Effective Peer Learning

The aim of this book is to help practitioners establish well-structured and effective peer learning projects using a variety of methods.

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Keith Topping

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317443056

Category: Education

Page: 186

View: 581

Peer learning allows a positive use of differences between pupils, turning them into learning opportunities. Yet education professionals often remain unfamiliar with the principles necessary to guarantee its effectiveness. The aim of this book is to help practitioners establish well-structured and effective peer learning projects using a variety of methods. It introduces and defines cooperative learning (mutual peer interaction) and peer tutoring (directional peer interaction) – outlining general organisational principles that will help practitioners implement peer learning in either of these forms. The authors consider how to prepare and train learners to undertake their roles effectively, and how to organise and monitor the process of interaction as it is happening. They then look at how these systems actually operate in the classroom, exploring how the organisational principles work in practice and giving many practical examples. Subsequently three successive chapters consider how to structure peer interactions in cooperative learning, same-age peer tutoring and cross-age peer tutoring. Finally, the advantages and problems, and the potential and challenges, of peer learning are examined. The book should be read in stages, with each part being able to be read on its own – thus providing time for reflection. Within each part, readers can choose to focus on cooperative learning or peer tutoring. The successive focuses on definitions, general principles of implementation and practical issues of implementation should help practitioners build their skills and confidence. Many choices between methods are described, and when teachers are confident in one method they may then consider trying a new method. It is the authors' hope that the book will become a model for peer learning by sharing with readers the skills of other practitioners, and thereby helping all children to develop to their full potential.

Peer Learning in Higher Education

While peer learning is often used informally by students - and for many can form an essential part of their HE experience - this book discusses methods of developing more effective learning through the systematic implementation of peer ...

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Boud, David

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135383534

Category: Education

Page: 196

View: 226

While peer learning is often used informally by students - and for many can form an essential part of their HE experience - this book discusses methods of developing more effective learning through the systematic implementation of peer learning approaches.

Effective Peer Learning

Welcome to Effective Peer Learning. In Part I we introduce the ideas of cooperative learning (mutual peer interaction) and peer tutoring (directional peer ...

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Keith Topping

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781317443063

Category: Education

Page: 186

View: 972

Peer learning allows a positive use of differences between pupils, turning them into learning opportunities. Yet education professionals often remain unfamiliar with the principles necessary to guarantee its effectiveness. The aim of this book is to help practitioners establish well-structured and effective peer learning projects using a variety of methods. It introduces and defines cooperative learning (mutual peer interaction) and peer tutoring (directional peer interaction) – outlining general organisational principles that will help practitioners implement peer learning in either of these forms. The authors consider how to prepare and train learners to undertake their roles effectively, and how to organise and monitor the process of interaction as it is happening. They then look at how these systems actually operate in the classroom, exploring how the organisational principles work in practice and giving many practical examples. Subsequently three successive chapters consider how to structure peer interactions in cooperative learning, same-age peer tutoring and cross-age peer tutoring. Finally, the advantages and problems, and the potential and challenges, of peer learning are examined. The book should be read in stages, with each part being able to be read on its own – thus providing time for reflection. Within each part, readers can choose to focus on cooperative learning or peer tutoring. The successive focuses on definitions, general principles of implementation and practical issues of implementation should help practitioners build their skills and confidence. Many choices between methods are described, and when teachers are confident in one method they may then consider trying a new method. It is the authors' hope that the book will become a model for peer learning by sharing with readers the skills of other practitioners, and thereby helping all children to develop to their full potential.

Cognitive Perspectives on Peer Learning

The contribution of this volume to the literature on peer learning is its focus on approaches that reflect a common concern with cognitive processes based in developmental, information processing, or more generally, constructivist ...

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Angela M. O'Donnell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135688196

Category: Education

Page: 376

View: 274

The contribution of this volume to the literature on peer learning is its focus on approaches that reflect a common concern with cognitive processes based in developmental, information processing, or more generally, constructivist perspectives on peer learning. Although the clear importance of the social context of peer learning is not ignored, the volume's emphasis is on the cognitive growth that occurs within the learning environment. Any discussion of peer learning involves consideration of who is learning, how the role of peers with whom one works can be conceptualized, what it is that peers learn together, what changes as a result of the interaction, and how we can know what occurs in groups or what has been learned. The chapters in this book speak to these questions. The key question underlying many of these others is why we should worry about the intricacies of peer interaction. Both the practical and theoretical reasons for doing so are delineated. The developmental theory presented in the Introduction lays the foundation for the later descriptions of specific techniques, though many of the techniques reflect a range of other influences as well. Part I presents the implications of the work of two major theorists in cognitive development, Piaget (Ch. 1) and Vygotsky (Ch. 2). In Part II, six chapters describe a variety of peer learning techniques or models of collaboration, many of which are influenced by the work of Piaget and Vygotsky. The chapters in Part III consider the role of the teacher and the skills needed when using peer learning as an instructional strategy. The Conclusion points to areas in which further research is needed. This volume is based on original papers presented by the contributing authors in November 1996 at the Rutgers Invitational Symposium on Education on Cognitive Skills and Learning With Peers.

