Commercial Applications of Ionic Liquids

This book provides an overview of the current and emerging industrial applications of ionic liquids, covering the core processes, the practical implementation and technical challenges involved, and exploring potential future directions for ...


Author: Mark B. Shiflett

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030352455

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 972

This book provides an overview of the current and emerging industrial applications of ionic liquids, covering the core processes, the practical implementation and technical challenges involved, and exploring potential future directions for research and development. The introductory chapter describes the unique physical and chemical properties of ionic liquids, and illustrates the vast potential for application of these materials across the industrial landscape. Following this, individual chapters written by leading figures from industry and academia address specific processes and products, such as the development of a new chloroaluminate ionic liquid as an alkylation catalyst and a new class of capillary gas chromatography (GC) columns with stationary phases based on ionic liquids. Over the past twenty years, ionic liquids have moved from being considered as mere academic curiosities to having genuine applications in fields as wide-ranging as biotechnology, biorefineries, catalysis, pharmaceuticals, renewable fuels, and sustainable energy. This book highlights several commercial products and processes that use or will soon be using ionic liquids.

Green Industrial Applications of Ionic Liquids

... successfully beyond laboratory into pre-competitive stages and about emerging possibilities for commercial applications of ionic liquids (e.g. [7–10]).


Author: Robin D. Rogers

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401001274

Category: Science

Page: 553

View: 253

This book contains the lecture notes for the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on th Green Industrial Applications of Ionic Liquids held April 12th_16 , 2000 in Heraklion, Crete, Greece. This was the fIrst international meeting devoted to research in the area of ionic liquids (salts with melting points below 100 0c), and was intended to explore the promise of ionic liquids as well as to set a research agenda for the fIeld. It was the fIrst international meeting dedicated to the study and application of ionic liquids as solvents, and forty-one scientists and engineers from academia, industry, and government research laboratories (as well as six industry observers and four student assistants) met to discuss the current and future status of the application of ionic liquids to new green industrial technologies. It was immediately clear that the number of organic chemists and engineers working in the fIeld needed to be increased. It was also clear that the declining interest in high temperature molten salts and subsequent increase in low melting ionic liquid solvents had not yet taken hold in Eastern Europe. Participants from NATO Partner Countries contributed signifIcant expertise in high temperature molten salts and were able to take back a new awareness and interest in ionic liquid solvents.

Nanotechnology Based Industrial Applications of Ionic Liquids

... applications for large-scale commercial application. Recently, Rocha et al. (2017) used 10% SB in ionic liquid for 3.5 h and achieved 68% glucose yield.


Author: Inamuddin

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030449957

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 230

Numerous solvents used in chemical processes have poisonous and unsafe properties that pose significant ecological concerns ranging from atmospheric emissions to the contamination of water effluents. To combat these ecological threats, over the course of the past two decades, the field of green chemistry has grown to develop more natural reaction processes and techniques involving the use of nonconventional solvents to diminish waste solvent production and thus decrease negative impact on the environment. Ionic liquids in particular are more environmentally friendly substitutes to conventional solvents, and as such, have seen more widespread use in the past decade. They have been used in such processes as extraction, separation, purification of organic, inorganic, and bioinorganic compounds, reaction media in biochemical and chemical catalysis, green organic and drug synthesis, among other industrial applications. Thus, in proving themselves a suitable greener media for economic viability in chemical processes, ionic liquids are leading to more sustainable development. This edition explores the application of ionic liquids as a green solvent. It contains a state-of-the-art overview on ionic liquids as green solvents for chemical processes and techniques, as well as some of their useful industrial applications.

Ionic Liquids UnCOILed

This book included eleven critical overviews of the following differing aspects of ionic liquids: Electrodeposition from ionic Liquids: Interface Processes, Ion Effects, and Macroporous Structures Interfaces of Ionic Liquids (two ...


