Forgotten Captives in Japanese Occupied Asia

This book explores differences in how captivity was experienced between 1941 and 1945, and has been remembered since: differences due to geography and logistics, to policies and personalities, and marked by nationality, age, class, gender ...

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Author: Kevin Blackburn

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134092239

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 833

Experiences of captivity in Japanese-occupied Asia varied enormously. Some prisoners of war (POWs) were sent to work in Japan, others to toil on the ‘Death Railway’ between Burma and Thailand. Some camps had death rates below 1 per cent, others of over 20 per cent. While POWs were deployed far and wide as a captive labour force, civilian internees were generally detained locally. This book explores differences in how captivity was experienced between 1941 and 1945, and has been remembered since: differences due to geography and logistics, to policies and personalities, and marked by nationality, age, class, gender and combatant status. Part One has at least one chapter for each ‘National Memory’, Australian, British, Canadian, Dutch, Indian and American. Part Two moves on to forgotten captivities. It covers women, children, camp guards, internee experiences upon the end of the war, and local heroines who fought back. By juxtaposing such a wide variety of captivity experiences – differentiated both by category of captive and by approach - this book transcends place, to become a collection about captivity as a category. It will interest scholars working on the Asia-Pacific War, on captivities in general, and on the individual histories of the countries and groups covered.

Forgotten Captives in Japanese Occupied Asia

F o r g o t t e n C a p t i v e s i n J a p a n e s e O c c u p i e d A sia Experiencesof captivity in Japaneseoccupied Asia varied enormously.Some prisoners of war (POWs) were sent to work in Japan, others to toil on the 'Death ...

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Author: Kevin Blackburn

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134092222

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 512

Experiences of captivity in Japanese-occupied Asia varied enormously. Some prisoners of war (POWs) were sent to work in Japan, others to toil on the ‘Death Railway’ between Burma and Thailand. Some camps had death rates below 1 per cent, others of over 20 per cent. While POWs were deployed far and wide as a captive labour force, civilian internees were generally detained locally. This book explores differences in how captivity was experienced between 1941 and 1945, and has been remembered since: differences due to geography and logistics, to policies and personalities, and marked by nationality, age, class, gender and combatant status. Part One has at least one chapter for each ‘National Memory’, Australian, British, Canadian, Dutch, Indian and American. Part Two moves on to forgotten captivities. It covers women, children, camp guards, internee experiences upon the end of the war, and local heroines who fought back. By juxtaposing such a wide variety of captivity experiences – differentiated both by category of captive and by approach - this book transcends place, to become a collection about captivity as a category. It will interest scholars working on the Asia-Pacific War, on captivities in general, and on the individual histories of the countries and groups covered.

The Sportsmen of Changi

The Sportsmen of Changi is a moving account of diggers for whom sport was not just a means to boost morale and an escape from a dreadful reality, but a way of feeling human in the face of inhuman suffering.

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Author: Kevin Blackburn

Publisher: UNSW Press

ISBN: 9781742241005

Category: HISTORY

Page: 296

View: 370

Australian prisoners of war playing sport, at times with their captors, does not fit the picture embedded in the popular imagination of horror and suffering in Japanese POW camps during WWII. But incredibly, sport flourished amidst the hellish conditions in these camps. The Sportsmen of Changi is a moving account of diggers for whom sport was not just a means to boost morale and an escape from a dreadful reality, but a way of feeling human in the face of inhuman suffering. Captives played Aussie Rules football at the infamous Changi Prison, and tennis on the Burmese side of the Burma-Thailand Railway. They played soccer, cricket, baseball or basketball and sometimes their prison guards even joined in for a game. And there were many elite sportsmen in these ranks who were intent on reviving their sporting careers after returning home at war's end. What did sports in captivity mean to these soldiers? Did it prove that they were still tough fighting men despite defeat? Or was it their one link to normalcy, a poignant attempt to instil order in a maelstrom of humiliation, disease, violence and despair? The Sportsmen of Changi considers these questions with clarity, delving into the diaries of prisoners and other historical evidence overlooked until now.

