Choctaw Verb Agreement and Universal Grammar

The Choctaw language, indigenous to the southeastern United States, now with its greatest concentrations ofspeakers in Missis sippi, Oklahoma, and Los Angeles, has in the main escaped the scrutinyoftheoreticallinguistics.


Author: William D. Davies

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400945302

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 202

View: 870

The Choctaw language, indigenous to the southeastern United States, now with its greatest concentrations ofspeakers in Missis sippi, Oklahoma, and Los Angeles, has in the main escaped the scrutinyoftheoreticallinguistics. ItisnotthatChoctaw isanintrin sicallyuninterestinglanguage- aquickglanceataclausewithfive agreement controllers and a mismatch between the caseofafree standingnominaland its agreement affix should dispelthat notion. Rather it is, I think, the question of what we can learn from a languageinwhichNPsdon'tmovearound, "WHs"don'tfront, and gaps simply arise from pronominalization. My hope is that the presentvolume, takentogetherwithagrowingliteraturespurredon by the workofPamMunro and her students atUCLA, will bring Choctawintothelightofdayand into the circleoflanguagescon sidered when constructing theories that define "possible human language". Thepresentstudy, arevisionofmy 1981dissertation(University ofCalifornia, SanDiego), focusesfirstandforemostontheChoctaw agreementsystem, takingthisasthekeytothestructureofChoctaw syntax. The immediate goal, then, is to provide a unified account ofthestructures and rules underlyingtheagreement system. Along the way a rangeofgrammatical phenomena is examined, taken as evidence for particular structural configurations, and incorporated into awell-integratedaccountofmorphologicaland syntacticfacts. The resultsbearon anumber ofcurrent issues, includingthe Un accusative Hypothesis, the existence of demotions, the nature of antipassive, disjunctive rule application, universals of causative constructions, and others. For these reasons Choctawdeserves the scrutinyoftheoreticians. The data forming the corpus for analysis represent a variety of Oklahoma Choctaw. They were collected from a nativespeaker in San Diego between 1978 and 1982 and from various speakers in Oklahoma during two extended visits to Broken Bow in 1980. I lX PREFACE x wishtothankthespeakerswhohelpedmebysharingtheirlanguage andencouragingmystudies. MyworkonChoctawwassupportedin partbyfundsfrom theNationalScienceFoundation(throughgrant numberBNS78-17498totheUniversityofCalifornia, SanDiego), theAmericanPhilosophicalSociety(throughaPhillipsFundgrant), andtheDepartmentofLinguisticsatUCSD.

The Grammar of Raising and Control

A distillation of a very successful graduate course in syntax, this book focuses primarily on raising-to-object structures, but does not fail to consider control constructions, as well as data from a wide variety of languages.


Author: William D. Davies

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470754726

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 400

View: 431

The Grammar of Raising and Control surveys analyses across a range of theoretical frameworks from Rosenbaum's classic Standard Theory analysis (1967) to current proposals within the Minimalist Program, and provides readers with a critical understanding of these, helping them in the process to develop keen insights into the strengths and weaknesses of syntactic arguments in general. Distills a very successful graduate course in syntax from two prominent figures in the field, covering analyses from a range of theoretical frameworks. Provides readers with an understanding of the various perspectives represented in generative syntax, using a particular class of grammatical constructions as a means of examining the evolution of syntactic theory over the last thirty years. Helps students to develop keen insights into the strengths and weaknesses of syntactic arguments. Includes excerpts from six important works that allow students to familiarize themselves with the original literature while also providing discussion of the theoretical context in which they were written.

A Choctaw Reference Grammar

1986 Choctaw verb agreement and universal grammar. Dordrecht: Reidel. Debo, Angie 1961 The rise and fall of the Choctaw republic.


Author: George Aaron Broadwell

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 0803213158

Category: Social Science

Page: 375

View: 576

The authoritative reference on the grammar of the Choctaw language, written and compiled by its leading scholarly expert.

