Islam and Good Governance

This book advances an Islamic political philosophy based on the concept of Ihsan, which means to do beautiful things.

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: M. A. Muqtedar Khan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137548320

Category: Religion

Page: 278

View: 849

This book advances an Islamic political philosophy based on the concept of Ihsan, which means to do beautiful things. The author moves beyond the dominant model of Islamic governance advanced by modern day Islamists. The political philosophy of Ihsan privileges process over structure, deeds over identity, love over law and mercy and forgiveness over retribution. The work invites Muslims to move away from thinking about the form of Islamic government and to strive to create a self-critical society that defends national virtue and generates institutions and practices that provide good governance.

Qur anic Guidance for Good Governance

This book is a study of religious principles of good governance in our contemporary societies. Historically, religion has provided guidance for organizing societies.

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Abdullah al-Ahsan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319578736

Category: Religion

Page: 227

View: 744

This book is a study of religious principles of good governance in our contemporary societies. Historically, religion has provided guidance for organizing societies. In modern times, however, religious ideas have been marginalized in social science literature. Contributors to this work explore what values and practices the Qur’an can contribute to governing our economic, political, and social life today.

Good Governance Civil Society Islam

This book is an attempt to explore how Islam could play its functional role to create a sustainable governance concept based on values and ethics.

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Maszlee Malik

Publisher:

ISBN: 9674183752

Category:

Page: 125

View: 927

Foundations of Islamic Governance

The aim of this book is to explore and analyze the Islamic axioms, foundation principles and values underpinning the field of governance in an attempt to construct the architectonics of a new systemic and dynamic theory and formulate the ...

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Maszlee Malik

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781315414638

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 926

The aim of this book is to explore and analyze the Islamic axioms, foundation principles and values underpinning the field of governance in an attempt to construct the architectonics of a new systemic and dynamic theory and formulate the articulation of ‘Islamic governance’. This discursive and abstract, rather than being an empirical exercise, assumes to produce a ‘good governance’ framework within its own formulation through a value-shaped dynamic model according to maqasid al-Shari’ah (higher objective of Shari’ah) by going beyond the narrow remit of classical and contemporary discussions produced on the topic, which propose a certain institutional model of governance based on the classical juristic (fiqh) method. Through an exclusive analytical discursive approach in this book, readers will find that Islam as one of the major religions in the contemporary world with the claim of promising the underpinning principles and philosophical foundations of worldly affairs and institutions through a micro method of producing homoIslamicus could contribute towards development of societies by establishing a unique model of governance from its explicit ontological worldview through a directed descriptive epistemology.

Good Governance in Marriage from Islamic Family Law Perspective with Special Reference to Malaysia

Despite the rules laid down in Islam, governance mechanisms of marriages in Malaysia remain weak. This is seen in the increasing number of marriage problems that can potentially destroy the marriage institution.

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Rafeah @ Rapengah Saidon

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:957283307

Category:

Page: 926

View: 207

This study explores the truth of the claim that the issue of good governance has been largely overlooked in regulating Muslim marriages in Malaysia. Despite the rules laid down in Islam, governance mechanisms of marriages in Malaysia remain weak. This is seen in the increasing number of marriage problems that can potentially destroy the marriage institution. By way of remedy, this study proposes solutions for good governance by strengthening the regulations of Muslim marriages in Malaysia from legal and administrative perspectives. It focuses on four very pertinent and unresolved issues, i.e., the procedure and formalities before the solemnisation of marriage, runaway/syndicate marriage, abuse of polygamous marriage, and underage marriage. In the conceptual phase, this study analyses marriage in Islam in the context of good governance. In this regards, our theoretical discussion examines the relationship of marriage in Islam and the concept of good governance by highlighting the right of the state to intervene in family matters. This study employs two types of methods, library research, and field research. Library research is used as the first method to collect data for examining governance mechanisms for regulating Muslim marriages. The finding is supported by field research in which semi-structured interviews are conducted with certain related respondents. This research found that the absence of good governance has resulted in various unresolved issues such as inefficiency in the procedures and formalities before the solemnisation of marriage, unsuccessfulness in governing the runaway/syndicate marriage and child marriage, and the increasing number of abused cases of polygamous marriages. This research has identified both legal and administrative perspectives which contribute to those weaknesses.

