Cogs Caravels and Galleons

In recent years much original research has been done in this field, based on both documentary sources and archaeology, but this is the first overall synthesis of the new material now available.


Author: Robert Gardiner

Publisher: Chartwell Books

ISBN: 0785812652

Category: Caravels

Page: 188

View: 424

Cogs, Caravels and Galleons traces the development of seagoing vessels from the traditions of late antiquity to the all important emergence of the three-masted ship, undoubtedly the most significant innovation in the history of shipping before the steam engine. Without the three-masted ship the European age of exploration and expansion is almost inconceivable and there is no doubt that the subsequent evolution of the world would have been markedly different. In recent years much original research has been done in this field, based on both documentary sources and archaeology, but this is the first overall synthesis of the new material now available. The main chapters are devoted to the principal ship types, explaining the latest thinking on the characteristics of cogs, caravels, hulks and so forth that have caused scholarly debate for decades. There are also more general sections on essential background subjects like construction and guns and gunnery, as well as pertinent essays on the evidence - from documentary sources, contemporary illustrations and archaeology. All the contributors are the foremost experts in their fields, but in presenting the fruits of their research at an approachable level, Cogs, Caravels and Galleons is a pioneering work in this area of maritime history.

A Shipyard in Maine

15 John H . Pryor , “ The Mediterranean Round Ship , ” in Cogs , Caravels and
Galleons : The Sailing Ship 1000 – 1650 , Robert Gardiner , ed . London :
Conway Maritime Press , 1994 , pp . 62 – 63 . 16 For a detailed discussion of the


Author: Ralph Linwood Snow

Publisher: Tilbury House Pub

ISBN: UOM:39015051287962

Category: History

Page: 391

View: 555

Towards the end of the nineteenth century, a new firm was established in Bath, Maine, at a time when established yards in the City of Ships were turning to steel construction. Percy and Small would set unrivaled records for wooden shipbuilding and ship management, launching 22 giant five- and six-masted schooners (along with 16 four-masters) in two decades. Not just builders, Percy and Small also demonstrated an unusual knack for making money as managing owners of a large fleet of schooners, and the stories of their ships are told in these pages in wonderful detail, from the wooing of potential shareholders and the elaborate launching festivities (with one schooner stuck on the ways) to deeply laden coal schooners struggling to stay off the lee shore, daring captains navigating treacherous shoals, and the perils of collisions, dismastings, fires, and enemy submarines. At sea in a storm, a giant six-master heavy with coal needed great strength to survive. Percy and Small developed specialized shipbuilding techniques that pushed the wooden hull to its limits when the rest of the world had turned to steel construction. Doug Lee's meticulously researched construction drawings add immeasurably to the technical information presented in this book. Maritime enthusiasts and modelmakers will find a wealth of information here.

War at Sea in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance

See also Ian Friel , “ The Carrack : The Advent of the Full Rigged Ship ' , in Unger
, Cogs , Caravels and Galleons , 77–90 ; Martin Elbl and Carla Rahn Phillips , “
The Caravel and the Galleon ' , in Unger , Cogs , Caravels and Galleons , ch .


Author: Ernest J King Professor of Maritime History Chairman Maritime History Department and Director Naval War College Museum John B Hattendorf

Publisher: Boydell Press

ISBN: 0851159036

Category: History

Page: 276

View: 281

The role and characteristics of armed force at sea in western Europe and the Mediterranean prior to 1650.