Relational Grammar

Davies, W. (1986) Choctaw Verb Agreement and Universal Grammar, Dordrecht: Reidel. Davies, W. (1987) 'Lexically governed rules and extended valence', ...


Author: Barry Blake

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134947140

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 212

View: 911

Well-presented and accessible, this is the first book that describes this theory's basic ideas, evaluates them and compares them with other approaches in other theories.

Anaphora in Celtic and Universal Grammar

William D. Davies, Choctaw Verb Agreement and Universal Grammar. xi + 202 pp., 1986. Katalin £. Kiss, Configurationality in Hungarian. 268 pp., 1987.


Author: R. Hendrick

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400927193

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 285

View: 928

This book is based in large part on fieldwork that I conducted in Brittany and Wales in 1983 and 1985. I am thankful for a Fulbright Award for Research in Western Europe and a Faculty Development Award from the University of North Carolina that funded that fieldwork. lowe a less tangible, but no less real, debt to Steve Anderson, G. M. Awbery, Steve Harlow and Jim McCloskey whose work initially sparked my interest, and led me to undertake this project. I want to thank Joe Emonds and Alec Marantz who read portions of Chapter 3 and 5. I am particularly grateful though to Kathleen Flanagan, Frank Heny and two anonymous referees who read a dyslexic and schizophrenic manuscript, providing me with criticisms that improved this final version considerably. The Welsh nationalist community in Aberstwyth and its Breton coun terpart in Quimper helped make the time I spent in Wales and Brittany productive. I am indebted to Thomas Davies, Partick Favreau, Lukian Kergoat, Sue Rhys, John Williams and Beatrice among others for sharing their knowledge of their languages with me. Catrin Davies and Martial Menard were especially patient and helpful. Without their assistance this work would have been infinitely poorer. I am hopeful that this book will help stimulate more interest in the Celtic languages and culture, and assist, even in a small way, those in Wales and Brittany who struggle to keep their language and culture strong.

The Routledge Handbook of North American Languages

Choctaw verb agreement and universal grammar. Dordrecht: Reidel. Davis, Philip & Hardy, Heather. 1984. Nominal-sentential morphology in Alabama.


Author: Daniel Siddiqi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351810272

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 598

View: 314

The Routledge Handbook of North American Languages is a one-stop reference for linguists on those topics that come up the most frequently in the study of the languages of North America (including Mexico). This handbook compiles a list of contributors from across many different theories and at different stages of their careers, all of whom are well-known experts in North American languages. The volume comprises two distinct parts: the first surveys some of the phenomena most frequently discussed in the study of North American languages, and the second surveys some of the most frequently discussed language families of North America. The consistent goal of each contribution is to couch the content of the chapter in contemporary theory so that the information is maximally relevant and accessible for a wide range of audiences, including graduate students and young new scholars, and even senior scholars who are looking for a crash course in the topics. Empirically driven chapters provide fundamental knowledge needed to participate in contemporary theoretical discussions of these languages, making this handbook an indispensable resource for linguistics scholars.

Masked Inversion in French

“ The Pronominal Verb Construction in French . ... a revised version is published as Choctaw Verb Agreement and Universal Grammar , Dordrecht , Holland : D.


Author: Paul M. Postal

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226675696

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 156

View: 840

In this important work of linguistic analysis, Paul M. Postal addresses a paradigm anomaly in French that has hitherto resisted explanation. A general restriction limiting the form of direct objects in complex infinitival constructions with main verbs like faire fails to hold with certain subordinate verbs, especially connaître. Marshaling extensive evidence, Postal argues that this apparent irregularity is a symptom of a deeper regularity. Rather than being an ordinary transitive complement, the subordinate clause in these cases is actually an Inversion structure, one in which the logical subject demotes to indirect object. However, since this demotion induces no word order change or other direct morphological consequences, the inversion is "masked," and revealed only by several types of apparent anomalies. This analysis has significant consequences for contemporary syntactic theories. First, the arguments support the view that a sentence's superficial structure cannot be identified with its syntactic structure, even though such an identification is a fundamental assumption of several currently influential grammatical frameworks. Second, even certain theories that do posit abstract aspects of grammatical form fail to allow for the needed Inversion structures. Postal's study supports theories based on the notion of arc and stratification into levels which provide a natural treatment consistent with the factual requirements. Masked Inversion in French is the first systematic account of this puzzling French syntactic anomaly, and its findings will stimulate research in many areas of natural language grammatical structure.

