Focusing Telescopes in Nuclear Astrophysics

This volume is the first of its kind on focusing gamma-ray telescopes. Forty-eight refereed papers provide a comprehensive overview of the scientific potential and technical challenges of this nascent tool for nuclear astrophysics.

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Author: Peter Ballmoos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402053047

Category: Science

Page: 503

View: 854

This volume is the first of its kind on focusing gamma-ray telescopes. Forty-eight refereed papers provide a comprehensive overview of the scientific potential and technical challenges of this nascent tool for nuclear astrophysics. The book features articles dealing with pivotal technologies such as grazing incident mirrors, multilayer coatings, Laue- and Fresnel-lenses - and even an optic using the curvature of space-time.

Focusing Telescopes in Nuclear Astrophysics

This volume is the first of its kind on focusing gamma-ray telescopes.

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Author: Elijah Joshua

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 1548133574

Category:

Page: 408

View: 853

This volume is the first of its kind on focusing gamma-ray telescopes. Forty-eight refereed papers provide a comprehensive overview of the scientific potential and technical challenges of this nascent tool for nuclear astrophysics. The book features articles dealing with pivotal technologies such as grazing incident mirrors, multilayer coatings, Laue- and Fresnel-lenses - and even an optic using the curvature of space-time.

High Energy Spectroscopic Astrophysics

The full science potential of a next-generation LXe-based telescope should be tested on future balloon flights. 4.3 Wave Optics: Focusing Telescopes Since the wavelength of nuclear gamma-ray photons is two to three orders of magnitude ...

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Author: Steven M. Kahn

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540270133

Category: Science

Page: 295

View: 849

After three decades of intense research in X-ray and gamma-ray astronomy, the time was ripe to summarize basic knowledge on X-ray and gamma-ray spectroscopy for interested students and researchers ready to become involved in new high-energy missions. This volume exposes both the scientific basics and modern methods of high-energy spectroscopic astrophysics. The emphasis is on physical principles and observing methods rather than a discussion of particular classes of high-energy objects, but many examples and new results are included in the three chapters as well.

An Introduction to Nuclear Astrophysics

The XRT and UVOT are X-ray and UV/optical focusing telescopes, respectively, which produce subarcsecond positions and multiwavelength light curves for GRB afterglows. Broadband afterglow spectroscopy then produces redshifts for many of ...

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Author: Richard N. Boyd

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226069715

Category: Science

Page: 422

View: 769

"In An Introduction to Nuclear Astrophysics, Richard N. Boyd includes basic nomenclature and information so that students from astronomy or physics can quickly orient themselves. Subsequent chapters describe earthbound and spaceborne instruments operating in service to nuclear astrophysics worldwide; background topics such as nuclear and neutrino physics, scattering formalism, and thermonuclear reaction rates; and information on galactic chemical evolution, solar nucleosynthesis, s- and r-processes, and gamma-ray bursts. Each chapter includes problem sets against which students may test their knowledge before moving ahead, and Boyd has included copious references intended to guide students to further study"--Jacket.

Issues in Nuclear High Energy Plasma Particle and Condensed Matter Physics 2012 Edition

nuclear. astrophysics. using. pixelated. CdTe. “The concept of focusing telescopes in the energy range of lines of astrophysical interest (i.e., of energies around 1 MeV) should allow to reach unprecedented sensitivities, essential to ...

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Author:

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 9781481645850

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 486

Issues in Nuclear, High Energy, Plasma, Particle, and Condensed Matter Physics: 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Nuclear Physics. The editors have built Issues in Nuclear, High Energy, Plasma, Particle, and Condensed Matter Physics: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Nuclear Physics in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Nuclear, High Energy, Plasma, Particle, and Condensed Matter Physics: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

TeV Gamma Ray Astrophysics

The instrumental categories which can be identified in the energy range of nuclear astrophysics have their origins in the ... Beyond this, focusing telescopes and Compton telescopes, based on wave- and quantum- optics respectively, ...

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Author: Heinrich J. Völk

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400901711

Category: Science

Page: 450

View: 201

The `International Heidelberg Workshop on TeV Gamma-Ray Astrophysics' brought together astrophysicists from the various fields which play a role in the formation of high energy gamma-ray emission. In particular, theoretical and observational aspects of the physics and astrophysics of pulsars and quasars, the acceleration of particles at Supernova Remnants and other strong astrophysical shock fronts, and cascade processes in universal background photon fields were comprehensively discussed in more than thirty reviews by leading experts. In their entirety these reviews describe the birth of a new field of astronomy. This field concerns cosmic gamma-rays of very high energy which are observed with ground-based optical telescopes due to the Cherenkov emission of the secondary particles created by the interaction of these gamma-rays with atoms in the Earth's atmosphere. Beyond that, the workshop encompassed the latest developments and trends in theory and observation of cosmic gamma-ray sources of all energies, from nuclear gamma-ray lines in the MeV-region, through the Bremsstrahlung, Inverse Compton, and pion decay continuum emission, to gamma-rays due the decay of exotic relics from the early Universe. Audience: Specialists as well as students in physics and astrophysics and young research workers.