Governance in the Middle East and North Africa

This book is aimed at a wide variety of audience. Policy makers, policy analysts, as well as journalists will benefit from the history and analysis that will be presented in the book.

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Abbas Kadhim

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136959660

Category: Political Science

Page: 528

View: 275

Governance in the Middle East is topic of interest to scholars, activists and policy makers. The currently proposed book is intended to present the first comprehensive framework of the question of governance in the Middle East in its various forms and manifestations: political, economic, and government performance. This study will supply the context that is missing in the existing literature on, perhaps, the last bastion of authoritarianism in the world. Proposed Contents This book will be structured into two parts: Part I (Chapters 1-11) provides some theoretical background and analyzes the patterns and challenges of governance in the Middle East, providing some global context; Part II (12-Conclusion) will examine specific cases in selected countries and regions in the Middle East. Part I: Theory and Context Chapter 1 will be an introduction describing the main aspects of the book and highlighting the main points made by the contributors. Chapter 2 will present the theoretical dimensions of governance and review the "state of the discipline" and the latest trends in the literature on governance. The author of this chapter will be an authority in the subject of governance, but does not have to be necessarily a Middle East scholar. Chapter 3 will examine the general political trends in the Middle East and provide a historical background: nation-state formation, colonial and postcolonial experiences in the Middle East and the nature of the Middle Eastern political environment at the present time. Chapter 4 will look into the economic aspects of governance in the Middle East and contextualize the economic challenges and deficiencies affecting the region. Chapter 5 will examine the areas of success and failure in government performance in the region and the aspects of human development. Chapter 6 will look into the role of religion in shaping the governance in the Middle East. After all, most Middle Eastern governments declare Islam as the State religion, while a few consider Islam the source of governance and legislation (e.g. Saudi Arabia and Iran). Chapter 7 will shed light on the sectarian division among Muslims (Shi‘a vs. Sunnis) and the significance of this division for the governance, particularly in countries where the ruling groups belong to a different sect than the governed, such as Bahrain, Saudi, Kuwait and Lebanon. Chapter 8 will examine relation between the state of governance in the Middle East and the progress of human rights, or lack thereof. The Middle East remains one of the most troubling regions on human rights and the respect for human dignity. All of the region’s governments are heavily implicated in very serious violations of the most basic in human rights. Chapter 9 will focus on the status of women in the Middle East and the governmental performance in the region in relevance to women rights and status. The recent years have witnessed many positive changes in this regard, but there remains a lot of work to be done, which is going to be outlined in this chapter. Chapter 10 will look into the role of oil and other natural sources in shaping the economic and political performance of Middle Eastern governments. Also, it will shed light on the various ways these governments distribute the revenues (rents) from these resources and how they use them, or don’t, in the development of their countries or, in most cases, on the military and state oppressive machine. Chapter 11 will examine the role of international organizations and trade agreements on the performance of governments and whether or not such factors influence or shape governance in the region. It is well-known that Turkey has changed many of its laws and social policies in response to the demands of EU members and in hopes of being admitted into the EU. The chapter will elaborate on this and similar cases throughout the region. Part II: Case Studies Chapter 12 will examine the case of Iraq. The country is experiencing perhaps the most dramatic scenarios of governance in the region. This chapter will shed light on the unfolding political process and the struggle