Social Torture

most individuals ... looked at this ( decongestion policy ) as a political move to win votes since government and army officers strongly advocated for it . Many also believed this policy was due to the responsibility they ( the ...


Author: Chris Dolan

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1845455657

Category: Law

Page: 338

View: 934

As Director of the Refugee Law Project at the University of Makerere, Kampala, Uganda, Dolan offers a behind-the-scenes, cross-disciplinary study of one of Africa's longest running and most intractable conflicts. This book shows how, alongside the activities of the Lord's Resistance Army, government decisions and actions on the ground, consolidated by humanitarian interventions and silences, played a central role in creating a massive yet only very belatedly recognized humanitarian crisis. Not only individuals, but society as a whole, came to exhibit symptoms typical of torture, and the perpetrator-victim dichotomy became blurred. It is such phenomena, and the complex of social, political, economic and cultural dynamics which underpin them, which the author describes as social torture. Building on political economy, social anthropology, discourse analysis, international relations and psychoanalytic approaches to violence, this book offers an important analytical instrument for all those seeking entry points through which to address entrenched conflicts, whether from a conflict resolution, post-conflict recovery or transitional justice perspective.

Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

NCV obtained before and after nasal decongestion were apparently smaller ( mean + SD : 5.8 + 1.7 cm2 ranging from 3.2 cm2 to 14.0 cm before nasal decongestion , and 8.4 + 2.7 cm ranging from 4.7 to 17.9 cm3 after nasal decongestion ) ...


Author: D. Passali

Publisher: Kugler Publications

ISBN: 9062991580

Category: Pediatric otolaryngology

Page: 432

View: 346

The Global Impact of the COVID 19 Pandemic on Institutional and Community Corrections

While the option of Probation Orders also has the potential for prison decongestion, it faces similar challenges to those of the Community Service Orders. Probation and Aftercare Services (PACS) are generally underfunded.


Author: James M. Byrne

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000426519

Category: Social Science

Page: 608

View: 798

The authors of the chapters included in this volume provide preliminary answers to questions such as: How extensive were COVID-19 outbreaks in prisons, jails, and community corrections systems globally? Which regions and countries reported the largest outbreaks? Why were prisons and jails found to be "hot spots" for the spread of COVID-19 in most countries? How did governments initially respond to COVID-19 outbreaks in their corrections systems? Did the mitigation strategies used in each country reduce the spread of the infection in the corrections system (both in prisons and jails, and in community corrections)? Did the corrections-focused mitigation strategies used in each country have a positive or an adverse impact on public health and public safety? How likely is it that the varied short-term mitigation strategies implemented by governments will result in long-term changes in corrections policies and practices? The book includes three chapters examining the global impact of the COVID-19 outbreaks, six regional overviews, and 27 country-specific reviews, including reviews targeting 21 of the 50 largest prison systems globally. This collection will be an excellent resource for researchers, policymakers, practitioners, and the general public interested in knowing more about the nature and extent of COVID-19 outbreaks in corrections systems globally, and about the diversity of responses developed and implemented by governments from each global region. The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of the journal Victims & Offenders.

Clinical Drug Therapy for Canadian Practice

... and ophthalmic conditions Ephedrine Bronchodilation, cardiac stimulation Pseudoephedrine (Sudafed) Nasal decongestion Norepinephrine (Levophed) Hypotension and shock ALPHA ACTIVITY Naphazoline hydrochloride Ophthalmic decongestion ...


Author: Kathleen Marion Brophy

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 9781605475172

Category: Medical

Page: 1120

View: 807

Clinical Drug Therapy for Canadian Practice, Second Edition provides unique coverage of nursing interventions for drug therapy, explaining the "why" behind each nursing action and emphasizing how drugs work differently in different patients. This edition incorporates a dynamic, full-color design and art program, key terms, CRNE questions, and more Canadian references and research.


The limits for normal and pathological NAR values after decongestion were the same . Active anterior rhinomanometry was performed with the nasal mucosa first undecongested . Thereafter the nasal cavity was decongested with two puffs of ...




ISBN: UCLA:L0098922297

Category: Nose

Page: 502

View: 119

Heart Failure

However, the risk of worsening of renal function associated with decongestion therapy via ultrafiltration is not lower than the risk associated with decongestion therapy with loop diuretics.30,31 For patients with evidence of low ...


Author: Stuart Katz MD

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199397365

Category: Medical

Page: 128

View: 923

Clinical practice consensus guidelines for management of heart failure are available from the American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology, Heart Failure Society of America, Canadian Cardiovascular Society, and European Society of Cardiology. The guidelines from these organizations, based on evidence from clinical trials and expert agreement, are largely concordant and provide useful information for practitioners. Yet, the organization of the guidelines may confound efforts by a practitioner to determine which specific intervention, or combination of interventions, are most appropriate for an individual patient. As part of the Oxford American Cardiology Library, Heart Failure utilizes the staging of heart failure proposed by the ACC/AHA guidelines as a framework to develop a systematic approach for diagnosis and treatment across a broad spectrum of clinical presentations. Each chapter addresses a different stage in the progression of heart failure and provides a patient-centered description of the appropriate diagnostic and treatment options for that setting. Each chapter also incorporates discussion of the diagnosis and treatment options for both low ejection fraction heart failure patients and preserved ejection fraction heart failure patients, of which the latter group comprises at least 50% of all heart failure cases in clinical practice. Heart Failure restructures the information in the clinical guidelines to a format that is more accessible and clinically useful to practitioners.

