Hydraulic and Environmental Modelling

The counterpart to this book is Hydraulic and Environmental Modelling: Estuarine and River Waters.

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Author: R.A. Falconer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429826122

Category: Social Science

Page: 522

View: 917

First published in 1992, this wide-ranging volume features 44 articles from 89 contributors on issues of and solutions to modelling of coastal waters around the world in response to an increasing interest in the development and application of numerical hydraulic models as design and management tools. The contributors advise on areas including tidal current modelling, water quality modelling, sediment transport modelling, wave kinematics and computational methods, along with two keynote articles. The main aim of the conference and its resulting volume was to provide a forum whereby engineers, scientists and planners involved in multi-disciplinary models could collaborate and share their expertise. The counterpart to this book is Hydraulic and Environmental Modelling: Estuarine and River Waters.

Hydraulic and Environmental Modelling Coastal waters

This work is the first of two volumes which present research findings and applications of computational and hydraulic modelling techniques to both quantity and quality aspects of hydraulic engineering.

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Author: R. A. Falconer

Publisher: Arena

ISBN: UCSD:31822016256968

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 556

View: 831

This work is the first of two volumes which present research findings and applications of computational and hydraulic modelling techniques to both quantity and quality aspects of hydraulic engineering. This volume covers the coastal environment - tides, marine pollution and wave hydrodynamics.

Hydraulic and Environmental Modelling Estuarine and River Waters

Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Hydraulic and
Environmental Modelling of Coastal, Estuarine and River Waters, Vol. 2. R.A.
Falconer, K. Shiono, R.G.S. Matthew. The excellent response to the call for
papers resulted in ...

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Author: R.A. Falconer

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780429762468

Category: Science

Page: 522

View: 694

First published in 1992, this is the second of two volumes on recent advances in the field of hydraulic and environmental modelling, with invited and refereed contributions from an international group of engineers, scientists and planners involved in application, research and development. It covers the estuarine and river waters with parts devoted to: flow processes; flow modelling; salinity intrusion modelling; water quality modelling; sediment transport modelling; expert systems. The first volume covers coastal waters. With the continually increasing interest in the development and application of numerical hydraulic models, their value is especially evident as tools of design and management for flow, pollutant and sediment transport simulation studies in various environments. The readership includes practising engineers and scientists in the water industry, consulting engineers, water companies and the NRA and other government departments, university and polytechnic libraries, staff and students and all other members of the water engineering profession.

Hydraulic Modelling An Introduction

Applications to models include: open channel systems closed conduit flows storm drainage systems estuaries coastal and nearshore structures hydraulic structures. This an invaluable guide for students and professionals.

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Author: Pavel Novak

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203861622

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 602

View: 422

Modelling forms a vital part of all engineering design, yet many hydraulic engineers are not fully aware of the assumptions they make. These assumptions can have important consequences when choosing the best model to inform design decisions. Considering the advantages and limitations of both physical and mathematical methods, this book will help you identify the most appropriate form of analysis for the hydraulic engineering application in question. All models require the knowledge of their background, good data and careful interpretation and so this book also provides guidance on the range of accuracy to be expected of the model simulations and how they should be related to the prototype. Applications to models include: open channel systems closed conduit flows storm drainage systems estuaries coastal and nearshore structures hydraulic structures. This an invaluable guide for students and professionals.

Environmental Modelling

International Journal of Heat Mass Transfer, 15, 1787–806. Pender, G. and Neelz
, S. (2010) Benchmarking of 2d Hydraulic Modelling Packages, SC080035/SR2,
The Environment Agency for England and Wales, Bristol. Rastogi, A. and Rodi, ...

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Author: John Wainwright

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118351482

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 496

View: 666

Simulation models are an established method used to investigate processes and solve practical problems in a wide variety of disciplines. Central to the concept of this second edition is the idea that environmental systems are complex, open systems. The authors present the diversity of approaches to dealing with environmental complexity and then encourage readers to make comparisons between these approaches and between different disciplines. Environmental Modelling: Finding Simplicity in Complexity 2nd edition is divided into four main sections: An overview of methods and approaches to modelling. State of the art for modelling environmental processes Tools used and models for management Current and future developments. The second edition evolves from the first by providing additional emphasis and material for those students wishing to specialize in environmental modelling. This edition: Focuses on simplifying complex environmental systems. Reviews current software, tools and techniques for modelling. Gives practical examples from a wide variety of disciplines, e.g. climatology, ecology, hydrology, geomorphology and engineering. Has an associated website containing colour images, links to WWW resources and chapter support pages, including data sets relating to case studies, exercises and model animations. This book is suitable for final year undergraduates and postgraduates in environmental modelling, environmental science, civil engineering and biology who will already be familiar with the subject and are moving on to specialize in the field. It is also designed to appeal to professionals interested in the environmental sciences, including environmental consultants, government employees, civil engineers, geographers, ecologists, meteorologists, and geochemists.

