An Introduction to Contemporary Islamic Philosophy

The book discusses philosophers whose names are well known in the West, such as Ayatollah Ruhullah Khomeini, Ayatollah Murtada Mutahhari, and 'Allamah Muhammad Husayn Tabataba'i as well as some thinkers who have received less attention ...

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Author: Mohammad Fana'i Eshkevari

Publisher:

ISBN: 1907905030

Category: History

Page: 274

View: 844

Islamic Philosophy

The book also features coverage of: the translation of ancient texts and their transmission to the Muslim world; the development of a systematic philosophy in Islam; theology, mysticism and the development of Sufism; Islam's interaction ...

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Author: Majid Fakhry

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781780740300

Category: Religion

Page: 216

View: 755

A comprehensive examination of the struggle to reconcile philosophy and Islam. From the introduction of Greek Philosophy into the Muslim world in the eighth century, right through to modern times, Majid Fakhry charts the evolution and interaction of philosophy, theology, and mysticism in the Islamic context. Highlighting key individuals, movements, concepts and writings, Fakhry also explores the conflicts and controversies between anti- and pro-philosophical parties that have characterised the development of Islamic thought. The book also features coverage of: the translation of ancient texts and their transmission to the Muslim world; the development of a systematic philosophy in Islam; theology, mysticism and the development of Sufism; Islam's interaction with western philosophy and theology; contemporary trends.

Islamic Thought

The book focuses on Muslim thought, as well as the development, production and transmission of religious knowledge, and the trends, schools and movements that have contributed to the production of this knowledge.

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Author: Abdullah Saeed

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134225644

Category: Religion

Page: 224

View: 559

Islamic Thought is a fresh and contemporary introduction to the philosophies and doctrines of Islam. Abdullah Saeed, a distinguished Muslim scholar, traces the development of religious knowledge in Islam, from the pre-modern to the modern period. The book focuses on Muslim thought, as well as the development, production and transmission of religious knowledge, and the trends, schools and movements that have contributed to the production of this knowledge. Key topics in Islamic culture are explored, including the development of the Islamic intellectual tradition, the two foundation texts, the Qur’an and Hadith, legal thought, theological thought, mystical thought, Islamic Art, philosophical thought, political thought, and renewal, reform and rethinking today. Through this rich and varied discussion, Saeed presents a fascinating depiction of how Islam was lived in the past and how its adherents practise it in the present. Islamic Thought is essential reading for students beginning the study of Islam but will also interest anyone seeking to learn more about one of the world’s great religions.

Analytic Islamic Philosophy

This book is an introduction to Islamic Philosophy, beginning with its Medieval inception, right through to its more contemporary incarnations.

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Author: Anthony Robert Booth

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137541574

Category: Philosophy

Page: 222

View: 662

This book is an introduction to Islamic Philosophy, beginning with its Medieval inception, right through to its more contemporary incarnations. Using the language and conceptual apparatus of contemporary Anglo-American ‘Analytic’ philosophy, this book represents a novel and creative attempt to rejuvenate Islamic Philosophy for a modern audience. It adopts a ‘rational reconstructive’ approach to the history of philosophy by affording maximum hermeneutical priority to the strongest possible interpretation of a philosopher’s arguments while also paying attention to the historical context in which they worked. The central canonical figures of Medieval Islamic Philosophy – al-Kindi, al-Farabi, Avicenna, al-Ghazali, Averroes – are presented chronologically along with an introduction to the central themes of Islamic theology and the Greek philosophical tradition they inherited. The book then briefly introduces what the author collectively refers to as the ‘Pre-Modern’ figures including Suhrawardi, Mulla Sadra, and Ibn Taymiyyah, and presents all of these thinkers, along with their Medieval predecessors, as forerunners to the more modern incarnation of Islamic Philosophy: Political Islam.

Islamic Philosophy from Its Origin to the Present

The work also pays particular attention to the Persian tradition. Nasr stresses that the Islamic tradition is a living tradition with significance for the contemporary Islamic world and its relationship with the West.

