China s Presence in the Middle East

Central to this are fast-track rail links, funded by the newly-established Asia Infrastructure and Investment Bank (AIIB), which has its headquarters in Beijing.

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Author: Anoushiravan Ehteshami

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351734981

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 124

Chinese President Xi Jinping’s “One Belt, One Road” (OBOR) vision, heralded as an attempt to revive the pre-modern Silk Route, is intended to strengthen West Asia’s economic links with China through ambitious infrastructural projects. Central to this are fast-track rail links, funded by the newly-established Asia Infrastructure and Investment Bank (AIIB), which has its headquarters in Beijing. This book explores the implications of OBOR and the AIIB for the Middle East/West Asia, and addresses a number of key strategic questions arising from China’s new initiatives. These include: how far are the strategic imperatives underpinning China’s policies connected to the political dynamics of Xinjiang and the spread of radical Islam in Central Asia? How are Middle Eastern stakeholders’ views of China affected by the new initiatives? How does China’s increasing involvement in the Middle East/West Asia affect other regional powers with ambitions in the region, notably Russia? The book also considers the impact of China’s increasing presence on individual countries, including Saudi Arabia and Israel.

Toward Well Oiled Relations

With China replacing the United States as the world's leading energy user and net oil importer, its relations with the Middle East is becoming a major issue with global implications.

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Author: Niv Horesh

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137539793

Category: Political Science

Page: 239

View: 423

With China replacing the United States as the world's leading energy user and net oil importer, its relations with the Middle East is becoming a major issue with global implications. Horesh and his contributors set out to analyse the implications of China's growing presence in the Middle East.

The Emergence of

Key Points: China's presence in the Middle East has grown exponentially over the past decade and is affecting the region's strategic environment.

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Author: James Chen

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:776921167

Category: China

Page: 8

View: 191

Key Points: China's presence in the Middle East has grown exponentially over the past decade and is affecting the region's strategic environment. Chinese influence is multidimensional, encompassing economics, defense, diplomacy, and soft power. Beijing currently sees its interests in the Middle East best served by focusing on commerce and keeping a low profile. However, Middle Eastern states are increasingly drawing China into political and security issues, which may lead China to play a more prominent political role in the region. To mitigate any potentially negative effects of China's growing influence, the United States should explore cooperative efforts with China in energy security, continue strategic dialogue with the Chinese government on Middle East issues, and maintain a military presence to ensure continued security of U.S. allies and freedom of navigation in Middle Eastern waters.

China s Changing Role in the Middle East

A quiet shift in geopolitics has been taking place, with East Asia and the Middle East drawing closer together.

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Author: Jonathan Fulton

Publisher:

ISBN: 1619775905

Category:

Page:

View: 814

China s Soft Military Presence in the Middle East

China’s military relations with the countries of the Middle East have become increasingly close in recent years.

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Author: Sun Degang

Publisher: King Faisal Center for Research and Islamic Studies (KFCRIS)

ISBN: 9786038206508

Category: Political Science

Page:

View: 475

China’s military relations with the countries of the Middle East have become increasingly close in recent years. To protect its commercial interests and contribute towards international security, China has built up a soft military presence of various forms in the Middle East. Such overseas military forces are deployed either within the framework of the United Nations Peacekeeping Operations (UNPKO) or independently, and carry out military as well as civilian missions, especially in areas such as the evacuation of nationals, humanitarian relief, search and rescue, protecting expatriates, escorting, logistics supply, peacekeeping, and conflict prevention. The soft military footprints are not for a geopolitical rivalry, but rather for mission-oriented tasks.

China and the Middle East

This book explores China’s significant economic and security interests in the Middle East and South Asia.