Recent Trends in Environmental Hydraulics

This book presents an overview of current research problems and advances in theoretical and applied aspects of environmental hydraulics.

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Author: Monika B. Kalinowska

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030371050

Category: Science

Page: 318

View: 490

This book presents an overview of current research problems and advances in theoretical and applied aspects of environmental hydraulics. The rapid development of this branch of water studies in recent years has contributed to our fundamental understanding of processes in natural aquatic systems and helped provide solutions for civil engineering and water resources management. The book features comprehensively reviewed versions of invited lectures and regular presentations given at the 38th International School of Hydraulics, held May 21–24, 2019, in Łąck, Poland. With papers by leading international experts as well as young researchers from around the globe, it covers recent findings from laboratory and field studies, numerical modeling related to sediment and pollutant transport processes in rivers, fluvial morphodynamics, flow in vegetated channels and hydraulic structures in rivers and estuaries.

Hydraulic Modeling

This Manual, which updates an earlier edition, provides many different methods of hydraulic modeling from which to choose by covering an extensive assortment of modeling topics, technical issues, and strategies.

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Author: Robert Ettema

Publisher: ASCE Publications

ISBN: 9780784470411

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 408

View: 505

Prepared by the Task Committee on Hydraulic Modeling of the Environmental and Water Resources Institute of ASCE. Hydraulic Modeling presents the ideas behind model design and use for a broad spectrum of hydraulic modeling methods. Detailed guidance is provided for selecting the modeling approach most likely to produce the data sought. This Manual, which updates an earlier edition, provides many different methods of hydraulic modeling from which to choose by covering an extensive assortment of modeling topics, technical issues, and strategies. This revised Manual reflects significant advances in modeling methods and the broadening of hydraulic issues addressed by means of hydraulic modeling. Topics include: Similitude and dimensional analysis; Single-phase flow; Loose boundary flow; Gas-liquid flows; Environmental flows; Coastal and estuary processes; Ice, debris, and hydroelastic vibrations; Hydraulic machinery; Design, construction, and operation of hydraulic models; and Instrumentation and data acquisition. Five case studies provide an overall sense of the modeling process from start to finish.

Integrated Environmental Modelling to Solve Real World Problems

Communicating modelling results to end users who are often not specialist modellers is also an emerging area of research addressed within the volume.

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Author: A.T. Riddick

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 9781862396876

Category: Science

Page: 274

View: 621

The discipline of Integrated Environmental Modelling (IEM) has developed in order to solve complex environmental problems, for example understanding the impacts of climate change on the physical environment. IEM provides methods to fuse or link models together, this in turn requires facilities to make models discoverable and also to make the outputs of modelling easily visualized. The vision and challenges for IEM going forward are summarized by leading proponents. Several case studies describe the application of model fusion to a range of real-world problems including integrating groundwater and recharge models within the UK Environment Agency, and the development of ‘catastrophe’ models to predict better the impact of natural hazards. Communicating modelling results to end users who are often not specialist modellers is also an emerging area of research addressed within the volume. Also included are papers that highlight current developments of the technology platforms underpinning model fusion.

Uncertainties in Environmental Modelling and Consequences for Policy Making

This book attempts for the first time to cover the full range of issues related to model uncertainties, from the subjectivity of setting up a conceptual model of a given system, all the way to communicating the nature of model uncertainties ...

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Author: Philippe Baveye

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048126361

Category: Science

Page: 401

View: 561

Mathematical modelling has become in recent years an essential tool for the prediction of environmental change and for the development of sustainable policies. Yet, many of the uncertainties associated with modelling efforts appear poorly understood by many, especially by policy makers. This book attempts for the first time to cover the full range of issues related to model uncertainties, from the subjectivity of setting up a conceptual model of a given system, all the way to communicating the nature of model uncertainties to non-scientists and accounting for model uncertainties in policy decisions. Theoretical chapters, providing background information on specific steps in the modelling process and in the adoption of models by end-users, are complemented by illustrative case studies dealing with soils and global climate change. All the chapters are authored by recognized experts in their respective disciplines, and provide a timely and uniquely comprehensive coverage of an important field.

GIS Environmental Modelling and Engineering

By linking proprietary GIS and hydraulic modelling software in this way , the study
team was able to assess flood hazard for current and projected land use
scenarios over a range of rainfall events ( 1 : 2 through 1 : 200 - year return
periods ) ...

