How Taiwan Became Chinese

Tonio Andrade shows how European trade, protection, and occupation played a central role in Taiwan's colonization and incorporation by the Chinese empire.


Author: Tonio Andrade


ISBN: UOM:39015078775429

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 765

Tonio Andrade shows how European trade, protection, and occupation played a central role in Taiwan's colonization and incorporation by the Chinese empire.

China s Conquest of Taiwan in the Seventeenth Century

... honesty and loyalty. When it was proven that he had indeed collected for
Zheng the tax revenue from Chinese ships and the Taiwanese products for
export in Dayuan ... 159 cited in Andrade, Taiwan Became Chinese, pp. 229–30.
57Great ...


Author: Young-tsu Wong

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811022487

Category: History

Page: 242

View: 528

This is the first book to comprehensively cover the historical process leading to Taiwan’s integration with Mainland China in the seventeenth century. As such, it addresses the Taiwan question in the seventeenth century, presenting for the first time the process leading to the island’s integration with the mainland through the story of the Zheng family and Admiral Shi Lang. The author has confirmed Zheng Chenggong (Koxinga)’s Ming loyalism and his politicization of the conflicts on the China coast. Thus, the author concludes that Zheng was a “revolutionary traditionalist” who transformed sheer violence into a political movement in an unprecedented way. He politicized the entire region and paved the way for the inevitable conflict with Mainland China. After repeated political talks had failed, the rising Qing China decided to take Taiwan by force. Though seaborne warfare was a formidable task at the time, the man who overcame these difficulties and completed the seemingly impossible mission was none other than Admiral Shi Lang. The book provides a new and more justifiable assessment of the Admiral’s contribution to the conquest of Taiwan and pacification of coastal unrest. The book will be of interest to general readers as well as specialists researching security and warfare on the China coast.

Becoming Taiwanese

Traders from China came so frequently, in fact, that after the Ming dynasty began
to regulate the cross-strait trade, half of the ... 6 During the seventeenth century,
Europeans and Chinese set in motion Taiwan's prolonged history of colonization.


Author: Evan N. Dawley

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9781684175987

Category: History


View: 988

"What does it mean to be Taiwanese? This question sits at the heart of Taiwan’s modern history and its place in the world. In contrast to the prevailing scholarly focus on Taiwan after 1987, Becoming Taiwanese examines the important first era in the history of Taiwanese identity construction during the early twentieth century, in the place that served as the crucible for the formation of new identities: the northern port city of Jilong (Keelung).Part colonial urban social history, part exploration of the relationship between modern ethnicity and nationalism, Becoming Taiwanese offers new insights into ethnic identity formation. Evan Dawley examines how people from China’s southeastern coast became rooted in Taiwan; how the transfer to Japanese colonial rule established new contexts and relationships that promoted the formation of distinct urban, ethnic, and national identities; and how the so-called retrocession to China replicated earlier patterns and reinforced those same identities. Based on original research in Taiwan and Japan, and focused on the settings and practices of social organizations, religion, and social welfare, as well as the local elites who served as community gatekeepers, Becoming Taiwanese fundamentally challenges our understanding of what it means to be Taiwanese."

Cultural Complexes in China Japan Korea and Taiwan

... madness as a way of sanity 275–278; search for the father in 261–281; and the
shadow 295–301; how Taiwan became Chinese 267–269, 271–273; how
Taiwan became Japanese 269–271; trauma of being collectively possessed 278
–281 ...


Author: Thomas Singer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000336429

Category: Psychology

Page: 342

View: 122

Thomas Singer presents a unique collection which examines cultural complexes in four parts of East Asia: China, Japan, Korea, and Taiwan. From ancestor worship in China to the "kimchi bitch" meme of South Korea, the wounded feminine in Taiwan and hikikomori in Japan, the contributors take a Jungian lens to aspects of culture and shine a light on themes including gender, archetypes, consciousness, social roles, and political relations. This insightful and timely book will be essential reading for academics and students of Jungian and post-Jungian ideas, politics, sociology, and Asian studies. It will also be of great interest to Jungian analysts in practice and in training.

Chinese Diasporas

Hokkien merchants traded with aboriginals in northern Taiwan, exchanging
textiles and other Chinese goods for such ... 14Tonio Andrade,How Taiwan
Became Chinese: Dutch, Spanish, and Han Colonization in the Seventeenth
Century ...


