Introduction to Gangs in America

Gang intervention: A historical review. ... Introducing gang evidence against a criminal defendant at trial: A view from the perspective of the prosecutor and the gang ... Female gangs in America: Essays on girls, gangs, and gender (pp.


Author: Ronald M. Holmes

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439869451

Category: Computers

Page: 169

View: 764

Gangs have long been a social and criminal threat to society. Introduction to Gangs in America explains how gangs are addressed as a criminal justice and public policy problem, providing a student-friendly, easily accessible, concise overview of the role, place, structure, and activities of gangs in American society. The book describes what gangs are, what differentiates them from each other, how they share similarities, and how they fit into contemporary American culture. The authors explore the history and structure of gangs, reveal their clandestine activities, and analyze their social impact. The book also includes information on gender issues in gangs, and provides insight into how gangs impact American educational institutions Offering an insider’s account, the book provides in-depth profiles of specific gangs, including: Europe’s five major biker gangs The Outlaws The Hell’s Angels The Bandidos The Pagans Bloods Aryan Brotherhood Black Guerrilla Family Mexican Mafia Texas Syndicate Neta Discussion questions appear at the end of each chapter, stimulating debate and classroom discussion. It may never be possible to eradicate gangs from our culture. But by understanding their structure, their strengths and vulnerabilities, and how they operate, law enforcement can better protect the public from their nefarious activities. This text gives future law enforcement professionals rare insider insight into a subject typically shrouded in secrecy.


The Origins and Impact of Contemporary Youth Gangs in the United States Scott Cummings, Daniel J. Monti ... Introduction : Two Generations of Gang Research , " in Gangs in America , ed . Huff , pp . 24-36 . 12.


Author: Scott Cummings

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 079141325X

Category: Social Science

Page: 355

View: 731

This book is an examination of contemporary gangs in American cities. Gangs have proliferated over the past ten years and pose a new set of challenges to public officials, law enforcement agencies, and urban educators. Most major cities are now confronted with serious problems derived from gang violence, drug traffic, and disruption of the public educational system. In the face of deindustrialization and deepening recession, many minority youngsters view gangs as attractive alternatives to a futile search for employment in a deteriorating urban economy. Perhaps most significant, gangs are now beginning to emerge in small and medium-sized cities. Some of the nation's leading scientists and scholars have been brought together in this book to examine the contemporary contours of America's gang problem, including Daniel J. Monti, Joan Moore, Scott Cummings, Howard Pinderhughes, Diego Vigil, Ray Hutchison, Felix Padilla, Jerome H. Skolnick, Pat Jackson, and Robert A. Destro. New material dealing with wilding gangs, migration and drug trafficking, and public educational disruption appear in this volume. Other topics covered include how gangs are organized, what social function they serve, their relation to conventional society, and the social and psychological factors that contribute to their rise. The relationship of the contemporary gang problem to past research is explored, and a rich variety of case histories and comparative analysis is presented. The book also includes a section on public policy.

An Introduction to Gangs

The book concludes with a detailed review of competing definitions of gangs & suggests Knox's integrated definition of membership states, organizational levels, threat severity & intervention strategies as the appropriate model for today.


Author: George W. Knox


ISBN: UOM:39015021867653

Category: Gangs

Page: 498

View: 579

While there are many books & articles available on gangs today, Dr. Knox's book is one of the most comprehensive & coherent. AN INTRODUCTION TO GANGS is a highly disciplined approach to the topic. While much of the current material is anecdotal & vague in defining the characteristics of gangs, Knox provides answers based on empirical research to the most commonly asked questions about gangs in the United States: When does the group of kids on the corner become a gang? How much crime in America is explained by gang involvement? Dr. Knox's approach is incremental. He addresses the major issues, & then provides a more integrated view, including a gang topology. The book concludes with a detailed review of competing definitions of gangs & suggests Knox's integrated definition of membership states, organizational levels, threat severity & intervention strategies as the appropriate model for today. AN INTRODUCTION TO GANGS is an excellent guidebook & reference resource for law enforcement personnel involved with gangs, & is unequalled for the social science field researcher. The scope of the information & valuable insights it contains give it great instructional value. Priced at $44.50 (less 20 percent to the trade), prepaid. Order from Vande Vere Publishing Ltd., P.O. Box 226, Berrien Springs MI 49103-0226, 616-473-1510. FEIN 38-2958156.

