Lingua Universalis vs Calculus Ratiocinator

Collingwood would have been delighted by the contrast that constitutes the overall theme of the essays collected in this volume.

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Author: Jaakko Hintikka

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9048147549

Category: Philosophy

Page: 270

View: 412

R. G. Collingwood saw one of the main tasks of philosophers and of historians of human thought in uncovering what he called the ultimate presuppositions of different thinkers, of different philosophical movements and of entire eras of intellectual history. He also noted that such ultimate presuppositions usually remain tacit at first, and are discovered only by subsequent reflection. Collingwood would have been delighted by the contrast that constitutes the overall theme of the essays collected in this volume. Not only has this dichotomy ofviews been one ofthe mostcrucial watersheds in the entire twentieth-century philosophical thought. Not only has it remained largely implicit in the writings of the philosophers for whom it mattered most. It is a truly Collingwoodian presupposition also in that it is not apremise assumed by different thinkers in their argumentation. It is the presupposition of a question, an assumption to the effect that a certain general question can be raised and answered. Its role is not belied by the fact that several philosophers who answered it one way or the other seem to be largely unaware that the other answer also makes sense - if it does. This Collingwoodian question can be formulated in a first rough approximation by asking whether language - our actual working language, Tarski's "colloquiallanguage" - is universal in the sense of being inescapable. This formulation needs all sorts of explanations, however.

Lingua Universalis vs Calculus Ratiocinator

poses the possibility of varying in a large scale the interpretation of the language in question, be it natural or formal, in other words, it presupposes the idea of language as calculus. Indeed, my choice of the term “calculus” (or, ...

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Author: Jaakko Hintikka

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401586016

Category: Philosophy

Page: 270

View: 705

R. G. Collingwood saw one of the main tasks of philosophers and of historians of human thought in uncovering what he called the ultimate presuppositions of different thinkers, of different philosophical movements and of entire eras of intellectual history. He also noted that such ultimate presuppositions usually remain tacit at first, and are discovered only by subsequent reflection. Collingwood would have been delighted by the contrast that constitutes the overall theme of the essays collected in this volume. Not only has this dichotomy ofviews been one ofthe mostcrucial watersheds in the entire twentieth-century philosophical thought. Not only has it remained largely implicit in the writings of the philosophers for whom it mattered most. It is a truly Collingwoodian presupposition also in that it is not apremise assumed by different thinkers in their argumentation. It is the presupposition of a question, an assumption to the effect that a certain general question can be raised and answered. Its role is not belied by the fact that several philosophers who answered it one way or the other seem to be largely unaware that the other answer also makes sense - if it does. This Collingwoodian question can be formulated in a first rough approximation by asking whether language - our actual working language, Tarski's "colloquiallanguage" - is universal in the sense of being inescapable. This formulation needs all sorts of explanations, however.

Probabilities Laws and Structures

1–36; reprinted in Jaakko Hintikka, Lingua Universalis vs. Calculus Ratiocinator: An Ultimate Presupposition of TwentiethCentury Philosophy. Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer 1997, pp. 104–139. 5 The expression “lingua characterica” does ...

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Author: Dennis Dieks

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400730304

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 507

This volume, the third in this Springer series, contains selected papers from the four workshops organized by the ESF Research Networking Programme "The Philosophy of Science in a European Perspective" (PSE) in 2010: Pluralism in the Foundations of Statistics Points of Contact between the Philosophy of Physics and the Philosophy of Biology The Debate on Mathematical Modeling in the Social Sciences Historical Debates about Logic, Probability and Statistics The volume is accordingly divided in four sections, each of them containing papers coming from the workshop focussing on one of these themes. While the programme's core topic for the year 2010 was probability and statistics, the organizers of the workshops embraced the opportunity of building bridges to more or less closely connected issues in general philosophy of science, philosophy of physics and philosophy of the special sciences. However, papers that analyze the concept of probability for various philosophical purposes are clearly a major theme in this volume, as it was in the previous volumes of the same series. This reflects the impressive productivity of probabilistic approaches in the philosophy of science, which form an important part of what has become known as formal epistemology - although, of course, there are non-probabilistic approaches in formal epistemology as well. It is probably fair to say that Europe has been particularly strong in this area of philosophy in recent years.​

The Golden Age of Polish Philosophy

Calculus Ratiocinator. An Ultimate Presupposition of Twentieth-Century Philosophy (J. Hintikka, Selected Papers 2), Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Hintikka, J. (1997), Lingua Universalis vs. Calculus Ratiocinator.

