Just War Thinkers

This volume offers a set of concise and accessible introductions to the seminal figures in the historical development of the just war tradition. In what, if any, circumstances are political communities justified in going to war?

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Author: Daniel R. Brunstetter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317307112

Category: Political Science

Page: 282

View: 454

This volume offers a set of concise and accessible introductions to the seminal figures in the historical development of the just war tradition. In what, if any, circumstances are political communities justified in going to war? And what limits should apply to the conduct of any such war? The just war tradition is a body of thought that helps us think through these very questions. Its core ideas have been subject to fierce debate for over 2,000 years. Yet they continue to play a prominent role in how political and military leaders address the challenges posed by the use of force in international society. Until now there has been no text that offers concise and accessible introductions to the key figures associated with the tradition. Stepping into this breach, Just War Thinkers provides a set of clear but detailed essays by leading experts on nineteen seminal thinkers, from Cicero to Jeff McMahan. This volume challenges the reader to think about how traditions are constituted—who is included and excluded, and how that is determined—and how they serve to enable, constrain, and indeed channel subsequent thought, debate, and exchange. This book will be of much interest to students of just war tradition and theory, ethics and war, philosophy, security studies and IR.

Just War Tradition and the Restraint of War

In this volume, a sequel to Ideology, Reason, and the Limitation of War, James Turner Johnson continues his reconstruction of the history of just war tradition by analyzing significant individual thinkers, concepts, and events that ...

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Author: James Turner Johnson

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400855568

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 418

View: 220

In this volume, a sequel to Ideology, Reason, and the Limitation of War, James Turner Johnson continues his reconstruction of the history of just war tradition by analyzing significant individual thinkers, concepts, and events that influenced its development from the mid-eighteenth century to the present. Originally published in 1981. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Realist Ethics

Appealing to just war thinkers, international relations scholars, policymakers, and the public, this book claims that the historical Christian, Islamic, and Hindu just war traditions reflect political concerns with domestic and ...

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Author: Valerie Morkevičius

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108415897

Category: Political Science

Page:

View: 520

Appealing to just war thinkers, international relations scholars, policymakers, and the public, this book claims that the historical Christian, Islamic, and Hindu just war traditions reflect political concerns with domestic and international order. This underlying realism serves to counterbalance the overly optimistic approach of contemporary liberal just war approaches.

Victory

This book examines the vexed position that the concept of victory occupies within this framework.

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Author: Cian O'Driscoll

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192569301

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 197

Committing one's country to war is a grave decision. Governments often have to make tough calls, but none are quite so painful as those that involve sending soldiers into harm's way, to kill and be killed. The idea of 'just war' informs how we approach and reflect on these decisions. It signifies the belief that while war is always a wretched enterprise it may in certain circumstances, and subject to certain restrictions, be justified. Boasting a long history that is usually traced back to the sunset of the Roman Empire, it has coalesced over time into a series of principles and moral categories—e.g., just cause, last resort, proportionality, etc.—that will be familiar to anyone who has ever entered a discussion about the rights and wrongs of war. Victory: The Triumph and Tragedy of Just War focuses both on how this particular tradition of thought has evolved over time and how it has informed the practice of states and the legal architecture of international society. This book examines the vexed position that the concept of victory occupies within this framework.

The Justification of War and International Order

Rengger's critique of the just war in his Just War and International Order (2013) is
particularly compelling because he might be thought as the kind of thinker who
would be sympathetic to the tradition7— he was a distinguished political theorist
 ...

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Author: Lothar Brock

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198865308

Category: Law

Page: 560

View: 299

This book explores how states, scholars and other actors have justified war from early modernity to the present. Looking at narratives of the justification of war in theory and practice, this book offers a comprehensive investigation of the emergence of the modern international order and its normative foundation.

Modern Just War Theory

Modern Just War Theory: A Guide to Research, by scholar and librarian Michael Farrell, serves as a manual for students and scholars studying Christian just war theory, helping them navigate the wealth of just war literature produced in the ...

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Author: Michael Farrell

Publisher:

ISBN: 0810883449

Category: Philosophy

Page: 422

View: 676

Contributions to Illuminations: A Scarecrow Press Series of Guides to Research in Religion provide students and scholars, lay readers and clergy, with a road map to research in key areas of religious study.All commonly constructed with introductions to the topic and reviews of key thinkers, concepts, and events, each volume includes surveys of the primary and secondary sources, with critical evaluations of their places in the canon of thought and research on the topic. Focusing primarily on the knowledge required by today s students and scholars, each guide is a must-have for any student of religion. The twentieth century saw an explosion of wars and an accompanying explosion of literature on the morality of war. Thinking among Christian clerics and scholars on the idea of just war shifted with developments onthe battlefield. Alternatives to just war theory, such as pacifism and realism, found new proponents in the published work of the neo-Anabaptists and Niebhurians. Meanwhile, proponents of Christian just war theory had to address challenges from competing ideologies as well as ththose presented by the changing nature of warfare. Modern Just War Theory: A Guide to Research, by scholar and librarian Michael Farrell, serves as a manual for students and scholars studying Christian just war theory, helping them navigate the wealth of just war literature produced in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.Farrell s guide provides an introduction to the major developments of just war theory in the twentieth century, including sections on how to research just war theory, an overview of some of the most important theorists and developments of the twentieth century, and discussions of key search terms and related topics. Farrell then surveys and evaluates key primary and secondary sources for researchers on just war theory, as well as related sources on Christian realism and the responses of just war theorists to proponents of pacifism and secular just war theories. Modern Just War Theory will appeal to students and scholars of theology, military history, international law, and Christian ethics."

From Just War to Modern Peace Ethics

This book rewrites the history of Christian peace ethics. Christian reflection on reducing violence or overcoming war has roots in ancient Roman philosophy and eventually grew to influence modern international law.

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Author: Heinz-Gerhard Justenhoven

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110291926

Category: Religion

Page: 359

View: 217

This book rewrites the history of Christian peace ethics. Christian reflection on reducing violence or overcoming war has roots extending back to ancient Roman philosophy, and it eventually decisively influenced the formation of modern international law. This study traces the development of the tradition from Cicero, Augustine and Thomas Aquinas to early modern thinkers including Vitoria, Suarez, Martin Luther, Hugo Grotius and Immanuel Kant. These sources influenced modern peace ethics’ cosmopolitanism and international law-based approach, as can be found in the late Pope John Paul II’s peace teaching.

Just War Theory

He treats just war theory as a set of law-like propositions within the frame of an
empirical theory. Other just war thinkers (Walzer, Johnson, Ramsey) would argue
that just war is not such a theory - that it is necessarily morally ambiguous and ...

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Author: Jean Bethke Elshtain

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814721872

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 740

Available Again! Long before the "shock and awe" campaign against Iraq in March 2003, debates swarmed around the justifications of the U.S.-led war to depose Saddam Hussein. While George W. Bush's administration declared a just war of necessity, opponents charged that it was a war of choice, and even opportunism. Behind the rhetoric lie vital questions: when is war just, and what means are acceptable even in the course of a just war? Originally published in 1991, in the wake of the first war against Iraq, Just War Theory explores this essential dilemma. With a new preface by the editor, the essays in this indispensable collection move beyond the theoretical origins of just war theory to examine issues faced by military strategists, politicians, social theorists, and anyone concerned with the provocations and costs of military action. Popular wisdom once claimed that notions of just war would become obsolete with the onset of "total warfare," characterized by attacks on civilians and undiscriminating weapons of mass destruction. While the last decade has been ripe with brutality, just war theory is more critical than ever to the future of international relations and public discourse. This readable collection is an invaluable introduction to the debate.

Beyond Just War

was whether there was a need to revise the just war doctrine, or whether different
rules were needed in recognition of how wars against non-state terrorist groups
were not the conventional wars that traditional just war thinkers had in mind.

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Author: D. Chan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137263414

Category: Political Science

Page: 223

View: 251

Unlike most books on the ethics of war, this book rejects the 'just war' tradition, proposing a virtue ethics of war to take its place. Like torture, war cannot be justified. It answers the question: 'If war is a very great evil, would a leader with courage, justice, compassion, and all the other moral virtues ever choose to fight a war?'

Love Your Enemies

The author examines the theological bases of just war theory and pacifism, espcially in the light of the concept of God, as that motif illuminates Chrsitian discipleship.

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Author: Lisa Sowle Cahill

Publisher: Fortress Press

ISBN: 1451413076

Category: Religion

Page: 252

View: 649

The author examines the theological bases of just war theory and pacifism, espcially in the light of the concept of God, as that motif illuminates Chrsitian discipleship. Differences between the theory of just war and the practice of pacifism are highlighted in the overview of the history of Christian thought on the subject, and the inclusiveness of the ideal of the kingdom for pacifism is emphasized.

Arguing the Just War in Islam

This book provides a systematic account of how Islam's central texts interpret jihad, guiding us through the historical precedents and Qur'anic sources upon which today's claims to doctrinal truth and legitimate authority are made.

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Author: John Kelsay

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 067402639X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 263

View: 895

Jihad, with its many terrifying associations, is a term widely used today, though its meaning is poorly grasped. How Islam, with more than one billion followers, interprets jihad and establishes its precepts has become a critical issue for both the Muslim and the non-Muslim world. This book provides a systematic account of how Islam's central texts interpret jihad, guiding us through the historical precedents and Qur'anic sources upon which today's claims to doctrinal truth and legitimate authority are made. Making use of original sources, religion professor Kelsay delves into the tradition of shari'a--Islamic jurisprudence and reasoning--and shows how it defines jihad as the Islamic analogue of the Western "just" war. He traces the arguments of thinkers over the centuries who have debated the legitimacy of war, and demonstrates how contemporary Muslims across the political spectrum continue this quest for a realistic ethics of war within the Islamic tradition.--From publisher description.