Author: Steven B. Miles

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107179929

Category: History

Page: 286

View: 880

A concise and compelling survey of Chinese migration in global history centered on Chinese migrants and their families.

The U S Taiwan China Relationship in International Law and Policy

COLONIAL TRAVEL WRITING AND PICTURES 1683–1895, at 38 (2004). 12. Id.
at 45. 13. See Tonio Andrade, HOW TAIWAN BECAME CHINESE: DUTCH,


Author: Lung-chu Chen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190601140

Category: Law

Page: 400

View: 700

For a country of its size, Taiwan has a tremendous influence on world affairs and U.S. policy. The U.S.-Taiwan-China Relationship in International Law and Policy describes the central issues animating the dynamic U.S.-Taiwan-China relationship and the salient international and domestic legal issues shaping U.S. policy in the Asia Pacific region. In this book, Lung-chu Chen gives particular attention to Taiwan's status under international law, and the role of the U.S. Taiwan Relations Act (TRA) in the formulation and execution of U.S. policy toward Taiwan. This book endorses the central purpose of the Taiwan Relations Act--achieving a peaceful resolution to the Taiwan question--while offering policy alternatives that will empower Taiwan to participate more actively in the international arena. This book follows in the tradition of the New Haven School of international law. As such, it defines the common interests of the world community, which include demands for human dignity and security and the protection of human rights in accordance with bedrock norms such as the right to self-determination and the peaceful resolution of conflict. Chen proposes that in accordance with international law, historical trends, and contemporary political conditions, the people of Taiwan should ultimately determine a path to normalized statehood through a plebiscite under the supervision of the international community.

Politics in China

After worsening steadily for more than a decade, relations between Taiwan and
China appear to have stabilized. The two sides ... How Taiwan Became Chinese:
Dutch, Spanish and Han Colonization in the Seventeenth Century. New York: ...


Author: William A. Joseph

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199384839

Category: Political Science

Page: 576

View: 340

On October 1, 2009, the People's Republic of China (PRC) celebrated the 60th anniversary of its founding. And what an eventful and tumultuous six decades it had been. During that time, under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), China was transformed from one of the world's poorest countries into the world's fastest growing major economy, and from a weak state barely able to govern or protect its own territory to a rising power that is challenging the United States for global influence. Over those same years, the PRC also experienced the most deadly famine in human history, caused largely by the actions and inactions of its political leaders. Not long after, there was a collapse of government authority that pushed the country to the brink of (and in some places actually into) civil war and anarchy. Today, China is, for the most part, peaceful, prospering, and proud. This is the China that was on display for the world to see during the Beijing Olympics in 2008. The CCP maintains a firm grip on power through a combination of popular support largely based on its recent record of promoting rapid economic growth and harsh repression of political opposition. Yet, the party and country face serious challenges on many fronts, including a slowing economy, environmental desecration, pervasive corruption, extreme inequalities, and a rising tide of social protest. Politics in China is an authoritative introduction to how the world's most populous nation and rapidly rising global power is governed today. Written by leading China scholars, the book's chapters offers accessible overviews of major periods in China's modern political history from the mid-nineteenth century to the present, key topics in contemporary Chinese politics, and developments in four important areas located on China's geographic periphery: Tibet, Xinjiang, Hong Kong, and Taiwan.

Taiwan and Chinese Nationalism

This work has attempted to understand the development of the Taiwan problem
in terms of people thinking and acting to ... On becoming part of the Chinese
nation, Taiwan became a criterion of the nationalist credentials of political parties.


Author: Christopher Hughes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134727551

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 952

For China, Taiwan is next in line to be unified with the People's Republic after Hong Kong in 1997. China's claim on Taiwan is of great importance to the politics of Chinese Nationalism, and is central to the dynamics of power in this most volatile of regions. The democratic challenge from Taiwan is very potent and its status and identity within the international community is crucial to its survival. Taiwan and Chinese Nationalism explores how Taiwan's status has come to be a symbol for the legitimacy of the Chinese regime in the evolution of Chinese nationalism. It also demonstrates how this view has been challenged by demands for democratization in Taiwan. The KMT regime is shown to have allowed sovereignty to be practised by the population of the island while maintaining the claim that it is a part of China. The result is a "post-nationalist" identity for the island in an intermediate state between independence and unification with the PRC.