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Author: James M. Dorsey

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319643557

Category: Political Science

Page: 278

View: 731

This book explores China’s significant economic and security interests in the Middle East and South Asia. To protect its economic and security interests, China is increasingly forced to compromise its long-held foreign policy and defence principles, which include insistence on non-interference in the domestic affairs of others, refusal to envision a foreign military presence, and focus on the development of mutually beneficial economic and commercial relations. The volume shows that China’s need to redefine requirements for the safeguarding of its national interests positioned the country as a regional player in competitive cooperation with the United States and the dominant external actor in the region. The project would be ideal for scholarly audiences interested in Regional Politics, China, South Asia, the Middle East, and economic and security studies.

Strengthening China s and India s Trade and Investment Ties to the Middle East and North Africa

China and India's spectacular economic rise over the last two decades has accelerated their trade and investment flows with the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), particularly with the oil-producing countries.

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Author:

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821377772

Category: Africa, North

Page: 187

View: 941

China and India's spectacular economic rise over the last two decades has accelerated their trade and investment flows with the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), particularly with the oil-producing countries. And while these flows are still small, China and India's presence in the region is on the rise. This report focuses on the following questions: what have been evolution and the impact of MENA's trade and investment relations with China and India? what actions can be taken to maximize the benefits from these relations and to enhance MENA's international integration? The main findings indicate that the region as a whole has benefited from the rise of China and India in terms of better terms of trade, significant increases in oil and gas exports, and cheaper imports. However, producers of industrial goods have been negatively-and in a few cases severely-affected by competition with the two Asian countries in both third and domestic markets. While China and India are investing more in MENA, they are contributing very little to job creation or to the transfer and diffusion of technology. Faster growth in the two Asian countries-and the associated higher demand for energy-will increase revenues from oil and the difficult choices associated with their management. For the labor-abundant, non oil-producing countries, competition with China and India will increase. But the lack of competitive manufacturing industries and services, the insufficient attention given in the past to building technological capabilities and promoting openness and entrepreneurship are constraining their ability to respond to competition. They need to accelerate productivity to tackle unemployment, especially among youth. This may require the broader institutional changes seen in China and India-suggesting the importance of a pragmatic reform agenda that can accelerate productivity, trade, and investment in the region.

The Routledge Handbook of China Middle East Relations

"This handbook brings together a mix of established and emerging international scholars to provide valuable analytical insights as to how China's growing Middle East presence affects intra-regional development, trade, security, and ...

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Author: Jonathan Fulton

Publisher:

ISBN: 1032126329

Category: China

Page:

View: 858

"This handbook brings together a mix of established and emerging international scholars to provide valuable analytical insights as to how China's growing Middle East presence affects intra-regional development, trade, security, and diplomacy. As the largest extra-regional economic actor in the Middle East, China is the biggest source of foreign direct investment into the region and the largest trading partner for most Middle Eastern states. This portends a larger role in political and security affairs, as the value of Chinese assets combined with a growing expatriate population in the region demand a more proactive role in contributing to regional order. Exploring the effect of these developments, the expert contributors also consider the reverberations in great power politics, as the U.S.A., Russia, India, Japan, and the European Union also have considerable interests in the region. The book is divided into four sections: historical and policy context state and regional case studies trade and development international relations, security and diplomacy"--

The Red Star and the Crescent

James Reardon- Anderson has sought to fill this critical gap. The volume examines the "big picture" of international relations, then zooms in on case studies and probes the underlying domestic factors on each side.

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Author: James Reardon-Anderson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190911416

Category: Political Science

Page: 327

View: 663

The Red Star and the Crescent provides an in-depth and multi-disciplinary analysis of the evolving relationship between China and the Middle East. Despite its increasing importance, very few studies have examined this dynamic, deepening, and multi-faceted nexus. James Reardon- Anderson has sought to fill this critical gap. The volume examines the "big picture" of international relations, then zooms in on case studies and probes the underlying domestic factors on each side. Reardon- Anderson tackles topics as diverse as China's security strategy in the Middle East, its military relations with the states of the region, its role in the Iran nuclear negotiations, the Uyghur question, and the significance and consequences of the Silk Road strategy. A comprehensive study of the changing forces driving one of the world's most important strategic, economic and cultural relationships

The East Moves West

The East Moves West details the growing interdependence of the Middle East and Asia and projects the likely ramifications of this evolving relationship. It also examines the role of Pakistan, Japan, and South Korea in the region.