Author: Kenneth R. Seddon

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118435007

Category: Science

Page: 438

View: 167

Ionic Liquids UnCOILed presents decisively important reviews on new processes and recent developments in ionic liquid technology with an emphasis on commercial applications in which ionic liquids are replacing, or may replace, processes currently using conventional solvents. Ranging from applied to theoretical, synthetic to analytical, and biotechnological to electrochemical, the book features eleven chapters written by an international group of key academic and industrial chemists, exercising the judicious evaluation which they are uniquely qualified to do. This book is a must for R&D chemists in industrial, governmental and academic laboratories, and for commercial developers of environmentally-friendly, sustainable processes.

Application Purification and Recovery of Ionic Liquids

Reducing the strength of cation–anion interactions through the use of bulky, ... that ILs will see commercial application Applications of Ionic Liquids 27.


Author: Olga Kuzmina

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780444633019

Category: Science

Page: 286

View: 772

Application, Purification, and Recovery of Ionic Liquids provides a comprehensive overview of the usage of ionic liquids (IL). The book gives a description of the methods used for recovery and purification of ILs, a summary of the economic aspects of using ILs, and a review on the toxicity data of ILs. It is written for researchers, scientists, and engineers working with ILs, their properties, and usages. The book not only describes the chemical aspects, but the economic and environmental aspects as well, making it of particular interest to professionals applying this technology. Chapters written by scientists in academia and researchers in industry, ensuring coverage of both the scientific fundaments and industrial applications A single source of information for a broad collection of recovery and purification methods Provides information on using ionic liquids as green solvents Includes economic aspects of recovery and reuse of ionic liquids

Applications of Ionic Liquids in Science and Technology

Until now the only example of an industrial process using ionic liquid is the ... ILs on the edge of the chemicals development for commercial applications.


Author: Scott Handy

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9789533076058

Category: Science

Page: 530

View: 687

This volume, of a two volume set on ionic liquids, focuses on the applications of ionic liquids in a growing range of areas. Throughout the 1990s, it seemed that most of the attention in the area of ionic liquids applications was directed toward their use as solvents for organic and transition-metal-catalyzed reactions. Certainly, this interest continues on to the present date, but the most innovative uses of ionic liquids span a much more diverse field than just synthesis. Some of the main topics of coverage include the application of RTILs in various electronic applications (batteries, capacitors, and light-emitting materials), polymers (synthesis and functionalization), nanomaterials (synthesis and stabilization), and separations. More unusual applications can be noted in the fields of biomass utilization, spectroscopy, optics, lubricants, fuels, and refrigerants. It is hoped that the diversity of this volume will serve as an inspiration for even further advances in the use of RTILs.

Ionic Liquids

Due to its high viscosity, the bubbles formed in the ionic liquid are larger compared to ... Ionic Liquids: Overview on Commercial Applications and First ...


Author: Jun-ichi Kadokawa

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9789535109372

Category: Science

Page: 708

View: 917

Concerns with ionic liquids are one of the most interesting and rapidly developing areas in modern physical chemistry, materials science, technologies, and engineering. Increasing attention has also been paid to the use of ionic liquids in the research fields of biological aspects and natural resources. This book provides the forum for dissemination and exchange of up-to-date scientific information on theoretical, generic, and applied areas of ionic liquids. It, therefore, tends to review recent progresses in ionic liquid research on fundamental properties, solvents and catalysts in organic reactions, biological applications, providing energies and fuels, biomass conversions, functional materials, and other applications. I trust that this book will provide an active source of information for research in ionic liquid science and engineering.

Ionic Liquids

With the development of industrial processes and commercial applications, the systematic knowledge of the physicochemical properties of ionic liquids such ...