The Evacuation of Civilians from Burma

Kevin Blackburn and Karl Hack, Forgotten Captives in Japanese Occupied Asia, London, Routledge, 2008. A. L. Fischer coined the phrase 'barbed-wire disease'. In 'Hide and Seek' (Hack), Buchheim suggests that Japanese commandants were not ...

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Author: Michael D. Leigh

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781441163943

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 122

The string of military defeats during 1942 marked the end of British hegemony in Southeast Asia, finally destroying the myth of British imperial invincibility. The Japanese attack on Burma led to a hurried and often poorly organized evacuation of Indian and European civilians from the country. The evacuation was a public humiliation for the British and marked the end of their role in Burma. The Evacuation of Civilians from Burma investigates the social and political background to the evacuation, and the consequences of its failure. Utilizing unpublished letters, diaries, memoirs and official reports, Michael Leigh provides the first comprehensive account of the evacuation, analyzing its source in the structures of colonial society, fractured race relations and in the turbulent politics of colonial Burma.

The Oxford Handbook of Gender War and the Western World Since 1600

of Surrender: German Prisoners, British Captors, and Manhood in the Great War and Beyond (Chapel Hill: University of ... 1941 to 1945: One Occupier, Many Captivities and Memories,” in Forgotten Captives in Japanese Occupied Asia, ed.

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Author: Karen Hagemann

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199948710

Category: History

Page: 848

View: 659

To date, war history has focused predominantly on the efforts of and impact of war on male participants. However, this limited focus disregards the complexity of gendered experiences with war and the military. The Oxford Handbook of Gender, War, and the Western World since 1600 investigates how conceptions of gender have contributed to the shaping of military culture, examining the varied ideals and practices that have socially differentiated men and women'swartime experiences. Covering the major periods in warfare since the seventeenth century, The Handbook explores cultural representations of war and the interconnectedness of the military with civil society and its transformations.

War Memory and the Making of Modern Malaysia and Singapore

In Forgotten Captives, eds. Hack and Blackburn, pp. 57–63. Foong Choon Hon, ed. The Price of Peace: True Accounts of the Japanese Occupation, trans. Clara Show. Singapore: Asiapac, 1997. Foong Choon Hon. Eternal Vigilance: The Price of ...

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Author: Karl Hack

Publisher: NUS Press

ISBN: 9789971695996

Category: History

Page: 476

View: 750

Singapore fell to Japan on 15 February 1942. Within days, the Japanese had massacred thousands of Chinese civilians, and taken prisoner more than 100,000 British, Australian and Indian soldiers. A resistance movement formed in Malaya's jungle-covered mountains, but the vast majority could do little other than resign themselves to life under Japanese rule. The Occupation would last three and a half years, until the return of the British in September 1945. How is this period remembered? And how have individuals, communities, and states shaped and reshaped memories in the postwar era? The book response to these questions, presenting answers that use the words of Chinese, Malays, Indians, Eurasians, British and Australians who personally experienced the war years. The authors guide readers through many forms of memory: from the soaring pillars of Singapore's Civilian War Memorial, to traditional Chinese cemeteries in Malaysia; and from families left bereft by Japanese massacres, to the young women who flocked to the Japanese-sponsored Indian National Army, dreaming of a march on Delhi. This volume provides a forum for previously marginalized and self-censored voices, using the stories they relate to reflect on the nature of conflict and memory. They also offer a deeper understanding of the searing transit from wartime occupation to post-war decolonization and the moulding of postcolonial states and identities.

Cultural Heritage and Prisoners of War

Forgotten captives in Japanese-occupied Asia. Oxford: Routledge. Horne, G. 2004. Race war! White supremacy and the Japanese attack on the British Empire. New York: New York University Press. Howes, P.H.H. 1995.