External Possession

“Verb Agreement, Possessor Ascension, and Multistratal Representation in Southern Tiwa. ... Choctaw Verb Agreement and Universal Grammar.


Author: Doris L. Payne

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027298607

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 573

View: 490

External Possession Constructions (EPCs) are found in nearly all parts of the world and across widely divergent language families. The data-rich papers in this first-ever volume on EPCs document their typological variability, explore diachronic reasons for variations, and investigate their functions and theoretical ramifications. EPCs code the possessor as a core grammatical relation of the verb and in a constituent separate from that which contains the possessed item. Though EPCs express possession, they do so without the necessary involvement of a possessive predicate such as “have” or “own”. In many cases, EPCs appear to “break the rules” about how many arguments a verb of a given valence can have. They thus constitute an important limiting case for evaluating theories of the relationship between verbal argument structure and syntactic clause structure. They also raise core questions about intersections among verbal valence, cognitive event construal, voice, and language processing.

Cases and Thematic Roles

(1986): Choctaw verb agreement and universal grammar. Dordreeht: Reidel. DeLancey, Scott (1981): An interpretation of split ergativity and related patterns.


Author: Beatrice Primus

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110912463

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 296

View: 215

This study examines the mapping of thematic roles, such as agent and patient, onto syntactic cases, such as nominative or ergative, or onto structural relations in a cross-linguistic survey that is supplemented with German data. It is shown that cases and structural relations code different aspects of thematic structure and that cases cannot be derived from structural relations in universal grammar. The phenomena that characterize ergative and active languages are shown to be restricted to case mapping.

The Joy of Grammar

Choctaw Verb Agreement and Universal Grammar. Dordrecht: D. Reidel. Durie, Mark. 1988. "The So-called Passive of Achenese." Language 64:104-13.


Author: Diane Brentari

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027274069

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 400

View: 896

Two threads run through this collection of 22 papers by students and colleagues of James D. McCawley. The first is a commitment to deep reflection on the direction of linguistic study, sometimes resulting in challenges to the writings of major figures or new appreciations, sometimes questioning our assumptions about the organization of linguistic information in the mind. The second thread is a shared sense of the requirements for the rigor of a good linguistic argument, that its presentation be thoroughgoing, straightforward and clearly made. There is a strong emphasis on testing the “party line” with the widest possible range of languages and the strongest possible set of linguistic tests. Demonstrating bugs and strategizing over the choice between competing analyses is not enough. The completion of an argument lies in constructing a better alternative.


Choctaw verb agreement and universal grammar . Dordrecht : Reidel . Davies , W. D. and Sam - Colop , L. E. 1990. ' K'iche ' and the structure of antipassive ...


Author: Robert M W Dixon

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521448980

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 271

View: 602

This book provides a full survey of the various types of ergativity, looking at the ways they interrelate, their semantic bases and their role in the organisation of discourse.

Agreement in Natural Language

Choctaw Verb Agreement and Universal Grammar . Dordrecht : Reidel . Durie , M. 1984. A Grammar of Acehnese . Doctoral dissertation , Australian National ...


Author: Center for the Study of Language and Information (U.S.)