Learning by Teaching

This book provides an essential overview of "learning by teaching", unpacking the underpinning theory, research evidence and practical implications of peer learning in a variety of classroom contexts.

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: David Duran

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317302827

Category: Education

Page: 98

View: 474

This book provides an essential overview of "learning by teaching", unpacking the underpinning theory, research evidence and practical implications of peer learning in a variety of classroom contexts. It aims to offer practical guidance for practitioners in structuring effective peer learning – between professionals and between students alike. It locates this phenomenon in current conceptions of learning and teaching, far removed from traditional ideas of one-way transmission of knowledge. Exactly what happens to promote learning by teaching is explored. Examples of learning by teaching are discussed and it is noted that this happens in school, university and the workplace, as well as through the Internet. Learning by teaching within the student body is then explored, and many different methods described. The organizational features needed to improve learning by teaching consciously and deliberately are investigated. These can be before teaching, during teaching or after teaching. Evidence-based practical guidance is given. Of course teachers can deploy learning by teaching for themselves, but what if they also organize their students to teach each other, thereby giving many more opportunities to discuss, practise, explain and question? This takes pedagogical advantage of the differences between students – turning classrooms into communities of learners where students learn both from their teacher and from their peers.

Peer assisted Learning

This volume will also be of interest to faculty and researchers in the fields of education and psychology, to community educators who want to learn about the implications of Peer Assisted Learning beyond school contexts, and to employers ...

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Keith Topping

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135686857

Category: Education

Page: 392

View: 740

Peer Assisted Learning (PAL) involves children in school consciously assisting others to learn, and in so doing learning more effectively themselves. It encompasses peer tutoring, peer modeling, peer education, peer counseling, peer monitoring, and peer assessment, which are differentiated from other more general "co-operative learning" methods. PAL is not diluted or surrogate "teaching"; it complements and supplements (but never replaces) professional teaching--capitalizing on the unique qualities and richness of peer interaction and helping students become empowered democratically to take more responsibility for their own learning. In this book, PAL is presented as a set of dynamic, robust, effective, and flexible approaches to teaching and learning, which can be used in a range of different settings. The chapters provide descriptions of good practice blended with research findings on effectiveness. They describe procedures that can be applied to all areas of the school curriculum, and can be used with learners of all levels of ability, including gifted students, students with disabilities, and second-language learners. Among the distinguished contributors, many are from North America, while others are from Europe and Australia. The applicability of the methods they present is worldwide. Peer-Assisted Learning is designed to be accessible and useful to teachers and to those who employ, train, support, consult with, and evaluate them. Many chapters will be helpful to teachers aiming to replicate in their own school environments the cost-effective procedures described. A practical resources guide is included. This volume will also be of interest to faculty and researchers in the fields of education and psychology, to community educators who want to learn about the implications of Peer Assisted Learning beyond school contexts, and to employers and others involved in post-school training.

The Power of Peers in the Classroom

This highly practical book is one of the few resources available to guide classroom teachers and special educators in the application of peer-assisted instructional strategies in grades K-12.

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Karen R. Harris

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 9781462521074

Category: Education

Page: 322

View: 952

Peer support and social relationships have a tremendous influence on development, motivation, and achievement for all students, including struggling learners and those with disabilities. This highly practical book is one of the few resources available to guide classroom teachers and special educators in the application of peer-assisted instructional strategies in grades K-12. Expert contributors describe evidence-based approaches for building students' skills in reading, writing, math, and other content areas, as well as social competence and executive functioning. Sample lessons and more than a dozen reproducible tools are provided. Purchasers get access to a Web page where they can download and print the reproducible materials.

Development Co operation Report 2015 Making Partnerships Effective Coalitions for Action

Making Partnerships Effective Coalitions for Action OECD. Box 13.1. The value of peer learning initiatives in public sector reforms Until recently, ...