Author: Suojiang Zhang

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080959075

Category: Science

Page: 520

View: 438

This comprehensive database on physical properties of pure ionic liquids (ILs) contains data collected from 269 peer-reviewed papers in the period from 1982 to June 2008. There are more than 9,400 data points on the 29 kinds of physicochemical properties for 1886 available ionic liquids, from which 807 kinds of cations and 185 kinds of anions were extracted. This book includes nearly all known pure ILs and their known physicochemical properties through June 2008. In addition, the authors incorporate the main applications of individual ILs and a large number of references. Nearly 50 tables include typical data, experimental and modelling or simulation comparison, and model parameters, enhancing the application of ILs 100 figures--from QSPR, EOS and gE models to quantum and molecular simulations--help readers understand ILs at molecular level Applications illustrate the role of IL properties in industry, in particular the development of novel clean processes and products

Sustainable Inorganic Chemistry

Figure 1 Applications of ionic liquids Despite all of these advantages and potential ... disadvantages that stand in the way of commercial applications.


Author: David A. Atwood

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118751473

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 392

The Earth's natural resources are finite and easily compromised by contamination from industrial chemicals and byproducts from the degradation of consumer products. The growing field of green and sustainable chemistry seeks to address this through the development of products and processes that are environmentally benign while remaining economically viable. Inorganic chemistry plays a critical role in this endeavor in areas such as resource extraction and isolation, renewable energy, catalytic processes, waste minimization and avoidance, and renewable industrial feedstocks. Sustainable Inorganic Chemistry presents a comprehensive overview of the many new developments taking place in this rapidly expanding field, in articles that discuss fundamental concepts alongside cutting-edge developments and applications. The volume includes educational reviews from leading scientists on a broad range of topics including: inorganic resources, sustainable synthetic methods, alternative reaction conditions, heterogeneous catalysis, photocatalysis, sustainable nanomaterials, renewable and clean fuels, water treatment and remediation, waste valorization and life cycle sustainability assessment. The content from this book will be added online to the Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry.

Ionic Liquids II

This has enabled the application of ionic liquids in ionic liquid-liquid ... of bringing the price of ionic liquids down for commercial application on the ...


Author: Barbara Kirchner

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319897943

Category: Science

Page: 289

View: 184

​The series Topics in Current Chemistry Collections presents critical reviews from the journal Topics in Current Chemistry organized in topical volumes. The scope of coverage is all areas of chemical science including the interfaces with related disciplines such as biology, medicine and materials science. The goal of each thematic volume is to give the non-specialist reader, whether in academia or industry, a comprehensive insight into an area where new research is emerging which is of interest to a larger scientific audience. Each review within the volume critically surveys one aspect of that topic and places it within the context of the volume as a whole. The most significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years are presented using selected examples to illustrate the principles discussed. The coverage is not intended to be an exhaustive summary of the field or include large quantities of data, but should rather be conceptual, concentrating on the methodological thinking that will allow the non-specialist reader to understand the information presented. Contributions also offer an outlook on potential future developments in the field. The chapters “Ionic Liquid–Liquid Chromatography: A New General Purpose Separation Methodology”, “Proteins in Ionic Liquids: Current Status of Experiments and Simulations”, “Lewis Acidic Ionic Liquids” and "Quantum Chemical Modeling of Hydrogen Bonding in Ionic Liquids" are available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License via

Ionic Liquids Completely UnCOILed

The first commercial application of this approach has already been realised, the so‐called Linde ionic compressor [146]. In this type of compressor, ...


Author: Natalia V. Plechkova

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118839980

Category: Science

Page: 592

View: 149

Critical overviews from the front line of ionic liquids research Ionic Liquids Completely UnCOILed: Critical Expert Overviews concludes the discussion of new processes and developments in ionic liquid technology introduced in the previously published volumes, Ionic Liquids UnCOILed and Ionic Liquids Further UnCOILed. The goal of this volume is to provide expert overviews that range from applied to theoretical, synthetic to structural, and analytical to toxicological. The value of book lies in the authors’ expertise, and their willingness to share it with the reader. Written by an international group of chemists, the book presents eleven overviews of specific areas of ionic liquid chemistry including: What is an Ionic Liquid? Molecular modelling Crystallography Chemical engineering of ionic liquid processes Toxicology and Biodegradation Organic reaction mechanisms Edited by Professor Ken Seddon and Dr Natalia Plechkova, world leaders in the field of ionic liquids, this book is a must read for R&D chemists, educators, and students, and for commercial developers of environmentally sustainable processes. It offers insight and appreciation for the direction in which the field is going, while also highlighting the best published works available, making it equally valuable to new and experienced chemists alike.