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Author: Allan Brimicombe

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420024930

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 304

Spatial dimensions need to be properly captured if modelling and engineering techniques are to be successfully applied in addressing environmental problems. The links between the geographical information systems (GIS) that capture this data, simulation modelling, and engineering offer tremendous possibilities for building versatile support systems for managing the environment. GIS, Environmental Modelling and Engineering focuses on using GIS and external models to solve real environmental problems, promoting the critical thinking needed for the effective applications of these systems and their analytical outputs. Divided into three major sections, this textbook first concentrates on defining GIS, identifying how data is structured, and explaining common functionality. The text examines GIS from a technological perspective, exploring the evolution of its scientific basis and its synergies with other technologies within a geocomputational paradigm. The next section explores modelling from a neutral scientific perspective in its role of simulating phenomena, as well as from a more specific perspective in its role within environmental science and engineering. The third and largest section looks at how GIS and simulation modelling are joined. It provides case studies and covers issues such as interoperability, data quality, model validity, space-time dynamics, and decision-support systems. This volume provides seniors and postgraduate students with a structured, coherent text that goes beyond introductory subject matter by enabling readers to think critically about the data acquisition process and the results they get from the technology.

Fluid Mechanics of Environmental Interfaces

These processes fluctuate temporally and spatially. The book first treats exchange processes occurring at the interfaces between atmosphere and the surface

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Author: Carlo Gualtieri

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781134064229

Category: Science

Page: 348

View: 975

An environmental interface is defined as a surface between two abiotic or biotic systems, in relative motion and exchanging mass, heat and momentum through biophysical and/or chemical processes. These processes fluctuate temporally and spatially. The book first treats exchange processes occurring at the interfaces between atmosphere and the surface of the sea, and atmosphere and land surface. These exchanges include the effect of vegetation, transport of dust and dispersion of passive substances within the atmosphere. Processes at the environmental interfaces of freshwater, such as gas-transfer at free-surfaces of rivers, advective diffusion of air bubbles in turbulent water flows and boundary-layers phenomena in vegetated open channels are also described. Finally, the book deals with the phenomena that affect transport of material to and from the surface of an organism, including molecular and turbulent diffusion. The relevant issues related to mass transfer to and from benthic plants and animals are further considered in detail. The book will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in environmental sciences, civil engineering and environmental engineering, (geo)physics and applied mathematics.

Computational Fluid Dynamics

Highlights current research in this field. This is essential reading for researchers and professionals in fluvial geomorphology, environmental modelling and water resources.

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Author: Paul D. Bates

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470843594

Category: Science

Page: 540

View: 503

Uniquely outlines CFD theory in a manner relevant to environmental applications. This book addresses the basic topics in CFD modelling in a thematic manner to provided the necessary theoretical background, as well as providing global cases studies showing how CFD models can be used in practice demonstrating how good practice can be achieved , with reference to both established and new applications. First book to apply CFD to the environmental sciences Written at a level suitable for non-mathematicians

Environmental Modeling

The book has two aims: to introduce basic concepts of environmental modelling and to facilitate the application of the concepts using modern numerical tools such as MATLAB.

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Author: Ekkehard Holzbecher

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642220425

Category: Science

Page: 410

View: 263

The book has two aims: to introduce basic concepts of environmental modelling and to facilitate the application of the concepts using modern numerical tools such as MATLAB. It is targeted at all natural scientists dealing with the environment: process and chemical engineers, physicists, chemists, biologists, biochemists, hydrogeologists, geochemists and ecologists. MATLAB was chosen as the major computer tool for modeling, firstly because it is unique in it's capabilities, and secondly because it is available in most academic institutions, in all universities and in the research departments of many companies. In the 2nd edition many chapters will include updated and extended material. In addition the MATLAB command index will be updated and a new chapter on numerical methods will be added. For the second edition of 'Environmental Modeling' the first edition was completely revised. Text and figures were adapted to the recent MATLAB® version. Several chapters were extended. Correspondingly the index of MATLAB commands was extended considerably, which makes the book even more suitable to be used as a reference work by novices. Finally an introduction into numerical methods was added as a new chapter. “/p>

Advances in Environmental Fluid Mechanics

Carlo Gualtieri is currently Assistant Professor in Environmental Hydraulics at the
Hydraulic, Geotechnical and ... He contributed as manuscript editor for
Environmental Modelling and Software, as reviewer in several scientific journals (
e.g. ...

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Author: Dragutin T. Mihailovic

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814293006

Category: Science

Page: 380

View: 534

Environmental fluid mechanics (EFM) is the scientific study of transport, dispersion and transformation processes in natural fluid flows on our planet Earth, from the microscale to the planetary scale. This book brings together scientists and engineers working in research institutions, universities and academia, who engage in the study of theoretical, modeling, measuring and software aspects in environmental fluid mechanics. It provides a forum for the participants, and exchanges new ideas and expertise through the presentations of up-to-date and recent overall achievements in this field.