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Author: Gillian Carr

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780415522151

Category: History

Page: 316

View: 828

"The aim of this volume is to bring together many of the leading and emerging international scholars of POW culture studies from a variety of different disciplines (including art history, archeology, music, theatre studies, anthropology, history, oral history, and museum studies) to understand the range of experiences of being a military or civilian prisoner of war during WWI and WWII ... This volume will argue for and highlight ... previously undervalued 'ephemera' (the material culture, artwork, musical scores, photographs, newspapers, and concert programmes) produced by POWs"--Introduction.

Overcoming Empire in Post Imperial East Asia

... Captives of Empire: The Japanese Internment of Allied Civilians in China, 1941–1945 (Bangor, PA: Shandy Press, 2006); Kevin Blackburn and Karl Hack, eds., Forgotten Captives in Japanese-Occupied Asia (London: Routledge, 2007).

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Author: Barak Kushner

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781350127067

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 349

When Emperor Hirohito announced defeat in a radio broadcast on 15th August 1945, Japan was not merely a nation; it was a colossal empire stretching from the tip of Alaska to the fringes of Australia grown out of a colonial ideology that continued to pervade East Asian society for years after the end of the Second World War. In Overcoming Empire in Post-Imperial East Asia: Repatriation, Redress and Rebuilding, Barak Kushner and Sherzod Muminov bring together an international team of leading scholars to explore the post-imperial history of the region. From international aid to postwar cinema to chemical warfare, these essays all focus on the aftermath of Japan's aggressive warfare and the new international strategies which Japan, China, Taiwan, North and South Korea utilised following the end of the war and the collapse of Japan's empire. The result is a nuanced analysis of the transformation of postwar national identities, colonial politics, and the reordering of society in East Asia. With its innovative comparative and transnational perspective, this book is essential reading for scholars of modern East Asian history, the cold war, and the history of decolonisation.

The Heritage of War

DVA–Department ofVeterans' Affairs records (1996b) A.Heggen, Report on Visitto Thailand and Malaysia,20April – 1 May1996. File96307W. ... Blackburn and K. Hack (eds),Forgotten Captives in Japanese Occupied Asia, Abingdon: Routledge.

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Author: Martin Gegner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136673825

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 211

The Heritage of War is an interdisciplinary study of the ways in which heritage is mobilized in remembering war, and in reconstructing landscapes, political systems and identities after conflict. It examines the deeply contested nature of war heritage in a series of places and contexts, highlighting the modes by which governments, communities, and individuals claim validity for their own experiences of war, and the meanings they attach to them. From colonizing violence in South America to the United States’ Civil War, the Second World War on three continents, genocide in Rwanda and continuing divisions in Europe and the Middle East, these studies bring us closer to the very processes of heritage production. The Heritage of War uncovers the histories of heritage: it charts the constant social and political construction of heritage sites over time, by a series of different agents, and explores the continuous reworking of meaning into the present. What are the forces of contingency, agency and political power that produce, define and sustain the heritage of war? How do particular versions of the past and particular identities gain legitimacy, while others are marginalised? In this book contributors explore the active work by which heritage is produced and reproduced in a series of case studies of memorialization, battlefield preservation, tourism development, private remembering and urban reconstruction. These are the acts of making sense of war; they are acts that continue long after violent conflict itself has ended.

The Japanese Occupation of Borneo 1941 45

43The Impactof the RussoJapanese War EditedbyRotemKowner 44 BusinessGovernment Relations in Prewar Japan Peter von ... and Chloë Starr 48 Forgotten Captives in Japanese Occupied Asia Editedby Kevin Blackburn and Karl Hack 49 Japanese ...