Journal of Legal Studies

That this basic truth is not sufficiently acknowledged by an entire school of just -
war thinkers becomes immediately clear in their scholarly treatment of St.
Augustine . Moralists who focus on St. Augustine's attempts to reconcile Biblical ...

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OSU:32437010489496

Category: Law

Page:

View: 494

Just War and Ordered Liberty

When is war just? What does justice require? Miller draws from the intellectual history of just war to assess contemporary warfare.

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Author: Paul D. Miller

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108834681

Category: Law

Page: 200

View: 682

When is war just? What does justice require? Miller draws from the intellectual history of just war to assess contemporary warfare.

Just War and Pacifism

Would strict application of this principle , ensuring no damage to civilians and
civil society , be effective in ruling out all war ? There are two further questions
that are important but easily overlooked . None of the just war thinkers , whether ...

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Author: Edmund Ryden

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015051616756

Category: Just war doctrine

Page: 181

View: 916

The Just War

I need not repeat here the argument that can be made for the possible morality of
deterrence , or the possibility of a moral deterrent . 3 This would sound to Stein
like the efforts of " a few — mostly just - war thinkers , anxious to square their ...

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Author: Paul Ramsey

Publisher: University Press of Amer

ISBN: STANFORD:36105039486548

Category: Political Science

Page: 554

View: 653

With a new foreword by noted theologian and ethicist Stanley Hauerwas, this classic text on war and the ethics of modern statecraft written at the height of the Vietnam era in 1968 speaks to a new generation of readers. Characterized by a sophisticated yet back-to-basics approach, The Just War begins with the assumption that force is a fact in political life which must either be reckoned with or succumbed to. It then grapples with modern challenges to traditional moral principles of 'just conduct' in war, the 'morality of deterrence, ' and a 'just war theory of statecraft.

Ideas

For the just war thinker , or to one the bases and nature of political order more
generally , the just war thinker insists on the need for moral judgments , for
determining who in fact in the situation at hand is behaving in a more or less just
or ...

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105112753194

Category: Humanities

Page:

View: 807

Pazifismus

resistant pacifists , non - violent pacifists , and others ) join with the integrational
pacifists in rejecting war , but they chide the integrationists for approving some
governmental violence . On the other hand , just war thinkers applaud the ...

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Author: Barbara Bleisch

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015082650931

Category: Pacifism

Page: 346

View: 477

Pazifismus polarisiert: Während die einen ihn für unverantwortlich und gefährlich halten, sehen andere in ihm den Schlüssel zu einer friedlichen Welt. 16 Originalbeiträge namhafter Autor/innen aus Philosophie, Theologie und Friedenspolitik beleuchten im vorliegenden Sammelband die pazifistische Position im Detail: Ist der Pazifismus heute noch plausibel? Darf militärische Gewalt aus moralischer Sicht kategorisch abgelehnt werden? Kann eine pazifistische Position legitimiert werden?

Politisches Denken

For example , in the war for independence that resulted in the founding of the
United States , just war analysts ... justice in declaring war ( in the terminology
employed by many Christian just war thinkers , jus ad bellum ) and in waging war
( jus ...

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015075731896

Category: Political science

Page:

View: 628

World Religions and Norms of War

Yoder writes from outside the just war canon , yet his work encourages just war
thinkers to take their own tradition more seriously . 185 His book When War Is
Unjust directly engages both Catholic and Protestant just war thinkers , including
 ...

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Author: Vesselin Popovski

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015079289248

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 335

View: 336

Over more than two millennia, the world's leading religious traditions have provided the guidance in questions of when war can be justified, and of what methods and targets are permissible in war. Linking deep historical analysis to contemporary issues, this volume provides insight to the understanding of the role and influence of religion in the state politics. The book examines the norms of war in Hinduism, in Theravada Buddhism, in Japanese religion, in Judaism, in Roman Catholic Christianity, in Eastern Orthodox Christianity, in Protestant Christianity, in Shia Islam and in Sunni Islam, and discusses norms of war in cross-religious perspective.--Publisher's description.

An Encyclopedia of War and Ethics

First encyclopedia by noted experts who critically survey the ethics of warmaking from a variety of perspectives.

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Author: Donald Arthur Wells

Publisher: Greenwood

ISBN: STANFORD:36105018427976

Category: History

Page: 539

View: 963

First encyclopedia by noted experts who critically survey the ethics of warmaking from a variety of perspectives.