Why Language Matters for Theory of Mind

Language. Matters. _/anet. Wilde. Astington. and. Jodie. A. Baird. The present volume originated in a conference that was held at the University of Toronto in April 2002. Sixteen years earlier, a number of the authors included here had ...

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Author: Janet Wilde Astington

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195347845

Category: Psychology

Page: 368

View: 961

"Theory of mind" is the phrase researchers use to refer to children's understanding of people as mental beings, who have beliefs, desires, emotions, and intentions, and whose actions and interactions can be interpreted and explained by taking account of these mental states. The gradual development of children's theory of mind, particularly during the early years, is by now well described in the research literature. What is lacking, however, is a decisive explanation of how children acquire this understanding. Recent research has shown strong relations between children's linguistic abilities and their theory of mind. Yet exactly what role these abilities play is controversial and uncertain. The purpose of this book is to provide a forum for the leading scholars in the field to explore thoroughly the role of language in the development of the theory of mind. This volume will appeal to students and researchers in developmental and cognitive psychology.

Language Matters

Latent knowledge of vocabulary of the international language, arising from one's native language. Europa dokumentaro, 18, 13–15. Meir, I. (2001). Motion and transfer: The analysis of two verb classes in Israeli Sign Language.

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Author: Timothy Reagan

Publisher: IAP

ISBN: 9781607521891

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 269

View: 967

"This book addresses a timely and very important topic: language in education. Language, apparently, is a very tricky business. On the one hand, everyone uses language, and virtually everyone has strong views about language. In the educational domain this seems to be especially true. Language is not merely an intrinsic component of the educational process as the medium of instruction in the classroom, but also serves as the mediator of social reality for students and teachers alike. It plays a central role in articulating and conveying not only social, cultural and empirical ideas, but ideological concepts as well. It is also used to make judgments about the speaker, not to mention its role in maintaining differential power relations. And yet, in spite of this, the role of language is not sufficiently recognized in classroom practice much of the time. Nor is language, except in fairly narrow ways, really an especially central part of the curriculum, in spite of its incredible importance. To be sure, we do spend a great deal of time and money attempting to teach students to read and write (that is, to provide them with basic literacy skills), and we provide nominal support for foreign language education programs. We also provide limited support for children coming to school who do not speak English. What we do not do, though, is to recognize the absolute centrality of language knowledge and language use for the educated person. This book seeks to address these issues from the broad perspective of critical pedagogy.

Language Matters

Now we move into the fifth grade, and our task is simply to learn the subject matter, not to learn both a new language and a subject matter at the same time. Then in the ninth grade, we change to an allGreek program, but our skills in ...

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Author: Donna Jo Napoli

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199889921

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 256

View: 592

Is Ebonics really a dialect or simply bad English? Do women and men speak differently? Will computers ever really learn human language? Does offensive language harm children? These are only a few of the issues surrounding language that crop up every day. Most of us have very definite opinions on these questions one way or another. Yet as linguists Donna Jo Napoli and Vera Lee-Schoenfeld point out in this short and thoroughly readable volume, many of our most deeply held ideas about the nature of language and its role in our lives are either misconceived or influenced by myths and stereotypes. Language Matters provides a highly informative tour of the world of language, examining these and other vexing and controversial language-related questions. Throughout, Napoli and Lee-Schoenfeld encourage and lead the reader to use common-sense and everyday experience rather than preconceived notions or technical linguistic expertise. Both their questions and their conclusions are surprising, sometimes provocative, and always entertaining. This thoroughly revised second edition updates the book with a new co-author, and includes new chapters on language and power, language extinction, and what it is linguists actually do. Language Matters is sure to engage both general readers and students of language and linguistics at any level.

Language Matters

This story, with slight variations, could be repeated all over the world to account for the loss of indigenous languages. Why should we care? Does it matter if we lose a language? As long as we can communicate does it matter which ...

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Author: Laurie Bauer

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781349919536

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 280

View: 882

This book provides a non-technical introduction to the study of language by focusing on questions such as: - Where does language come from? - Why don't we all talk the same? - Who needs grammar? Suitable for students with no experience of linguistics, this lively introduction to language approaches will encourage students to think.

Language Matters

Essays on Language, Literature, and Translation K. V. Tirumalesh. Contemporary Usage , compiled " with the assistance of a panel of 136 Distinguished Consultants on Usage , ” posed many of these issues in usage to the panellists and ...

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Author: K. V. Tirumalesh

Publisher: Allied Publishers

ISBN: 8170239478

Category: English language

Page: 210

View: 403

Contributed research papers.

Language Matters

The six-member Executive Committee, which oversees CPC matters between board meetings and appoints committees, ... All documents for meetings of the Board of Directors are translated into the two official languages, and meetings proceed ...