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Author: Seyyed Hossein Nasr

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791481554

Category: Religion

Page: 390

View: 764

A comprehensive overview of the Islamic philosophical tradition. AIslamic Philosophy from Its Origin to the Present offers a comprehensive overview of Islamic philosophy from the ninth century to the present day. As Seyyed Hossein Nasr attests, within this tradition, philosophizing is done in a world in which prophecy is the central reality of life—a reality related not only to the realms of action and ethics but also to the realm of knowledge. Comparisons with Jewish and Christian philosophies highlight the relation between reason and revelation, that is, philosophy and religion. Nasr presents Islamic philosophy in relation to the Islamic tradition as a whole, but always treats this philosophy as philosophy, not simply as intellectual history. In addition to chapters dealing with the general historical development of Islamic philosophy, several chapters are devoted to later and mostly unknown philosophers. The work also pays particular attention to the Persian tradition. Nasr stresses that the Islamic tradition is a living tradition with significance for the contemporary Islamic world and its relationship with the West. In providing this seminal introduction to a tradition little-understood in the West, Nasr also shows readers that Islamic philosophy has much to offer the contemporary world as a whole. Seyyed Hossein Nasr is University Professor of Islamic Studies at The George Washington University. He is the author and editor of many books, including Islam: Religion, History, and Civilization.

Philosophical Sufism

Analyzing the intersection between Sufism and philosophy, this volume is a sweeping examination of the mystical philosophy of Muḥyī-l-Dīn Ibn al-ʿArabī (d. 637/1240), one of the most influential and original thinkers of the Islamic ...

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Author: Mukhtar H. Ali

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000418262

Category: Philosophy

Page: 232

View: 590

Analyzing the intersection between Sufism and philosophy, this volume is a sweeping examination of the mystical philosophy of Muḥyī-l-Dīn Ibn al-ʿArabī (d. 637/1240), one of the most influential and original thinkers of the Islamic world. This book systematically covers Ibn al-ʿArabī’s ontology, theology, epistemology, teleology, spiritual anthropology and eschatology. While philosophy uses deductive reasoning to discover the fundamental nature of existence and Sufism relies on spiritual experience, it was not until the school of Ibn al-ʿArabī that philosophy and Sufism converged into a single framework by elaborating spiritual doctrines in precise philosophical language. Contextualizing the historical development of Ibn al-ʿArabī’s school, the work draws from the earliest commentators of Ibn al-ʿArabī’s oeuvre, Ṣadr al-Dīn al-Qūnawī (d. 673/1274), ʿAbd al-Razzāq al-Kāshānī (d. ca. 730/1330) and Dawūd al-Qayṣarī (d. 751/1350), but also draws from the medieval heirs of his doctrines Sayyid Ḥaydar Āmulī (d. 787/1385), the pivotal intellectual and mystical figure of Persia who recast philosophical Sufism within the framework of Twelver Shīʿism and ʿAbd al-Raḥmān Jāmī (d. 898/1492), the key figure in the dissemination of Ibn al-ʿArabī’s ideas in the Persianate world as well as the Ottoman Empire, India, China and East Asia via Central Asia. Lucidly written and comprehensive in scope, with careful treatments of the key authors, Philosophical Sufism is a highly accessible introductory text for students and researchers interested in Islam, philosophy, religion and the Middle East.

Philosophy in the Islamic World

In this Very Short Introduction, Peter Adamson sheds light on the philosophical ideas that emerged in the Islamic world.

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Author: Peter Adamson

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199683673

Category: Islamic philosophy

Page: 133

View: 665

In this Very Short Introduction, Peter Adamson sheds light on the philosophical ideas that emerged in the Islamic world. From the beginnings of the tradition to the twenty first century, he traces the history of philosophy among those living in Islamic lands, highlighting its key themes and ongoing relevance to contemporary concerns.

What is Islamic Philosophy

What is Islamic Philosophy? offers a broad introduction to Islamic thought, from its origins to the many challenging issues facing Muslims in the contemporary world.