A History of the World in Sixteen Shipwrecks

See Owain T. P. Roerts, “Descendents of Viking Boats,” in Cogs, Caravels and
Galleons: The Sailing Ship, 1000–1650, ed. Robert Gardiner (London: Conway
Maritime Press, 1994), 11. 3. Frederick M. Hocker, “Bottom-Based Shipbuilding in


Author: Stewart Gordon

Publisher: ForeEdge from University Press of New England

ISBN: 9781611687545

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 945

Roman triremes of the Mediterranean. The treasure fleet of the Spanish Main. Great ocean liners of the Atlantic. Stories of disasters at sea fire the imagination as little else can, whether the subject is a historical wreck - the Titanic or the Bismark - or the recent capsizing of a Mediterranean cruise ship. Shipwrecks also make for a new and very different understanding of world history. A History of the World in Sixteen Shipwrecks explores the ages-long, immensely hazardous, persistently romantic, and still-ongoing process of moving people and goods across far-flung maritime worlds. Telling the stories of ships and the people who made and sailed them, from the earliest ancient-Nile craft to the Exxon Valdez, A History of the World in Sixteen Shipwrecks argues that the gradual integration of localized and separate maritime regions into fewer, larger, and more interdependent regions offers a unique window on world history. Stewart Gordon draws a number of provocative conclusions from his study, among them that the European "Age of Exploration" as a singular event is simply a myth - many cultures, east and west, explored far-flung maritime worlds over the millennia - and that technologies of shipbuilding and navigation have been among the main drivers of science and technology throughout history. Finally, A History of the World in Sixteen Shipwrecks shows in a series of compelling narratives that the development of institutions and technologies that made terrifying oceans familiar, and turned unknown seas into sea-lanes, profoundly matters in our modern world.

War at Sea

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999. Tucker, Spencer C. The
Jeffersonian Gunboat Navy. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1993.
Unger, Richard W., ed. Cogs, Caravels and Galleons: The Sailing Bibliography
□ 437.


Author: James P. Delgado

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780190888015

Category: History

Page: 488

View: 190

"From an author who has spent four decades in the quest for lost ships, this lavishly illustrated history of naval warfare presents the latest archaeology of sunken warships. It provides a unique perspective on the evolution of naval conflicts, strategies, and technologies, while vividly conjuring up the dangerous life of war at sea"--

Sea History

A caravel comes into Sao Jorge da Mina , to join an anchored sister caravel and
a more burdensome full - rigged ship some time after the Costa da Mina was
settled in the late 1400s . ( From Cogs , Caravels and Galleons : The Sailing Ship




ISBN: UOM:39015047410231

Category: Navigation


View: 650

Nautical Research Journal

Mariner ' s Mirror 6 , 1 ( 1920 ) , 18 - 20 . Friel , Ian . " The Carrack : The Advent of
the Full Rigged Ship . " in Cogs , Caravels , and Galleons : The Sailing Ship 1000
- 1650 , edited by Robert Gardiner . London : Conway Maritime Press , 1994 .




ISBN: STANFORD:36105133498878

Category: Shipbuilding


View: 634

Studies in Maritime Archaeology

Ellmers D . 1994 ' Cog as a cargo carrier . ' In Unger R . W . ( Ed . ) Olsen O . and
Crumlin - Pedersen O . 1967 ' Skuldelev Ships II . Cogs , Caravels and Galleons
29 – 46 . London : Acta Archaeologica 38 , 73 – 174 . Copenhagen . Conway .


Author: Sean McGrail

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: UOM:39015041233647

Category: Social Science

Page: 374

View: 624

(BAR 256, 1997)

The Cumulative Book Index




ISBN: UOM:39015058373955

Category: American literature


View: 877

A world list of books in the English language.

The Journal of Military History

57 It was against this background that the Portuguese began arming caravels
with heavy ordnance . On balance , it does not ... See Timothy Runyan , “ The
Cog as Warship , ” in Unger , Cogs , Caravels and Galleons , 57 . For a 1490
German ...




ISBN: STANFORD:36105123416187

Category: Electronic journals


View: 692

Spain s Golden Fleece

Typically , the caravel was fairly small ( 50 - 150 toneladas ) and rigged with
lateen sails or a combination of square and lateen ... See also C . R . Phillips , “
Caravel and the Galleon , " in Gardiner , Cogs , Caravels , and Galleons , 91 -
114 .