of Iraqis to forge a path toward democracy in a region determined to resist any political change within its boundaries. Key issues: Power-sharing, pluralism, federalism, ethnic and sectarian conflict, trust-building, corruption and political violence. Chapter 13 will examine the case of Iran. Thirty years after the Islamic Revolution, Iran is entering into a soul-searching phase in its history. The ongoing battle between the reformers and the hardliners is only a sign on the larger problem of governance. A majority of Iranians have no personal recollection of the problems that led to the Revolution. It is vitally important that the government changes its claims to legitimacy from being the force that toppled the Shah to being the provider of prosperity and development of the country and its young population. Key issues: Political reform, human rights, reconciliation with the West, allocation of resources and services. Chapter 14 will examine the case of Egypt. The country is facing an unknown future with President Mubarak reaching advanced age. The debate over his succession is dividing the country in a dramatic way. Egypt is also a country with depleted infrastructure and an ever-shrinking middle class. If the country falls into a violent cycle after the looming departure of Mubarak, the entire region could fall into the abyss. Key issues: Succession of Mubarak, economic performance, services, religious extremism (Muslim Brotherhood) and Nationalism. Chapter 15 will examine the case of Israel. While politically different from its neighbors, Israel is sinking fast into the same problems that plague the Middle East. The country suffers political corruption and many leadership crises. The government is trying to redefine the identity of the state, which is going to create a showdown with the fast-growing non-Jewish Israeli population, and there is the problem of the government’s inability to conclude peace with Israel’s neighbors. Key issues: corruption, violence and security. Chapter 16 will examine the case of Saudi Arabia. The country is perhaps the most authoritarian regime in the world. The lack of individual liberties and abuses of human rights are the main problems. The government’s treatment of its Shia subjects (approx. 12% of the population) as second-class residents is extremely troubling. The country does not have a meaningful public participation and the Royals who run the government have no accountability to anyone. Key issues: human rights, religious freedom, political reform, public participation. Chapter 17 will examine the case of Bahrain. This small country in the Persian Gulf is facing many challenges. Like Iraq before 2003, it is a country with a clear Shia majority ruled by a small Sunni minority. The Shia are excluded from the government (they were allowed to run for the parliament in the last election for the first time), the military and many other important arenas. The government uses the naturalization of Sunnis as a political tool to change the demographic balance in the country. Key issues: political reform, popular participation, naturalization, human rights. Chapter 18 will examine the case of Yemen. The current struggle over government performance and fairness toward the South has given rise to the calls for separation of the two parts of Yemen. Also, there is the issue of religious freedom, which cases the ongoing war with the Houthi faction that accuses the government of making alliance with the Saudi government and the Sunni extremists in the country to form an existential threat to Shi’ism. Yemen is also a country with many ungoverned spaces and the governance in the "governed" areas is abysmal. Key issues: political violence, human and religious rights, terrorism, tribalism and poverty. Chapter 19 will examine the case of Turkey and its impressive rise as a model for a strong Muslim nation which tries to reconcile Islam and democracy. Turkey’s longstanding problems with social rights, especially of its 12 million Kurds, have always been a formidable challenge to the image of the nation. However, the country’s bid to join the EU has forced many changes that inadvertently helped the government’s international standing. Chapter 20 will examine the case of Syria and the influence of the Arab nationalist ideology on keeping the country as one of the most oppressive regimes in the region. Also examined will be the affect of Syrian-Israeli conflict on the country’s governance. Chapter 21 examines the case of