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789264233140

Category:

Page: 344

View: 670

This edition explores the potential of networks and partnerships to create incentives for responsible action, as well as innovative, fit-for-purpose ways of co-ordinating the activities of diverse stakeholders. It looks at a number of existing partnerships and provides practical guidance.

How To Be An Effective Teacher In Higher Education

There are substantial benefits to be derived from peer learning, which David Boud defines as 'students learning from and with each other in both formal and ...

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Mortiboys, Alan

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 9780335237401

Category: Education

Page: 192

View: 868

How To Be An Effective Teacher in Higher Education is a highly practical resource for lecturers with a particular focus on working with large groups of students, especially in a lecture environment. Alan Mortiboys is an experienced teacher and lecturer who runs courses and workshops for higher education institutions. The book draws upon his many years of experience and is a distillation of the common concerns and issues raised by workshop participants. How To Be An Effective Teacher in HE is designed to complement and support the National Professional Standards Framework for Teaching and Supporting Learning in Higher Education and maps directly on to the six areas of activity outlined in the Framework.

Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning

Peer learning promotes to raise standards in literacy, numeracy, science, ... Peer learning is important because it is effective and cost-effective as ...

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Norbert M. Seel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441914279

Category: Education

Page: 3536

View: 469

Over the past century, educational psychologists and researchers have posited many theories to explain how individuals learn, i.e. how they acquire, organize and deploy knowledge and skills. The 20th century can be considered the century of psychology on learning and related fields of interest (such as motivation, cognition, metacognition etc.) and it is fascinating to see the various mainstreams of learning, remembered and forgotten over the 20th century and note that basic assumptions of early theories survived several paradigm shifts of psychology and epistemology. Beyond folk psychology and its naïve theories of learning, psychological learning theories can be grouped into some basic categories, such as behaviorist learning theories, connectionist learning theories, cognitive learning theories, constructivist learning theories, and social learning theories. Learning theories are not limited to psychology and related fields of interest but rather we can find the topic of learning in various disciplines, such as philosophy and epistemology, education, information science, biology, and – as a result of the emergence of computer technologies – especially also in the field of computer sciences and artificial intelligence. As a consequence, machine learning struck a chord in the 1980s and became an important field of the learning sciences in general. As the learning sciences became more specialized and complex, the various fields of interest were widely spread and separated from each other; as a consequence, even presently, there is no comprehensive overview of the sciences of learning or the central theoretical concepts and vocabulary on which researchers rely. The Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning provides an up-to-date, broad and authoritative coverage of the specific terms mostly used in the sciences of learning and its related fields, including relevant areas of instruction, pedagogy, cognitive sciences, and especially machine learning and knowledge engineering. This modern compendium will be an indispensable source of information for scientists, educators, engineers, and technical staff active in all fields of learning. More specifically, the Encyclopedia provides fast access to the most relevant theoretical terms provides up-to-date, broad and authoritative coverage of the most important theories within the various fields of the learning sciences and adjacent sciences and communication technologies; supplies clear and precise explanations of the theoretical terms, cross-references to related entries and up-to-date references to important research and publications. The Encyclopedia also contains biographical entries of individuals who have substantially contributed to the sciences of learning; the entries are written by a distinguished panel of researchers in the various fields of the learning sciences.

Clinical Reasoning in the Health Professions E Book

The development involved in becoming effective peer learners, as individuals and as members of a team, is just as important an area of intended learning ...

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Joy Higgs

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9780702065057

Category: Medical

Page: 532

View: 336

Clinical reasoning lies at the core of health care practice and education. Clinical Reasoning in the Health Professions, therefore, occupies a central place in the education of health professionals, the enhancement of professional decision making of individuals and groups of practitioners with their clients, and research into optimal practice reasoning. All chapters updated and 20 new chapters added Concrete examples, cases and vignettes were added to bring discussions to life for the reader Reflection points strategically placed to assist readers to extend their insights and build learning from their own practical experiences and theoretical knowledge Devices of particular value to reflective practitioners and educators All chapters updated and 20 new chapters added Concrete examples, cases and vignettes were added to bring discussions to life for the reader Reflection points strategically placed to assist readers to extend their insights and build learning from their own practical experiences and theoretical knowledge Devices of particular value to reflective practitioners and educators.

Learning and Teaching in Clinical Contexts

By normalising the expectations that peers will be a source of good ... As an individual, setting baseline expectations that peer learning occurs on ...