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Author: Geoffrey Kemp

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815724315

Category: Political Science

Page: 326

View: 476

While traditionally powerful Western economies are treading water at best, beset by crises in banking, housing, and employment, industrial growth and economic development are exploding in China and India. The world's two most populous nations are the biggest reasons for Asia's growing footprint on other global regions. The increasing size and impact of that footprint are especially important in the Middle East, an economic, religious, and geopolitical linchpin. The East Moves West details the growing interdependence of the Middle East and Asia and projects the likely ramifications of this evolving relationship. It also examines the role of Pakistan, Japan, and South Korea in the region. Geoffrey Kemp, a longtime analyst of global security and political economy, compares and contrasts Indian and Chinese involvement in the Middle East. He stresses an embedded historical dimension that gives India substantially more familiarity and interest in the region—India was there first, and it has maintained that head start. Both nations, however, are clearly on the rise and leaving an indelible mark on the Middle East, and that enhanced influence has international ramifications for the United States and throughout the world. Does the emergence of these Asian giants—with their increasingly huge need for energy—strengthen the case for cooperative security, particularly in the maritime arena? After all, safe and open sea-lanes remain an essential component of mutually beneficial intercontinental trade, making India and China increasingly dependent on safe passage of oil tankers. Or will we see reversion to more traditional competition and even conflict, given that the major Asian powers themselves have so many unresolved problems and that the future of the U.S. presence in the area is uncertain. Kemp believes the United States will remain the dominant military power in the region but will have to share some security responsibilities with the Asians, especially in the Indian Ocean.

Multilateral Approach In China s Foreign Policy

This volume carefully examines China's increased participation in multilateral organizations and mechanisms and its efforts to initiate and develop its own discourses on global affairs straddling Asia, the Middle East, Africa and the Latin ...

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Author: Cheng Joseph Yu-shek

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789813221123

Category: Political Science

Page: 704

View: 388

Since the mid-1990s, the Chinese authorities have gradually come to embrace multilateralism to realize their basic foreign policy objectives in maintaining a peaceful international environment and enhancing China's international status and influence. This embrace is largely based on pragmatic considerations. There is no denial, however, that elements of liberalism and constructivism gradually enter into the considerations of Chinese leaders. They accept, for example, that non-traditional security issues can only be tackled through genuine multilateralism. This volume carefully examines China's increased participation in multilateral organizations and mechanisms and its efforts to initiate and develop its own discourses on global affairs straddling Asia, the Middle East, Africa and the Latin American continents. China's presence in international multilateral organizations has been providing developing countries a better chance to maintain a balance of power. Since China has no ambitious plan to transform the existing international order, its increasing enthusiastic engagement of multilateralism is likely to be accepted by the international community. Contents: PrefaceAbout the AuthorList of TablesAcronyms and AbbreviationsMultilateralism — Theoretical Issues and China's Approach in Foreign PolicyChina in Asia: China's Asian Policy in the Early Twenty-First Century: Adjusting to its Increasing StrengthChina's Regional Strategy and Challenges in East AsiaChina's ASEAN Policy in the 1990s: Pushing for Regional Multi-polarityThe Path of Least Resistance: China's Way of Engagement in Southeast AsiaThe ASEAN-China Free Trade Area — Success or Failure? A Preliminary Evaluation Based on Econometric EvidenceChina-ASEAN Economic Co-Operation and the Role of ProvincesChina and the World: The Shanghai Co-Operation Organisation: China's Initiative in Regional Institutional BuildingChina's Approach to Shanghai Co-operation Organisation: Institutional Building, Economic Co-operation and the Challenge from AfghanistanChina's Relations with the Gulf Co-operation Council States: Multi-level Diplomacy in a Divided Arab WorldChina's Approach to BRICSLatin America in China's Contemporary Foreign PolicyChina's African Policy in the Post-Cold War EraBibliographyIndex Readership: Policymakers, academics, professionals, undergraduate and graduate students interested in China's foreign policy. Keywords: Multilateralism;China;Foreign Policy;International RelationsReview: Key Features: It is a valuable reference book for undergraduate students, postgraduate students and scholars in the fields of China's foreign policy and international relations in the Asia-PacificIt is a most up-to-date account of China's approaches to its most significant multilateral regional organizations and forumsIn view of China's importance in international politics and economy, it is important to understand its policy

The China Lens A Political Economic Analysis of Changing China

This book grew out of a series of my doctoral essays and discussion with Fulbright scholar, Mr. Tasawar Baig and Professor David Earnest at Old Dominion University.

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Author: Shiwei Jiang

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 9781479782628

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 102

View: 689

This book grew out of a series of my doctoral essays and discussion with Fulbright scholar, Mr. Tasawar Baig and Professor David Earnest at Old Dominion University. Some ideas and thoughts were also inspired by Professor Robert Putnam at the Harvard University John F. Kennedy School of Government and Professor Zbigniew Kazimierz Brzezinski (former US National Security Advisor) when they did lectures and special discussion with me at Old Dominion University in 2009 and 2012, respectively. In The Third Wave (1991), Samuel Huntington explains various sociopolitical factors caused radical political changes in developing countries. His analysis shows that for Africa, the main obstacle for building democracy is economy, While for East Asia and the Middle East, the major obstacle are culture and religion. Huntington’s analysis oversimplified the driving factors of democratization in specific case, such as China, a hybrid of Capitalist economy and communist politics. This paper measures the current democratization of Chinese politics from three perspectives: social capital, rapid economic development and radical social movement. Thus, the grand question is whether these factors can lead to a regime change in China? The author draws a conclusion that the radical political change is possible but not desirable in Chinese politics. In the eyes of rising Chinese middle Class, a Singaporean political transformation or South Korean democratization is more favored than radical democratization. Following the US Presidential election, China went through a one week meeting of the 18th National Congress starting on November 8, 2012. Without much surprise, Xi replaced Hu, becoming the core of Chinese communist power. The power transition seems to be smooth in Chinese media coverage. However, anecdotes, rumors, unofficial reports and foreign news exposed the political battle behind the stage. President Xi is now facing a stark different situation compared to Hu. Today, China is the world’s second largest economy. At the same time, China is experiencing rising mass disturbance every year. As a non-democracy, leaders’ past experience, network and personality can greatly influence state policies. With more people getting rich and educated, the mass claim the mismatch between Chinese politics and economy. Other than changing domestic Chinese politics, China has drawn much attention internationally. China’s presence in Africa and the Middle East tightens the nerves of U.S. policy makers. Is China a peaceful or benign riser? Where is China heading toward? What interests are Chinese companies pursuing and what strategies are they using globally? The book investigates these questions in different chapters. Globalization is the current trend. As a propeller, China’s participation in global trade greatly shapes world order. In return, global trade also produced effects on China’s domestic labor market, particularly on the traditional Chinese women labors. This book is a sound recipe integrating both faces of China domestically and internationally.

Routledge Handbook on China Middle East Relations

Shichor, Yitzhak, “Sino-American Crosscurrents in the Middle East: Perceptions and Realities,” in Niv Horesh (ed.), Toward Well-Oiled Relations? China's Presence in the Middle East following the Arab Spring (New York: Palgrave Macmillan ...

