' is creative rather than defensive, aligned to market-oriented development rather than state management. But governments have a role in promoting stable international conditions for trade and investment in energy, which in turn contribute to wider political stability; the development of more widely acceptable options for nuclear power; coordinated international action to mitigate the risks of climate change and other environmental impacts. This book is invaluable reading for executives and analysts in the energy business, and for strategic thinkers who believe that broader policies should in keeping with current energy trends.

The Economics and Politics of China s Energy Security Transition

In response to global questions about China’s institutional, administrative, and political challenges and risks, this book provides the answers that everyone is asking.

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Author: Hongtu Zhao

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128151532

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 394

View: 892

The Economics and Politics of China’s Energy Security Transition clarifies China’s energy and foreign policies through a comprehensive examination of energy sources, providing an insider’s unique perspective for assessing China’s energy policies. China’s historic decline in coal consumption since 2013-2014 and a plateauing of its carbon dioxide emissions have given China an unprecedented opportunity to decarbonize while growing its economy. In response to global questions about China’s institutional, administrative, and political challenges and risks, this book provides the answers that everyone is asking. Provides a rare assessment of China’s energy policies and reveals insights into the Chinese government Devotes attention to issues of global energy governance and energy sanctions Includes data and reference content suitable for researchers in economics, sustainability, energy policy, geopolitics and political science

China and the Geopolitics of Rare Earths

Resource competition, mineral scarcity, and economic statecraft -- What are rare earths? -- Salt and oil : strategic parallels -- How China came to dominate the rare earth industry

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Author: Sophia Kalantzakos

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190670931

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 505

Rare earths are elements that are found in the Earth's crust, and are vital ingredients for the production of a wide variety of high tech, defense, and green technologies -- everything from iPhones and medical technologies, to wind turbines, efficiency lighting, smart bombs, and submarines. While they are not particularly "rare" in availability, they are difficult and expensive to mine. Yet, China has managed to gain control over an estimated 97 percent of the rare earth industry since the 1990s through cheap production, high export taxes, and artificial limitations of supply. Rare earths, and China's monopoly over them, became international news after China "unofficially" halted exports to Japan, the United States, and Europe in 2010. This embargo followed a collision between Chinese and Japanese boats in the East China Sea, a locus of geopolitical and economic tension between the two countries. Although the World Trade Organization forced China to scrap its restrictions, it still holds a stranglehold over these elements that are so critical to the economic and security interests of the United States and its allies. Sophia Kalantzakos argues that the 2010 rare earth crisis signaled more than just a trade dispute. Rather, it raises questions about China's use of economic statecraft, and must be regarded as a part of the larger discourse of global power relations. Importantly, this book also argues that the failure of political actors in the United States and Europe to pass policy to address future supply, or the scientific and business communities to devise sustainable rare earth production outside of China, points to future resource competition. Focusing on China's monopoly over the rare earth industry, this book examines the impacts of growing worldwide resource competition and the complexities policymakers face as they develop strategies and responses in an increasingly globalized world.

China India and the United States

Competition for Energy Resources Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and
Research. NOTES 66. Ibid . 67. ... Wenran Jiang and Saarah Shivji , “ China's
Energy Relations with Central Asia , ” Geopolitics of Energy , December 2006 , 3 .
79.

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Author: Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and Research

Publisher: Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and Research

ISBN: 9948009290

Category: Political Science

Page: 612

View: 133

The world is witnessing a triangular race between the USA, China and India to secure their future energy supplies, as global energy needs rise inexorably and petroleum production struggles to keep pace. China is aggressively seeking new supplies to fuel its phenomenal growth and may soon overtake the USA as the world’s largest energy consumer and oil importer. Meanwhile, India’s dramatic economic development is underscoring its own heavy dependence on energy imports. What are the international implications of this triangular race for energy supplies? How will oil geopolitics and energy security considerations shape the foreign policies of these three global players? How can the Gulf countries respond to the energy needs of while performing a delicate balancing act in this critical supply scenario? This volume offers global, regional and country perspectives from energy experts on the international race for energy resources and its wider economic and political ramifications.

China s Worldwide Quest for Energy Security

Agence internationale de l'énergie, Mehmet Ogutcu, International Energy Agency
, OECD. ... Asia's power plays, China has now thrust itself onto the center-stage of
the region's energy geopolitics by winning several major oil and gas deals.

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Author: Agence internationale de l'énergie

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

ISBN: UCSD:31822028451797

Category: Science

Page: 83

View: 437

China; Energy Needs.

