Du Bois and His Rivals

Albon Holsey , Biographical Sketch of Emmett J. Scott , 1917 , Emmett J. Scott Papers , Morgan State College . 161. Louis R. Harlan , “ Emmett Jay Scott , ” in Rayford W. Logan and Michael R. Winston , eds . , Dictionary of American ...

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Author: Raymond Wolters

Publisher: University of Missouri Press

ISBN: 082621519X

Category: History

Page: 588

View: 724

W. E. B. Du Bois was the preeminent black scholar of his era. He was also a principal founder and for twenty-eight years an executive officer of the nation's most effective civil rights organization, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Even though Du Bois was best known for his lifelong stance against racial oppression, he represented much more. He condemned the racism of the white world but also criticized African Americans for mistakes of their own. He opposed segregation but had reservations about integration. Today he would be known as a pluralist. In Du Bois and His Rivals, Raymond Wolters provides a distinctive biography of this great pioneer of the American civil rights movement. Readers are able to follow the outline of Du Bois's life, but the book's main emphasis is on discrete scenes in his life, especially the controversies that pitted Du Bois against his principal black rivals. He challenged Booker T. Washington because he could not abide Washington's conciliatory approach toward powerful whites. At the same time, Du Bois's pluralism led him to oppose the leading separatists and integrationists of his day. He berated Marcus Garvey for giving up on America and urging blacks to pursue a separate destiny. He also rejected Walter White's insistence that integration was the best way to promote the advancement of black people. Du Bois felt that American blacks should be full-fledged Americans, with all the rights of other American citizens. However, he believed that they should also preserve and develop enough racial distinctiveness to enable them to maintain and foster a sense of racial identity, community, and pride. Du Bois and His Rivals shows that Du Bois stood for much more than protest against racial oppression. He was also committed to pluralism, and his pluralism emphasized the importance of traditional standards and of internal cooperation within the black community. Anyone interested in the civil rights movement, black history, or the history of the United States during the early twentieth century will find this book valuable.

Uplift Cinema

Emmett J. Scott letter to Louis B. Anderson, January 20, 1913, frame 820, microfilm reel 347, Washington Papers. 82. ... Louis B. Anderson letter to Emmett Jay Scott, February 25, 1913, Washington, Booker T. Washington Papers, 12:121.

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Author: Allyson Nadia Field

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822375555

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 344

View: 877

In Uplift Cinema, Allyson Nadia Field recovers the significant yet forgotten legacy of African American filmmaking in the 1910s. Like the racial uplift project, this cinema emphasized economic self-sufficiency, education, and respectability as the keys to African American progress. Field discusses films made at the Tuskegee and Hampton Institutes to promote education, as well as the controversial The New Era, which was an antiracist response to D. W. Griffith's The Birth of a Nation. She also shows how Black filmmakers in New York and Chicago engaged with uplift through the promotion of Black modernity. Uplift cinema developed not just as a response to onscreen racism, but constituted an original engagement with the new medium that has had a deep and lasting significance for African American cinema. Although none of these films survived, Field's examination of archival film ephemera presents a method for studying lost films that opens up new frontiers for exploring early film culture.

The Art of the Possible

Ralph W. Tyler to Booker T. Washington.3 March 1914; Ralph W. Tyler to Emmett J. Scott. 19 March 191-1. Container 1061.11. NNBL 1914: J. E. Bush to Booker T. Washington. 30 September 1913. Container 1056. ll.

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Author: Kevern J. Verney

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136541636

Category: History

Page: 222

View: 480

First published in 2002. The Art of The Possible is a new study of the ideas and achievements of Booker T. Washington, the most influential African American leader of the period 1881-1915. Washington's program for racial uplift is assessed in the context of the key political, social and economic developments of his era, in a work which both incorporates original research and a systhesis of modern scholarship.

Race War and Surveillance

EmmetJay"; Louis R. Harlan, Booker T. Washington: The Wizard ofTuskegee, 1901-1915 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1983), ... E. J. Scott to N. D. Baker, Oct. 8, 1917, "Memos for S/W" folder, box 2, Papers of Emmett J. Scott, ...

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Author: Mark Ellis

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253109323

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 709

In April 1917, black Americans reacted in various ways to the entry of the United States into World War I in the name of "Democracy." Some expressed loud support, many were indifferent, and others voiced outright opposition. All were agreed, however, that the best place to start guaranteeing freedom was at home. Almost immediately, rumors spread across the nation that German agents were engaged in "Negro Subversion" and that African Americans were potentially disloyal. Despite mounting a constant watch on black civilians, their newspapers, and their organizations, the domestic intelligence agents of the federal government failed to detect any black traitors or saboteurs. They did, however, find vigorous demands for equal rights to be granted and for the 30-year epidemic of lynching in the South to be eradicated. In Race, War, and Surveillance, Mark Ellis examines the interaction between the deep-seated fears of many white Americans about a possible race war and their profound ignorance about the black population. The result was a "black scare" that lasted well beyond the war years. Mark Ellis is Senior Lecturer in History at the University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland. June 2001 256 pages, 6 1/8 x 9 1/4, index, append. cloth 0-253-33923-5 $39.95 s / £30.50 Contents African Americans and the War for Democracy, 1917 The Wilson Administration and Black Opinion, 1917--1918 Black Doughboys The Surveillance of African American Leadership W. E. B. Du Bois, Joel E. Spingarn, and Military Intelligence Diplomacy and Demobilization, 1918--1919 Conclusion