Lebanon. This country which witnessed more governance challenges than any other in the region makes a very interesting case study. The country’s sectarian politics and the client-patron relations and loyalties among the various Muslim and Christian elements of society have undermined the country’s potential to become a fully democratic state. Chapter 22 will focus on the case of Sudan. This country has been in the center of world attention because of the internal conflict and the accusations of serious violations of human rights and the rise of separatist movements that receive much foreign sympathy and support. The country has missed many opportunities to attain social and political reconciliation, but it should not be considered a lost cause. There is a lot of potential in the country, especially when we consider the vibrant politics of government and opposition. Chapter 23 will examine the case of Jordan and the role of the uniqueness of the regime in creating relative social and political stability. Unlike the most of the governments in the region, the Jordanian Monarchy keeps the government as a convenient buffer between the Royals and the people. When popular sentiments turn very negative, the King, acting as the good cop, dismisses the government and orders the formation of a new one. Also, Jordan has achieved some good success in absorbing the Islamist groups into the political system, but not without challenges. The chapter will also focus on the Palestinian factor – Palestinians make more than half of the Jordanian population. Chapters 24, 25 & 26 will examine the Maghreb states (Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia). These states face many challenges in their governance: separatism, terrorism and the government oppressive history in Morocco; the Islamism challenge, internal war in the tribal areas and ethnic conflict in Algeria; and the stifling of personal freedom and liberties in Tunisia in the name of secularism and the war on extremism are all challenges that need to be highlighted in a chapter about each country. Chapter 27 will focus on governance in Libya. Having ruled the country for forty-seven years, the Libyan president is the dean of Middle Eastern dictators. He has taken his country though all kinds of political adventures. The rule through popular committees is a unique system that gives Col. Mu‘ammar Qadhafi the opportunity to oppress through popular participation and acquiescence. Chapter 28 will focus on the governance in the United Arab Emirates. This confederation of seven emirates has witnessed some excellent success in the economic and infrastructural development, especially in Dubai, which competes with the richest cities in the world, thanks to the energy and vision of its Emir, Muhammad b. Rashid. While it is generally considered much better than its fellow Gulf States, the UAE has its own challenges, especially in light of the absence of unified system of governance, because each emirate has the autonomy to shape its internal affairs. Chapter 29 will examine the governance and, in certain cases, lack thereof in the countries that form the Horn of Africa, i.e. Somalia, Eritrea and Djibouti. These countries face some tremendous challenges in the areas of refugees, resources, stability and ethnic & conflict. The failure of these states, as seen in the case of Somalia, can make the problems of security in the whole region much worse than it is now. Famine and anarchy have already led to wars, piracy and the flood of refugees, not to say much about the humanitarian catastrophes in the region. This chapter will highlight the problems of governance in these often forgotten countries. Chapter 30 will be a conclusion and final remarks on the general framework of the regional governance and the way forward. This book is aimed at a wide variety of audience. Policy makers, policy analysts, as well as journalists will benefit from the history and analysis that will be presented in the book. Also, academics will find in the book important materials for research and class work. Professors teaching courses on US Foreign policy, Middle East, International Relations, Comparative Politics and many related fields will find the book a very suitable choice for their students to read. Given the media and general public’s interest in the Middle East and the Middle East, the book will also appeal to a wide range of educated readers in the United States, the United Kingdom and many other countries world-wide.