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Author: David R. Cameron

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 9780774858724

Category: Political Science

Page: 244

View: 349

In the 1960s, a study for the Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism Commission revealed that Canadian associations were often paralyzed by internal conflicts over language. Language Matters examines whether this remains the case.The contributors present case studies or life histories of diverse associations, from business organizations to groups concerned with social justice. They examine key turning points in the given association's history and explore how its mandate, leadership, relationship to the federal and provincial governments, and shifting options in the political arena shaped its response to linguistic diversity. Language Matters provides a deeper understanding of the language dynamic in Canada and offers solutions to groups and governments trying to manage difference.

Language Matters in Higher Education Contexts

The title Language Matters in Higher Education Contexts has a dual meaning. It highlights the fact that language matters come in many forms and diverse areas of higher education, consequently, language matters for all involved in higher ...

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Author:

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004507920

Category: Education

Page: 194

View: 366

This book offers an account of what, how and why language matters in academia by providing examples from a wide range of areas in European institutions.

European Language Matters

Whatever the truth of the matter, William really was a very gifted learner of languages, and by an early age he had mastered Greek, Latin, Hebrew and Arabic. At one stage, he even translated Persian into French, and he wrote a grammar ...

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Author: Peter Trudgill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108967501

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page:

View: 455

Why do Greek lorries have Metaphores written on the side? Is it grammatically correct to say 'the best team won' after a football match? What is the difference between manly, male, masculine and macho? Bringing together Peter Trudgill's highly popular columns for the New European, this fascinating collection explores how English has been influenced, both linguistically and culturally, by its neighbouring languages in Europe. English is very much a European language and Trudgill delves in to the rich linguistic legacy that links all European languages. The bite-sized pieces are grouped together in thematically arranged sections, to allow the reader to dip in and out at will, and cover a wide range of topics, from the etymology of words, to illuminating pieces on grammar. Written in an engaging and lively style, both language specialists and general readers with no prior experience will uncover intriguing facts about language and languages in Europe.

Language of Conflict

The results of the 2012 study of language and identity (Kulyk 2013) demonstrate distinct dynamics in different ... While discussing the 'language matters' ideology, Bilaniuk (2017a) talks about code-switching from Russian to Ukrainian.

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Author: Natalia Knoblock

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781350098619

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 296

View: 558

Exploring the ways in which language and conflict are intertwined and interrelated, this volume examines the patterns of public discourse in Ukraine and Russia since the beginning of the Ukrainian Crisis in 2014. It investigates the trends in language aggression, evaluation, persuasion and other elements of conflict communication related to the situation. Through the analysis of the linguistic features of salient discourses and prevalent narratives constructed by different social groups, Language of Conflict reflects competing worldviews of various stakeholders in this conflict and presents multiple, often contradictory, visions of the circumstances. Contributors from Ukraine, Russia and beyond investigate discursive representations of the most important aspects of the crisis: its causes and goals, participants and the values and ideologies of the opposing factions. They focus on categorization, stance, framing, (de)legitimation, manipulation and coping strategies while analysing the ways in which the stress produced by social discord, economic hardship, and violence shapes public discourse. Primarily focusing on informal communication and material gathered from online sources, the collection provides insight into the ways people directly affected by the crisis think about and respond to it. The volume acknowledges the communicators' active role in constructing the (often incompatible) discursive images of the conflict and concentrates on the conscious and strategic use of linguistic resources in negative and aggressive communication.

Dominant Language Constellations

Language Matters, 39(2), 204–229. Marian, V., Blumenfeld, H. K., & Kaushanskaya, M. (2007). The language experience and proficiency questionnaire (LEAP-Q): Assessing language profiles in bilinguals and multilinguals.

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Author: Joseph Lo Bianco

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030523367

Category: Education

Page: 282

View: 842

This volume is dedicated to the concept and several applications of Dominant Language Constellations (DLC), by which it advances understanding of current multilingualism through addition of a novel perspective from which to view contemporary language use and acquisition. The term Dominant Language Constellation denotes the set of a person’s or group's most expedient languages, functioning as an entire unit and enabling an individual or group to meet their needs in a multilingual environment. The volume presents pioneering contributions that employ DLC as the lens for analysing a wide array of issues. These include multilingual syntactic development, cross-linguistic interaction and multilingual production in formal and informal educational contexts, as well as linguistic profiles of multilingual groups used in elementary school and higher education. Other DLC issues include discussions of how identity, emotions and attitudes operate in various minority and majority contexts. Because the DLC concept does not assume any inherent hierarchy of languages it can serve as a framework public policy in multilingual countries/communities faced with challenging policy determinations regarding choice of languages for use in education settings and more widely in social institutions and the economy. Some chapters develop and extend the DLC concept, others adapt and apply it to a variety of contexts, both global and local. Many chapters feature educational and social settings across large parts of the world– Africa, Australia, Europe, North America (Canada and the USA) and Southeast Asia. The volume can serve as supplementary reading for courses on multilingualism, sociolinguistics, language policy and planning, educational linguistics, Second and Third Language Acquisition.