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Clare Delany

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9780729586627

Category: Medical

Page: 456

View: 813

Featuring the perspectives of more than 40 leading international researchers, theorists and practitioners in clinical education, Learning and Teaching in Clinical Contexts: A Practical Guide provides a bridge between the theoretical aspects of clinical education and the delivery of practical teaching strategies. Written by Clare Delany and Elizabeth Molloy, each chapter weaves together education theory, education strategies and illustrative learning and teaching case scenarios drawn from multidisciplinary clinical contexts. The text supports clinicians and educators responsible for designing and delivering health professional education in clinical workplaces and clinicians undertaking continuing education in workplace teaching. The book is divided into four sections, each addressing a key aspect of the learner and educator experience. Section 1 considers the learner’s needs as they make key transitions from classroom to workplace, or recent graduate to competent clinician Section 2 focuses on the influence of workplace contexts and how they can be used as positive catalysts to enhance learning Section 3 highlights the role of workplace assessments as embedded processes to positively influence learning Section 4 provides an overview of the changing roles of the clinical educator and processes and models of professional development to build educational expertise Demonstrates the integrated nature of three key threads within the field of clinical education: theory, method and context Highlights theoretical frameworks: cognitive, psychological, sociocultural, experiential and ethical traditions and how they inform teaching decisions Incorporates case studies throughout to provide a context to learning and teaching in clinical education Includes practical tips from expert practitioners across different topics Includes an eBook with print purchase on evolve

Peer Assisted Learning in Academic Libraries

... that make these educational practices especially effective (Kuh, 2008). By placing examples of peer learning alongside these characteristics, ...

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Erin Rinto

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781440846892

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 220

View: 853

Written specifically for academic librarians and library administrators, this book identifies the myriad benefits of peer-assisted learning, exploring how the implementation of peer-assisted learning benefits information literacy instruction, cocurricular outreach, and reference services. • Introduces readers to a well-established and effective practice in higher education and demonstrates how it can be used in library-initiated programs • Provides the means to extend library staff resources by incorporating student employees in instruction, outreach, and reference services • Supplies practical examples—complete with assessments, administrative justifications and lessons learned—for training and assessing student peer mentors • Offers justification for how peer-assisted learning programs provide student employees with rewarding and enriching opportunities that can benefit them academically, personally, and professionally

Peeragogy Handbook

The Peeragogy Handbook isn't a normal book. It is an evolving guide, and it tells a collaboratively written story that you can help write. It is a living document, and we've released a new versionevery year as we improve the material.

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author:

Publisher: Pub Dom Ed Press

ISBN: 0985572221

Category:

Page: 284

View: 508

The Peeragogy Handbook isn't a normal book. It is an evolving guide, and it tells a collaboratively written story that you can help write. It is a living document, and we've released a new versionevery year as we improve the material. We've built the book collaboratively online. At any given moment the latest version is available on peeragogy.org and the source is at git.io/Handbook. You can comment on each page in the online edition. And you can talk directly with the contributors and connectwith others who are interested in applying peeragogy in the Peeragogy in Action community on G+. But the print edition lets you do some things that the web doesn't. Get out a pen or pencil and mark it up as you read -underline, or cross things out. Ask questions and think about howthings could be said better or how the ideas could be made more effective. And get back to us with your ideas for the next edition. We're not being lazy - this is what we've been doing ourselves for three years! To make it easier to dive into the content, we're kicking things off with a short workbook that contains a concise guide to the who, what, when, where, how and why of peeragogy. We've also updated our pattern catalog, added more case studies, and made numerous small improvements to the text throughout.

Routledge International Handbook of Music Psychology in Education and the Community

Intergenerational peer learning (see Chapters 20 and 25) is another approach that may be particularly effective in terms of providing role models and ...

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Andrea Creech

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000383089

Category: Psychology

Page: 528

View: 313

This handbook provides an evidence-based account of psychological perspectives on issues in music education and music in the community through the life course, exploring our understanding of music learning and participation across contexts. The contributors draw on multidisciplinary research from different cultures and contexts in order to set out the implications of music psychology for music education and music in the community. Highlighting the intersecting issues across education and community contexts, the book proposes new theories as well as offering important refinements to existing conceptual models. Split into six parts, it considers the role of music in society as well as for groups and individuals, and explores topics such as processing and responding to music; pedagogical and musical practices that support or pose challenges to the emotional, cognitive, social or physical wellbeing of learners and participants in a range of contexts; and ‘music in identity’ or ‘identity in music’. With the final part on future directions and the implications for professional practice in music education and music in the community, the book concludes by exploring how the two sectors might work more closely together within a post-COVID-19 world. Based on cutting-edge research from an international team, this is essential reading for anyone interested in music psychology, education and community, and it will be particularly helpful for undergraduate and graduate students in music psychology, music education and community music.

