The Muslim Discovery of Europe

"Full of rare and exact information…A distinguished work." —New York Review of Books The eleventh-century Muslim world was a great civilization while Europe lay slumbering in the Dark Ages.

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Author: Bernard Lewis

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393245578

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 554

"Full of rare and exact information.... A distinguished work."—New York Review of Books The eleventh-century Muslim world was a great civilization while Europe lay slumbering in the Dark Ages. Slowly, inevitably, Europe and Islam came together, through trade and war, crusade and diplomacy. The ebb and flow between these two worlds for seven hundred years, illuminated here by a brilliant historian, is one of the great sagas of world history.

Between Europe and Islam

This volume focuses on Europe and the Islamic world as two historically constructed geo-civilisational domains, and shows that modernity was not achieved in splendid isolation in Europe, but in the tensions and conflicts within the ...

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Author: Almut H[Ux945f]fert

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9052019355

Category: History

Page: 216

View: 968

In the last two decades of the 20th century, theorising on modernity has entered a new stage. The former dichotomy between an active West exporting its successful model of modernity on a global scale and passive non-Westerners gratefully implementing this model in their own societies has been challenged by critical anthropology and postcolonial studies, and further elaborated upon within social theory. This volume focuses on Europe and the Islamic world as two historically constructed geo-civilisational domains, and shows that modernity was not achieved in splendid isolation in Europe, but in the tensions and conflicts within the «transcultural space» between Europe and Islam. The impact of Islam as a complex civilising tradition on the making of Europe, and vice versa, impinged on the building of political, religious and scientific institutions and discourses. These sustained a continuous process of drawing, adjusting and transgressing symbolic and geo-political boundaries between the two civilisational realms, from medieval rivalries to present-day migration-related conflicts. This volume assembles seven contributions by historians and sociologists covering the whole of the modern era and focusing on the notion of a transcultural space and the discussion of revised concepts concerning the genesis and shape of modernity. In so doing, they try to escape both the apories of cultural relativism and the militancy of the «clash of civilizations».

Islam Religions and Pluralism in Europe

This volume treats “Islam, Religions, and Pluralism in Europe” based on a 2014 conference in Montenegro. Experts analyze Islam and Muslim issues as well as Christian perspectives and state social policies.

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Author: Ednan Aslan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783658129620

Category: Social Science

Page: 303

View: 196

Religious and ethnic diversity have become crucial and pressing concerns in Europe: in particular, the presence of Muslims, their integration, citizenship, and how to deal with the influx of refugees. Can we draw on the resources of religions and their leaders for models of peaceful coexistence or do religious identities constitute obstacles to cooperation and unity? This volume treats “Islam, Religions, and Pluralism in Europe” based on a 2014 conference in Montenegro. Experts analyze Islam and Muslim issues as well as Christian perspectives and state social policies. Case studies drawn from Western and Eastern Europe including the Balkans, constructively review and interrogate diverse theological, philosophical, pedagogical, legal, and political models and strategies that deal with pluralism.

Europe and Islam

This book provides an in depth analysis of the challenging relationship between Europe and Islam. The general chapters on secularism, security, identity and solidarity show the challenge of promoting a stable multi-cultural society.

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Author: Erik Jones

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317207245

Category: Political Science

Page: 126

View: 476

This book provides an in depth analysis of the challenging relationship between Europe and Islam. The general chapters on secularism, security, identity and solidarity show the challenge of promoting a stable multi-cultural society. In depth analysis of France, Germany, Britain, the Netherlands, and Italy reveal the extent to which this challenge of stable multiculturalism differs from one country to the next. The argument that emerges is not that Europe and Islam are incompatible. Rather it is that reconciling the tensions that arise from the mixing of different cultures will require enormous patience, understanding, and investment. The contributors represent some of the leading voices in debates about European politics – and not just those focusing narrowly on the question of Islam. Hence this volume offers both a gateway to understanding the special relationship between Europe and the Muslim world and a means of tying that understanding to the future of European integration. This book was previously published as a special issue of The International Spectator.

Europe and Islam

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Author: Hichem Djaït

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520050401

Category: Civilization, Islamic

Page: 198

View: 116

Enlightening Europe on Islam and the Ottomans

D’Ohsson’s Tableau général de l’Empire othoman is the most authoritative, magnificently illustrated work of the Enlightenment on Islam and the Ottomans.