Energy and the Transformation of International Relations

The path that China chooses has enormous implications for global energy
markets , energy geopolitics , and global energy - environment questions . This
chapter will analyse China's energy situation , its growing energy challenges ,
prospects ...

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Author: Monica Enfield

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: UOM:39076002853070

Category: Political Science

Page: 386

View: 481

Published for the Oxford Institute for Energy Studies

The Geopolitics of XXI Century in Central Asia

... of Korean problem as per American scenario ; to maintain balance of power in
South Asia , to block creation of major geopolitical coalitions with the participation
of India directed against China ; not to allow Taiwan to declare independence .

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Author: Murat Turarovich Laumulin

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105129841248

Category: Asia, Central

Page: 279

View: 200

Economic Dynamics of Global Energy Geopolitics

Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as socio-economics, supply/demand fluctuations, and foreign direct investment, this book is ideally designed for engineers, economists, academicians, researchers, policymakers, and graduate ...

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Author: Ikiz, Ahmet Salih

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522542049

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 305

View: 595

The dominant powers in world energy geopolitics have radically changed in last couple of decades due to the increased demand for natural energy resources (i.e., coal and oil). Because of these power shifts, the economics of energy has become much more entangled in international relations. Economic Dynamics of Global Energy Geopolitics provides emerging research exploring the theoretical and practical aspects of the geo-economics of energy resources and how this affects countries’ economies. It also explores the implementation of energy supply and demand in world markets. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as socio-economics, supply/demand fluctuations, and foreign direct investment, this book is ideally designed for engineers, economists, academicians, researchers, policymakers, and graduate-level students seeking current research on the role of economics and policy in energy geopolitics.

World Energy Outlook

Huang , Jin - Ping , “ Energy Substitution to Reduce Carbon Dioxide Emission in
China ” , Energy , Vol . 18 , No.3 , 1993 , p . ... Paik , Keun - Wook : “ Tarim
Opening : Geopolitics of Chinese Oil ” , Geopolitics of Energy , April 1993 .
People's ...

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951P002843239

Category: Coal reserves

Page:

View: 630

National Journal

From 2002 “ China is on a path to becoming a major player in the through 2004 ,
Chinese energy consumption skyrocketed by geopolitics of global energy , ”
Mikkal Herberg of the National 65 percent , while the nation's gross domestic
product ...

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: PSU:000055046916

Category: Legislation

Page:

View: 681

China s Western Horizon

In China's Western Horizon, Daniel S. Markey, a scholar of international relations and former member of the U.S. State Department's policy planning staff, previews how China's efforts are likely to play out along its "western horizon:" ...

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Author: Daniel Markey

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190680206

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 764

Under the ambitious leadership of President Xi Jinping, China is zealously transforming its wealth and economic power into potent tools of global political influence. But China's foreign policy initiatives, even the vaunted "Belt and Road," will be shaped and redefined as they confront the ground realities of local and regional politics outside China. In China's Western Horizon, Daniel S. Markey, a scholar of international relations and former member of the U.S. State Department's policy planning staff, previews how China's efforts are likely to play out along its "western horizon:" across the swath of Eurasia that includes South Asia, Central Asia, and the Middle East. Drawing from extensive interviews, travels, and historical research, Markey describes how perceptions of China vary widely within states such as Pakistan, Kazakhstan, and Iran. Powerful and privileged groups across the region often expect to profit from their connections to China, while others fear commercial and political losses. Similarly, Eurasian statesmen are scrambling to harness China's energy purchases, arms sales, and infrastructure investment. These leaders are working with China in order to outdo their strategic competitors, including India and Saudi Arabia, and simultaneously negotiating relations with Russia and America. On balance, Markey anticipates that China's deepening involvement will play to the advantage of regional strongmen and exacerbate the political tensions within and among Eurasian states. To make the most of America's limited influence in China's backyard (and elsewhere), he argues that U.S. policymakers should pursue a selective and localized strategy to serve America's specific aims in Eurasia and to better compete with China over the long run.

The Strategic Implications of China s Energy Needs

This book shows that domestic politics and foreign policy have both played a part in China's recent major energy policy decisions.

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Author: Philip Andrews-Speed

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136050886

Category: History

Page: 120

View: 237

China is frequently described as a threat to regional and global stability and its rapidly rising demand for imported energy is seens as one cause of this threat. This book shows that domestic politics and foreign policy have both played a part in China's recent major energy policy decisions. However, China's increasing involvement in the global energy markets can be seen as an opportunity to enhance cooperation and interdependence rather than as a threat.