Investigate Everything

Friends of the Camp " to Emmett J. Scott , 27 Sept. 1918 , 10218-238-8 ; Corp. Robert Edward Williams to " Dear Pastor , " 1 Oct. 1918,10218-238-1 ; Brig . Gen. E. L. Munson to IO , Camp Abraham Eustis , 16 Oct. 1918 , 10218-238-2 ...

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Author: Theodore Kornweibel, Jr.

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 025310923X

Category: History

Page: 344

View: 590

Free speech for African Americans during World War I had to be exercised with great caution. The federal government, spurred by a superpatriotic and often alarmed white public, determined to suppress any dissent against the war and require 100% patriotism from the black population. These pressures were applied by America's modern political intelligence system, which emerged during the war. Its major partners included the Bureau of Investigation (renamed the FBI in 1935); the Military Intelligence Division; and the investigative arms of the Post Office and State departments. Numerous African American individuals and institutions, as well as 'enemy aliens' believed to be undermining black loyalty, became their targets. Fears that the black population was being subverted by Germans multiplied as the United States entered the war in April 1917. In fact, only a handful of alleged enemy subversives were ever identified, and none were found to have done anything more than tell blacks that they had no good reason to fight, or that Germany would win. Nonetheless, they were punished under wartime legislation which criminalized anti-war advocacy. Theodore Kornweibel, Jr. reveals that a much greater proportion of blacks was disenchanted with the war than has been previously acknowledged. A considerable number were privately apathetic, while others publically expressed dissatisfaction or opposition to the war. Kornweibel documents the many forms of suppression used to intimidate African Americans, and contends that these efforts to silence black protest established precedents for further repression of black militancy during the postwar Red Scare.

W E B Du Bois 1868 1919

261; Emmett J. Scott to George Creel, Director of Committee on Public Information, Nov. 30, 1918, Box 115: Emmett J. Scott Collection Papers/Morgan State University Library.

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Author: David Levering Lewis

Publisher: Holt Paperbacks

ISBN: 9781466841512

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 752

View: 561

This monumental biography by David Levering Lewis--eight years in the research and writing--treats the early and middle phases of a long and intense career: a crucial fifty-year period that demonstrates how W.E.B. Du Bois changed forever the way Americans think about themselves.

Booker T Washington Papers Volume 10

1909 To Emmett Jay Scott 23 Feb. 1909 To Emmett Jay Scott 23 Feb. 1909 From Emmett Jay Scott 23 Feb. 1909 Extracts from an Address at Carnegie Hall 24 Feb. 1909 To William Demosthenes Crum ca. 24 Feb. 1909 To Emmett Jay Scott 24 Feb.

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Author: Booker T Washington

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252008006

Category: Social Science

Page: 698

View: 472

The memoirs and accounts of the Black educator are presented with letters, speeches, personal documents, and other writings reflecting his life and career.

Booker T Washington Papers Volume 12

23 Oct. 1913 To Bowser & Company 320 23 Oct. 1913 To Emmett Jay Scott 320 23 Oct. 1913 To Frank Trumbull 321 24 Oct. 1913 From Susan Helen Porter 322 24 Oct. 1913 Charles William Anderson to Emmett Jay Scott 322 25 Oct. 1913 To Sartell ...

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Author: Booker T. Washington

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252009746

Category: Social Science

Page: 548

View: 183

The memoirs and accounts of the Black educator are presented with letters, speeches, personal documents, and other writings reflecting his life and career.

Booker T Washington Papers Volume 4

From Emmett Jay Scott Houston Texas , Nov. 15/1896 My Dear Sir : I am pleased that you have accepted an invitation to speak in Texas , but am very sorry that only at two places can you speak . You must pass through Houston going to ...

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Author: Booker T Washington

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252005295

Category: Social Science

Page: 632

View: 587

The University of Illinois Press offers online access to "The Booker T. Washington Papers," a 14-volume set published by the press. Users can search the papers, view images, and purchase the print version of the volumes. Booker Taliaferro Washington (1856-1915) was an African-American educator who was born a slave in Franklin County, Virginia.

Booker T Washington Papers Volume 8

From Emmett Jay Scott Tuskegee Institute , Alabama . March 17 , 1905 Dear Mr. Washington : I just learned that on yesterday , Thursday , March 16th , Dr. Massey specifically notified the girls of his school that any of them caught ...

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Author: Booker T Washington

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 025200728X

Category: Social Science

Page: 704

View: 845

The memoirs and accounts of the Black educator are presented with letters, speeches, personal documents, and other writings reflecting his life and career.