Intelligent Tutoring Systems

KSC-PaL: A Peer Learning Agent Cynthia Kersey1, Barbara Di Eugenio2, ... effective peer interaction to guide the development of effective peer learning ...

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Vincent Aleven

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642134364

Category: Education

Page: 461

View: 802

The 10th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems, ITS 2010, cont- ued the bi-annual series of top-flight international conferences on the use of advanced educational technologies that are adaptive to users or groups of users. These highly interdisciplinary conferences bring together researchers in the learning sciences, computer science, cognitive or educational psychology, cognitive science, artificial intelligence, machine learning, and linguistics. The theme of the ITS 2010 conference was Bridges to Learning, a theme that connects the scientific content of the conf- ence and the geography of Pittsburgh, the host city. The conference addressed the use of advanced technologies as bridges for learners and facilitators of robust learning outcomes. We received a total of 186 submissions from 26 countries on 5 continents: Aust- lia, Brazil, Canada, China, Estonia, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, India, Italy, Japan, Korea, Mexico, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Slovakia, Spain, Thailand, Turkey, the UK and USA. We accepted 61 full papers (38%) and 58 short papers. The diversity of the field is reflected in the range of topics represented by the papers submitted, selected by the authors.

Current Awareness in Health Education

The period immediately after a person has suffered a health crisis is a particularly effective time for peer education . Some of the effective peer ...

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015007285656

Category: Health education

Page:

View: 765

Peer Coaching

For schools to effect the changes the future demands, teachers must learn how to collaborate effectively. With this book, Les Foltos shows the way.

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Les Foltos

Publisher: Corwin Press

ISBN: 9781483300214

Category: Education

Page: 232

View: 249

Teachers are better together! For schools to implement the classroom changes the future demands, teachers must learn how to collaborate effectively. This book details the deeply-researched peer coaching method formulated by Les Foltos and implemented in over 40 countries with powerful results. Its insights include: How peer coaching that makes a difference involves much more than just offering advice. How a coaching relationship is first built on trust, and then on the willingness to take risks. Why peer coaching should focus on adapting teaching methods to the technological future of education.

Developments in Educational Psychology

First, peer learning at a distance in online communities has been extensively explored. Graham (2002) reviewed the research into creating effective ...

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Kevin Wheldall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135285272

Category: Education

Page: 240

View: 384

Review comment on the first edition "Wheldall asks himself and his readers what has transpired within the field of educational psychology ... and what its relevance actually is for teaching, learning and education. As such it is a ‘must read’ for all educational psychologists, students of educational psychology, teachers and teacher trainers." Professor Paul Kirschner, Open Universiteit, British Journal of Educational Technology What is the relevance of educational psychology in the twenty first century? In this collection of essays, leading educational psychologists reflect on the seminal developments which have been made in the field over the past twenty five years or so and assess how far we have progressed. Given a broad and personal remit to address a range of issues, the contributors review and critique a variety of topics, including: intelligence; communication; family environments; individual differences; reading; peer learning; classroom behaviour; and higher education. Providing provocative and challenging insights into the state of contemporary educational psychology, the contributors acknowledge throughout the successes and progression in the field, but with a critical edge and a challenge being thrown down to psychologists of education to make study more seriously informed and as a consequence, reformed. Now in its second edition this compelling text for students and researchers is thoroughly updated and includes four new chapters.

Peer Interaction and Second Language Learning

In a study of peer learning in a maths class, Hogan and Tudge (1999) conclude, ... yet it is vital to effective peer learning (O'Donnell 2006; Mercer 1996).

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Masatoshi Sato

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027267177

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 399

View: 876

This volume represents the first collection of empirical studies focusing on peer interaction for L2 learning. These studies aim to unveil the impact of mediating variables such as task type, mode of interaction, and social relationships on learners’ interactional behaviors and language development in this unique and pedagogically powerful learning context. To examine these issues, contributors employed quantitative, qualitative, and mixed-methods designs as well as cognitive, social, and sociocognitive theoretical frameworks. The majority of the studies are classroom based and were conducted in a rich array of settings covering five continents and encompassing a wide range of learner L1s and target languages. These settings include second and foreign language classrooms from primary to university level, content-based programs, online contexts, and after-school programs. To span the divide between research and practice, each study includes a section suggesting pedagogical implications.