Gangs in America s Communities

Chapter 9 What Works Gang Prevention Introduction This chapter provides information on evidencebased 1 programs and strategies for preventing gang involvement. Chapter 5 explained how delinquent behavior and gang involvement unfold over ...


Author: James C. Howell

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781483379746

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 758

Gangs in America's Communities offers a comprehensive, up-to-date, and theoretically grounded approach to gangs and associated youth violence. Authors Dr. James C. Howell and Dr. Elizabeth Griffiths introduce readers to the foundations of gang studies through the origins of gangs, definitions and categories of youth/street gangs, transnational as well as prison gangs (and the distinctions between these arguably different types), national trends in gang presence and gang-related violence across American cities, distinguishing attributes of serious street gangs, and myths and realities. Students and instructors will benefit from the Second Edition’s comprehensive treatment of the state of the literature on individual-level causes and consequences of gang membership. Going beyond the traditional topics covered in most texts in the market, this book uniquely describes specific gang patterns, trends, and cultures within a group-based structure while illuminating the most promising avenues for reducing the presence and seriousness of gangs in American communities.

Introduction to Criminal Justice

Trying juveniles as adults in criminal court: An analysis of state transfer provisions. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice. Hagedorn, J. M. (1988). People and folks: Gangs, crime, and the underclass in a rustbelt city.


Author: Lawrence F. Travis III

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317522317


Page: 562

View: 939

This student-friendly introductory text describes the criminal justice process—outlining the decisions, practices, people, and issues involved. It provides a solid introduction to the mechanisms of the criminal justice system, with balanced coverage of the issues presented by each facet of the process, including a thorough review of practices and controversies in law enforcement, the criminal courts, and corrections.

Introduction to Criminology

The (un)known universe: Mapping gangs and gang violence in Boston. In D. Weisburd & X. McEwen (Eds.), Crime mapping and crime prevention (pp. 219–262). Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press. Klein, M. W. (1995). The American street gang.


Author: Anthony Walsh

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412992367

Category: Social Science

Page: 621

View: 777

A unique text/reader that takes a comprehensive, interdisciplinary approach to the study of criminology Providing an affordable alternative to the standard textbook, this new edition of the authors’ popular text/reader provides instructors and students the best of both worlds – authored text with carefully selected accompanying readings. Now thoroughly updated with new articles, new content, and new statistics, tables, and figures, this Second Edition provides an interdisciplinary perspective on crime and criminality that incorporates the latest theories, concepts, and research from sociology, psychology, genetics, evolutionary biology, and the neurosciences. The new edition is divided into 15 sections that mirror chapters in a typical criminology textbook. New to This Edition: A new Section 11 on Mass Murder and Terrorism makes coverage of these high-interest topics even more accessible. Section 10 now focuses only on murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, and domestic violence, making it easier for students to absorb the material. New articles appear in the structural theories section, the sections devoted to violent crime, and throughout the text/reader as needed. The authors now more closely link sections on types of crime to sections on theory to give readers a more cohesive understanding of the connections between the two. Contemporary criminologists’ favored theories (drawn from a survey of 770 criminologists) now appear in a table to give readers insight into the professional opinion today on criminological theories. Features: Each Section has a 15-page introduction (a "mini-chapter”) that contains vignettes, photos, tables and graphs, end-of-chapter questions, and Web exercises, followed by three to four supporting readings. Theory Section introductions contain a unique table that compares and contrasts the theories presented, while theory concluding sub-sections focus on policy and crime prevention. A "How to Read a Research Article" guide (which appears prior to the first reading) illustrates key aspects of a research article. The book’s readings are drawn from carefully selected, edited journal articles appropriate for an undergraduate audience.

The Handbook of Gangs

Gangs in America II. ... Group cohesiveness, gang member prestige, and delinquency and violence in Chicago, 1959–1962. Criminology, 51(4), 795–832. ... Editors' introduction to the special issue: Contemporary research on youth gangs ...


