Eratosthenes Geography

This is the first modern edition and first English translation of one of the earliest and most important works in the history of geography, the third-century Geographika of Eratosthenes.

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Author: Eratosthenes,

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691142678

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 911

This is the first modern edition and first English translation of one of the earliest and most important works in the history of geography, the third-century Geographika of Eratosthenes. In this work, which for the first time described the geography of the entire inhabited world as it was then known, Eratosthenes of Kyrene (ca. 285-205 BC) invented the discipline of geography as we understand it. A polymath who served as librarian at Alexandria and tutor to the future King Ptolemy IV, Eratosthenes created the terminology of geography, probably including the word geographia itself. Building on his previous work, in which he determined the size and shape of the earth, Eratosthenes in the Geographika created a grid of parallels and meridians that linked together every place in the world: for the first time one could figure out the relationship and distance between remote localities, such as northwest Africa and the Caspian Sea. The Geographika also identified some four hundred places, more than ever before, from Thoule (probably Iceland) to Taprobane (Sri Lanka), and from well down the coast of Africa to Central Asia. This is the first collation of the more than 150 fragments of the Geographika in more than a century. Each fragment is accompanied by an English translation, a summary, and commentary. Duane W. Roller provides a rich background, including a history of the text and its reception, a biography of Eratosthenes, and a comprehensive account of ancient Greek geographical thought and of Eratosthenes' pioneering contribution to it. This edition also includes maps that show all of the known places named in the Geographika, appendixes, a bibliography, and indexes.

Beyond Alexandria Literature and Empire in the Seleucid World

Eratosthenes' most lasting legacy was his mathematical approach to geography,
exemplified by his method of calculating the earth's circumference and the ...
However, Eratosthenes' geographical writing was not simply objective or
valuefree.

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Author: Marijn S. Visscher

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780190059088

Category: History

Page: 318

View: 680

"This book aims to further our understanding of Seleucid literature, covering the period from Seleucus I to Antiochus III. Despite the historical importance of the Seleucid Empire during this time, little attention has been devoted to its literature. The works of authors affiliated with the Seleucid court have tended to be overshadowed by works coming out of Alexandria, emerging from the court of the Ptolemies, the main rivals of the Seleucids. This book makes two key points, both of which challenge the idea that "Alexandrian" literature is coterminous with Hellenistic literature as a whole. First, the book sets out to demonstrate that a distinctly Seleucid strand of writing emerged from the Seleucid court, characterized by shared perspectives and thematic concerns. Second, the book argues that Seleucid literature was significant on the wider Hellenistic stage. Specifically, it aims to show that the works of Seleucid authors influenced and provided counterpoints to writers based in Alexandria, including key figures such as Eratosthenes and Callimachus. For this reason, the literature of the Seleucids is not only interesting in its own right; it also provides an important reference point for further understanding of Hellenistic literature in general. These two points are worked out in four chapters, each focusing on a specific 'moment' in Seleucid history and the corresponding literature: the establishment of the Eastern borders under Seleucus I; the consolidation of a symbolical centre at Babylon; the crisis of the Third Syrian War under Seleucus II; the flourishing literary court of Antiochus III"--

The Student s Manual of Ancient Geography

Places , & c . , of interest in Eratosthenes ' Geography . - In Europe , he notices
the Spanish rivers Anas and Tagus , the promontory of Calpe , and the town of
Tarrăco ; off the coast of Gaul , a group of islands , of which Uxisama represents ...

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Author: William Latham Bevan

Publisher:

ISBN: NYPL:33433081592499

Category: Geography, Ancient

Page: 702

View: 717

The Geography of Strabo Vol 1 3

This is the sum of what may be alleged against Eratosthenes. 38. In another
respect also we have to complain of Hipparchus, because, as he had given a
category of the statements of Eratosthenes, he ought to have corrected his
mistakes, ...

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Author: Strabo

Publisher: e-artnow

ISBN: EAN:4064066060039

Category: History

Page: 1483

View: 941

The Geography of Strabo is an encyclopedia of geographical knowledge, consisting of 17 'books', written in Greek by Strabo, an educated citizen of the Roman Empire of Greek descent. In his 17 books, divided into three volumes, Strabo deals with ancient physical geography and chorography, by which he means political geography. The two are combined in this work, which makes a "circuit of the earth" detailing the physical and political features. Strabo's Geography contains a considerable amount of historical data, as he worked on his Geography and now missing History (his other work) at the same time.

The Geography of Strabo

Anaximander Eratosthenes , we must first of all mention what he did for
geography , which was closely connected with his mathematical pursuits . It was
Eratosthenes who raised geography to the rank of a science ; for previ . ous to his
time it ...

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Author: Strabo

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B4036302

Category: Geography

Page:

View: 574

A history of ancient geography among the Greeks and Romans

His travels : his historical work : his geography written in advanced age . $ 3 .
Relation of his geographical work to that of Eratosthenes . $ 4 . Historical and
mythological digressions . $ 5 . His neglect of Herodotus . Discards the
statements of ...

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Author: sir Edward Herbert Bunbury (9th bart.)

Publisher:

ISBN: OXFORD:555002674

Category: Classical geography

Page:

View: 911

Mapping the Afterlife

(iii) Geographical Writings It's sometimes said that Aeneas' journey follows the
conventions of the periplus (“sailing ... But if we go back to the beginning of the
tradition of technical geography, Eratosthenes (third-second centuries bce), we
find ...