Governance in Islam

Considering the writings on Governance in Islam by author s deep study on the subject definitely this book will be useful as very good reference book to not only every aspiring students but also to the literate circle.

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: M. Siddiqi

Publisher:

ISBN: 8181160215

Category: Islam

Page: 285

View: 633

Muslims means one who submits the will of God . Islam or the religion of muslims means submission to the will of God . Among other departments of life, governance is of great importance. Islam in governance also talks of submission to the leader since he is responsible for well being of his subjects. In this book author at length narrates basic structures of governance in Islam and how it distinguishes it from rest of the systems of governance practiced today. Considering the writings on Governance in Islam by author s deep study on the subject definitely this book will be useful as very good reference book to not only every aspiring students but also to the literate circle.

Constructing the Architectonics and Formulating the Articulation of Islamic Governance

International institutions have promoted a?good governance? agenda as an archetypal model to achieve development for underdeveloped and developing countries.

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Maszlee Malik

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:757140599

Category: Infrastructure (Economics)

Page: 730

View: 142

International institutions have promoted a?good governance? agenda as an archetypal model to achieve development for underdeveloped and developing countries. However, closer scrutiny can trace the root of this agenda back to the hegemonic nature of modernity that proposes a specific meta-narrative upon others, as part of Eurocentrism. Many, however, have criticized this Eurocentric paradigm, since the non-Western communities with their own constructed version of?good? in governance have also proven their ability to develop and prosper in the present or in the past. Thus, the cultural and value-laden nature of such vernacular concepts provides the rationale for the existence and practice of other paradigms. In line with this argument, Islam, with its long history of governance and richness of its values can be considered as another alternative, which should be thoroughly examined to disclose and depict its conceptualization and paradigm of?good governance?. The aim of this research, thus, is to explore and analyze the Islamic axioms, foundation principles and values underpinning the field of governance in an attempt to construct the architectonics of a new systemic and dynamic theory and formulate the articulation of?Islamic governance?. This discursive and abstract, rather than being an empirical exercise, assumes to produce a?good governance? framework within its own formulation through a value-shaped dynamic model according to maq??id al-Shar??ah (higher objective of Shar??ah) by going beyond the narrow remit of classical and contemporary discussions produced on the topic, which propose a certain institutional model of governance based on the classical juristic (fiqh) method. In this new dynamic paradigm, a discourse-oriented approach is taken to establish the philosophical foundation of the model by deriving it from Islamic ontology, which is then articulated using the Islamic epistemological sources to develop and formulate the discursive foundations of this new theoretical framework. A deductive method is applied to the ontological sources and epistemological principles to explain the architectonics of this new theory, which are represented by the constructed axioms, which later help to articulate the working mechanism of the proposed?Islamic good governance? framework through a specifically formulated typology to function as an alternative conceptualization of?good governance?. This study, through an exclusive analytical discursive approach, finds that Islam as one of the major religions in the contemporary world with the claim of promising the underpinning principles and philosophical foundations of worldly affairs and institutions through a micro method of producing homoIslamicus could contribute towards development of societies by establishing a unique model of governance from its explicit ontological worldview through a directed descriptive epistemology. Thus, the research on governance in this study does not only focus on the positivistic materialist components such as institutions or mechanisms or growth per se, but it encompasses the value-laden holistic nature of human life in accordance with the Islamic worldview as an important contribution. In doing so, it formulates the?good governance? in Islam in relation to the conceptualized?ihsani social capital?, which constitutes the main thrust of the constructed model. Nonetheless, this generative (non-cumulative) paradigm of looking into the governance issue should be viewed as an incomplete certainty as production of the continuous ijtihad (reasoning) progression will continue to reveal ways through which its working mechanism can be expanded along with potential developments in its philosophical formation.

Determinants of the Adoption of Good Governance

This study examined the determinants of the adoption of good governance practices in Zakat institutions in Padang, Indonesia. A total of 51 questionnaires were analyzed out of 135 that had been distributed.

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Ika Sari Wahyuni TD

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:957279067

Category: Zakat

Page: 336

View: 527

Zakat is one of the fundamental principles in Islam and central to develop an economic system by enhancing socio-economic development. It is an obligation for Muslims to give a specific amount of wealth to the beneficiaries of Zakat with the wide-ranging purposes of alleviating poverty. In Padang, Indonesia, many Zakat institutions are trusted bodies and are responsible for managing Zakat funds. The importance of proper management and governance are challenges for these institutions. Governance is defined as a decision-making process and how well institutions implement decisions. Good governance is critical to Zakat institutions for implementing good management practices that efficiently collect and distribute Zakat funds. This study examined the determinants of the adoption of good governance practices in Zakat institutions in Padang, Indonesia. A total of 51 questionnaires were analyzed out of 135 that had been distributed. The data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for The Social Science (SPSS) for descriptive statistics and the hypothesis testing. Four variables were used the determinants for the adoption of good governance, namely, number of employees, size, age and efficiency. Of the six hypotheses generated, only two hypotheses were significant. The results showed that only size of Zakat institutions were related positively and significantly to the adoption of good governance principles in Padang, Indonesia. The age of the Zakat institution also had a positive, significant relationship with performance. The study also found that the level of adoption of good governance practices in Zakat institutions in Padang was quite low. Overall, the study highlighted the urgency for the relevant authorities such as Badan Amil Zakat Nasional (BAZNAS) and local and national government to initiate governance improvements of Zakat institutions to ensure achievement of socio-economic justice.