Imaging in High Energy Astronomy

The instrumental categories which can be identified in the energy range of nuclear astrophysics have their origins in the ... Beyond this, focusing telescopes and Compton telescopes, based on wave- and quantum- optics respectively, ...

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Author: L. Bassani

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401104074

Category: Science

Page: 381

View: 945

An almost complete collection of the papers given at the International Workshop on Imaging in High Energy Astronomy (Anacapri, Italy, 1994). These proceedings, which concentrate on imaging above 10 keV, represent the state of the art in the field, resulting from the success of many missions (I.C. Granat and CGRO) carrying detectors for high energy astronomy with imaging capabilities. The main topics of the book are Bragg concentrators, coded mask-modulation collimators, double Compton telescopes, the occultation method, tracking chambers, and new experimental techniques. The book also contains some papers dealing with image reconstruction and processing, with an emphasis on the above techniques.

Astrophysical Techniques Sixth Edition

The balloon-borne High Energy Focusing Telescope (HEFT) uses six 1000-pixel CZTs. Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR), launched in 2012, uses eight 32 × 32 pixel CZT detectors, four for each of its two telescopes, ...

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Author: C.R. Kitchin

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781466511170

Category: Science

Page: 554

View: 678

Long used in undergraduate and introductory graduate courses, Astrophysical Techniques, Sixth Edition provides a comprehensive account of the instruments, detectors, and techniques employed in astronomy and astrophysics. Emphasizing the underlying unity of all astronomical observations, this popular text provides a coherent state-of-the-art account of the instruments and techniques used in current astronomy and astrophysics. As in earlier editions, the author aims to reduce the trend towards fragmentation of astronomical studies. The underlying unity of all of astronomical observation is emphasized by the layout of the book: the pattern of detection → imaging → ancillary techniques has been adopted so that one stage of an observation is encountered together with the similar stages required for all other information carriers. The book is written in a very accessible manner, and most of the mathematics is accessible to those who have attended a mathematics course in their final years at school. Nevertheless, the treatment of the topics in general is at a sufficiently high level to be of use to those professionals seeking technical information in areas of astronomy with which they might not be completely familiar.

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

ESA 90 ASTROPHYSICS N90-16603 # Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche , Frascati ( Italy ) . ... The advent of spaceborne focusing telescopes has elininated some of these difficulties although x ray absorbtion by cold interstellar gas ...

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:30000001695232

Category: Aeronautics

Page:

View: 420

The Big Bang and Other Explosions in Nuclear and Particle Astrophysics

The Hubble Space Telescope captured the image by focusing on the cluster as it completed 10 orbits. This image is one of the longest and clearest exposures ever produced. Several pairs of galaxies appear to be caught in one another's ...

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Author: David N Schramm

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814501378

Category: Science

Page: 732

View: 808

This volume of important papers by one the world's leading astrophysicists provides a sweeping survey of the incisive and exciting applications of nuclear and particle physics to a wide range of problems in astrophysics and cosmology. The prime focus of the book is on Big Bang cosmology and the role of primordial nucleosynthesis in establishing the modern consensus on the Big Bang. This leads into the connection of cosmology to particle physics and the constraints put on various elementary particles by astrophysical arguments. Big Bang Nucleosynthesis has also led to the argument for nonbaryonic dark matter and is thus related to the major problem in physical cosmology today, namely, structure formation. The nuclear-particle interface with astrophysics also extends to the other topics of major interest such as the age of the universe, cosmic rays, supernovae, and solar neutrinos, each of which will be discussed in some detail. Each section contains historical papers, current papers, and frequently a popular article on the subject which provides an overview of the topic. This volume is testimony to the success of the integration of nuclear and particle physics with astrophysics and cosmology, and to the ingenuity of the work in this area which has earned the author numerous prestigious awards. The book, which is accessible to beginning graduate students, should be of particular interest to researchers and students in astronomy, astrophysics, cosmology and gravitation, and also in high energy and nuclear physics. Contents:Part A: Basic Big Bang CosmologyPart B: Primordial Nucleosynthesis:Standard ModelDeuterium and Baryon DensityHeliumLithiumCosmological Neutrino CountingAstrophysical Constraints on Particle PropertiesPart C: Other Cosmological Topics:The Very Early UniverseThe Quark-Hadron TransitionDark Matter and Cosmic Structure FormationStructure Formation ContinuedNucleochronologyPart D: Non-Cosmological Topics:Cosmic RaysGalactic EvolutionColliding Neutron Stars and Other ExoticaSolar Neutrinos Readership: Researchers and graduate students in astronomy, astrophysics, cosmology and gravitation, high energy physics and nuclear physics. keywords: