Landscape of the Megaliths

This volume describes the results of the Longstones Project , a joint-universities programme of excavation and survey designed to develop a fuller understanding of the context and dynamics of monument construction in the later Neolithic ...

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Author: Mark Gillings

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 9781782975236

Category: History

Page: 402

View: 213

This volume describes the results of the Longstones Project , a joint-universities programme of excavation and survey designed to develop a fuller understanding of the context and dynamics of monument construction in the later Neolithic (3rd millennium BC) of the Avebury region, Wiltshire. Several elements of this internationally important prehistoric monument complex were investigated: an early-mid 3rd millennium BC enclosure at Beckhampton; the recently re-discovered Beckhampton Avenue and Longstones Cove; a section of the West Kennet Avenue; the Falkner's stone circle; and the Cove within Avebury's Northern Inner Circle. The research sheds new light on the complexities and development of this monument rich area and consideration is given to the questions of how and why ceremonial centres such as that at Avebury came into being in the 3rd millennium BC. The importance of understanding the agency - the affective and perceived inherent qualities - of materials and landscapes is stressed; and the unusual character of the Wessex monument complexes is highlighted by comparison with the format and sequences of other ceremonial centres in southern Britain. The second part of the monograph tracks the later, post-prehistoric, lives of Avebury's megalithic monuments including a detailed account of the early 18th-century records of the Beckhampton Avenue made by the antiquary William Stukeley.

Megaliths of Wales

The ancient standing stones, stone circles and burial chambers of Wales - remarkable feats of construction that are surrounded by legend.

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Author: Chris Barber

Publisher:

ISBN: 1445674009

Category:

Page: 192

View: 891

The ancient standing stones, stone circles and burial chambers of Wales - remarkable feats of construction that are surrounded by legend.

Places of Special Virtue

This volume explores the landscape settings of megalithic chambered monuments in Wales.

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Author: Vicki Cummings

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781785705427

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 785

This volume explores the landscape settings of megalithic chambered monuments in Wales. Set against a broader theoretical discussion on the significance of the landscape, the authors consider the role of visual landscapes in prehistory, meanings attached to the landscape, and the values and beliefs invested in it. Wales is rich in Neolithic monuments, but the general absence of certain classic monumental forms found in the rest of Britain and Ireland, such as causewayed enclosures, henges, and cursus monuments, seems to have marginalised the Welsh record from many wider discussions on the Neolithic. Instead of seeing Wales as an area which lacks many of these 'classic' components, Cummings and Whittle argue that Wales has its own unique and individual Neolithic which is simply different from the Neolithic found further to the east. It is suggested that this difference may relate to an essentially mobile existence, with strong links back to the Mesolithic period. The authors present three detailed case studies, examining the settings of sites in south-west, north-west and south-east Wales. They outline the history of research for each region, including the previous classification of the monuments and any excavations, and describe the specific landscape settings of the monuments. They assess the significance of a variety of landscape features which would have been visible from the monuments, in particular emphasising the mythological and symbolic significance of the sea, rivers and mountains. An illustrated inventory of sites completes the volume.

The Rollright Stones

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Author: George Lambrick

Publisher: London : Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England

ISBN: UOM:39015014966868

Category: History

Page: 145

View: 823

Neo Romantic Landscapes

The landscape as ancient country with archaic customs provided a regular source of inspiration for the artist who painted megaliths, earthworks and burial mounds, displaying a concern with the British ...

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Author: Stella Hockenhull

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443808590

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 220

View: 777

Neo-Romantic Landscapes offers a reappraisal of the 1940s films of Powell and Pressburger focusing on their use of landscape. Questioning the established notion that the two film-makers, owing to their non-British personal roots, are located as un-British and ‘other’, Stella Hockenhull draws a correlation between the two media of film and painting to suggest otherwise. Emphasising the spiritual aspects of landscape and nature at a time when the experience and imagery of the war years generated a particular kind of ‘affect’ arising from the aftermath of destruction, she locates Powell and Pressburger’s wartime films in their historical and cultural context, notably Neo-Romanticism. By offering a close analysis of films such as A Canterbury Tale, I Know Where I’m Going!, Black Narcissus and Gone to Earth she finds similar aesthetic qualities in a number of British landscape paintings executed contemporaneously. Drawing on press reviews for contemporary spectator response, Neo-Romantic Landscapes offers a redirection of Film Studies, foregrounding the aesthetic pleasures of cinema in excess of narrative plausibility, thus resituating Powell and Pressburger in the British cultural traditions of the visual arts.

Loughcrew

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Author: Jean Mary McMann

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:C3366658

Category: Excavations (Archaeology)

Page: 266

View: 213

Places of Special Virtue

This volume explores the landscape settings of megalithic chambered monuments in Wales.

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Author: Vicki Cummings

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781785705441

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 165

This volume explores the landscape settings of megalithic chambered monuments in Wales. Set against a broader theoretical discussion on the significance of the landscape, the authors consider the role of visual landscapes in prehistory, meanings attached to the landscape, and the values and beliefs invested in it. Wales is rich in Neolithic monuments, but the general absence of certain classic monumental forms found in the rest of Britain and Ireland, such as causewayed enclosures, henges, and cursus monuments, seems to have marginalised the Welsh record from many wider discussions on the Neolithic. Instead of seeing Wales as an area which lacks many of these 'classic' components, Cummings and Whittle argue that Wales has its own unique and individual Neolithic which is simply different from the Neolithic found further to the east. It is suggested that this difference may relate to an essentially mobile existence, with strong links back to the Mesolithic period. The authors present three detailed case studies, examining the settings of sites in south-west, north-west and south-east Wales. They outline the history of research for each region, including the previous classification of the monuments and any excavations, and describe the specific landscape settings of the monuments. They assess the significance of a variety of landscape features which would have been visible from the monuments, in particular emphasising the mythological and symbolic significance of the sea, rivers and mountains. An illustrated inventory of sites completes the volume.

Megaliths Societies Landscapes

Current research is using a set of diverse methodologies and produces multilayered interpretations in order to create multi-faceted narratives on this phenomenon. The international conference 'Megaliths, Societies, Landscapes.

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: 3774942137

Category:

Page:

View: 937

The 5th and 4th millennium BCE saw the emergence of monumental architecture in Neolithic and Chalcolithic contexts throughout different parts of Europe. Current research is using a set of diverse methodologies and produces multilayered interpretations in order to create multi-faceted narratives on this phenomenon. The international conference 'Megaliths, Societies, Landscapes. Early Monumentality and Social Differentiation in Neolithic Europe' aimed to bring together researchers from various regions and contexts, thus providing an up-to-date perspective on prehistoric monumental architecture. The conference was also an opportunity to present the results of the DFG-Priority Program 1400 'Early Monumentality and Social Differentiation. On the origin and development of Neolithic large-scale buildings and the emergence of early complex societies in Northern Central Europe' which focused the appearance of monumentality in the context of Neolithic Funnel Beaker communities. These proceedings present the result of this conference, covering topics such as monuments made of stone, wood and earth, as well as interpretative aspects such as the importance of monumentality for landscape construction and the social significance of monumentality. They comprise of wide-ranging case studies with a continental scope that illustrate the manifold implications and manifestations of monumentality. They also demonstrate the need of holistic approaches and the integration of diverse data sets for the understanding of a phenomenon of such complexity. For a wider understanding of varying forms of monumentality, ethnoarchaeological studies on megaliths from different continents were integrated as well. The conference proceedings show that the construction of monuments may have been driven by very different factors and was embedded in diverse contexts of social organisation, thus being a highly variable and transformative phenomenon.

Magic Stones

From the temples of Malta and the great tombs and alignments of Brittany and Britain to the labyrinths of Finland, this book explores these enigmatic stones in their landscape, as part of nature and as a reminder that, thousands of years on ...

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Author: Jan Pohribný

Publisher: Merrell Pub Limited

ISBN: IND:30000117247944

Category: Art

Page: 303

View: 999

Magic Stones documents, in photographs by Czech photographer Jan Pohribny, humanity's obsession with stone. Pohribny's journey - a pilgrimage lasting more than seventeen years - took him from the far north of Scandinavia, through the British Isles and across much of mainland Europe to the islands of the Mediterranean. From the temples of Malta and the great tombs and alignments of Brittany and Britain to the labyrinths of Finland, this book explores these enigmatic stones in their landscape, as part of nature and as a reminder that, thousands of years on, they still hold a certain magic. With over 250 full-colour photographs of megalithic sites throughout Europe and an introduction by a maker and presenter of history shows, Julian Richards, Magic Stones will appeal to anyone interested in archaeology or in the more mythical aspects of these haunting reminders of our ancient past.

Ancient Code Are You Ready for the Real 2012

with the past by transforming their thoughts – as you recall your experiences in your megalithic sites – you are ... It is the phenomenology of landscape and of megaliths that allow us to make connections across the centuries and ...

