Dreams of a Great Small Nation

"The pages of history recall scarcely any parallel episode at once so romantic in character and so extensive in scale.

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Author: Kevin J McNamara

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9781610394857

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 748

"The pages of history recall scarcely any parallel episode at once so romantic in character and so extensive in scale." -- Winston S. Churchill In 1917, two empires that had dominated much of Europe and Asia teetered on the edge of the abyss, exhausted by the ruinous cost in blood and treasure of the First World War. As Imperial Russia and Habsburg-ruled Austria-Hungary began to succumb, a small group of Czech and Slovak combat veterans stranded in Siberia saw an opportunity to realize their long-held dream of independence. While their plan was audacious and complex, and involved moving their 50,000-strong army by land and sea across three-quarters of the earth's expanse, their commitment to fight for the Allies on the Western Front riveted the attention of Allied London, Paris, and Washington. On their journey across Siberia, a brawl erupted at a remote Trans-Siberian rail station that sparked a wholesale rebellion. The marauding Czecho-Slovak Legion seized control of the Trans-Siberian Railroad, and with it Siberia. In the end, this small band of POWs and deserters, whose strength was seen by Leon Trotsky as the chief threat to Soviet rule, helped destroy the Austro-Hungarian Empire and found Czecho-Slovakia. British prime minister David Lloyd George called their adventure "one of the greatest epics of history," and former US president Teddy Roosevelt declared that their accomplishments were "unparalleled, so far as I know, in ancient or modern warfare."

Transatlantic Relations and the Great War

Kevin J. McNamara, Dreams of a Great Small Nation: The Mutinous Army that Threatened a Revolution, Destroyed an Empire, Founded a Republic, and Remade the Map of Europe, New York 2016. 282. Nicholas William Fixler, An Inconceivable ...

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Author: Kurt Bednar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000461428

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 115

Transatlantic Relations and the Great War explores the relations between the Danube Monarchy of Austria-Hungary and the modern US democracy and how that relationship developed over decades until it ended in a final rupture. As the First World War drew to a close in late 1918, the Mid-European Union was created to fill the vacuum in Central and Eastern Europe as the old Danube Monarchy of Austria-Hungary was falling apart. One year before, in December 1917, the United States had declared war on Austria-Hungary and, overnight, huge masses of immigrants from the Habsburg Empire became enemy aliens in the US. Offering a major deviation from traditional historiography, this book explains how the countdown of mostly diplomatic events in that fatal year 1918 could have taken an alternative course. In addition to providing a narrative account of Austrian-Hungarian relations with the US in the years leading up to the First World War, the author also demonstrates how an almost total ignorance of the affairs of the Dual Monarchy was to be found in the US and vice versa. This book is a fascinating and important resource for students and scholars interested in modern European and US history, diplomatic relations, and war studies.

Postwar Continuity and New Challenges in Central Europe 1918 1923

Thomas G. Masaryk, “The Czechoslovak Nation,” The Nation 107, no. ... See, for example, Kevin J. McNamara, Dreams of a Great Small Nation: The Mutinous Army that Threatened a Revolution, Destroyed an Empire, Founded a Republic, ...

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Author: Tomasz Pudłocki

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000455724

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 515

This book presents a multi-layered analysis of the situation in Central Europe after the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The new geopolitics emerging from the Versailles order, and at the same time ongoing fights for borders, considerable war damage, social and economic problems and replacement of administrative staff as well as leaders, all contributed to the fact that unlike Western Europe, Central Europe faced challenges and dilemmas on an unprecedented scale. The editors of this book have invited authors from over a dozen academic institutions to answer the question of to what extent the solutions applied in the Habsburg Monarchy were still practiced in the newly created nation states, and to what extent these new political organisms went their own ways. It offers a closer look at Central Europe with its multiple problems typical of that region after 1918 (organizing the post-imperial space, a new political discourse and attempts to create new national memories, the role of national minorities, solving social problems, and verbal and physical violence expressed in public space). Particular chapters concern post-1918 Central Europe on the local, state and international levels, providing a comprehensive view of this sub-region between 1918 and 1923.

I Am a Brave Bridge

Miroslav Kusý, “We Central East Europeans,” in Good-bye, Samizdat: Twenty Years of Czechoslovak Underground Writing, ed. ... Kevin J. McNamara, Dreams of a Great Small Nation: The Mutinous Army that Threatened a Revolution, Destroyed an ...