Asian Expansions

See Tonio Andrade, “Pirates, Pelts, and Promises: The Sino-Dutch Colony of
Seventeenth-century Taiwan and the Aboriginal Village of Favorolang”, ... See
Andrade, How Taiwan Became Chinese, Chapter 2, “A Scramble for Influence”.


Author: Geoff Wade

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135043520

Category: History

Page: 250

View: 572

Asia as we know it today is the product of a wide range of polity expansions over time. Recognising the territorial expansions of Asian polities large and small through the last several millennia helps rectify the fallacy, long-held and deeply entrenched, that Asian polities have been interested only in the control of populations, not in expanding their command of territory. In countering this misapprehension, this book suggests that Asian polities have indeed been concerned with territorial control and expansion over time, whether for political or strategic advantage, trade purposes, defence needs, agricultural expansion or increased income through taxation. The book explores the historical experiences of a set of polity expansions within Asia, specifically in East and Southeast Asia, and, by examining the motivations, mechanisms, processes, validations and limitations of these Asian territorial expansions, reveals the diverse avenues by which Asian polities have grown. The chapters draw on these historical examples to highlight the connections between Asian polity expansion and centralised political structures, and this aids in a broader and more comprehensive understanding of Asian political practice, both past and present. Through these chapter studies and the integrative introduction, the book interrogates key concepts such as imperialism and colonialism, and the applicability and relevance of such terminology in Asian contexts, both historical and contemporary. Comparisons and contrasts with European historical expansions are also suggested. This book will be welcomed by students and scholars of Asian history, as well as by those with an interest in Asian interactions, international relations, polity expansion, Asia--Europe historical comparisons and globalisation.

Language Planning and Policy in Asia Japan Nepal Taiwan and Chinese characters

As Taiwan became democratised, people's ethno-consciousness was awakened;
KMT's nationalism-driven and China- centred language policies came under
serious attack in the 1980s and 1990s. As the criticism mounted, the KMT elite
was ...


Author: Robert B. Kaplan

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 9781847690951

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 301

View: 289

This volume covers the language situation in Japan, Nepal and Taiwan, as well as the modernisation of Chinese Characters in China, explaining the linguistic diversity, the historical and political contexts and the current language situation -- including language-in-education planning, the role of the media, the role of religion, and the roles of non-indigenous languages. Two of the authors are indigenous and the other two have been participants in the language planning context.

Religion in Modern Taiwan

Although Taiwan became a protectorate of the Chinese empire in 1206, settlers
from mainland China did not begin to arrive in large numbers until the
seventeenth century. Taiwan began to assume some importance in modern
Asian history ...


Author: Philip Clart

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 0824825640

Category: Religion

Page: 344

View: 659

Religion in Modern Taiwan takes a new look at Taiwan's current religious traditions and their fortunes during the twentieth century. Beginning with the cession of Taiwan to Japan in 1895 and the currents of modernization that accompanied it, the essays move on to explore the developments that have taken place as Buddhists, Daoists, Christians, non-Han aborigines, and others have confronted, resisted, and adapted to (even thrived in) the many upheavals of the modern period. An overview of Taiwan's current religious scene is followed by a comprehensive look at the state of religion in the country prior to the end of World War II and the return of Taiwan to Chinese sovereignty. The remaining essays probe aspects of change within individual religious traditions. The final chapter analyzes changes that took place in the scholarly study and interpretation of religion in Taiwan during the course of the twentieth century. Religion in Modern Taiwan will be read with interest by students and scholars of Chinese religion, religion in Taiwan, the modern history of Taiwan, and by those concerned with issues of religion and modernization. Contributors: Chang Hsun, Philip Clart, Shiun-wey Huang, Christian Jochim, Charles B. Jones, Paul Katz, André Laliberté, Lee Fong-mao, Randall Nadeau, Julian Pas, Barbara Reed, Murray A. Rubinstein.

School Music Education and Social Change in Mainland China Hong Kong and Taiwan

Chapter Four MusiC eduCation in taiwan taiwan (officially named the republic of
China; hereafter the roC) is bordered on the east by the pacific ocean and on the
west by the Formosa strait, ... The following year, taiwan became a dutch colony.