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Author: Sandra Lapointe

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048124015

Category: Philosophy

Page: 254

View: 296

Jan Wolenski ́ and Sandra Lapointe Polish philosophy goes back to the 13th century, when Witelo, famous for his works in optics and the metaphysics of light, lived and worked in Silesia. Yet, Poland’s academic life only really began after the University of Cracow was founded in 1364 – its development was interrupted by the sudden death of King Kazimierz III, but it was re-established in 1400. The main currents of classical scholastic thought like Thomism, Scottism or Ockhamism had been late – about a century – to come to Poland and they had a considerable impact on the budding Polish philosophical scene. The controversy between the via antiqua and the via moderna was hotly 1 debated. Intellectuals deliberated on the issues of concilliarism (whether the C- mon Council has priority over the Pope) and curialism (whether the Bishop of Rome has priority over the Common Council). On the whole, the situation had at least two remarkable features. Firstly, Polish philosophy was pluralistic, and remained so, since its very beginning. But it was also eclectic, which might explain why it aimed to a large extent at achieving a compromise between rival views. Secondly, given the shortcomings of the political system of the time as well as external pr- sure by an increasingly hegemonic Germany, thinkers were very much interested in political matters. Poland was a stronghold of political thought (mostly inclined towards concilliarism) and Polish political thought distinguished itself in Europe J.

Form Zahl Ordnung

Hintikka selbst hat dieselbe unter der Überschrift Lingua Universalis vs. Calculus Ratiocinator ( 1997 ) immer wieder aufs Neue thematisiert , wobei ihn vor allem die Kantische Frage ,, Was ist Wahrheit ? “ ( KrV , B 82 ) beschäftigte .

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Author: Rudolf Seising

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag

ISBN: 3515085254

Category: History

Page: 926

View: 898

Dieser Band mit 42 aktuellen Arbeiten von 45 Wissenschafts- und Technikwissenschaftlern erscheint aus Anlass des 65. Geburtstages des Muenchner Wissenschaftshistorikers Ivo Schneider. In den einzelnen Beitr�gen der Autoren, von denen die meisten der Wissenschafts- und Technikgeschichte, einige aber auch der Wissenschaftsphilosophie bzw. anderen Wissenschaftsdisziplinen entstammen, werden Arbeiten zur gesamten Wissenschafts- und Technikgeschichte von der Antike bis zum 20. Jahrhundert pr�sentiert. Aus den verschiedenen Kontexten heraus verweisen die Beitr�ge auf die Bedeutung von Form(en) in Mathematik und Philosophie, sie zeigen, dass keine moderne Naturwissenschaft ohne Zahl und Ordnung auskommt, wie auch die (moderne) Mathematik oft mehr mit Ordnung denn mit Zahl zu tun hat. Dem Leser wird in diesem Band das gro�e Spektrum reflektionswissenschaftlicher Forschung ausgebreitet, das in der gegenw�rtigen Wissenschaftslandschaft leider immer weniger beruecksichtigt wird.

Quantifiers Questions and Quantum Physics

The definitive source for studying this fundamental contrast between two opposing philosophies of language is Hintikka's second volume of selected papers, Lingua Universalis vs. Calculus Ratiocinator (Kluwer, 1997).

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Author: Daniel Kolak

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402032110

Category: Philosophy

Page: 360

View: 547

Jaakko Hintikka is one of the most creative figures in contemporary philosophy. He has made significant contributions to virtually all areas of the discipline, from epistemology and the philosophy of logic to the history of philosophy and the philosophy of science. Part of the fruitfulness of Hintikka’s work is due to its opening important new lines of investigation and new approaches to traditional philosophical problems. This volume gathers together essays from some of Hintikka’s colleagues and former students exploring his influence on their work and pursuing some of the insights that we have found in his work. This book includes a comprehensive overview of Hintikka’s philosophy by Dan Kolak and John Symons and an annotated bibliography of Hintikka’s work.

Semiotics and Philosophy in Charles Sanders Peirce

... a lingua universalis vs. as a calculus ratiocinator. Van Heijenoort writes: Answering Schröder's criticism of his Begriffsschrift, Frege states that, unlike Boole's, his logic is not a calculus ratiocinator, or not merely a calculus ...