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Author: Ooi Keat Gin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136963094

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 810

The Japanese occupation of both British Borneo – Brunei, Sarawak and North Borneo – and Dutch Borneo in 1941 to 1945 is a much understudied subject. Of particular interest is the occupation of Dutch Borneo, governed by the Imperial Japanese Navy that had long-term plans for ‘permanent possession’. This book surveys Borneo under Western colonialism, examines pre-war Japanese interests in Borneo, and analyses the Japanese military invasion and occupation. It goes on to consider the nature of Japanese rule in Borneo, contrasting the different regimes of the Imperial Japanese Army, which ruled the north, and the Navy. A wide range of issues are discussed, including the incorporation of the economy in the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere and the effects of this on Borneo’s economy. The book also covers issues such as the relationship with the various indigenous inhabitants, with Islam and the Muslim community, and the Chinese, as well as topics of acculturation and propaganda, and major uprisings and mass executions. It examines the impact of the wartime conditions and policies on the local multiethnic peoples and their responses, providing an invaluable contribution to the greater understanding of the significance of the wartime Japanese occupation in the historical development of Borneo.

The Pacific War

... withdrawal from Asia was, as David Williams has provocatively argued, the challenge Japan's wartime intellectuals ... 'Japanese-occupied Asia from 1941 to 1945: One Occupier, Many Captives and Memories', in Forgotten Captives in ...

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Author: Christina Twomey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317807889

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 453

The Pacific War is an umbrella term that refers collectively to a disparate set of wars, however, this book presents a strong case for considering this assemblage of conflicts as a collective, singular war. It highlights the genuine thematic commonalities in the legacies of war that cohere across the Asia-Pacific and shows how the wars, both individually and collectively, wrought dramatic change to the geo-political makeup of the region. This book discusses the cultural, political and social implications of the Pacific War and engages with debates over the war’s impact, legacies, and continuing cultural resonances. Crucially, it examines the meanings and significance of the Second World War from a truly international perspective and the contributors present fascinating case studies that highlight the myriad of localised idiosyncrasies in how the Pacific War has been remembered and deployed in political contexts. The chapters trace the shared legacy that the individual wars had on demographics, culture and mobility across the Asia Pacific, and demonstrate how in the aftermath of the war political borders were transformed and new nation states emerged. The book also considers racial and sexual tensions which accompanied the arrival of both Allied and Axis personnel and their long lasting consequences, as well as the impact returning veterans and the war crime trials that followed the conflict had on societies in the region. In doing so, it succeeds in illuminating the events and issues that unfolded in the weeks, months, and indeed decades after the war. This interdisciplinary volume examines the aftermaths and legacies of war for individuals, communities, and institutions across South, Southeast, and East Asia, Oceania, and the Pacific world. As such, it will be welcomed by students and scholars of Asian history, modern history and cultural history, as well as by those interested in issues of memory and commemoration.

The Encyclopedia of Indonesia in the Pacific War

Maekawa Kaori, 'Ajia Jin Heishi to BC Kyū Senpan Saiban' [Asian Prisoners of War and the BC Class War Tribunal], ... guards in film and memory: white skin, yellow commander', in Forgotten captives in Japanese-Occupied Asia, ed.

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Author:

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004190177

Category: Social Science

Page: 740

View: 746

Written by an international team of researchers the Encyclopedia of Indonesia in the Pacific War presents a well-balanced view on the political, socio-economic and cultural developments in Indonesia in and around the complex period of Second World War. Choice’s Outstanding Academic Title 2010.

India at War

Forgotten Armies: Britain's Asian Empire and the War with Japan. ... 'Recalling War Trauma of the Pacific War and the Japanese Occupation in the Oral History of Malaysia and Singapore', ... Forgotten Captives in Japanese Occupied Asia.

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Author: Yasmin Khan

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199753499

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 729

"First published in Great Britain in 2015 as The Raj at War by The Bodley Head"--Title page verso.

Reforming Public Health in Occupied Japan 1945 52

... andclass Editedby DariaBerg and Chloë Starr 48 Forgotten Captives in Japanese Occupied Asia Edited by Kevin Blackburn and Karl Hack 49Japanese Diplomacyin the 1950s From isolation to integration Edited byIokibeMakoto, CarolineRose, ...