Author: Wai-chung Ho

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004189171

Category: Psychology

Page: 258

View: 267

This book compares, from a historical and sociopolitical perspective, the respective systems and contents of music education in mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan in response to globalization, localization and Sinificiation, with particular reference to Shanghai, Hong Kong and Taipei.

Relations Between the Republic of China Taiwan and the Republic of Paraguay

Taiwan mostly is regarded as a part of the People's Republic of China. And
Paraguay is not really known at all, in contrast to its great neighbours Brasil and
Argentina. The Latinamerican region became the place where Taiwan fought for
its ...


Author: Anna Meyer zu Venne

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783640259335


Page: 32

View: 261

Seminar paper from the year 2004 in the subject Orientalism / Sinology - Miscellaneous, grade: 1,3, Free University of Berlin (Ostasien Seminar), course: Taiwan in the 20th century: Political and Economic Development, 6 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: What leads to the establishment of diplomatic relations between an emergent nation like Taiwan and a devoloping country like Paraguay? One is part of the American continent, the other one part of Asia;a quiete far distance between them. What kind of relations unite them? And what gains each one of them by those relations? Almost nobody in the Western hemisphere would consider the possiblility of relations between Taiwan and Paraguay. Taiwan mostly is regarded as a part of the People's Republic of China. And Paraguay is not really known at all, in contrast to its great neighbours Brasil and Argentina. The Latinamerican region became the place where Taiwan fought for its international acceptance. The Republic of China wishes to become an independent democractic state, fully accepted internationally. That's why Taiwan is building up relations to other countries. At this point of time 27 countries accept it as an independent state.

Seven Wonders of Architecture

But after World War II, China was divided by a civil war. The Kuomintang (KMT), a
political party, fought against the Communist Party. In 1949 Communist forces
took control of mainland China. The KMT fled to Taiwan. Mainland China became


Author: Ann Kerns

Publisher: Twenty-First Century Books

ISBN: 9780761342366

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 80

View: 531

Describes seven monumental architectural sites from modern times that are noted for their beauty, innovation, and uniqueness, including the Taj Mahal, Saint Peter's Basilica, and the Sydney Opera House.

From White to Yellow

See Andrade, How Taiwan Became Chinese, chap. 6. 6 Despite the Japanese
stakes in Formosa, the bakufu did little to help Zheng Chenggong. This son of a
Japanese mother and a native of Japan himself appealed no fewer than five
times ...


Author: Rotem Kowner

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 9780773596849

Category: History

Page: 678

View: 278

When Europeans first landed in Japan they encountered people they perceived as white-skinned and highly civilized, but these impressions did not endure. Gradually the Europeans' positive impressions faded away and Japanese were seen as yellow-skinned and relatively inferior. Accounting for this dramatic transformation, From White to Yellow is a groundbreaking study of the evolution of European interpretations of the Japanese and the emergence of discourses about race in early modern Europe. Transcending the conventional focus on Africans and Jews within the rise of modern racism, Rotem Kowner demonstrates that the invention of race did not emerge in a vacuum in eighteenth-century Europe, but rather was a direct product of earlier discourses of the "Other." This compelling study indicates that the racial discourse on the Japanese, alongside the Chinese, played a major role in the rise of the modern concept of race. While challenging Europe's self-possession and sense of centrality, the discourse delayed the eventual consolidation of a hierarchical worldview in which Europeans stood immutably at the apex. Drawing from a vast array of primary sources, From White to Yellow traces the racial roots of the modern clash between Japan and the West.

China Under Communism

For a time the Chinese appear to have hoped that some progress on the status of
Taiwan might be made at the ambassadorial talks and began a letter-writing
campaign to high placed officials on Taiwan to convince them that an agreement


Author: Alan Lawrance

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134747924

Category: History

Page: 176

View: 372

China Under Communism examines how Marxism took root, flourished and developed within the context of an ancient Chinese civilization. Through analysis of China's history and traditional culture, the author explores the nature of Chinese communism and how it has diverged from the Soviet model. This book also provides insight into the changing perceptions Westerners have of the Chinese, and vice versa. Key features include: * assessment of controversial issues: The Great Leap Forward, the Cultural Revolution and Mao's record * coverage of gender and family, ethnicity, nationalism, and popular culture * long historical context. This timely evaluation details how China's political and economic policies have been inextricably linked, and assesses past failures and successes, as well as major problems for the future.