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Author: Emma Gee

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780190670481

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 903

This book is a tour of Afterlife landscapes from Homer to Dante. It argues that the topography of the Afterlife in Greek and Roman tradition, and in Dante, reflects the state of 'scientific' knowledge at the time of the various contexts in which we find it, and the landscape of the Other World is a way of exploring and assimilating the shape of this world. This book posits that there is a dominant spatial idiom in afterlife landscapes, which I call the 'Journey-Vision paradigm.' By this the author means the presence of two kinds of space in afterlife representations - the horizontal journey of the soul across the afterlife landscape, and a synoptic vision of the universe. This has, in studies of individual texts, often been characterised as an inconsistency or anomaly: many scholars have argued that the Vision of the universe is out of place in the underworld landscape. However, when one looks across the entire tradition, one finds that afterlife landscapes, almost without exception, contain these two kinds of space in one form or another. The function of this double vision of space - the Journey-Vision paradigm - is, the book argues, an attempt to harmonise the underworld, as the landscape of the soul, with the 'scientific' universe, and to understand humanity in terms of the cosmos, and vice versa.

A History of Ancient Geography Among the Greeks and Romans

In another respect also we are unable to estimate justly the amount of merit due
to Eratosthenes , from our very deficient knowledge of the actual state of
geographical science previous to the commencement of his labours . $ 2 . It is
certain ...

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Author: Edward Herbert Bunbury

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:TZ1MTD

Category: Classical geography

Page: 1409

View: 756

A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology Oarses Zygia

Strabo was a great traveller , and much of his He is the first extant writer who has
treated on geographical information is the ... The first systematic writer on have
travelled from Armenia to the parts of Tyr- geography was Eratosthenes , who ...

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Author: William Smith

Publisher:

ISBN: COLUMBIA:CR00106801

Category: Biography

Page:

View: 746

The Classical Tradition of Geography

This was sufficient cause for Hugo Berger to suppose that Eratosthenes
mentioned only the results of his measurement in his geographical study , and
described his workingmethod elsewhere . 1 In 1903 Nissen was able to confirm
this ...

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Author: Christiaan van Paassen

Publisher: Groningen J.P. Wolters [1957]

ISBN: UOM:39015019126591

Category: Classical geography

Page: 414

View: 614

A Manual of Greek Literature

His merits as an astronomer and geometer will be considered under a
subsequent head ; we will confine ourselves at present to what he did for
geography , which was closely connected with his mathematical pursuits . " It was
Eratosthenes ...

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Author: Charles Anthon

Publisher:

ISBN: PSU:000002061344

Category: Greek literature

Page: 580

View: 171

Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology ed by W Smith

117 , & c . ; Delambre , Hist . de the geography of Eratosthenes that called forth l '
Astron . Anc . ; Petavius , Uranologion . ) [ A . DEM . ] number of opponents ,
among whom we meet with With regard to the other merits of Eratosthenes , the ...

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Author: Greek and Roman biography

Publisher:

ISBN: OXFORD:600025735

Category:

Page:

View: 857

A New Classical Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography Mythology and Geography

His most celebrated work was a systematic treatise on geography, entitled
Teuypatpiicd, in three books. The first book, which formed a sort of ... This
important work of Eratosthenes forms an epoch in the history of ancient
geography ...

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Author: William Smith

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X001620866

Category: Classical dictionaries

Page: 1039

View: 359

Earinus Nyx

117 , & c . ; Delambre , Hist . de the geography of Eratosthenes that called forth a
l'Astron . Anc . ; Petavius , Uranologion . ) [ A. DEM . ] number of opponents ,
among whom we meet with With regard to the other merits of Eratosthenes , the ...

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Author: William Smith

Publisher:

ISBN: OSU:32435023900582

Category: Biography

Page:

View: 216

The Geography of Strabo

Anaximander Eratosthenes , we must first of all mention what he did for
geography , which was closely connected with his mathematical pursuits . It was
Eratosthenes who raised geography to the rank of a science ; for previous to his
time it ...

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Author: Strabo

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105019831978

Category: Geography, Ancient

Page:

View: 304

The Geographical Fragments of Hipparchus

blamed Eratosthenes for his brevity is entirely imaginary and based on a
complete disregard of the actual text . All that Hipparchus does is to call attention
to the necessity for a comparison of the climata of the regions round Meroë and of
India ...

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Author: Hipparchus

Publisher: London, U. of London, Athlone P

ISBN: UCAL:B4980401

Category: Geography, Ancient

Page: 214

View: 613

Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography

The Jerusalem Itinerary which accompany the Geography of Ptolemy , though
places the station of Intercisa 9 M. P. from Calles indifferently drawn , preserve a
much ... Pre - eminently it Eratosthenes 25,450 was " the Great Sea " ( Num .
xxxiv .

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Author: Sir William Smith

Publisher:

ISBN: CHI:20037198

Category: Classical dictionaries

Page:

View: 264

A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology

Strabo was a great traveller , and much of his He is the first extant writer who has
treated on geographical information is ... the parts of Tyr- geography was
Eratosthenes , who preceded Strabo rhenia adjacent to Sardinia ; towards the
south by ...

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: BSB:BSB10997258

Category:

Page:

View: 313

The Encyclop dia Britannica

... mathematical geography , his want of high scientific traingaining accurate
information about those regions . A ing was of no great hindrance . He had before
him the critical sagacity far stronger than that of Strabo might results of
Eratosthenes ...

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: NYPL:33433082033485

Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

Page:

View: 960

The English Cyclop dia

793 ERATOSTHENES . ... He had published Thus Eratosthenes has the merit of
pointing out a method for at the former town in 1565 a work ' De Discrimine
Logicæ et Scientiæ ... The geography of Eratosthenes is lost ; the ( Gött . , 1795 ) .

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015080272498

Category:

Page:

View: 584