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Author: Roy Jackson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317814047

Category: Religion

Page: 190

View: 430

What is Islamic Philosophy? offers a broad introduction to Islamic thought, from its origins to the many challenging issues facing Muslims in the contemporary world. The chapters explore early Islamic philosophy and trace its development through key themes and figures up to the twenty-first century. Topics covered include: ethical issues such as just war, abortion, women’s rights, homosexuality and cloning questions in political philosophy regarding what kind of Islamic state could exist and how democratic can (or should) Islam really be the contribution of Islam to ‘big questions’ such as the existence of God, the concept of the soul, and what constitutes truth. This fresh and original book includes a helpful glossary and suggestions for further reading. It is ideal for students coming to the subject for the first time as well as anyone wanting to learn about the philosophical tradition and dilemmas that are part of the Islamic worldview.

Bibliography of Islamic Philosophy

medieval foundations of Western intellectual tradition); 2077/1 (modern, contemporary Islamic thought – survey, ... of Islamic philosophical works); 4082/1.0 (short monograph on mainstreams, in German [2005]); 4988/1 (introduction ...

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Author: Hans Daiber

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789047411697

Category: Reference

Page:

View: 801

This publication supplements the author ́s BIBLIOGRAPHY OF ISLAMIC PHILOSOPHY and discloses in an extensive index the contents of more than 3000 books and articles, which were published since 1999. It underlines again the importance of Islamic philosophy for the history of philosophy and for the humanities

The Bloomsbury Companion to Islamic Studies

William Chittick (Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 2003); Fazlur Rahman, The Philosophy of Mulla Sadra Shirazi ... Taqī Miṣbāḥ Yazdī, Philosophical Intructions: An Introduction to Contemporary Islamic Philosophy (Binghamton, ...

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Author: Clinton Bennett

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472586896

Category: Philosophy

Page: 440

View: 253

The Bloomsbury Companion to Islamic Studies is a comprehensive one volume reference guide to Islam and study in this area. A team of leading international scholars - Muslim and non-Muslim - cover important aspects of study in the field, providing readers with a complete and accessible source of information to the wide range of methodologies and theoretical principles involved. Presenting Islam as a variegated tradition, key essays from the contributors demonstrate how it is subject to different interpretations, with no single version privileged. In this volume, Islam is treated as a lived experience, not only as theoretical ideal or textual tradition. Featuring a series of indispensable research tools, including a substantial A-Z of key terms and concepts, chronology and a detailed list of resources, this is the essential reference guide for anyone working in Islamic Studies.

Classical Islamic Philosophy

This volume serves as an indispensable tool for teachers, students, and independent learners aiming to discover the philosophical problems and ideas that defined the classical Islamic world.

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Author: Luis Xavier López-Farjeat

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781315389264

Category: Philosophy

Page: 368

View: 422

This thematic introduction to classical Islamic philosophy focuses on the most prevalent philosophical debates of the medieval Islamic world and their importance within the history of philosophy. Approaching the topics in a comprehensive and accessible way in this new volume, Luis Xavier Lopez-Farjeat, one of the co-editors of The Routledge Companion to Islamic Philosophy, makes classical Islamic philosophy approachable for both the new and returning student of the history of philosophy, medieval philosophy, the history of ideas, classical Islamic intellectual history, and the history of religion. Providing readers with a complete view of the most hotly contested debates in the Islamic philosophical tradition, Lopez-Farjeat discusses the development of theology (kalām) and philosophy ( falsafa) during the ʿAbbāsid period, including the translation of Aristotle into Arabic, the philosophy and theology of Islamic revelation, logic and philosophy of language, philosophy of natural science, metaphysics, psychology and cognition, and ethics and political philosophy. This volume serves as an indispensable tool for teachers, students, and independent learners aiming to discover the philosophical problems and ideas that defined the classical Islamic world. Key Features • Offers readers a broad, thorough view of the history of Islamic philosophy by using a thematic approach. • Traces the dialogues between philosophers and theologians about important and controversial topics. • Offers both historical descriptions of the key debates in classical Islamic philosophy and current interpretations by contemporary scholars. • Includes extensive lists for further reading at the end of each chapter, directing curious students to the best avenues for further research.