Water Quality Modelling

Published in 1992, this book concentrates on recent developments, applications and aspects relating to numerical hydraulic models for predicting flow and water quality parameters in coastal, estuarine and river waters and river systems.

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Author: Roger A. Falconer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429779138

Category: Science

Page: 139

View: 737

Published in 1992, this book concentrates on recent developments, applications and aspects relating to numerical hydraulic models for predicting flow and water quality parameters in coastal, estuarine and river waters and river systems. The various chapters cover a range of different types of models and discuss the role of such numerical models for environmental impact assessment studies. The book is based on papers presented by leading experts in the field at a symposium held on 13 November 1991, organized by the Tyne and Humber Branch of the Institution of Water and Environmental Management. It covers the latest developments in modelling techniques and approaches and also the concepts of water quality modelling as required and seen from the viewpoints of regulatory agencies such as the NRA, consulting engineers and specialist modelling laboratories such as HR Wallingford and WRc. As well as an up-to-date review, it provides an understanding of the problems relating to water quality modelling, and the scope and requirements for using water quality models in the water industry. Readership includes practising engineers and scientists in the water industry, including consulting engineers, water companies and the NRA and other government departments, university and polytechnic libraries, staff and students and all other members of the water engineering profession.

Environmental Hydraulics

This chapter closes with an integrated lake modelling system designed to provide
a single tool for the hydraulic engineer. Chapter 5 develops an efficient quasi-3D
circulation model and compares its performance to the 2D model, another ...

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Author: Ioannis Tsanis

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080467962

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 973

Hydrodynamic and pollutant transport models are useful tools for evaluating remediation options for polluted water bodies. These models span the range from highly theoretical, fine resolution, physically-based designs to lumped, black-box representations of real world phenomena. This book examines the numerical approaches used in hydrodynamic and pollutant transport modeling. First, the theory and physical basis of transport and mixing in lakes and coastal waters are provided. Methodologies that use a three-dimensional (3D) approach to predicting the fate and transport of pollutants are presented and this is followed by a presentation of alternatives to 3D circulation modeling as well as new advances in the field. These alternatives offer near 3D accuracy but without the computational burden. Illustrations of the calibration and verification of these models using laboratory data, as well as, field data are also provided. The models are applied to a diverse array of study sites ranging from The Great Lakes in North America to the coastal areas of Northern Crete. * Presents the theory of hydrodynamic and pollutant transport modelling in lakes and coastal areas * Thoroughly examines the issues and limitations of the numerical approaches used in hydrodynamic and pollutant transport modelling * Demonstrates the calibration and verification of hydrodynamic and pollutant transport models using laboratory and field data

Modelling of Pollutants in Complex Environmental Systems

Modelling. of. Solute. Transport. in. Soils. Considering. the. Effect. of.
Biodegradation. and. Microbial. Growth ... transport in soils is how to effectively
characterise and quantify the geometric, hydraulic and chemical properties of
porous media.

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Author: Grady Hanrahan

Publisher: ILM Publications

ISBN: 9781906799014

Category: Science

Page: 468

View: 698

Environmental modelling has enjoyed a long tradition, but there is a defined need to continually address both the power and the limitations of such models, as well as their quantitative assessment. This book showcases modern environmental modelling methods, the basic theory behind them and their incorporation into complex environmental investigations. It highlights advanced computing technologies and how they have led to unprecedented and adaptive modelling, simulation and decision-support tools to study complex environmental systems, and how they can be applied to current environmental concerns. This volume is essential reading for researchers in academia, industry and government-related bodies who have a vested interest in all aspects of environmental modelling. Features include: A range of modern environmental modelling techniques are described by experts from around the world, including the USA, Canada, Australia, Europe and Thailand; many examples from air, water, soil/sediment and biological matrices are covered in detail throughout the book; key chapters are included on modelling uncertainty and sensitivity analysis; and, a selection of figures are provided in full colour to enable greater comprehension of the topics discussed

Environmental Modelling and Prediction

6.1 The Hydrosphere The hydrosphere is one of the key components of the
earth's environment. ... transpiration, groundwater seepage and recharge,
precipitation. root water uptake, hydraulic relationship between groundwater and
surface ...

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Author: Gongbing Peng

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540674225

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 507

In this book the authors consider the natural environment as an integrated system. The physical, chemical and biological processes that govern the behaviour of the environmental system can thus be understood through mathematical modelling, and their evolution can be studied by means of numerical simulation. The book contains a summary of various efficient approaches in atmospheric prediction, such as numerical weather prediction and statistical forecast of climate change, as well as other successful methods in land surface modelling. The authors explore new theories and methods in environment prediction such as systems analysis and information theory. Attention is given to new achievements in remote sensing tele-metering and geographic information systems.