Publisher: Center for the Study of Language (CSLI)

ISBN: 0937073024

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 355

View: 916

Although grammatical agreement or concord is widespread in human languages, linguistic theorists have generally treated agreement phenomena as secondary or even marginal. All the papers in this volume, however, take agreement phenomena seriously, as presenting either a general issue in theory construction or a descriptive problem in particular types of languages. The theoretical perspectives range from purportedly theory-neutral typological frameworks to assumptions about the validity of one or another current formal model. Further, the degree of generality ranges from a universalist nature-of-human-language agenda to concern with one or another aspect of grammatical agreement or with agreement in a single language or language group.

Agreement and Anti Agreement

W.D. Davies: Choctaw Verb Agreement and Universal Grammar. 1986. ISBN Hb 90-277-2065-7, Pb 90-277-2142-4 3. K. E. Kiss: Configurationality in Hungarian.


Author: Susan Steele

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400923782

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 448

View: 797

Case Absorption and WH Agreement

L. Burzio: Italian Syntax. ... ISBN Hb 90-277-2014-2; Pb 90-277-2015-0 W.D. Davies: Choctaw Verb Agreement and Universal Grammar. 1986.


Author: A. Watanabe

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401586153

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 274

View: 296

This book is an extensively revised version of the core part of my 1993 MIT doctoral dissertation, which seeks to provide a Minimalist theory of Case absorption and support it through empirical investigation. The central idea pursued is that impoverishment of phrase structure is responsible for Case absorption and that the right theory of Case checking should derive this property. Although the basic line of research on Case absorption and wh-agreement remains the same, this book incorporates a lot of new results. A principied theory of Case checking and Case absorption has been worked out in Chapter 1. Treatment of participial constructions in Chapter 3 and wh agreement in Chapter 4 is far more systematic and comprehensive. Chapter 2 is also streamlined, together with refinements of the analysis of Romanian. The product, I hope, is a more convincing def ense of the strength of the Mi ni mal ist approach. I would like to thank my thesis committee members Ken Haie, Noam Chomsky, and Howard Lasnik, under whose guidance this project started.

Representation and Derivation in the Theory of Grammar

L. Burzio: Italian Syntax. A Government-binding Approach. 1986. ISBN Hb 90-277-2014–2; Pb 90-277-2015-0 2. W.D. Davies: Choctaw Verb Agreement and Universal ...


Author: H. Haider

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401134460

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 320

View: 402

Derivation or Representation? Hubert Haider & Klaus Netter 1 The Issue Derivation and Representation - these keywords refer both to a conceptual as well as to an empirical issue. Transformational grammar was in its outset (Chomsky 1957, 1975) a derivational theory which characterized a well-formed sentence by its derivation, i.e. a set of syntactic representations defined by a set of rules that map one representation into another. The set of mapping rules, the transformations, eventually became more and more abstract and were trivialized into a single one, namely "move a" , a general movement-rule. The constraints on movement were singled out in systems of principles that ap ply to the resulting representations, i.e. the configurations containing a moved element and its extraction site, the trace. The introduction of trace-theory (d. Chomsky 1977, ch.3 §17, ch. 4) in principle opened up the possibility of com pletely abandoning movement and generating the possible outputs of movement directly, i.e. as structures that contain gaps representing the extraction sites.

Case Semantic Roles and Grammatical Relations

"Possessor Ascension in Choctaw". Proceedings of NELS 11. 38-57. . 1986. Choctaw Verb Agreement and Universal Grammar. Dordrecht: Reidel. . 1993.


Author: Petra Campe

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027228116

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 645

View: 250

This is the first of a series of 6 books dealing with case phenomena in different languages, both Indo- and non-Indo-European, resulting from work by a team of 20 specialists at the University of Leuven. It is the first time such a large-scale investigation into case has been undertaken, and a remarkable feature of the project is the use of computer corpora of authentic material. This bibliography presents the many dimensions involved in research into case and case-related phenomena. This includes not only morphological case markers, but also the crossconstituent (semantic and grammatical) relations expressed by morphological case or by its various counterparts; morpho-syntactic processes such as transitivity and passivization; and pragmatic and textual considerations. In addition, the bibliography reflects the implications of case research for other disciplines, such as foreign language teaching and artificial intelligence. More than 6000 publications are listed. An extensive Subject Index provides easy access to all the topics and major concepts covered. A Language Index and a Guide to Languages/Language Families conclude the book. The other volumes in the series include The Dative (2 vols), The Genitive, The Nominative and Accusative, and Non-nuclear Cases.