Author: Scott H. Decker

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118726877

Category: Social Science

Page: 592

View: 953

Pulling together the most salient, current issues in the field today, The Handbook of Gangs provides a significant assessment by leading scholars of key topics related to gangs, gang members, and responses to gangs. • Chapters cover a wide array of the most prominent issues in the field of gangs, written by scholars who have been leaders in developing new ways of thinking about the topics • Delivers cutting-edge reviews of the current state of research and practice and addresses where the field has been, where it is today and where it should go in the future • Includes extensive coverage of the individual theories of delinquency and provides special emphasis on policy and prevention program implications in the study of gangs • Offers a broad understanding of how other countries deal with gangs and their response to gangs, including Great Britain, Latin America, Australia and Europe • Chapters covering the legacies of four pioneers in gang research—Malcolm W. Klein, Walter B. Miller, James F. Short Jr., and Irving A. Spergel

Gangs and Society

See Spergel (1995:75) for a discussion on variations of transitional gangs. REFERENCES Akins, C., and G. Beschner. ... Typologies and Taxonomies: An Introduction to Classification Techniques. ... In C. R. Huff, ed., Gangs in America.


Author: Louis Kontos

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231507516

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 885

Compiled by three leading experts in the psychological, sociological, and criminal justice fields, this volume addresses timely questions from an eclectic range of positions. The product of a landmark conference on gangs, Gangs and Society brings together the work of academics, activists, and community leaders to examine the many functions and faces of gangs today. Analyzing the spread of gangs from New York to Texas to the West Coast, the book covers such topics as the spirituality of gangs, the place of women in gang culture, and the effect on gangs of a variety of educational programs and services for at-risk youth. The final chapter examines the "gang-photography phenomenon" by looking at the functions and politics of different approaches to gang photography and features a photographic essay by Donna DeCesare, an award-winning journalist.

Rapper Writer Pop Cultural Player

Watts residents, community workers, and gang members themselves have debated the exact termination of the truce ... Such studies include: Ronald M. Holmes et al., Introduction to Gangs in America (Oxford: CRC Press, 2011); David Ojo, ...


Author: Josephine Metcalf

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317071495

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 995

This collection of essays critically engages with factors relating to black urban life and cultural representation in the post-civil rights era, using Ice-T and his myriad roles as musician, actor, writer, celebrity, and industrialist as a vehicle through which to interpret and understand the African American experience. Over the past three decades, African Americans have faced a number of new challenges brought about by changes in the political, economic and social structure of America. Furthermore, this vastly changed social landscape has produced a number of resonant pop-cultural trends that have proved to be both innovative and admired on the one hand, and contentious and divisive on the other. Ice-T’s iconic and multifarious career maps these shifts. This is the first book that, taken as a whole, looks at a black cultural icon's manipulation of (or manipulation by?) so many different forms simultaneously. The result is a fascinating series of tensions arising from Ice-T’s ability to inhabit conflicting pop-cultural roles including: ’hardcore’ gangsta rapper and dedicated philanthropist; author of controversial song Cop Killer and network television cop; self-proclaimed ’pimp’ and reality television house husband. As the essays in this collection detail, Ice-T’s chameleonic public image consistently tests the accepted parameters of black cultural production, and in doing so illuminates the contradictions of a society erroneously dubbed ’post-racial’.

Gangs and Youth Subcultures

Jennings , Francis ( 1993 ) The Founders of America : From the earliest migration to the present , New York : W.W. Norton and Co. Knox , George W. ( 1993 ) An Introduction to Gangs , Buchanan , ML : Vande Vere Publishing .


Author: Kayleen M. Hazlehurst

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 141282432X

Category: Social Science

Page: 354

View: 900

Despite nearly a century of scholarly inquiry into street gangs and youth subcultures, no single work systematically reflects on comparative international experiences with gangs. Gangs and Youth Subcultures takes up this challenge. Kayleen Hazlehurst and Cameron Hazlehurst argue that theories of gang behavior in immigrant communities and the influence of transnational crime syndicates are better tested in more than one host society. Similar phenomena would be better understood if placed in a comparative context. To this purpose, the editors assembled expert scholars and policy advisers from North America, Europe, South Africa, and Australasia. Gangs and Youth Subcultures lays the ground-work for an explanation of why gangs continue to grow in strength and influence, and why they have spread to remote locations. This book will interest scholars and teachers of criminology and sociology, justice system administrators, as well as law enforcement officers and youth workers internationally.