Cardio Nephrology

Decongestion with diuretics is the standard of care for treatment of patients with either acute or chronic volume overload. However, decongestion can also be achieved through mechanical means. Ultrafiltration (UF) results when ...


Author: Janani Rangaswami

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319560427

Category: Medical

Page: 443

View: 419

Extending from the outpatient management of cardiovascular and kidney disease, to hospital-based decision making in patients with cardio-renal disease and complex interfaces such as hemodialysis in patients with ventricular assist device support, this book serves as a single reference point for cardiology and nephrology clinicians and researchers dealing with the significant overlap areas between these two specialties. Chapters cover the physiology, biomarkers, therapeutic agents and full spectrum of these comorbidities and feature separate sections on cardiovascular and CKD evaluations, stratification of kidney transplant patients, lipid management in CKD, interventional strategies and hypertension. Leaders in cardiology, nephrology, hypertension and lipidology bring together the latest evidence with their collective clinical experience into this invaluable resource.This textbook is an essential resource for physicians and allied professionals practicing cardiology, nephrology, students and physician trainees, to deepen their understanding of this crucial field.

Cummings Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery E Book

The first constriction as well as the second can be reduced by decongestion. With decongestion, the resistance decreases across both the nasal vestibule and the first part of the cavum. Erectile tissue related to the valve region can be ...


Author: Paul W. Flint

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9780323080873

Category: Medical

Page: 3672

View: 654

Through four editions, Cummings Otolaryngology has been the world's most trusted source for comprehensive guidance on all facets of head and neck surgery. This 5th Edition - edited by Paul W. Flint, Bruce H. Haughey, Valerie J. Lund, John K. Niparko, Mark A. Richardson, K. Thomas Robbins, and J. Regan Thomas – equips you to implement all the newest discoveries, techniques, and technologies that are shaping patient outcomes. You'll find new chapters on benign neoplasms, endoscopic DCR, head and neck ultrasound, and trends in surgical technology... a new section on rhinology... and coverage of hot topics such as Botox. Plus, your purchase includes access to the complete contents of this encyclopedic reference online, with video clips of key index cases! Overcome virtually any clinical challenge with detailed, expert coverage of every area of head and neck surgery, authored by hundreds of leading luminaries in the field. See clinical problems as they present in practice with 3,200 images - many new to this edition. Consult the complete contents of this encyclopedic reference online, with video clips of key index cases! Stay current with new chapters on benign neoplasms, endoscopic DCR, head and neck ultrasound, and trends in surgical technology... a new section on rhinology... and coverage of hot topics including Botox. Get fresh perspectives from a new editorial board and many new contributors. Find what you need faster through a streamlined format, reorganized chapters, and a color design that expedites reference.

Chronic Wounds Englische Ausgabe

They therefore offer practical advantages, especially in the outpatient decongestion phase. In the case of multi-component systems, those with full contact pressure (approx. 40–50 mmHg according to the manufacturer) are to be ...


Author: Joachim Dissemond

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9780702067631


Page: 432

View: 153

This book offers healthcare professionals practically everything they need to know about treating chronic wounds. It focuses on what is really important in practice, giving up-to-date clinical evidence for each case. Numerous colour photos and illustrations show representative cases from daily clinical practice and ensure optimum clarity. The well-known publishers and authors from Initiative Chronic Wounds (ICW) share their expert knowledge and show the reader what to look out for. Included in the contents: The basics and pathophysiology of wound-healing Wounds in diabetes, CVI, PAOD, pressure sores, burns, etc. Factors which inhibit wound-healing Factors which support wound-healing Pain therapy Prophylactic measures and relapse prevention Living with the wound Management and documentation of wounds

Beyond the Enclave

The land-reform programme and the decongestion of communal areas Another major justification for the redistribution of land was to reduce land pressure in the crowded Communal Lands, and their decongestion was a central objective of the ...


Author: Godfrey Kanyenze

Publisher: African Books Collective

ISBN: 9781779221605

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 546

View: 528

Beyond the Enclave sets out to unravel the contradiction of a country, Zimbabwe, where a rich, diverse resource base co-exists with endemic poverty. One reason lies in the colonial economy, which was predicated on an ideology of white supremacy, creating an enclave formal economy employing one-fifth of the labour force. Yet over three decades after independence, the non-formal segment has become even more entrenched. This book assesses Zimbabwe s economy through three main phases: 1980-90 when a strong social policy framework proved difficult to sustain due to erratic growth, and 1991-96, when structural adjustment demanded a market-driven approach to development. The third phase is characterized by crisis-management leading to policy inconsistencies and reversals. Not surprisingly, such incoherence saw the economy descend into hyperinflation and paralysis in 2007-2008, leading to the signing of the Global Political Agreement in September 2008. In the absence of formal dollarization, economic recovery after the adoption of the multi-currency regime has remained fragile, leaving an estimated 70 per cent of the population outside the banking system. This has further entrenched uneven (enclave) growth as the economy remains locked in a low-income poverty trap. There is a need to facilitate transition towards formality to promote decent jobs. Furthermore, a strategic, developmental role for the state in the economy is now widely recognized as vital for development. Beyond the Enclave argues for a new approach to development in Zimbabwe based on pro-poor and inclusive strategies, which will contribute to the well-being of all of its citizens and wise stewardship of its resources. It offers suggestions on policy formulation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation in all sectors, designed to promote inclusive growth and humane development.