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Author: Carter Vaughn Findley

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004377257

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 217

D’Ohsson’s Tableau général de l’Empire othoman is the most authoritative, magnificently illustrated work of the Enlightenment on Islam and the Ottomans. A practical work for statesmen, the Tableau delighted all readers with profuse illustrations -- verbal and visual -- of Ottoman life.

Islam in Europe

This vigorously argued book reveals the central role that Islam has played in European history.

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Author: Jack Goody

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780745657554

Category: Religion

Page: 192

View: 718

This vigorously argued book reveals the central role that Islam has played in European history. Following the movement of people, culture and religion from East to West, Goody breaks down the perceived opposition between Islam and Europe, showing Islam to be a part of Europe's past and present. In an historical analysis of religious warfare and forced migration, Goody examines our understanding of legitimate violence, ethnic cleansing and terrorism. His comparative perspective offers important and illuminating insights into current political problems and conflicts. Goody traces three routes of Islam into Europe, following the Arab through North Africa, Spain and Mediterranean Europe; the Turk through Greece and the Balkans; and the Mongol through Southern Russia to Poland and Lithuania. Each thrust made its mark on Europe in terms of population and culture. Yet this was not merely a military impact: especially in Spain, but elsewhere too, Europe was substantially modified by this contact. Today it takes the form of some eleven million immigrants, not to speak of the possible incorporation of further millions through Bosnia, Albania and Turkey.

Islam Europe

Within the framework of the Forum A. & A Leysen, several experts from in and outside the Muslim world contributed to this book.

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Author: Marie-Claire Foblets

Publisher: Universitaire Pers Leuven

ISBN: 9789058677396

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 438

Within the framework of the Forum A. & A Leysen, several experts from in and outside the Muslim world contributed to this book. In Islam and Europe: Crises Are Challenges they discuss how dialogues between Islam and the West, with a focus on Europe, can be achieved. The various authors (legal scholars, political theorists, social scientists, and psychologists) explore in these collected essays such interrelated questions as: How much diversity is permissible within a liberal pluralistic democratic society? How strong are the implications of citizenship? What are equitable accommodations of contested practices? They argue for an adequate understanding of how Western Muslim communities in Europe experience their minority position and what needs to be done to improve their participation in European society. The second part of this Volume is a collection of papers written around the work of Abdullahi Ahmed An-Naim, Who also makes his own contribution to the book. The Catholic University of Leuven awarded An-Naim an honorary doctorate in 2009 on the theme of multiculturalism, intercultural relations and diversity. An-Naim is recognized the world over as a leading expert in the area of religion and law, and as a human rights activist. Islam and Europe: Crises Are Challenges reinforces our sense that a better knowledge and awareness of the growing diversity of our society, and striving for harmonious relations between Islam and the West, are among the most important challenges of our time.

Islam in Europe

In this timely work, Robert J. Pauly, Jr. looks in detail at the impact of Islam’s presence in Europe.

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Author: Robert J. Pauly

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317112457

Category: Political Science

Page: 198

View: 225

In this timely work, Robert J. Pauly, Jr. looks in detail at the impact of Islam’s presence in Europe. He examines five areas of particular importance: the effect of the growth of Muslim communities on the demographics of Western Europe generally, and France, Germany and the United Kingdom in particular; the consequences of the marginalization of Muslims on domestic and international security within and outside of Western Europe in the post-11 September 2001 era; the impact of the issue of Islam in Europe on the European Union’s ongoing deepening and widening processes; the potential correlation between the increased visibility of Islam in Europe and the growth of far-right political parties across the continent; and the broader relationships between the issues of Islam in Europe, Islam and Europe, and Islam and the West.

Europe and the Islamic World

This important book, which sets the scene for urgent contemporary issues, should be necessary reading for anyone seriously interested in global affairs.

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Author: John Victor Tolan

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691147055

Category: History

Page: 478

View: 915

Focuses on the historical common ground that the Islamic and Western worlds share.

Europe and Islam Controversy Protest and Dialogue

Subscribe to openDemocracy's Quarterly.