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Author: Christopher Aldous

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136498800

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 357

Whilst most facets of the Occupation of Japan have attracted much scholarly debate in recent decades, this is not the case with reforms relating to public health. The few studies of this subject largely follow the celebratory account of US-inspired advances, strongly associated with Crawford Sams, the key figure in the Occupation charged with carrying them out. This book tests the validity of this dominant narrative, interrogating its chief claims, exploring the influences acting on it, and critically examining the reform’s broader significance for the Occupation and its legacies for both Japan and the US. The book argues that rather than presiding over a revolution in public health, the Public Health and Welfare Section, headed by Sams, recommended methods of epidemic disease control and prevention that were already established in Japan and were not the innovations that they were often claimed to be. Where high incidence of such endemic diseases as dysentery and tuberculosis reflected serious socio-economic problems or deficiencies in sanitary infrastructure, little was done in practice to tackle the fundamental problems of poor water quality, the continued use of night soil as fertilizer and pervasive malnutrition. Improvements in these areas followed the trajectory of recovery, growth and rising prosperity in the 1950s and 1960s. This book will be important reading for anyone studying Japanese History, the History of Medicine, Public Health in Asia and Asian Social Policy.

Prisoners of the Empire

Margaret Kosuge, “Religion, the Red Cross, and Japanese Treatment of POWs,” in Japanese Prisoners of War, ed. Philip Towle and Yoichi Kibata (London: ... Karl Hack and Kevin Blackburn, eds., Forgotten Captives in Japanese- Occupied Asia ...

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Author: Sarah Kovner

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780674737617

Category:

Page: 336

View: 283

Many Allied POWs in the Pacific theater of World War II suffered terribly. But abuse wasn't a matter of Japanese policy, as is commonly assumed. Sarah Kovner shows poorly trained guards and rogue commanders inflicted the most horrific damage. Camps close to centers of imperial power tended to be less violent, and many POWs died from friendly fire.

The Changi Book

Blackburn, Kevin, and Hack, Karl (eds), Forgotten Captives in Japanese Occupied Asia, Routlege, London, 2008. Blackburn, Kevin, and Hack, Karl, War Memory and the Making of Modern Malaysia and Singapore, NUS press, Singapore, 2012.

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Author: Lachlan Grant

Publisher: NewSouth

ISBN: 9781742247373

Category: History

Page:

View: 100

The story of Changi, told by those who lived through it. In the tradition of The Anzac Book comes this fascinating collection of accounts of life in the notorious Changi prison camp. Changi is synonymous with suffering, hardship and the Australian prisoner-of-war experience in WWII. It is also a story of ingenuity, resourcefulness and survival. Containing essays, cartoons, paintings, and photographs created by prisoners of war, The Changi Book provides a unique view of the camp: life-saving medical innovation, machinery and tools created from spare parts and scrap, black-market dealings, sport and gambling, theatre productions, and the creation of a library and university. Seventy years after its planned publication, material for The Changi Book was rediscovered in the Australian War Memorial archives. It appears here for the first time along with insights from the Memorial’s experts. ‘A moving insiders’ account of life in Changi.’ —Peter FitzSimons ‘A fresh perspective on Changi: illuminating stories from the inside.’ —Les Carlyon

Captivity in War During the Twentieth Century

century, which Zygmunt Bauman spoke of as “the century of camps,” more persons were made prisoners during wars than in any ... 2008); Karl Hack and Kevin Blackburn, eds., Forgotten Captives in Japanese-Occupied Asia (London: Routledge, ...