Islam Democracy and Governance in the North African Countries

Examines political, economic, and judicial systems as well as human rights, and tools for good governance in the North African countries of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and Egypt

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Ahmed Jazouli

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 9780595408986

Category: Political Science

Page: 177

View: 132

Examines political, economic, and judicial systems as well as human rights, and tools for good governance in the North African countries of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and Egypt

Religion Politics and Good Governance

This second (US) edition of Religion, Politics and Good Governance expands on the first edition and explores further the authors varied experience in the field of public administration, as a senior police officer, trainer and researcher, ...

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Mahmood Bin Muhammad

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 9781465356376

Category: Religion

Page: 295

View: 653

This second (US) edition of Religion, Politics and Good Governance expands on the first edition and explores further the authors varied experience in the field of public administration, as a senior police officer, trainer and researcher, bureaucrat, UN expert and a diplomat. The manner in which he deals with a whole range of burning issues, specifically religion, politics, good governance and criminal justice administration, is truly remarkable in its breadth of subjects addressed. This edition has eleven new essays that extend the scope of the authors deliberations captured in the first edition. Given the international relevance of the topics he covers, there would likely be wide interest in the US in such a book, especially in view of Indias emergence as a growing global power.

Good Governance Reform Agenda in Pakistan

of knowledge and practices springing from the belief that God was perfect , wise , and caring towards all creation . Islam was eternal , universal and had ...

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Sohail Mahmood

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 1600214185

Category: Political Science

Page: 244

View: 637

Pakistan, after fifty eight years of existence, was faced with a governance crisis. Certain significant political and economic developments in the international environment were having a profound impact on the country. Pakistan was faced with complex and daunting challenges threatening its stability. These challenges were: regional dynamics after the launch of the 'Global War on Terrorism' by the USA; democratisation, the universal quest for re-inventing government, the apparent triumph of capitalism, and the paradigm shift towards sustainable development. This book presents political, economic, legal and public issues during the reformation era of Pakistan's decentralising government.

Qur anic Guidance for Good Governance

This book is a study of religious principles of good governance in our contemporary societies. Historically, religion has provided guidance for organizing societies.

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Abdullah al-Ahsan

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 3319862723

Category: Religion

Page: 227

View: 775

This book is a study of religious principles of good governance in our contemporary societies. Historically, religion has provided guidance for organizing societies. In modern times, however, religious ideas have been marginalized in social science literature. Contributors to this work explore what values and practices the Qur’an can contribute to governing our economic, political, and social life today.

Governance for Development

The book analyzes the prospects of the proposed reforms and suggests strategies for gaining support and implementing them. Although the book focuses on Bangladesh, its policy recommendations are relevant to many other developing countries.

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: N. Islam

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137542540

Category: Political Science

Page: 276

View: 346

Analyzing Bangladesh's governance problems and drawing insights that will be relevant to other developing countries, this book sharpens our understanding of governance and suggests political and administrative reforms to improve governance and facilitate faster development.

Political Islam The Logic of Governance in Sudan

Al Shamal Islamic Bank, Faisal Islamic Bank, Sudanese Islamic Bank, andAl BarakaBank. In interview with Ali Abdullah Yagoub one of the founders oftheFaisal ...

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Ahmed Elzobier

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 9781496987327

Category: Religion

Page: 148

View: 299

The book aims to unravel the complexity of dynamics of power, domination, and resistance in Sudan. It will also draw special attention to who rules the country and how they ruled and what tools they deployed to execute their internal, regional, and international policies. Ultimately, by focusing on Sudan, I hope to provide an in-depth understanding of how political Islam operates in practical terms within the Middle East and North Africa.