Cognitive Tools for Learning

This book opens a discussion of the potential of hypermedia and related approaches to provide open exploratory learning environments.

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Author: Piet A.M. Kommers

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642772221

Category: Computers

Page: 282

View: 207

Hypermedia technology needs a creative approach from the outset in the design of software to facilitate human thinking and learning. This book opens a discussion of the potential of hypermedia and related approaches to provide open exploratory learning environments. The papers in the book are based on contributions to a NATO Advanced Research Workshop held in July1990 and are grouped into six sections: - Semantic networking as cognitive tools, - Expert systems as cognitive tools, - Hypertext as cognitive tools, - Collaborative communication tools, - Microworlds: context-dependent cognitive tools, - Implementing cognitive tools. The book will be valuable for those who design, implement and evaluate learning programs and who seek to escape from rigid tactics like programmed instruction and behavioristic approaches. The book presents principles for exploratory systems that go beyond existing metaphors of instruction and provokes the reader to think in a new way about the cognitive level of human-computer interaction.

Computers As Cognitive Tools

This volume reconsiders the initial "camp" analogy posited in 1993 edition of Computers as Cognitive Tools, and presents a mechanism for breaking camp to find new summits.

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Author: Susanne P. Lajoie

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135461096

Category: Education

Page: 464

View: 815

Since the publication of the first edition of Computers as Cognitive Tools in 1993, rapid changes have taken place in the uses of technology for educational purposes and in the theories underlying such uses. Changes in perspectives on thinking and learning are guiding the instructional design of computer-based learning environments. Computers as Cognitive Tools, Volume II: No More Walls provides examples of state-of-the-art technology-based research in the field of education and training. These examples are theory-driven and reflect the learning paradigms that are currently in use in cognitive science. The learning theories, which consider the nature of individual learning, as well as how knowledge is constructed in social situations, include information processing, constructivism, and situativity. Contributors to this volume demonstrate some variability in their choice of guiding learning paradigms. This allows readers the opportunity to examine how such paradigms are operationalized and validated. An array of instructional and assessment approaches are described, along with new techniques for automating the design and assessment process. New considerations are offered as possibilities for examining learning in distributed situations. A multitude of subject matter areas are covered, including scientific reasoning and inquiry in biology, physics, medicine, electricity, teacher education, programming, and hypermedia composition in the social sciences and ecology. This volume reconsiders the initial "camp" analogy posited in 1993 edition of Computers as Cognitive Tools, and presents a mechanism for breaking camp to find new summits.

Computers As Cognitive Tools

Highlighting and illustrating several important and interesting theoretical trends that have emerged in the continuing development of instructional technology, this book's organizational framework is based on the notion of two opposing ...

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Author: Susanne P. Lajoie

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136475474

Category: Education

Page: 416

View: 114

Highlighting and illustrating several important and interesting theoretical trends that have emerged in the continuing development of instructional technology, this book's organizational framework is based on the notion of two opposing camps. One evolves out of the intelligent tutoring movement, which employs artificial-intelligence technologies in the service of student modeling and precision diagnosis, and the other emerges from a constructivist/developmental perspective that promotes exploration and social interaction, but tends to reject the methods and goals of the student modelers. While the notion of opposing camps tends to create an artificial rift between groups of researchers, it represents a conceptual distinction that is inherently more interesting and informative than the relatively meaningless divide often drawn between "intelligent" and "unintelligent" instructional systems. An evident trend is that researchers in both "camps" view their computer learning environments as "cognitive tools" that can enhance learning, performance, and understanding. Cognitive tools are objects provided by the instructional environment that allow students to incorporate new auxiliary methods or symbols into their social problem solving which otherwise would be unavailable. A final section of the book represents researchers who are assimilating and accommodating the wisdom and creativity of their neighbors from both camps, perhaps forming the look of technology for the future. When the idea of model tracing in a computer-based environment is combined with appreciation for creative mind-extension cognitive tools and for how a community of learners can facilitate learning, a camp is created where AI technologists and social constructivist learning theorists can feel equally at home.

Models and Modeling

This book has a major contribution to make to the pre- and in-service education of elementary (primary) and high (secondary) school science teachers.

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Author: Myint Swe Khine

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400704496

Category: Science

Page: 292

View: 585

The process of developing models, known as modeling, allows scientists to visualize difficult concepts, explain complex phenomena and clarify intricate theories. In recent years, science educators have greatly increased their use of modeling in teaching, especially real-time dynamic modeling, which is central to a scientific investigation. Modeling in science teaching is being used in an array of fields, everything from primary sciences to tertiary chemistry to college physics, and it is sure to play an increasing role in the future of education. Models and Modeling: Cognitive Tools for Scientific Enquiry is a comprehensive introduction to the use of models and modeling in science education. It identifies and describes many different modeling tools and presents recent applications of modeling as a cognitive tool for scientific enquiry.