Aspects of the Theory of Morphology

1986 Choctaw Verb Agreement and Universal Grammar. Dordrecht etc.: Reidel. Davis, Philip and Ross Saunders 1989 Language and intelligence: the semantic ...


Author: Igor Mel'cuk

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110199864

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 631

View: 704

The book is dedicated to linguistic morphology and it contains a sketch of a complete morphological theory, centered around a discussion of fundamental concepts such as morph vs. morpheme, inflectional category, voice, grammatical case, agreement vs. government, suppletion, relationships between linguistic signs, etc.: the hottest issues in modern linguistics! The book introduces rigorous and clear concepts necessary to describe morphological phenomena of natural languages. Among other things, it offers logical calculi of possible grammemes in a given category. The presentation is developed in a typological perspective, so that linguistic data from a large variety of languages are described and analyzed (about 100 typologically very different languages). The main method is deductive: the concepts proposed in Aspects of the Theory of Morphology are based on a small set of indefinibilia and each concept is defined in terms of these indefinibilia and/or other concepts defined previously; as a result, logical calculi can be constructed (similar to Mendeleev's Periodical Table of Elements in chemistry). Then the concept is applied to the actual linguistic data to demonstrate its validity and advantages. Thus, Aspects of the Theory of Morphology combines metalinguistic endeavor (a system of concepts for morphology) with typological and descriptive orientation. It reaches out to all students of language, including the border fields and applications.

The Oxford Handbook of Ergativity

Choctaw verb agreement and universal grammar. Dordrecht: Reidel. Davies, William D. & Stanley Dubinsky. 2003. 'On extraction from NPs.


Author: Jessica Coon

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780191059773

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 960

View: 960

This volume offers theoretical and descriptive perspectives on the issues pertaining to ergativity, a grammatical patterning whereby direct objects are in some way treated like intransitive subjects, to the exclusion of transitive subjects. This pattern differs markedly from nominative/accusative marking whereby transitive and intransitive subjects are treated as one grammatical class, to the exclusion of direct objects. While ergativity is sometimes referred to as a typological characteristic of languages, research on the phenomenon has shown that languages do not fall clearly into one category or the other and that ergative characteristics are not consistent across languages. Chapters in this volume look at approaches to ergativity within generative, typological, and functional paradigms, as well as approaches to the core morphosyntactic building blocks of an ergative construction; related constructions such as the anti-passive; related properties such as split ergativity and word order; and extensions and permutations of ergativity, including nominalizations and voice systems. The volume also includes results from experimental investigations of ergativity, a relatively new area of research. A wide variety of languages are represented, both in the theoretical chapters and in the 16 case studies that are more descriptive in nature, attesting to both the pervasiveness and diversity of ergative patterns.

Grammatical Relations

Choctaw Verb Agreement and Universal Grammar . Dordrecht : Kluwer . Dixon , R. M. W. 1972. The Dyirbal Language of North Queensland .


Author: Simon Fraser University (Burnaby). Biennial Conference on Grammatical Relations

Publisher: Center for the Study of Language (CSLI)

ISBN: 1575860031

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 471

View: 423

This is a collection of discussions of grammatical relations and related concepts using current syntactic theory.

Heads in Grammatical Theory

Processing strategies in the acquisition of relative clauses : Universal principles and languagespecific ... Choctaw verb agreement and universal grammar .


Author: Greville G. Corbett

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052140245X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 340

View: 557

A study of the idea of the 'head' or dominating element of a phrase.