An Introduction to Said Nursi

This book, and this series, seeks to change this situation: offering new introductions to influential Islamic thinkers and engaging, at the level of ideas, with the rich depths of contemporary Islamic theology.

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Author: Ian S. Markham

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317181590

Category: Social Science

Page: 206

View: 459

Contemporary Islamic thinkers are often studied sociologically rather than as theologians. There are many accessible introductions to Christian theologians, but very few such studies of Islamic thinkers. This book, and this series, seeks to change this situation: offering new introductions to influential Islamic thinkers and engaging, at the level of ideas, with the rich depths of contemporary Islamic theology. This book introduces to the English-speaking world the leading modern Islamic thinker Said Nursi (1878-1960) - who has some nine million followers in modern day Turkey and around the world. After an opening chapter that provides an overview of his life, the next four chapters outline the theology of Nursi on God, the Qur'an, the West and Politics. The final section provides an invaluable resource of readings from Nursi's most important writings. Providing an introduction to a major form of Islam which is committed to non-violence, dialogue and constructive relationships with the West, this is the first student textbook to introduce a contemporary Islamic theologian in a systematic way.

Islamic Philosophy

This book will focus on what philosophy is as a core of any theoretical and practical elements of all aspects and knowledge. The philosophical approach is discussed from the perspective of Islam.

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: 1642242411

Category:

Page: 275

View: 394

Over the last few years we have seen an active research interest in Islamic philosophy. In the current cultural climate in the West along with other parts of the world affected by modernism and postmodernism, philosophy and prophecy are seen as two very different and, in the eyes of many, antithetical approaches to the understanding of the nature of reality. Islamic philosophy covers a wide range of issues. The study of philosophy in Islamic lands during the Middle Ages included not only Muslim philosophers, but also Christians and Jews. Ongoing philosophical dialogues transcended religious identity, ethnicity, and language. Over the last fifty years, the study of these philosophers has developed substantially. Islamic Philosophy offers a broad introduction to Islamic thought, from its origins to the many challenging issues facing Muslims in the contemporary world. This compendium is an outstanding work on specific subjects in philosophy. There is no doubt that looking at the process of learning and also any current scenario is something that should be closely related to what and how someone should know from the view of Islamic Philosophy. Therefore, the nature of education based on Islam itself has the very significant contribution towards human's life. This book will focus on what philosophy is as a core of any theoretical and practical elements of all aspects and knowledge. The philosophical approach is discussed from the perspective of Islam. Additionally, this compendium looks at how Islamic Philosophy tends to mould education in the entire of situation. We deal with over a millennium of Islamic philosophy, its doctrines, history, and approaches, from the angle of vision of the relation between that long philosophical tradition and the realities of prophecy that have always dominated the horizon of the Islamic cosmos and the intellectual climate and space of the Islamic people. This book is an excellent survey of the field with contributions by leading experts.

Introduction to the Study of Religion

Islamic philosophy as Martin Heidegger's philosophy later was to Western philosophy in the 20th century. ... CONTEMPORARY ISLAMIC PHILOSOPHY The tradition of Islamic philosophy is still very much alive today [despite the belief in many ...

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Author: Leroyce Miles

Publisher: Scientific e-Resources

ISBN: 9781839473630

Category:

Page: 324

View: 314

One thing is clear that fighting with other human beings in the name of religion is subhuman. As a religious man, we are fellow-travellers in the direction of the realm of spirit. Here the nomenclature of Hindus, Muslims, Christians, etc., ceases to be meaningful. Of course, we have to go very far and we have not made any beginning yet. However, at present the advaitic principle of difference less Brahman can serve the purpose of harmonizing all religions. Here we have adopted this principle. Secondly, the key-concepts of different religions have been shown to mingle into one another. The book attempts to interrogate the categories used in western discourse in the study of religion. In doing so, the book outlines a broad overview of the discussions on issues relating to the methods and theories in the study of religion. The book provides an insight into some of the key issues that need clarity in dealing with religions. This scholarly presentation is a must read for students of religion, culture and philosophy and for those involved with the struggles of the subaltern community.