Author: Carla Rahn Phillips


ISBN: STANFORD:36105019290837

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 441

View: 328

In Spain's Golden Fleece, Carla Rahn Phillips and William D. Phillips, Jr., offer the first authoritative history of Spain's vital wool industry. They show how wool was crucial both to Spain's domestic income and to the flourishing European textile industries that depended on the incomparable wool of Spanish Merino sheep. The authors begin by offering a broad and longterm look at the growth, dominance, and decline of the herding economy. They explain the components of wool production, from herding to shearing to preparing the wool for market. And they examine the evolution of the woolen textile industry in Spain and the export trade in raw wool.

The Sea and Civilization

332 “across sand and sea”: In Ellmers, “Cog as Cargo Carrier,” 38. ... 339
Bremen cog: Paine, Ships of the World, s.v. Bremen Cog, citing Gardiner and
Unger, Cogs, Caravels and Galleons, and Werner Lahn, Die Kogge von Bremen
—The ...


Author: Lincoln Paine

Publisher: Atlantic Books Ltd

ISBN: 9781782393573

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 699

A monumental, wholly accessible work of scholarship that retells human history through the story of mankind's relationship with the sea. An accomplishment of both great sweep and illuminating detail, The Sea and Civilization is a stunning work of history that reveals in breathtaking depth how people first came into contact with one another by ocean and river, and how goods, languages, religions, and entire cultures spread across and along the world's waterways. Lincoln Paine takes us back to the origins of long-distance migration by sea with our ancestors' first forays from Africa and Eurasia to Australia and the Americas. He demonstrates the critical role of maritime trade to the civilizations of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, and the Indus Valley. He reacquaints us with the great seafaring cultures of antiquity like those of the Phoenicians and Greeks, as well as those of India, Southeast and East Asia who parlayed their navigational skills, shipbuilding techniques, and commercial acumen to establish vibrant overseas colonies and trade routes in the centuries leading up to the age of European overseas expansion. His narrative traces subsequent developments in commercial and naval shipping through the post-Cold War era. Above all, Paine makes clear how the rise and fall of civilizations can be traced to the sea.

Ships Shipping in Medieval Manuscripts

The Archaeology of Medieval Ships and Harbours in Northern Europe . Oxford :
British Archaeological Reports International Series 66 : 1 – 15 ; Runyan , T . J .
1994 The Cog as Warship , in R . W . Unger ( ed . ) Cogs , Caravels and Galleons


Author: Joe Flatman

Publisher: British Library Board

ISBN: UOM:39015080882676

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 160

View: 157

The ship loomed large in the medieval world and mind. Whether cruising upriver laden with grain, or cresting the high seas bristling with guns, ships symbolized power and promise, strength and safety, crusade and conquest.

A Cumulative Bibliography of Medieval Military History and Technology


Author: Kelly DeVries

Publisher: History of Warfare (Brill)

ISBN: STANFORD:36105114240224

Category: History

Page: 325

View: 215

This first update to the Cumulative Bibliography of Medieval Military History and Technology (Brill, 2002) includes additional entries for the period before 2000 and new entries for the period 2000-2002.

The Archaeology of Boats Ships

... Maritime Museum , Stockvolume Cogs , Caravels and Galleons in the series of
twelve volumes that comprise holm . ... To summarise further , archaeological and
ethnographic evidence indicates the evolution of the cog in the general area of ...


Author: Basil Greenhill


ISBN: UOM:39015037428458

Category: Archaeology

Page: 288

View: 674

This edition brings together all the archaeological knowledge of the world's boats and ships for the benefit of the maritime archaeologist, as well as for the general reader and enthusiast, the historian and the student. But is is much more than a catalogue of the world's boat finds. The author has collated all the available evidence on the evolution of boat- and shipbuilding through the ages, and examines it as a crucial part of the development of changing civilizations.

Weapons Warfare Ancient and medieval weapons and warfare to c 1500

Cogs, Caravels, and Galleons. London: Conway Maritime Press, 1994. Great
Ships: The Sailing Collection. Documentary. History Channel, 1996. ' I ' ' ' ' '' 'it Ii\-
W. der the command of the duke of Medina-Sidonia, Alonso Pérez de Guzman (c.