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Author: Various Authors

Publisher: Reality Press

ISBN: 9781934588819

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 214

View: 182

Some say the end of mankind is near. Some say that financial turmoil is part of the process, along with global warming, warfare and the spread of mass psychosis. Children are fed drugs to keep them calm; nations are invaded by their neighbors; the climate is changing all around us; celebrities become our gods and materialism is the new mantra. But what is the real truth? Is there an answer to all this? If our material lives are making us happier, then why so many self-help books, films and philosophies? It can't be denied that the times are changing. Every day sees new challenges for our species, while we cause mayhem and madness on an unbelievable scale. But there is a ratio to it all, a rhyme and reason behind everything that we do and everything that affects us. Ancient Code is a collection of 20 fascinating essays - from today's top authors and researchers - which takes a look at the Ancient Code, our relationship with it and how it relates to 2012. You will learn about a power that was first hidden and then lost over time. Many have sought to rediscover it in order to wield it selfishly. Like mad magicians seeking to rule the world, men of renown have fleetingly seen the incredible nature of this Code but all too often they have missed the point. The Ancient Code needs no material gain, no hatred, warfare or drugs, because YOU are the key to the Code... Featuring: Brian Allan, Jack Allis, Kala Ambrose, Nick Ashron, Philip Coppens, Robert Feather, Philip Gardiner, Dr. Mitchell E. Gibson, Andrew Gough, Jasmine Gould, Dan Green, Dr. John Jay Harper, June-Elleni Lane, Janice Manning, Marshall Masters, Brian Mayne, Steve Mitchell, Nick Pope, Dennis Price and Colin Wilson.

Megaliths of Wales

Mysterious Sites in the Landscape Chris Barber. Mosso SIES IN THE LANDSCAPE MEGALITHS OF WALES MYSTERIOUS SITES IN THE LANDSCAPE MEGALITHS OF WALES AM I,. Front Cover.

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Author: Chris Barber

Publisher: Amberley Publishing Limited

ISBN: 9781445674018

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 746

The ancient standing stones, stone circles and burial chambers of Wales - remarkable feats of construction that are surrounded by legend.

Megaliths Societies Landscapes Early Monumentality and Social Differentiation in Neolithic Europe Proceedings of the International Conference Megaliths Societies Landscapes Early Monumentality and Social Differentiation in Neolithic Europe 16th 20th June 2015 in Kiel

Current research is using a set of diverse methodologies and produces multilayered interpretations in order to create multi-faceted narratives on this phenomenon. The international conference 'Megaliths, Societies, Landscapes.

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: 3774942137

Category:

Page: 1162

View: 873

The 5th and 4th millennium BCE saw the emergence of monumental architecture in Neolithic and Chalcolithic contexts throughout different parts of Europe. Current research is using a set of diverse methodologies and produces multilayered interpretations in order to create multi-faceted narratives on this phenomenon. The international conference 'Megaliths, Societies, Landscapes. Early Monumentality and Social Differentiation in Neolithic Europe' aimed to bring together researchers from various regions and contexts, thus providing an up-to-date perspective on prehistoric monumental architecture. The conference was also an opportunity to present the results of the DFG-Priority Program 1400 'Early Monumentality and Social Differentiation. On the origin and development of Neolithic large-scale buildings and the emergence of early complex societies in Northern Central Europe' which focused the appearance of monumentality in the context of Neolithic Funnel Beaker communities.0These proceedings present the result of this conference, covering topics such as monuments made of stone, wood and earth, as well as interpretative aspects such as the importance of monumentality for landscape construction and the social significance of monumentality. They comprise of wide-ranging case studies with a continental scope that illustrate the manifold implications and manifestations of monumentality. They also demonstrate the need of holistic approaches and the integration of diverse data sets for the understanding of a phenomenon of such complexity. For a wider understanding of varying forms of monumentality, ethnoarchaeological studies on megaliths from different continents were integrated as well.0The conference proceedings show that the construction of monuments may have been driven by very different factors and was embedded in diverse contexts of social organisation, thus being a highly variable and transformative phenomenon.

Monuments and Landscape in Atlantic Europe

I believe that it is in this context of rupture and innovation (and, eventually, of competition between radically different ways of life) that the ferment leading to the 'invention' ofthe megaliths should be sought.