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Author: Marcel Berni

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030650957

Category: Electronic books

Page: 188

View: 411

This book offers new international perspectives on captivity in wartime during the twentieth century. It explores how global institutions and practices with regard to captives mattered, how they evolved and most importantly, how they influenced the treatment of captives. From the beginning of the twentieth century, international organisations, neutral nations and other actors with no direct involvement in the respective wars often had to fill in to support civilian as well as military captives and to supervise their treatment. This edited volume puts these actors, rather than the captives themselves, at the centre in order to assess comparatively their contributions to wartime captivity. Taking a global approach, it shows that transnational bodies - whether non-governmental organisations, neutral states or individuals - played an essential role in dealing with captives in wartime. Chapters cover both the largest wars, such as the two World Wars, but also lesser-known conflicts, to highlight how captives were placed at the centre of transnational negotiations. Marcel Berni is a Research and Teaching Fellow at the Swiss Military Academy at ETH Zurich, Switzerland. He specialises in the history of the Cold War. His dissertation on the treatment of communist captives during Vietnam's American War has won the Andre Corvisier Prize. Tamara Cubito is a Research and Teaching Fellow at the Swiss Military Academy at ETH Zurich, Switzerland. She recently completed her PhD on the treatment of enemy aliens in the British colonies during the First World War.

The Evolution of the Japanese Developmental State

... beyond gender and class Edited by Daria Berg and Chloë Starr Forgotten Captives in Japanese Occupied Asia Edited by Kevin Blackburn and Karl Hack Japanese Diplomacy in the 1950s From isolation to integration Edited by Iokibe Makoto, ...

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Author: Hironori Sasada

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780415503464

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 212

View: 135

The Japanese economy underwent a fundamental transition from a liberal economy to a developmental state system during World War II, and despite efforts by the American occupation forces to dismantle them after 1945, these elements of the wartime economic system remained in place. Through an historical institutionalist lens, this book examines the reasons why the key features of the Japanese developmental state, such as pilot agencies and industrial associations, continued to play key roles in the post-war Japanese economy. Further, it locates the fundamental roots of the developmental state system in wartime Manchuria and thus highlights how decisions made in the context of war continued to influence the direction of the Japanese economy over the following decades. Analysing the institutional origin and evolutionary path of developmental state system, The Evolution of the Japanese Developmental State extends existing scholarship on the institutions that were at the heart of the developmental state system by focusing on not just why they were important, but also how and why they were originally built. Based on extensive archival research in both Japan and the USA, including Japanese language collections not widely known in the West, it will be of great interest to students and scholars of political science, economic history, economics and Asian studies.

Food Culture in Colonial Asia

Forgotten Captives in Japanese Occupied Asia Edited by Kevin Blackburn and Karl Hack 49. Japanese Diplomacy in the 1950s From isolation to integration Edited by Iokibe Makoto, Caroline Rose, Tomaru Junko and John Weste 50.

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Author: Cecilia Leong-Salobir

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781136726545

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 387

Presenting a social history of colonial food practices in India, Malaysia and Singapore, this book discusses the contribution that Asian domestic servants made towards the development of this cuisine between 1858 and 1963. Domestic cookbooks, household management manuals, memoirs, diaries and travelogues are used to investigate the culinary practices in the colonial household, as well as in clubs, hill stations, hotels and restaurants. Challenging accepted ideas about colonial cuisine, the book argues that a distinctive cuisine emerged as a result of negotiation and collaboration between the expatriate British and local people, and included dishes such as curries, mulligatawny, kedgeree, country captain and pish pash. The cuisine evolved over time, with the indigenous servants preparing both local and European foods. The book highlights both the role and representation of domestic servants in the colonies. It is an important contribution for students and scholars of food history and colonial history, as well as Asian Studies.

National Pasts in Europe and East Asia

... beyond gender and class Edited by Daria Berg and Chloë Starr Forgotten Captives in Japanese Occupied Asia Edited by Kevin Blackburn and Karl Hack Japanese Diplomacy in the 1950s From isolation to integration Edited by Iokibe Makoto, ...

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Author: Peter Wallace Preston

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780415561136

Category: Political Science

Page: 358

View: 220

and Europe. --Book Jacket.