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Author: Jonathan Fulton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000476798

Category: Political Science

Page: 432

View: 921

This handbook brings together a mix of established and emerging international scholars to provide valuable analytical insights into how China’s growing Middle East presence affects intra-regional development, trade, security, and diplomacy. As the largest extra-regional economic actor in the Middle East, China is the biggest source of foreign direct investment into the region and the largest trading partner for most Middle Eastern states. This portends a larger role in political and security affairs, as the value of Chinese assets combined with a growing expatriate population in the region demands a more proactive role in contributing to regional order. Exploring the effect of these developments, the expert contributors also consider the reverberations in great power politics, as the United States, Russia, India, Japan, and the European Union also have considerable interests in the region. The book is divided into four sections: • Historical and policy context • State and regional case studies • Trade and development • International relations, security, and diplomacy. This volume is an essential reference for scholars and policy-makers in the fields of international relations, political sociology, international political economy, and foreign policy analysis. Area studies specialists in Middle Eastern Studies, China Studies, and East Asian Studies will also find it an invaluable resource.

China Iran Axis

This book provides a deep insight into the currency war currently underway between the People’s Republic of China and the United States of America.

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Author: Joseph Aminian

Publisher: Joseph Aminian

ISBN: 9781636499390

Category: Political Science

Page:

View: 148

This book provides a deep insight into the currency war currently underway between the People’s Republic of China and the United States of America. The author employs a balance of factual knowledge and the rational debates that provoke the readers’ thoughts on the topic. The book studies the approach adopted by China to achieve its target of devaluing the U.S. dollar and rendering the Chinese Yuan to be the new global currency. The Chinese government’s methods and practices are explored step by step in the book with claims and statistics being backed by authentic references and citations. The book also provides the author’s stance and analysis on the currency war and justifies it by providing proper reasoning and rational arguments with it. What is unique about this book is that it transcends the domain of just being a book filled with facts, referenced from different sources and provides an interesting touch of expert opinion on the prevalent matter. This book is written for a diverse range of readers, especially the academics with interests in international relations, politics, economy and finance. It provides a comprehensible introduction to the topic so that the reader hardly feels lost in the technical intricacies. More importantly, it gives one the perfect balance of academic insight and analytical opinion.

Chinese Foreign Policy Toward the Middle East

74 In addition, Geoffrey Kemp's book The East Moves West: India, China, and Asia's Growing Presence in the Middle East also fills a significant gap in the literature of Asia and the Middle East by specifically focusing on the relations ...

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Author: Kadir Temiz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000437270

Category: Political Science

Page: 222

View: 242

This book examines how the rise of China has influenced its cross-regional foreign policy toward non-Arab countries in the Middle East between 2001 and 2011. Analyzing contemporary international crises in the Middle East such as the Iran nuclear crisis, the Palestinian–Israeli conflict, and the Cyprus question, the volume draws on daily newspapers published in Chinese, Turkish, and English and official documents as primary sources. The examined period is critical to understand China’s aggressive and more attractive foreign policy dynamism in the following years. All the bilateral relations China has developed in the Middle East during these years was a preparation for the next big step toward China’s rising influence in the region and the world. Utilizing the framework of debates on the rise of China in international relations literature, the volume focuses on political, economic, and military aspects of the power transition. Claiming that China’s foreign policy toward the Middle East can be defined as "active pragmatism," the "non-Arab" conceptualization provides a new understanding of China’s traditional Middle Eastern foreign policies. The study assesses fieldwork carried out in Beijing and Shanghai, and Chinese sources that are critical in understanding both official and academic perspectives. The book is a key resource for students, academics and analysts interested in China and the Middle East relations, foreign policy, and politics, as well as for contemporary political historians.

China s Maritime Silk Road Initiative Africa and the Middle East

Yitzhak Shichor, “Vision, Revision, and Supervision: The Politics of China's OBOR and AIIB and their Implications for the Middle East,” in China's Presence in the Middle East: The Implications of the One Belt, One Road Initiative, ed.