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Author: David Hayes

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 9781847531216

Category:

Page: 143

View: 206

Subscribe to openDemocracy's Quarterly. Visit us at http://www.openDemocracy.netopenDemocracy's public intellectuals reflect on the French Hijab law, the London bombings, the Danish Cartoons affair and Pope Benedict's Regensburg address. What is the dialogue of civilisations?

Islam and Political Cultural Europe

Exploring the interactions of Muslim, Christian and secular cultures in the context of highly pluralized contemporary European societies, this book offers a valuable tool for those within and outside Europe seeking to understand the far ...

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Author: W. Cole Durham

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317112600

Category: Religion

Page: 304

View: 196

Islam and Political-Cultural Europe identifies the sometimes confusing and often contentious new challenges that arise in daily life and institutions as Islam settles deeper into Europe. Critiquing past and recent assimilation efforts in the fields of education, finance, and security, the contributors offer prospective solutions to diverse contemporary problems. Exploring the interactions of Muslim, Christian and secular cultures in the context of highly pluralized contemporary European societies, this book offers a valuable tool for those within and outside Europe seeking to understand the far-reaching implications of combining cultures, the struggles of the Muslim-Christian-secular transition, and the progress which the future promises.

Reflections on the Revolution in Europe

A provocative assessment of what the author terms a demographic revolution in Europe predicts how the continent's future will be shaped by increasingly assertive Muslim populations, citing key issues caused by the region's miscalculation of ...

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Author: Christopher Caldwell

Publisher: Anchor

ISBN: 9780307276759

Category: History

Page: 363

View: 412

A provocative assessment of what the author terms a demographic revolution in Europe predicts how the continent's future will be shaped by increasingly assertive Muslim populations, citing key issues caused by the region's miscalculation of labor needs and underestimation of culture-shaping influences.

Islam and Public Controversy in Europe

With case studies drawn from France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the UK, this book examines a range of public issues, including mosque construction, ritual slaughter, Sharia councils and burqa bans, addressing the question of ’Islamic ...

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Author: Nilüfer Göle

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317112549

Category: Social Science

Page: 286

View: 778

The public visibility of Islam is becoming increasingly controversial throughout European countries. With case studies drawn from France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the UK, this book examines a range of public issues, including mosque construction, ritual slaughter, Sharia councils and burqa bans, addressing the question of ’Islamic difference’ in public life outside the confines of established normative discourses that privilege freedom of religion, minority rights or multiculturalism. Acknowledging the creative role of dissent, it explores the manner in which public controversies unsettle the religious-secular divide and reshape European norms in the domains of aesthetics, individual freedom, animal rights and law. Developing an innovative conceptual framework and elaborating the notion of controversy as a methodological tool, Islam and Public Controversy in Europe draws our attention to the processes of interaction, confrontation and mutual transformation, thereby opening up a new horizon for rethinking difference and pluralism in Europe. As such, it will appeal to scholars across the social sciences with interests in religion, integration, cultural difference and the public sphere.

Islam in a Changing World

1. Multiple faces of Islam, R. Hrair Dekmejian

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Author: J B Simonsen

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0700705090

Category: Religion

Page: 190

View: 759

1. Multiple faces of Islam, R. Hrair Dekmejian

Islam and the New Europe

The position of Europe as such is in doubt. Much of its future depends on how to deal with the emerging new ideals and realities with respect to religion and the challenges of Islam in Europe.

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Author: Sigrid Nökel

Publisher: Transcript Verlag

ISBN: STANFORD:36105124285623

Category: Social Science

Page: 324

View: 726

In the post-9/11 era the complexity of Muslim and non-Muslim relations within Europe has sharpened: Global events have contributed to the reshaping of religious and cultural, in particular Muslim, representations and arenas. The position of Europe as such is in doubt. Much of its future depends on how to deal with the emerging new ideals and realities with respect to religion and the challenges of Islam in Europe. Muslim participation in contemporary European affair has been long standing. But in the past the minority status of such ethnic and religious communities from the Middle East has never been in question. Now they are, Cities and communities now boast Muslim majorities. Questions emerge of bilingualism, political participation, head dress at public institutions of learning, and protection of other minorities, such as the Jewish community. On the other side, European concerns over immigration, unemployment, health and welfare for the newly arrived, and the admission of predominantly Muslim states into the European Community have begun to test the social welfare systems of many nations within Europe. The idea of cultural exchange based on tolerance has lost its magical aura. Volume 6 of the Yearbook of the Sociology of Islam presents a variety of discussions and case studies from different European countries related to how Muslims are responding to this situation, how they and Muslim representation change, and how cultural and public negotiation is involved in shaping new perceptions of Islam and Europe.

