Computational Approaches to Morphology and Syntax

The book will appeal to scholars and advanced students of morphology, syntax, computational linguistics and natural language processing (NLP).

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Author: Brian Roark

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191534515

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 336

View: 875

The book will appeal to scholars and advanced students of morphology, syntax, computational linguistics and natural language processing (NLP). It provides a critical and practical guide to computational techniques for handling morphological and syntactic phenomena, showing how these techniques have been used and modified in practice. The authors discuss the nature and uses of syntactic parsers and examine the problems and opportunities of parsing algorithms for finite-state, context-free and various context-sensitive grammars. They relate approaches for describing syntax and morphology to formal mechanisms and algorithms, and present well-motivated approaches for augmenting grammars with weights or probabilities.

Computational Approaches to Morphology and Syntax

Despite the broad applicability of finite-state methods, however, there is a fundamental difference between computational approaches to morphology and computational approaches to syntax, in that the former (we shall argue) can be ...

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Author: Brian Roark

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199274772

Category: Computers

Page: 316

View: 991

"The authors discuss the nature and uses of syntactic parsers and examine the problems and opportunities of parsing algorithms for finite-state, context-free, and various context-sensitive grammars.

The Oxford Handbook of Computational Linguistics

On the computational side, a more recent book Computational Approaches to Morphology and Syntax (Roark and Sproat 2007) devotes a substantial portion to aspects of computational morphology and machine learning of morphology.

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Author: Ruslan Mitkov

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199573691

Category:

Page: 1392

View: 451

This second edition of The Oxford Handbook of Computational Linguistics has been updated and revised throughout, with 17 new chapters included on key recent topics in the field. It will be an essential reference for researchers and students in computational linguistics and Natural Language Processing as well as those working in related industries.

Understanding and Measuring Morphological Complexity

Computational approaches to morphology and syntax. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Rosenblatt, Frank (1962). Principles of neurodynamics. New York: Spartan. Round, Erich R. (2009). Kayardild morphology, phonology and morphosyntax.

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Author: Matthew Baerman

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191035708

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 288

View: 331

This book aims to assess the nature of morphological complexity, and the properties that distinguish it from the complexity manifested in other components of language. Of the many ways languages have of being complex, perhaps none is as daunting as what can be achieved by inflectional morphology: this volume examines languages such as Archi, which has a 1,000,000-form verb paradigm, and Chinantec, which has over 100 inflection classes. Alongside this complexity, inflection is notable for its variety across languages: one can take two unrelated languages and discover that they share similar syntax or phonology, but one would be hard pressed to find two unrelated languages with the same inflectional systems. In this volume, senior scholars and junior researchers highlight novel perspectives on conceptualizing morphological complexity, and offer concrete means for measuring, quantifying and analysing it. Examples are drawn from a wide range of languages, including those of North America, New Guinea, Australia, and Asia, alongside a number of European languages. The book will be a valuable resource for all those studying complexity phenomena in morphology, and for theoretical linguists more generally, from graduate level upwards.

Advances in Swarm and Computational Intelligence

Kiraz, G.A.: Computational nonlinear morphology; with emphasis on semitic languages. ... Beesley, K.R.: Arabic morphological analysis on the internet. ... Roark, B., Sproat, R.: Computational Approaches to Morphology and Syntax.

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Author: Ying Tan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319204697

Category: Computers

Page: 496

View: 872

This book and its companion volumes, LNCS volumes 9140, 9141 and 9142, constitute the proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Swarm Intelligence, ICSI 2015 held in conjunction with the Second BRICS Congress on Computational Intelligence, CCI 2015, held in Beijing, China in June 2015. The 161 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 294 submissions. The papers are organized in 28 cohesive sections covering all major topics of swarm intelligence and computational intelligence research and development, such as novel swarm-based optimization algorithms and applications; particle swarm opt8imization; ant colony optimization; artificial bee colony algorithms; evolutionary and genetic algorithms; differential evolution; brain storm optimization algorithm; biogeography based optimization; cuckoo search; hybrid methods; multi-objective optimization; multi-agent systems and swarm robotics; Neural networks and fuzzy methods; data mining approaches; information security; automation control; combinatorial optimization algorithms; scheduling and path planning; machine learning; blind sources separation; swarm interaction behavior; parameters and system optimization; neural networks; evolutionary and genetic algorithms; fuzzy systems; forecasting algorithms; classification; tracking analysis; simulation; image and texture analysis; dimension reduction; system optimization; segmentation and detection system; machine translation; virtual management and disaster analysis.

Word Meaning and Syntax

OXFORD SURVEYS IN SYNTAX AND MORPHOLOGY GENERAL EDITOR: Robert D. Van Valin, Jr, Heinrich-Heine University and the ... Computational Approaches to Morphology and Syntax Brian Roark and Richard Sproat Constituent Structure (Second ...

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Author: Stephen Wechsler

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191667190

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 352

View: 387

This book examines the nature of the interface between word meaning and syntax, one of the most controversial and elusive issues in contemporary linguistics. It approaches the interface from both sides of the relation, and surveys a range of views on the mapping between them, with an emphasis on lexical approaches to argument structure. Stephen Wechsler begins by analysing the fundamental problem of word meaning, with discussions of vagueness and polysemy, complemented with a look at the roles of world knowledge and normative aspects of word meaning. He then surveys the argument-taking properties of verbs and other predicators, and presents key theories of lexical semantic structure. Later chapters provide a description of formal theories and frameworks for capturing the mapping from word meaning to syntactic structure, as well as arguments in favour of a lexicalist approach to argument structure. The book will interest scholars of theoretical linguistics, particularly in the fields of syntax and lexical semantics, as well as those interested in psycholinguistics and philosophy of language.