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Author: Jean-Marc F. Blanchard

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789813340138

Category: Political Science

Page: 291

View: 107

This book analyzes the progress of the MSRI, highlights the political and economic factors affecting its realization, and offers insights into the political and economic implications of China’s endeavor. It focuses specifically on countries within Africa and the Middle East to provide a basis for a substantive examination of these issues in a manner sensitive to the milieu in individual countries and relevant regions. It represents the final volume in a well-received series on China’s Maritime Silk Road Initiative (MSRI), which, so far, includes books covering China’s MSRI and South Asia (Palgrave, 2018) and China’s MSRI and Southeast Asia (Palgrave, 2019). This book will interest scholars of China, international relations, and the relevant regions, journalists, and policymakers.

The Routledge Handbook of China Middle East Relations

This handbook brings together a mix of established and emerging international scholars to provide valuable analytical insights as to how China's growing Middle East presence affects intra-regional development, trade, security, and diplomacy ...

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Author: Jonathan Fulton

Publisher:

ISBN: 0367472708

Category: China

Page: 424

View: 777

This handbook brings together a mix of established and emerging international scholars to provide valuable analytical insights as to how China's growing Middle East presence affects intra-regional development, trade, security, and diplomacy. As the largest extra-regional economic actor in the Middle East, China is the biggest source of foreign direct investment into the region and the largest trading partner for most Middle Eastern states. This portends a larger role in political and security affairs, as the value of Chinese assets combined with a growing expatriate population in the region demand a more proactive role in contributing to regional order. Exploring the effect of these developments, the expert contributors also consider the reverberations in great power politics, as the U.S.A., Russia, India, Japan, and the European Union also have considerable interests in the region. The book is divided into four sections: - historical and policy context - state and regional case studies - trade and development - international relations, security and diplomacy This volume is an essential reference for scholars and policy makers in the fields of international relations, political sociology, international political economy, and foreign policy analysis. Area studies specialists in Middle Eastern Studies, China Studies, and East Asian Studies will also find it an invaluable resource.

China in the Middle East

While the United States remains Saudi Arabia's most important security partner, Saudi Arabia is also becoming China's biggest ... See his The East Moves West: India, China, and Asia's Growing Presence in the Middle East, Washington, ...

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Author: Andrew Scobell

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 9780833092243

Category: History

Page: 110

View: 596

This study examines China’s interests in the Middle East and assesses China’s economic, political, and security activities there to determine whether China has a strategy toward the region and what such a strategy means for the United States. The study focuses on China’s relations with two of its key partners in the Middle East: Saudi Arabia and Iran.

China and the Middle East

Observers note that: there appears to be an equal amount of enthusiasm from Middle Eastern countries to take advantage of the world's fastest growing market. China's presence is largely perceived as non-ideological, ...

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Author: Muhamad Olimat

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781857436310

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 172

This manuscript examines relations between China and the Middle East in historical context. It highlights some of the most important events that characterize the ties between China and the Middle East, and examines their relationship in key areas that include energy, trade, arms sales, culture and politics. The centre of China's relations with Israel is arms sales and advanced technology, while the core of Sino-Saudi relations is oil. Iran and China are tied with deep historical, civilizational, cultural and political relations, but China's current interests in Iran centre on oil. Relations between China and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) centre on trade. The UAE serve as a primary hub for Chinese business corporations not only in the Gulf or the wider Middle East, but also in Africa and the world. China's relations with Algeria have been based on political co-ordination since the early days of the Algerian War of Independence and the early days of the People's Republic of China. China provided Algeria with political, diplomatic and military support to accomplish its national liberation from France. Since then, their partnership has developed. Finally, the book develops a tridimensional approach in which China's ties with Middle Eastern countries are viewed as an outcome of interaction between three actors in each situation. The book reaches the conclusion that China's national interests in the Middle East are only increasing, and it is anticipated that Sino-Middle Eastern relations and strategic partnerships will be enhanced in the near future, provided that China is not perceived as undermining the Arab Spring. Key Features Offers an in-depth analysis of Chinese-Middle Eastern relations Assists students and scholars in understanding the uniqueness of the Chinese model of engagement in the Middle East Explains why most Middle Easterners prefer China's engagement to Western engagement Explores the future of Sino-Middle Eastern relations