Muslim Lives in Eastern Europe

Muslim Lives in Eastern Europe examines how gender identities were reconfigured in a Bulgarian Muslim community following the demise of Communism and an influx of international aid from the Islamic world.

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Author: Kristen Ghodsee

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691139555

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 281

Muslim Lives in Eastern Europe examines how gender identities were reconfigured in a Bulgarian Muslim community following the demise of Communism and an influx of international aid from the Islamic world. Kristen Ghodsee conducted extensive ethnographic research among a small population of Pomaks, Slavic Muslims living in the remote mountains of southern Bulgaria. After Communism fell in 1989, Muslim minorities in Bulgaria sought to rediscover their faith after decades of state-imposed atheism. But instead of returning to their traditionally heterodox roots, isolated groups of Pomaks embraced a distinctly foreign type of Islam, which swept into their communities on the back of Saudi-financed international aid to Balkan Muslims, and which these Pomaks believe to be a more correct interpretation of their religion. Ghodsee explores how gender relations among the Pomaks had to be renegotiated after the collapse of both Communism and the region's state-subsidized lead and zinc mines. She shows how mosques have replaced the mines as the primary site for jobless and underemployed men to express their masculinity, and how Muslim women have encouraged this as a way to combat alcoholism and domestic violence. Ghodsee demonstrates how women's embrace of this new form of Islam has led them to adopt more conservative family roles, and how the Pomaks' new religion remains deeply influenced by Bulgaria's Marxist-Leninist legacy, with its calls for morality, social justice, and human solidarity.

Travelling Home Essays on Islam in Europe

A forceful study of Islamophobia in Europe in an age of populism and pandemic, considering survival strategies for Muslims on the basis of Qur’an, Hadith, and the Islamic theological, legal and spiritual legacy.

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Author: Abdal Hakim Murad

Publisher: The Quilliam Press

ISBN: 9781872038216

Category: Religion

Page: 328

View: 736

A forceful study of Islamophobia in Europe in an age of populism and pandemic, considering survival strategies for Muslims on the basis of Qur’an, Hadith, and the Islamic theological, legal and spiritual legacy.

Everyday Lived Islam in Europe

This book offers a new direction for the study of contemporary Islam by focusing on what being Muslim means in people’s everyday lives.

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Author: Nathal M. Dessing

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317138372

Category: Social Science

Page: 196

View: 891

This book offers a new direction for the study of contemporary Islam by focusing on what being Muslim means in people’s everyday lives. It complements existing studies by focusing not on mosque-going, activist Muslims, but on how people live out their faith in schools, workplaces and homes, and in dealing with problems of health, wellbeing and relationships. As well as offering fresh empirical studies of everyday lived Islam, the book offers a new approach which calls for the study of ’official’ religion and everyday ’tactical’ religion in relation to one another. It discusses what this involves, the methods it requires, and how it relates to existing work in Islamic Studies.

Secular Power Europe and Islam

This book argues that the EU’s interest and diplomacy activities in relation to religion, and to Islam specifically, are shaped by the insistence on a European secular identity that should be reconsidered.

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Author: Sarah Wolff

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472128884

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 820

Secular Power Europe and Islam argues that secularism is not the central principle of international relations but should be considered as one belief system that influences international politics. Through an exploration of Europe’s secular identity, an identity that is seen erroneously as normative, author Sarah Wolff shows how Islam confronts the EU’s existential anxieties about its security and its secular identity. Islam disrupts Eurocentric assumptions about democracy and revolution and human rights. Through three case studies, Wolff encourages the reader to unpack secularism as a bedrock principle of IR and diplomacy. This book argues that the EU’s interest and diplomacy activities in relation to religion, and to Islam specifically, are shaped by the insistence on a European secular identity that should be reconsidered.