Political Developments in Contemporary China

(China was defeated by Britain in the Opium War of 1841–2 and that was
followed by de facto Western domination of ... Relations between China and
Taiwan became particularly strained after the election of President Chen
Shuibian on 18 ...


Author: Ian Jeffries

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136965197

Category: Political Science

Page: 1052

View: 771

China’s role in global events today cannot be overestimated. This book provides a comprehensive and detailed overview of contemporary political developments in China. Key topics covered include: China's international relations with its neighbours and with the international community more widely; demographic developments; Taiwan; Macao and Hong Kong, Tibet, Uighurs; human rights, health issues (including bird flu); food contamination and defective goods; and a chronology of political developments, congresses and Central Committee sessions since May 2006; the earthquake of 12 May 2008 and the 2008 Olympic Games. The book continues - and adds to – the overview of developments up to May 2006 which were covered in the author’s China: A Guide to Economic and Political Developments (2006), and is the companion volume to Economic Developments in Contemporary China: A Guide (2010) - both published by Routledge.

Writing Taiwan

In 1895, as a result of the Chinese defeat in the First Sino-Japanese War, Taiwan
was ceded to Japan. Over the next five decades, the island became Japan's most
treasured colony and a testing ground for Japanese cultural and political as- ...


Author: David Der-wei Wang

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822388579

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 424

View: 456

Writing Taiwan is the first volume in English to examine the entire span of modern Taiwan literature, from the first decades of the twentieth century to the present. In this collection, leading literary scholars based in Taiwan and the United States consider prominent Taiwanese authors and works in genres including poetry, travel writing, and realist, modernist, and postmodern fiction. The diversity of Taiwan literature is signaled by the range of authors treated, including Yang Chichang, who studied Japanese literature in Tokyo in the early 1930s and wrote all of his own poetry and fiction in Japanese; Li Yongping, an ethnic Chinese born in Malaysia and educated in Taiwan and the United States; and Liu Daren, who was born in mainland China and effectively exiled from Taiwan in the 1970s on account of his political activism. Because the island of Taiwan spent the first half of the century as a colony of Japan and the second half in an umbilical relationship to China, its literature challenges basic assumptions about what constitutes a “national literature.” Several contributors directly address the methodological and epistemological issues involved in writing about “Taiwan literature.” Other contributors investigate the cultural and political grounds from which specific genres and literary movements emerged. Still others explore themes of history and memory in Taiwan literature and tropes of space and geography, looking at representations of boundaries as well as the boundary-crossing global flows of commodities and capital. Like Taiwan’s history, modern Taiwan literature is rife with conflicting legacies and impulses. Writing Taiwan reveals a sense of its richness and diversity to English-language readers. Contributors. Yomi Braester, Sung-sheng Yvonne Chang, Fangming Chen, Lingchei Letty Chen, Chaoyang Liao, Ping-hui Liao, Joyce C. H. Liu, Kim-chu Ng, Carlos Rojas, Xiaobing Tang, Ban Wang, David Der-wei Wang, Gang Gary Xu, Michelle Yeh, Fenghuang Ying

Planning in Taiwan

Taiwan became a protectorate of the Chinese empire as far back as 1206. It was
made a prefecture (county) of the mainland coastal province of Fuchien in 1684.
By the seventeenth century, a large number of immigrants had begun to arrive ...


Author: Roger Bristow

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136990540

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 204

Provides a history of planning in Taiwan and situates contemporary Taiwanese planning in the wider global context. The book then covers challenges to planning, urban change, legal planning, land problems, the development of industrial land, community planning, conservation, ecological land use, planning for natural disasters and transportation planning.

Encyclopedia of Law and Society

In the first half of the twentieth century, Taiwan, an island off the Chinese
mainland, was under Japanese colonial rule. At the end of World War II, Taiwan
became part of China under the Kuomintang (KMT, Nationalist Party) government


Author: David S. Clark

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781452265544

Category: Social Science

Page: 1808

View: 981

The Encyclopedia of Law and Society is the largest comprehensive and international treatment of the law and society field. With an Advisory Board of 62 members from 20 countries and six continents, the three volumes of this state-of-the-art resource represent interdisciplinary perspectives on law from sociology, criminology, cultural anthropology, political science, social psychology, and economics. By globalizing the Encyclopedia's coverage, American and international law and society will be better understood within its historical and comparative context.