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Author: Chris Scarre

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134482207

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 549

Atlantic Europe is the zone par excellence of megalithic monuments, which encompass a wide range of earthen and stone constructions from inpressive stone circles to modest chambered tombs. A single basic concept lies behind this volume - that the intrinsic qualities encountered within the diverse landscapes pf Atlantic Europe both informed the settings chosen for the monuments and played a role in determining their form and visual appearance. Monuments and Landscape in Atlantic Europe goes significantly beyond the limits of existing debate by inviting archaeologists from different countries with the Atlantic zone (including Britain, France, Ireland, Spain and Sweden) to examine the relationship between landscape features and prehistoric monuments in their specialist regions. By placing the issue within a broader regional and intellectual context, the authors illustrate the diversity of current archaeological ideas and approaches converging around this central theme.

Written on Stone

... far as he can see”), his megaliths would inhabit a simulated pre-modern landscape and would be under his control. ... a recognition that has re-emerged since the war in the conflict over use and ownership of megalithic sites.25 If ...

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Author: Joanne Parker

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443815536

Category: Social Science

Page: 175

View: 321

This collection of essays is not interested in the unresolved questions about the origin, original use, and authentic meaning of the prehistoric monuments of the British Isles. It is not concerned with their prehistory. Rather it deals with the history of barrows, standing stones, and stone circles: with the ways in which they have been viewed, the meanings that have been attributed to them, and the significant impact that they have had over the centuries on British life and culture – from motivating artists, authors, musicians and film-makers to inspiring ‘New Age’ religions. It is thus as interested in stones commonly believed to be megaliths – like the foundation stones of the chapel in the Dartmoor village of South Zeal – as in ‘real’ remains. In her recent study of Stonehenge, the historian Rosemary Hill asserted: ‘Stonehenge does not belong to archaeology, or not to archaeology alone’. Likewise, this book is not written primarily for archaeologists – or not for the interest of archaeologists alone. It will also be of interest to social and cultural historians, to those interested in fine art, literature or film, and to anyone fascinated by the construction of national, local, or counter-cultural identities. It should also intrigue anybody who lives near one of the thousands of prehistoric remains that add beauty and mystery to Britain’s countryside. The book surveys over eight hundred years of rediscovery, study, superstition, inspiration, fear, restoration, and destruction, investigating how different generations saw their own anxieties, beliefs and concerns reflected in the mysterious lives of the prehistoric builders. By discussing the many different ways in which prehistoric remains have been treated in different periods, the book interrogates any notion of objective approaches to archaeology. Instead, it asserts that what we think of as ‘the past’ is in fact multiple and man-made. Thus, if we are to effectively interpret and fully understand the prehistoric remains of the past, a variety of disciplines and a range of approaches – both traditional and unconventional – will need to work together. For this reason, this book has been produced as a jointly-authored text – a collaboration between archaeologists, folklorists, historians, journalists, and literary critics.

Making One s Way in the World

Gillings, M., Pollard, J., Wheatley, D. and Peterson, R. 2008 Landscape of the Megaliths: excavation and fieldwork on the Avebury monuments 1997–2003. Oxford: Oxbow Books. Gillis, J.R. 2012 The Human Shore. Chicago IL: University of ...

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Author: Martin Bell

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 9781789254051

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 765

The book draws on the evidence of landscape archaeology, palaeoenvironmental studies, ethnohistory and animal tracking to address the neglected topic of how we identify and interpret past patterns of movement in the landscape. It challenges the pessimism of previous generations which regarded prehistoric routes such as hollow ways as generally undatable. The premise is that archaeologists tend to focus on ‘sites’ while neglecting the patterns of habitual movement that made them part of living landscapes. Evidence of past movement is considered in a multi-scalar way from the individual footprint to the long distance path including the traces created in vegetation by animal and human movement. It is argued that routes may be perpetuated over long timescales creating landscape structures which influence the activities of subsequent generations. In other instances radical changes of axes of communication and landscape structures provide evidence of upheaval and social change. Palaeoenvironmental and ethnohistorical evidence from the American North West coast sets the scene with evidence for the effects of burning, animal movement, faeces deposition and transplantation which can create readable routes along which are favoured resources. Evidence from European hunter-gatherer sites hints at similar practices of niche construction on a range of spatial scales. On a local scale, footprints help to establish axes of movement, the locations of lost settlements and activity areas. Wood trackways likewise provide evidence of favoured patterns of movement and past settlement location. Among early farming communities alignments of burial mounds, enclosure entrances and other monuments indicate axes of communication. From the middle Bronze Age in Europe there is more clearly defined evidence of trackways flanked by ditches and fields. Landscape scale survey and excavation enables the dating of trackways using spatial relationships with dated features and many examples indicate long-term continuity of routeways. Where fields flank routeways a range of methods, including scientific approaches, provide dates. Prehistorians have often assumed that Ridgeways provided the main axes of early movement but there is little evidence for their early origins and rather better evidence for early routes crossing topography and providing connections between different environmental zones. The book concludes with a case study of the Weald of South East England which demonstrates that some axes of cross topographic movement used as droveways, and generally considered as early medieval, can be shown to be of prehistoric origin. One reason that dryland routes have proved difficult to recognise is that insufficient attention has been paid to the parts played by riverine and maritime longer distance communication. It is argued that understanding the origins of the paths we use today contributes to appreciation of the distinctive qualities of landscapes. Appreciation will help to bring about effective strategies for conservation of mutual benefit to people and wildlife by maintaining and enhancing corridors of connectivity between different landscape zones including fragmented nature reserves and valued places. In these ways an understanding of past routeways can contribute to sustainable landscapes, communities and quality of life