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Author: Sarah Hinlicky Wilson

Publisher: Thornbush Press

ISBN: 9781736013601

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page:

View: 410

Once upon a time an American girl moved to a little town in Slovakia. And she fell in love with the country, and with a boy. And then another boy. And then about a dozen boys fell in love with her. Many linguistic and romantic antics ensued, and a happy ending unlike any she could have foreseen. This is a story for everyone—the armchair traveler and the real one, the lover of love stories and the connoisseur of culture clash—but above all, it’s a story for anyone who is always homesick for somewhere else.

Smashing the Liquor Machine

Kevin J. McNamara, Dreams of a Great Small Nation: The Mutinous Army That Threatened a Revolution, Destroyed an Empire, Founded a Republic, and Remade the Map of Europe (New York: PublicAffairs, 2016), 100, 127–28. 121. Ibid.

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Author: Mark Lawrence Schrad

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190841591

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 691

This is the history of temperance and prohibition as you've never read it before: redefining temperance as a progressive, global, pro-justice movement that affected virtually every significant world leader from the eighteenth through early twentieth centuries. When most people think of the prohibition era, they think of speakeasies, rum runners, and backwoods fundamentalists railing about the ills of strong drink. In other words, in the popular imagination, it is a peculiarly American history. Yet, as Mark Lawrence Schrad shows in Smashing the Liquor Machine, the conventional scholarship on prohibition is extremely misleading for a simple reason: American prohibition was just one piece of a global phenomenon. Schrad's pathbreaking history of prohibition looks at the anti-alcohol movement around the globe through the experiences of pro-temperance leaders like Vladimir Lenin, Leo Tolstoy, Thomás Masaryk, Kemal Atatürk, Mahatma Gandhi, and anti-colonial activists across Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Middle East. Schrad argues that temperance wasn't "American exceptionalism" at all, but rather one of the most broad-based and successful transnational social movements of the modern era. In fact, Schrad offers a fundamental re-appraisal of this colorful era to reveal that temperance forces frequently aligned with progressivism, social justice, liberal self-determination, democratic socialism, labor rights, women's rights, and indigenous rights. Placing the temperance movement in a deep global context, forces us to fundamentally rethink its role in opposing colonial exploitation throughout American history as well. Prohibitionism united Native American chiefs like Little Turtle and Black Hawk; African-American leaders Frederick Douglass, Ida Wells, and Booker T. Washington; suffragists Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and Frances Willard; progressives from William Lloyd Garrison to William Jennings Bryan; writers F.E.W. Harper and Upton Sinclair, and even American presidents from Thomas Jefferson and Abraham Lincoln to Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson. Progressives rather than puritans, the global temperance movement advocated communal self-protection against the corrupt and predatory "liquor machine" that had become exceedingly rich off the misery and addictions of the poor around the world, from the slums of South Asia to the beerhalls of Central Europe to the Native American reservations of the United States. Unlike many traditional "dry" histories, Smashing the Liquor Machine gives voice to minority and subaltern figures who resisted the global liquor industry, and further highlights that the impulses that led to the temperance movement were far more progressive and variegated than American readers have been led to believe.

A Small Nation s Contribution to the World

Similarly , Moore's novel about a ' secular miracle ' , The Great Victorian Collection ( 1975 ) , where Anthony Maloney one night dreams a collection of Victoriana into reality , ends with a suicide which has to be accepted as the only ...

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Author: Donald E. Morse

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0861403754

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 638

This collection contains a selection from the papers given at the 1989 conference of the International Association for the study of Anglo-Irish Literature. The selection is broadly representative of the truly international nature of the conference, whose delegates came from every continent, and of the study of Irish literature today. It includes essays on Beckett, Joyce, Friel, Yeats, O'Casey, Parker, Clarke, Kinsella, Muldoon, Mahon, Banville, Brian Moore, Edna O'Brien, Swift and Edgeworth, as well as on critical issues, such as the uses of the fantastic in prose and drama, modernism and romanticism, Irish semiotics, social criticisms in contemporary Irish poetry and, especially appropriate for the occasion, the relationship and influence of Hungary and Ireland in one another's literature. Contributors to this volume are Csilla Bertha, Eoin Bourke. Patrick Burke, Martin J. Croghan, Ruth Felischmann, Maurice Harmon, Werner Huber, Thomas Kabdebo, Veronica Kniezsa, Maria Raizis, Aladar Sarbu, Bernice Schrank, Joseph Swann and Andras Ungar. This is the forty-fifth volume of the Irish Literary Studies Series.