Author: John Powell

Publisher: Salem PressInc

ISBN: 1587655950

Category: History

Page: 1260

View: 620

Presents information about weaponry, tactics, and modes of warfare worldwide, from ancient times to the present, and discusses the cultural, sociopolitical, and ethical aspects of weaponry and warfare.

The Treasure of the San Jos

Galleons : Fast Sailing Ships of the Mediterranean and Atlantic , 1500 - 1650 . ” In
Cogs , Caravels , and Galleons : The Sailing Ship , 1000 - 1650 , 98 – 114 .
London : Conway Maritime , 1994 . - - " The Galleon San José , Treasure Ship of
the ...


Author: Carla Rahn Phillips


ISBN: UOM:39015068811937

Category: Shipwrecks

Page: 258

View: 792

Sunk in a British ambush in 1708, the Spanish galleon San Jose was rumored to have one of the richest cargos ever lost at sea. Though treasure hunters have searched for the wreck's legendary bounty, no one knows exactly how much went down with the ship or exactly where it sank. Here, Carla Rahn Phillips confronts the legend of lost treasure with documentary records of the San Jose's final voyage and suggests that the loss of silver and gold en route to Spain paled in comparison to the loss of the six hundred men who went down with the ship. Drawing from rich archival records, Phillips presents a biography of the ship and its crew. With vivid detail and meticulous scholarship, the author tells the stories of the officers, sailors, apprentices, and pages who manned the ship and explains the historical context in which the San Jose became prey to the British squadron. But the story does not end with the sinking of the San Jose. While Phillips addresses the persistent question of how much treasure was on board when the ship went down, she focuses on the human dimensions of the tragedy as well. and examines the impact of the ship's loss on the Spanish government, the survivors, and the families of the men who perished. Original, comprehensive, and compelling, The Treasure of the San Jose separates popular myth from history and sheds light on the human lives associated with a treasure ship.

The Tudor Navy

... Cogs , Caravels & Galleons , London 1994 Goss , James , Portsmouth Built
Warships 1497 – 1967 , 1984 Greenhill , B ... London 1969 Kirsch , Peter , The
Galleon , London 1990 Landstrom , B , The Ship , Stockholm 1961 Lewis , M ,
History ...


Author: Arthur Nelson

Publisher: Brassey's

ISBN: UOM:39015053517630

Category: Great Britain

Page: 224

View: 211

A detailed synthesis of information relating to the English navy during the Tudor period, an era that actually began in 1483 and continued through to the start of the 17th century. This study examines not only the technical aspects of naval history but also the manner in which the navy worked.

Weapons Warfare Modern weapons and warfare since c 1500

Cogs , Caravels , and Galleons : The Sailing Ship , 1000-1650 . London :
Conway Maritime Press , 1992 . The Line of Battle : The Sailing Warship , 1650-
1840 . London : Conway Maritime Press , 1992 . Hopkins , T. C. F. Confrontation
at ...


Author: John Powell

Publisher: Salem PressInc

ISBN: 1587655969

Category: History

Page: 1260

View: 669

Presents information about weaponry, tactics, and modes of warfare worldwide, from ancient times to the present, and discusses the cultural, sociopolitical, and ethical aspects of weaponry and warfare.

The Journal of Medieval Military History

53 The high - freeboard English cogs In 1379 a Bristol inquest found that English
merchants had been well treated by the Portuguese in Lisbon ... 29 – 46 ; Tim
Runyan , “ The Cog as Warship , ” in Unger , Cogs , Caravels and Galleons , pp .




ISBN: STANFORD:36105211710582

Category: Civilization, Medieval


View: 774

"Chronologically, we will publish studies that deal with the later Roman empire, both East and West ... The later terminus of this journal is the end of the Thirty Years War in 1648."--v. 1, p. ix.