Natural Language Processing of Semitic Languages

Association for Computational Linguistics, pp 133–142 Roark B, Sproat RW (2007) Computational approaches to morphology and syntax. Oxford University Press, New York Roche E, Schabes Y (eds) (1997) Finite-state language processing.

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Author: Imed Zitouni

Publisher: Springer Science & Business

ISBN: 9783642453588

Category: Computers

Page: 459

View: 821

Research in Natural Language Processing (NLP) has rapidly advanced in recent years, resulting in exciting algorithms for sophisticated processing of text and speech in various languages. Much of this work focuses on English; in this book we address another group of interesting and challenging languages for NLP research: the Semitic languages. The Semitic group of languages includes Arabic (206 million native speakers), Amharic (27 million), Hebrew (7 million), Tigrinya (6.7 million), Syriac (1 million) and Maltese (419 thousand). Semitic languages exhibit unique morphological processes, challenging syntactic constructions and various other phenomena that are less prevalent in other natural languages. These challenges call for unique solutions, many of which are described in this book. The 13 chapters presented in this book bring together leading scientists from several universities and research institutes worldwide. While this book devotes some attention to cutting-edge algorithms and techniques, its primary purpose is a thorough explication of best practices in the field. Furthermore, every chapter describes how the techniques discussed apply to Semitic languages. The book covers both statistical approaches to NLP, which are dominant across various applications nowadays and the more traditional, rule-based approaches, that were proven useful for several other application domains. We hope that this book will provide a "one-stop-shop'' for all the requisite background and practical advice when building NLP applications for Semitic languages.

Finite State Computational Morphology

So, the organization of the book makes it easier to handle new developments from both a theoretical and practical viewpoint. The book includes a detailed index and references as well as the full list of morphosyntactic tags.

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Author: Irina Lobzhanidze

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030902483

Category: Applied linguistics

Page: 229

View: 953

This handbook provides a comprehensive account of current research on the finite-state morphology of Georgian and enables the reader to enter quickly into Georgian morphosyntax and its computational processing. It combines linguistic analysis with application of finite-state technology to processing of the language. The book opens with the authors synoptic overview of the main lines of research, covers the properties of the word and its components, then moves up to the description of Georgian morphosyntax and the morphological analyzer and generator of Georgian. The book comprises three chapters and accompanying appendices. The aim of the first chapter is to describe the morphosyntactic structure of Georgian, focusing on differences between Old and Modern Georgian. The second chapter focuses on the application of finite-state technology to the processing of Georgian and on the compilation of a tokenizer, a morphological analyzer and a generator for Georgian. The third chapter discusses the testing and evaluation of the analyzers output and the compilation of the Georgian Language Corpus (GLC), which is now accessible online and freely available to the research community. Since the development of the analyzer, the field of computational linguistics has advanced in several ways, but the majority of new approaches to language processing has not been tested on Georgian. So, the organization of the book makes it easier to handle new developments from both a theoretical and practical viewpoint. The book includes a detailed index and references as well as the full list of morphosyntactic tags. It will be of interest and practical use to a wide range of linguists and advanced students interested in Georgian morphosyntax generally as well as to researchers working in the field of computational linguistics and focusing on how languages with complicated morphosyntax can be handled through finite-state approaches.

Future Communication Technology and Engineering

Computational Approaches to Morphology and Syntax. United States, Oxford University Press, New York. Sawalha, M. and E. Atwell (2008). Comparative Evaluation of Arabic Language Morphological Analysers and Stemmers.

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Author: Kennis Chan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781315690452

Category: Computers

Page: 356

View: 990

Future Communication Technology and Engineering is a collection of papers presented at the 2014 International Conference on Future Communication Technology and Engineering (Shenzhen, China 16-17 November 2014). Covering a wide range of topics (communication systems, automation and control engineering, electrical engineering), the book includes the

Multilingual Natural Language Processing Applications

Computational Natural Language Learning (EMNLPCoNLL), pp. 208–217, 2007. ... [8] G. T. Stump, Inflectional Morphology: A Theory of Paradigm Structure. ... B. Roark and R. Sproat, Computational Approaches to Morphology and Syntax.

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Author: Daniel Bikel

Publisher: IBM Press

ISBN: 9780137047819

Category: Computers

Page: 640

View: 240

Multilingual Natural Language Processing Applications is the first comprehensive single-source guide to building robust and accurate multilingual NLP systems. Edited by two leading experts, it integrates cutting-edge advances with practical solutions drawn from extensive field experience. Part I introduces the core concepts and theoretical foundations of modern multilingual natural language processing, presenting today’s best practices for understanding word and document structure, analyzing syntax, modeling language, recognizing entailment, and detecting redundancy. Part II thoroughly addresses the practical considerations associated with building real-world applications, including information extraction, machine translation, information retrieval/search, summarization, question answering, distillation, processing pipelines, and more. This book contains important new contributions from leading researchers at IBM, Google, Microsoft, Thomson Reuters, BBN, CMU, University of Edinburgh, University of Washington, University of North Texas, and others. Coverage includes Core NLP problems, and today’s best algorithms for attacking them Processing the diverse morphologies present in the world’s languages Uncovering syntactical structure, parsing semantics, using semantic role labeling, and scoring grammaticality Recognizing inferences, subjectivity, and opinion polarity Managing key algorithmic and design tradeoffs in real-world applications Extracting information via mention detection, coreference resolution, and events Building large-scale systems for machine translation, information retrieval, and summarization Answering complex questions through distillation and other advanced techniques Creating dialog systems that leverage advances in speech recognition, synthesis, and dialog management Constructing common infrastructure for multiple multilingual text processing applications This book will be invaluable for all engineers, software developers, researchers, and graduate students who want to process large quantities of text in multiple languages, in any environment: government, corporate, or academic.