Computers as Metacognitive Tools for Enhancing Learning

Beyond intelligent tutoring systems: Computers as MetaCognitive tools to enhance learning? Instructional Science, 30, 31-45. Azevedo, R. (2005).

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Author: Roger Azevedo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317960096

Category: Education

Page: 88

View: 126

First published in 2005. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

International Handbook of Metacognition and Learning Technologies

For each technology covered, the Handbook: Explains how the technology fosters students' metacognitive or self-regulated learning. Identifies features designed to study or support metacognitve/SRL behaviors.

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Author: Roger Azevedo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441955463

Category: Education

Page: 721

View: 490

Education in today's technologically advanced environments makes complex cognitive demands on students pre-learning, during, and post-learning. Not surprisingly, these analytical learning processes--metacognitive processes--have become an important focus of study as new learning technologies are assessed for effectiveness in this area.Rich in theoretical models and empirical data, the International Handbook of Metacognition and Learning Technologies synthesizes current research on this critical topic. This interdisciplinary reference delves deeply into component processes of self-regulated learning (SRL), examining theories and models of metacognition, empirical issues in the study of SRL, and the expanding role of educational technologies in helping students learn. Innovations in multimedia, hypermedia, microworlds, and other platforms are detailed across the domains, so that readers in diverse fields can evaluate the theories, data collection methods, and conclusions. And for the frontline instructor, contributors offer proven strategies for using technologies to benefit students at all levels. For each technology covered, the Handbook: Explains how the technology fosters students' metacognitive or self-regulated learning.Identifies features designed to study or support metacognitve/SRL behaviors.Reviews how its specific theory or model addresses learners' metacognitive/SRL processes.Provides detailed findings on its effectiveness toward learning.Discusses its implications for the design of metacognitive tools.Examines any theoretical, instructional, or other challenges.These leading-edge perspectives make the International Handbook of Metacognition and Learning Technologies a resource of great interest to professionals and researchers in science and math education, classroom teachers, human resource researchers, and industrial and other instructors.

Learning and Practice

By examining ideas about learning that transcend typical boundaries, such as school/workplace or home/school, this book emphasies the socially negotiated and embedded nature of meaning-making and how learners learn to use the cognitive ...

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Author: Patricia Murphy

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781446205693

Category: Education

Page: 224

View: 891

By examining ideas about learning that transcend typical boundaries, such as school/workplace or home/school, this book emphasies the socially negotiated and embedded nature of meaning-making and how learners learn to use the cognitive tools of their cultural community through participation in social activity. The editors argue that this is the means by which individual agency is extended and learners′ identities, as forms of competency, are transformed. The book locates sociocultural understanding in a wide theoretical frame and demonstrates its implications for learning and assessment generally, covering a range of educational and workplace setttings. The contributions challenge ways of understanding learning and thinking about practice, both teaching and assessment. Drawing on the international literature, this book is essential reading for students of curriculum, learning and assesment in all sectors from pre-primary to further and higher education. It is suitable as a core text for masters and taught doctorate programmes. It will be of interest to a range of professionals involved with curriculum, learning and the practice of teaching and assessment. It is also relevant to those in work-based and professional education and training, and informal educational settings. A unique collection in a field that is underrepresented, it will also be of interest to an acadmeic audience.

Imagination and the Engaged Learner

This practical handbook will help teachers learn how to use these enlivening techniques in their daily practice to stimulate students’ intellectual activity and growth.

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Author: Kieran Egan

Publisher: Teachers College Press

ISBN: 9780807774595

Category: Education

Page: 148

View: 685

Students’ imaginations are often considered as something that might be engaged after the hard work of learning has been done. Countering such beliefs, Egan and Judson show that the imagination—one of the great workhorses of learning—can be used to make all learning and all teaching more effective. Through techniques that any teacher can learn and easily apply in any classroom, they demonstrate how and why imagination can be used across the curriculum and grade levels to make teaching and learning more interesting, engaging, and pleasurable for all. Teachers who use these techniques will discover the emotions, images, stories, metaphors, sense of wonder, heroic narratives, and other cognitive tools that can bring life and energy to their classroom. This practical handbook will help teachers learn how to use these enlivening techniques in their daily practice to stimulate students’ intellectual activity and growth. Book Features: A comprehensive description of imagination’s role in thinking and learning. Field-tested teaching strategies for the K–12 classroom. Cross-curricular examples showing IE making a real difference for teachers and students. A “cognitive toolkit” to spur active learning and meaningful interaction. “What fun! Readers will get a host of practical ideas to make lessons come alive through the exercise of imagination, the use of metaphors, and the telling of stories. Read and enjoy.” —Nel Noddings, Lee Jacks Professor of Education Emerita, Stanford University

Cognition Education and Communication Technology

This text provides theoretical perspectives on the learning processes that can be used as a foundation for constructing pedagogically valuable tools based on ICT.