Polymers and Additives in Extreme Environments

Application, Properties, and Fabrication Johannes Karl Fink ... M.B. Shiflett, (Ed.), Commercial Applications of Ionic Liquids, Green Chemistry and ...


Author: Johannes Karl Fink

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119851370

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 528

View: 293

The book includes chapters on aqueous environments including polymeric membranes for water purification and wastewater treatment; extreme pressure environments such as oils and lubricants for combustion engines as well as materials used for deep drilling such as surfactants, scale inhibitors, foaming agents, defoamers, proppants, fracturing fluids; extreme temperatures is subdivided in high and low temperature applications including gasketing materials, fuel tank sealants, expulsion bladders, fuel cell materials, and on the other hand, cold weather articles and thermoregulatory textiles; electrical applications include solar cell devices, triboelectric generators, fuel cell applications, electrochromic materials and batteries; medical applications include polymers for contact lenses, materials for tissue engineering, sophisticated drug delivery systems; aerospace applications include outer space applications such as low temperature and pressure, also cosmic rays, outgassing, and atomic erosion, as well as materials for electrostactic dissipative coatings and space suits; a final chapter detailing materials that are used in other extreme environments, such as adhesives, and polymeric concrete materials.

Green Catalysis

Applications. of. NonAqueous. Ionic. Liquids ... Just a few examples of pilot-scale (or commercial) applications of ionic liquids have been described ...



Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527688661

Category: Science

Page: 431

View: 364

The shift towards being as environmentally-friendly as possible has resulted in the need for this important volume on homogeneous catalysis. Edited by the father and pioneer of Green Chemistry, Professor Paul Anastas, and by the renowned chemist, Professor Robert Crabtree, this volume covers many different aspects, from industrial applications to atom economy. It explains the fundamentals and makes use of everyday examples to elucidate this vitally important field. An essential collection for anyone wishing to gain an understanding of the world of green chemistry, as well as for chemists, environmental agencies and chemical engineers.

Comprehensive Membrane Science and Engineering

Recent studies suggest that ionic liquids have great potential as solvents ... field for potential commercial application of ionic liquids.47–49 To the best ...


Author: Enrico Drioli

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780444637963

Category: Science

Page: 1720

View: 176

Comprehensive Membrane Science and Engineering, Second Edition is an interdisciplinary and innovative reference work on membrane science and technology. Written by leading researchers and industry professionals from a range of backgrounds, chapters elaborate on recent and future developments in the field of membrane science and explore how the field has advanced since the previous edition published in 2010. Chapters are written by academics and practitioners across a variety of fields, including chemistry, chemical engineering, material science, physics, biology and food science. Each volume covers a wide spectrum of applications and advanced technologies, such as new membrane materials (e.g. thermally rearranged polymers, polymers of intrinsic microporosity and new hydrophobic fluoropolymer) and processes (e.g. reverse electrodialysis, membrane contractors, membrane crystallization, membrane condenser, membrane dryers and membrane emulsifiers) that have only recently proved their full potential for industrial application. This work covers the latest advances in membrane science, linking fundamental research with real-life practical applications using specially selected case studies of medium and large-scale membrane operations to demonstrate successes and failures with a look to future developments in the field. Contains comprehensive, cutting-edge coverage, helping readers understand the latest theory Offers readers a variety of perspectives on how membrane science and engineering research can be best applied in practice across a range of industries Provides the theory behind the limits, advantages, future developments and failure expectations of local membrane operations in emerging countries

Ionic Liquids in Synthesis

However, in order to improve the chances of large-scale commercial applications, the efficiency of synthetic procedures, ionic liquid toxicity and ...