DREAM OF DELIVERANCE

He was certain that, in spite of great differences in the specific interests of city workers, farmers and farm workers, big business and small business, great and small nations, there were no differences that could not be resolved ...

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Author: Mona Harrington

Publisher: Knopf

ISBN: 9780307831514

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 164

In this major work of historical and political analysis, Mona Harrington examines curcial missteps and uncertainties in the American statecraft from Woodrow Wilson’s time to Ronald Reagan’s, and traces them to a potent myth at the center of our political thinking. It is a myth peculiarly American, a long-held belief that the troubles of society can be traced to some specific “evil”—be it a profiteering in munitions, or the multinational corporation, or the communist conspiracy, or wasteful social programs—and that by smiting the evil we can achieve social well-being for all. The author demonstrates how deeply this dream of deliverance has been rooted in American culture from the very beginnings of the nation—in the concept of a society in which conflicts between groups of widely divergent interests can be resolved without undeserved loss to any party. We see the consequences of this belief in our continuing tendency to oversimplify issues both domestic and foreign—and in our obsessive expenditure of public energy on the search for and pursuit of the evil to be exorcised. The dilemma is further exacerbated because the country’s three major economic-interest groups—industrial wage earners, industrial owners and managers, and the cluster of interests tied to local economies—are prone to demonologies as widely divergent as their interests, and there can seldom be agreement as to the identity of the evil. How this bondage to the dream of deliverance has affected the functioning of American government—making our politics a never-ending argument whose terms have scarcely changed over the past century—is brilliant explicated. Connecting the deepest workings of statecraft to what we know about the dynamics of our own individual lives, this highly original book leads us away from a myth-driven politics and toward a difficult encounter with reality, toward liberation from the endless search for the serpent whose defeat with return us to Eden, toward a national recognition that in conditions of conflict it is not always possibly for all to emerge as winners, toward the shaping of a politics that will enable us to allocate in the most decent possible way the losses that we cannot avoid.

Literary Translation and the Idea of a Minor Romania

This text describes the minor as a particular image of the smaller nation, one born of a hyperengagement with translation; ... the history of small-nation dreams of great- ness indicates that small size is not determinative.

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Author: Sean Cotter

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer

ISBN: 9781580464369

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 184

View: 243

Examines translations by canonical Romanian writers Lucian Blaga, Constantin Noica, and Emil Cioran, arguing that that their works reveal a new, "minor" mode of national identity.

The Emperor and the Peasant

McNamara, Dreams of a Great Small Nation, 133. 14. McNamara, 322. 15. Ference, “The American Slovaks and the Start of the Great War,” 8. 16. Ference, 8 and 9. 17. Elisabeth Bakke, Doomed to Failure? The Czechoslovak Nation Project and ...

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Author: Kenneth Janda

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 9781476631189

Category: History

Page: 287

View: 720

There was more to World War I than the Western Front. This history juxtaposes the experiences of a monarch and a peasant on the Eastern Front. Franz Josef I, emperor of Austria-Hungary, was the first European leader to declare war in 1914 and was the first to commence firing. Samuel Mozolak was a Slovak laborer who sailed to New York--and fathered twins, taken as babies (and U.S. citizens) to his home village--before being drafted into the Austro-Hungarian army and killed in combat. The author interprets the views of the war of Franz Josef and his contemporaries Kaiser Wilhelm II and Tsar Nicholas II. Mozolak's story depicts the life of a peasant in an army staffed by aristocrats, and also illustrates the pattern of East European immigration to America.

Theatre and Performance in Small Nations

In contrast to much of the company's work, the design of the show was stark and almost oppressive in keeping with the play's themes of great sacrifice and suffering. While the staging of Lewis's work would clearly be a predictable part ...

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Author: Steven Blandford

Publisher: Intellect Books

ISBN: 9781841506463

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 212

View: 173

Arguing that the cultures of small nations offer vital insights into the way people relate to national identity in a globalized world, Theatre and Performance in Small Nations features an array of case studies that examine the relationships between theater, performance, identity, and the nation. These contributions cover a wide range of national contexts, including small “stateless” nations such as Catalonia, Scotland, and Wales; First Nations such as indigenous Australia and the Latino United States; and geographically enormous nations whose relationships to powerful neighbors radically affect their sense of cultural autonomy