The Ulama in Contemporary Islam

For a brief introduction to alJabiri's thought in English, see his Arab-Islamic Philosophy: A Contemporary Critique, translated from the French by Aziz Abbassi (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1999). 44. Shahrur has written several ...

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Author: Muhammad Qasim Zaman

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400837519

Category: Religion

Page: 312

View: 640

From the cleric-led Iranian revolution to the rise of the Taliban in Afghanistan, many people have been surprised by what they see as the modern reemergence of an antimodern phenomenon. This book helps account for the increasingly visible public role of traditionally educated Muslim religious scholars (the `ulama) across contemporary Muslim societies. Muhammad Qasim Zaman describes the transformations the centuries-old culture and tradition of the `ulama have undergone in the modern era--transformations that underlie the new religious and political activism of these scholars. In doing so, it provides a new foundation for the comparative study of Islam, politics, and religious change in the contemporary world. While focusing primarily on Pakistan, Zaman takes a broad approach that considers the Taliban and the `ulama of Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, India, and the southern Philippines. He shows how their religious and political discourses have evolved in often unexpected but mutually reinforcing ways to redefine and enlarge the roles the `ulama play in society. Their discourses are informed by a longstanding religious tradition, of which they see themselves as the custodians. But these discourses are equally shaped by--and contribute in significant ways to--contemporary debates in the Muslim public sphere. This book offers the first sustained comparative perspective on the `ulama and their increasingly crucial religious and political activism. It shows how issues of religious authority are debated in contemporary Islam, how Islamic law and tradition are continuously negotiated in a rapidly changing world, and how the `ulama both react to and shape larger Islamic social trends. Introducing previously unexamined facets of religious and political thought in modern Islam, it clarifies the complex processes of religious change unfolding in the contemporary Muslim world and goes a long way toward explaining their vast social and political ramifications.

The Biographical Encyclopedia of Islamic Philosophy

—(2008), Ninian Smart, World Philosophies, 2nd. edn, ed. O. Leaman, London: Routledge. —(2009), Islamic Philosophy: An Introduction, Cambridge: Polity Press. —(2013), Controversies in Contemporary Islam, London: Routledge.

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Author: Oliver Leaman

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472569455

Category: Philosophy

Page: 736

View: 910

Philosophy flourished in the Islamic world for many centuries, and continues to be a significant feature of cultural life today. Now available in paperback, The Biographical Encyclopedia of Islamic Philosophy covers all the major and many minor philosophers, theologians, and mystics who contributed to its development. With entries on over 300 thinkers and key concepts in Islamic philosophy, this updated landmark work also includes a timeline, glossary and detailed bibliography. It goes beyond philosophy to reference all kinds of theoretical inquiry which were often linked with philosophy, such as the Islamic sciences, grammar, theology, law, and traditions. Every major school of thought, from classical Peripatetic philosophy to Sufi mysticism, is represented, and entries range across time from the early years of the faith to the modern period. Featuring an international group of authors from South East Asia, the Indian Subcontinent, the Middle East and North Africa, Europe and North America, The Biographical Encyclopedia of Islamic Philosophy provides access to the ideas and people comprising almost 1400 years of Islamic philosophical tradition.

Islam and Morality

Aimed at upper level undergraduates, postgraduates, and researchers working in Islamic Studies and ethics, this is one of the first books to provide a sustained reading of the importance of ethics within Islam.

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Author: Oliver Leaman

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781350063204

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 870

Islam and Morality considers how Islam, the Qur'an, and other Islamic texts have approached the ethics of a variety of contemporary and historical issues. Oliver Leaman provides a varied, balanced, and thought-provoking account of how Islamic thinkers discussed medical ethics, wealth, poverty, the environment, and law. He explores the work of a range of Islamic thinkers, including Rumi, Ibn al-'Arabi, al-Ghazali, Mutahhari and Barlas, while taking into consideration the different branches of Islam and Islamic theology and law. The book also considers how Islam understands the concept of free will, the relationship between good and evil, and far less abstract topics like what we should eat and drink. Aimed at upper level undergraduates, postgraduates, and researchers working in Islamic Studies and ethics, this is one of the first books to provide a sustained reading of the importance of ethics within Islam.