Megalithic Tombs in Western Iberia

This volume takes the recent excavations at Lajinha and the adjacent site of Cabeço dos Pendentes as the starting point for a broader consideration of the megalithic tombs of western Iberia.

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Author: Chris Scarre

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 9781785709814

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 493

Western Iberia has one of the richest inventories of Neolithic chambered tombs in Atlantic Europe, with particular concentrations in Galicia, northern Portugal and the Alentejo. Less well known is the major concentration of tombs along the Tagus valley, straddling the Portuguese-Spanish frontier. Within this cluster is the Anta da Lajinha, a small megalithic tomb in the hill-country north of the River Tagus. Badly damaged by forest fire and stone removal, it was the subject of joint British-Portuguese excavations in 2006-2008, accompanied by environmental investigations and OSL dating. This volume takes the recent excavations at Lajinha and the adjacent site of Cabeço dos Pendentes as the starting point for a broader consideration of the megalithic tombs of western Iberia. Key themes addressed are relevant to megalithic tombs more generally, including landscape, chronology, settlement and interregional relationships. Over what period of time were these tombs built and used? Do they form a horizon of intensive monument construction, or were the tombs the product of a persistent, long-lived tradition? How do they relate to the famous rock art of the Tagus valley, and to the cave burials and open-air settlements of the region, in terms of chronology and landscape? A final section considers the Iberian tombs within the broader family of west European megalithic monuments, focusing on chronologies, parallels and patterns of contact. Did the Iberian tombs emerge through connections with older established megalithic traditions in other regions such as Brittany, or were they are the outcome of more general processes operating among Atlantic Neolithic societies?

Handbook of Landscape Archaeology

Here, two places in the landscape are linked by the parts of a broken object in an enchained, dispersed relationship. ... The processions across the landscape, embodying the formal movement of the stones, linked other megaliths with ...

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Author: Bruno David

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781315427720

Category: Social Science

Page: 719

View: 671

Over the past three decades, “landscape” has become an umbrella term to describe many different strands of archaeology. From the processualist study of settlement patterns to the phenomenologist’s experience of the natural world, from human impact on past environments to the environment’s impact on human thought, action, and interaction, the term has been used. In this volume, for the first time, over 80 archaeologists from three continents attempt a comprehensive definition of the ideas and practices of landscape archaeology, covering the theoretical and the practical, the research and conservation, and encasing the term in a global framework. As a basic reference volume for landscape archaeology, this volume will be the benchmark for decades to come. All royalties on this Handbook are donated to the World Archaeological Congress.

The Megaliths of Vera Island in the Southern Urals

Man was included in the landscape, had some spatial connections with it, and inclusion of ancestors in the landscape changed it (Bergh 1997, 142). In this sense the building of megaliths was the socialization of the landscape (Tilley ...

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Author: Stanislav Grigoriev

Publisher: Archaeopress Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 9781789692433

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 786

The largest and brightest megalithic complex in Russia’s Ural Mountains is located on Vera Island, represented by three chambered megaliths and sanctuaries of the Eneolithic period (mid-4th - 3rd millennium BC). The oldest samples of stone sculpture in the Urals have been revealed within this complex.

Landscapes of Neolithic Brittany

A fully illustrated study of the Neolithic monuments of Brittany which investigates how and by whom they were built, using the latest research and field studies.

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Author: Chris Scarre

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780199281626

Category: Social Science

Page: 342

View: 332

A fully illustrated study of the Neolithic monuments of Brittany which investigates how and by whom they were built, using the latest research and field studies. The emphasis is on the landscape setting of these monuments, and how that landscape may have influenced or inspired their construction.