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Author: Rossella Fabbrichesi

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443806992

Category: Philosophy

Page: 241

View: 262

The subject of this book is the thought of the American pragmatist and founder of semiotics, Charles Sanders Peirce. The book collects the papers presented to the International Conference Semiotics and Philosophy in C.S. Peirce (Milan, April 2005), together with some additional new contributions by well-known Peirce scholars, bearing witness to the vigour of Peircean scholarship in Italy and also hosting some of the most significant international voices on this topic. The book is introduced by the two editors and is divided into three sections, corresponding to the three main areas of the most interesting contemporary reflection on Peirce. Namely, Semiotics and the Logic of Inquiry (part I); Abduction and Philosophy of Mathematics (part II); Peirce and the Western Tradition. (part III). The analysis is carried out from a semiotic perspective, in which semiotics should not be understood as a specific doctrine but rather as the philosophical core of Peirce’s system. As we read in the introduction: “it is semiotics and philosophy or, rather, semiotics as philosophy and philosophy as semiotics, which emerge from a reading of these papers”.

Peirce and Husserl Mutual Insights on Logic Mathematics and Cognition

position the thoughts of the two thinkers according to their views on science, logic, knowledge or signs. ... as a universal language and logic as a calculus—Lingua Universalis versus Calculus Ratiocinator, to use Leibniz' terminology.

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Author: Mohammad Shafiei

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030258009

Category: Philosophy

Page: 219

View: 746

This volume aims to provide the elements for a systematic exploration of certain fundamental notions of Peirce and Husserl in respect with foundations of science by means of drawing a parallelism between their works. Tackling a largely understudied comparison between these two contemporary philosophers, the authors highlight the significant similarities in some of their fundamental ideas. This volume consists of eleven chapters under four parts. The first part concerns methodologies and main principles of the two philosophers. An introductory chapter outlines central historical and systematical themes arising out of the recent scholarship on Peirce and Husserl. The second part is on logic, its Chapters dedicated to the topics from Peirce’s Existential Graphs and the philosophy of notation to Husserl’s notions of pure logic and transcendental logic. The third part includes contributions on philosophy of mathematics. Chapters in the final part deal with the theory of cognition, consciousness and intentionality. The closing chapter provides an extended glossary of central terms of Peirce’s theory of phaneroscopy, explaining them from the viewpoint of the theory of cognition.

Immanent Reasoning or Equality in Action

Boole's logical calculus and the concept script [1880/81]. In H. Hermes, F. Kambartel, & F. Kaulbach (Eds.), Gottlob Frege ... Lingua Universalis vs. Calculus Ratiocinator: An ultimate presupposition of twentieth-century philosophy.

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Author: Shahid Rahman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319911496

Category: Philosophy

Page: 332

View: 930

This monograph proposes a new way of implementing interaction in logic. It also provides an elementary introduction to Constructive Type Theory (CTT). The authors equally emphasize basic ideas and finer technical details. In addition, many worked out exercises and examples will help readers to better understand the concepts under discussion. One of the chief ideas animating this study is that the dialogical understanding of definitional equality and its execution provide both a simple and a direct way of implementing the CTT approach within a game-theoretical conception of meaning. In addition, the importance of the play level over the strategy level is stressed, binding together the matter of execution with that of equality and the finitary perspective on games constituting meaning. According to this perspective the emergence of concepts are not only games of giving and asking for reasons (games involving Why-questions), they are also games that include moves establishing how it is that the reasons brought forward accomplish their explicative task. Thus, immanent reasoning games are dialogical games of Why and How.

Linguistic Bibliography for the Year 2000 Bibliographie Linguistique de l Ann e 2000

Language and world view - Hungarian vs. foreign languages . 2287 Hintikka , Jaakko : Lingua universalis vs. calculus ratiocinator .... – Dordrecht , 1996 I BL 1997 , 2803 | Lingua 110/7 , 2000 , 503-509 Ahti Pietarinen .

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Author: Sijmen Tol

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402030088

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1564

View: 901

Bibliographie Linguistique/ Linguistic Bibliography is the annual bibliography of linguistics published by the Permanent International Committee of Linguists under the auspices of the International Council of Philosophy and Humanistic Studies of UNESCO. With a tradition of more than fifty years (the first two volumes, covering the years 1939-1947, were published in 1949-1950), Bibliographie Linguistique is by far the most comprehensive bibliography in the field. It covers all branches of linguistics, both theoretical and descriptive, from all geographical areas, including less known and extinct languages, with particular attention to the many endangered languages of the world. Up-to-date information is guaranteed by the collaboration of some forty contributing specialists from all over the world. With over 20,000 titles arranged according to a detailed state-of-the-art classification, Bibliographie Linguistique remains the standard reference book for every scholar of language and linguistics.