Author: Peter Wasserscheid

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527621200

Category: Science

Page: 776

View: 387

The second, completely revised and enlarged edition of what has become the standard reference work in this fascinating field brings together the latest developments, supplemented by numerous practical tips, providing those working in both research and industry with an indispensable source of information. New contributions have been added, to reflect the fact that industrial processes are already established, and ionic liquids are now commercially available. A must for everyone working in the field.

Recent Advancements in Biofuels and Bioenergy Utilization

However, drawbacks such as difficulty in recycling and reuse, high cost, and formation of inhibitors obstruct the commercial application of ionic liquids ...


Author: Prakash Kumar Sarangi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811313073

Category: Medical

Page: 402

View: 962

The concerns relating to global warming, climate change, and increasing energy demands have led to significant research towards the development of alternative energy to substitute the fossil energy sources. Biomass-based energy or biofuels are highly promising due to many perceptible environmental and socio-economic advantages. Cutting-edge academic research and advanced industrial product development have created tremendous scope for the implementation of biofuels at a global scale to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions and supplement the escalating energy demands. The prime focus of this book is to provide an overview of the different technologies utilized to harness the chemical energy from plant-based non-edible biomass and other organic wastes in the form of solid, liquid, and gaseous biofuels. The opportunities and challenges of different biomass conversion technologies, especially biomass-to-liquid, biomass-to-gas and gas-to-liquid routes, as well as biomass pretreatments, densification, anaerobic digestion, reforming, transesterification, supercritical fluid extraction, microalgal carbon sequestration, life-cycle assessment and techno-economic analysis have been comprehensively discussed in this book. This book is an amalgamation of fifteen different chapters each with distinctive investigations and a collective focus relating to the transition from fossil fuels towards carbon-neutral biofuels. This book serves as a benchmark for academic and industrial researchers involved in exploring the true potentials of plant residues and waste organic matter to produce alternative renewable fuels. To realize the real promises of bioenergy, this book attempts to assess the biorefining approaches, biofuel production and application, and environmental sustainability.

Managing CO2 Emissions in the Chemical Industry

One commercial application of ionic liquids is acid scavenging [10, 30]. In addition, ionic liquids can be used as additives to improve distillation ...


Author: Hans-Joachim Leimkühler

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527633647

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 480

View: 937

This unrivaled reference and handbook on this hot topic covers the technical and administrative aspects of CO2 emissions, with special reference to the chemical and petrochemical industry. It also discusses energy efficient design, cultural aspects and future developments, answering such questions along the way as: - How can I measure and demonstrate the CO2 emissions linked to my production? - How can I benefit from CO2 neutral investments using the UNFCCC frame? - How can I reduce or avoid CO2 emissions by technical measures and new processes? - If CO2 emissions cannot be avoided, how is the capture and storage of CO2 technically and economically feasible? - What are the upcoming technical developments regarding CO2 reduction? A highly useful, practical and essential information source on one of the most pressing environmental topics of our times.

Surfactants in Tribology

The COMMERCIAL application of ionic liquids in lubricants requires understanding their detailed lubricating mechanism on sliding surfaces.


Author: Girma Biresaw

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351647144

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 735

Surfactants play a critical role in Tribology controlling friction, wear, and lubricant properties such as emulsification, demulsification, bioresistance, oxidation resistance, rust prevention and corrosion resistance. This is a critical topic for new materials and devices particularly those built at the nanoscale. This newest volume will address tribological properties of cutting fluids, lubricant performance related to steel surfaces, biolubricants, and novel materials and ways to reduce friction and wear. Scientists from industrial research and development (R&D) organizations and academic research teams in Asia, Europe, the Middle East and North America will participate in the work.