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Author: PETER GARDENFORS

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135632540

Category: Education

Page: 312

View: 203

Cognition, Education, and Communication Technology presents some of the recent theoretical developments in the cognitive and educational sciences and implications for the use of information and communication technology (ICT) in the organization of school and university education. Internationally renowned researchers present theoretical perspectives with proposals for and evaluations of educational practices. Each chapter discusses different aspects of the use of ICT in education, including: *the role of perceptual processes in learning; *external cognition as support for interactive learning; *the role of meta-cognition; *simulation learning environments as cognitive tools; *the role of science controversy for knowledge integration; *the use of ICT in the development of educators; and *the role of narratives in education. ICT has great potential for revolutionizing education. Large investments of resources are being made, often without a strong understanding of how ICT will or should be implemented. The expectation is that students will show immediate improvements in terms of their motivation to learn and their learning achievements, but reality is different. Progress of ICT in education requires more than just computers in the classroom. It demands an understanding of the complex processes contributing to human learning and how they interact with new technologies. This text provides theoretical perspectives on the learning processes that can be used as a foundation for constructing pedagogically valuable tools based on ICT. The combination of results--from cognitive science and pedagogy, with more practically oriented suggestions for how ICT can be used in various forms of education--makes this book suitable for researchers and students in the cognitive and educational sciences, as well as for practitioners and planners of education.

Online and Distance Learning Concepts Methodologies Tools and Applications

Broberg (2000) discusses different kinds of cognitive tools for learning and the ideas behind. From this, it is possible to relate the underlying mechanisms ...

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Author: Tomei, Lawrence A.

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781599049366

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 4032

View: 155

"This comprehensive, six-volume collection addresses all aspects of online and distance learning, including information communication technologies applied to education, virtual classrooms, pedagogical systems, Web-based learning, library information systems, virtual universities, and more. It enables libraries to provide a foundational reference to meet the information needs of researchers, educators, practitioners, administrators, and other stakeholders in online and distance learning"--Provided by publisher.

Web 2 0 As Cognitive Tools in Teaching a Foreign Language

My experience in integrating Web 2.0 applications in teaching English as a foreign language has proven to be one of my most inspiring experiences.

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Author: Daniela Munca

Publisher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing

ISBN: 3838352173

Category:

Page: 140

View: 261

My experience in integrating Web 2.0 applications in teaching English as a foreign language has proven to be one of my most inspiring experiences. Involving EFL and ESL students in online collaborative projects using blogs and various social networking applications has constantly expanded the boundaries of my classroom and enhanced the learning process.It allowed me to bring the exciting world of modern technologies in class and empower students to become creators of online content. It encouraged my students to experiment with their creativity and do so much more than simply learn a language. I have, therefore, descovered one of the greatest teaching tools ever created - the Web 2.0.

Cognitive Support for Learning

Learning with Technology : Using Computers as Cognitive Tools Some tools are powerful without a tangible physical substance . Pea refers to these tools as ...

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Author: Piet A. M. Kommers

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 1586034219

Category: Computers

Page: 287

View: 878

This book addresses the various aspects of computational support systems for learners nowadays. It highlights in particular those learning aspects that rely heavily upon ones imagination of knowledge and new ideas. The question is how learners may become more effective through the use of highly graphical computer systems that now conquer almost every desk. As an extrapolation of the constructionistic paradigm, learning is seen here as a process of conceptual design. Witnessing the prudent introduction of CADD software (Computer Aided Drafting and Design) it is obvious that users are generally scrupulous to accept the computer in the ideational stages of design. This book presents both existing conceptual techniques and those estimated to arrive in the few coming years. Its further evolution does not rely entirely on interactive systems; quite often we see that design methods remain long after the tools have been abandoned. One of the reasons that conceptual support has not particularly sustained in learning practices is that it demands the learner to make intuitive ideas explicit and thus forces the learner to reconsider existential factors like imagining and expressing the unknown; hard to reconcile with the traditional conversation style between teachers and students. Collaborative learning situations are a much better condition for conceptual negotiations. It is likely that Web-based learning communities will foster these more subtle stages in understanding as it provides less pressure to accept the authorities conclusion before the learner actually understands a certain topic.