Meaning and Analysis New Essays on Grice

The anthology 'Meaning and Analysis' addresses the key topics of H. Paul Grice's philosophy of language, such as rationality, non-natural meaning, communicative actions, conversational implicatures, the semantics-pragmatics distinction and ...

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Author: Richard Breheny

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230282117

Category: Philosophy

Page: 348

View: 606

The anthology 'Meaning and Analysis' addresses the key topics of H. Paul Grice's philosophy of language, such as rationality, non-natural meaning, communicative actions, conversational implicatures, the semantics-pragmatics distinction and recent debates concerning minimalist versus contextualist semantics.

Meaning Bedeutung Englisch Deutsch

Petrus, Klaus (Hrsg.): Meaning and Analysis: New Essays on Grice. London 2010. Pfister, Jonas: Werkzeuge des Philosophierens. Stuttgart 22015. Récanati, François: Defining Communicative Intentions. In: Mind and Language 1 (1986) S.

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Author: Paul Grice

Publisher: Reclam Verlag

ISBN: 9783159617701

Category: Philosophy

Page: 84

View: 915

Herbert Paul Grice' bahnbrechender Aufsatz von 1957 bildet einen der wichtigsten Bezugspunkte für Debatten darüber, was Bedeutung genau ist. Grice bietet eine Semantik bzw. Bedeutungslehre an, die von Intentionen ausgeht, also die Reaktion des Adressaten einer Mitteilung in den Blick nimmt: Der Aufsatz stellt so einen wichtigen Orientierungspunkt für die Sprachphilosophie dar, aber auch für Semiotik, Kognitionswissenschaft und Linguistik. Der Grundlagentext wird hier zusammen mit dem Originaltext in neuer Übersetzung und mit einem Kommentar herausgegeben, der das sprachphilosophische Problem rekonstruiert und sein Fortwirken bis in die Gegenwart verfolgt. Die Reihe "Great Papers Philosophie" bietet bahnbrechende Aufsätze der Philosophie: - Eine zeichengenaue, zitierfähige Wiedergabe des Textes (links das fremdsprachige Original, rechts eine neue Übersetzung). - Eine philosophiegeschichtliche Einordnung: Wie dachte man früher über das Problem? Welche Veränderung bewirkte der Aufsatz? Wie denkt man heute darüber? - Eine Analyse des Textes bzw. eine Rekonstruktion seiner Argumentationsstruktur, gefolgt von einem Abschnitt über den Autor sowie ein kommentiertes Literaturverzeichnis. E-Book mit Seitenzählung der Originalpaginierung.

Perspectives on Pragmatics and Philosophy

Paul Grice, philosopher and linguist. Basingstoke: Palgrave. Chapman, Siobhan. 2010. Paul Grice and the philosophy of ordinary language. In Meaning and analysis, new essays on Grice, ed. Petrus Klaus, 31–46.

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Author: Alessandro Capone

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783319010113

Category: Philosophy

Page: 647

View: 638

This book is about the pragmatics of language and it illustrates how pragmatics transcends the boundaries of linguistics. This volume covers Gricean pragmatics as well as topics including: conversation and collective belief, the norm of assertion, speech acts, what a context is, the distinction between semantics and pragmatics and implicature and explicature, pragmatics and epistemology, the pragmatics of belief, quotation, negation, implicature and argumentation theory, Habermas’ Universal Pragmatics, Dascal’s theory of the dialectical self, theories and theoretical discussions on the nature of pragmatics from a philosophical point of view. Conversational implicatures are generally meaning augmentations on top of explicatures, whilst explicatures figure prominently in what is said. Discussions in this work reveal their characteristics and tensions within current theories relating to explicatures and implicatures. Authors show that explicatures and implicatures are calculable and not (directly) tied to conventional meaning. Pragmatics has a role to play in dealing with philosophical problems and this volume presents research that defines boundaries and gives a stable picture of pragmatics and philosophy. World renowned academic experts in philosophy and pragmalinguistics ask important theoretical questions and interact in a way that can be easily grasped by those from disciplines other than philosophy, such as anthropology, literary theory and law. A second volume in this series is also available, which covers the perspective of linguists who have been influenced by philosophy.

Philosophy of Language The Key Thinkers

Chapman, S. (2005), Paul Grice: Philosopher and Linguist. ... —(1969), 'Utterer's Meaning and Intentions', The Philosophical Review, 78, 147-77 (reprinted in Grice, 1989). ... (2010), Meaning and Analysis: New Essays on Grice.

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Author: Barry Lee

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781441149428

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 320

View: 523

Philosophers have raised and struggled with questions relating to human language for more than 2000 years. Philosophy of Language: The Key Thinkers offers a comprehensive historical overview of this fascinating field. Thirteen specially commissioned essays introduce and explore the contributions of those philosophers who have shaped the subject and the central issues and arguments therein. Philosophical questions relating to language have been subjected to particularly intense scrutiny since the work of Gottlob Frege in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. This book concentrates on the development of philosophical views on language over the last 130 years, offering coverage of all the leading thinkers in the field including Frege, Russell, Wittgenstein, Austin, Quine, Chomsky, Grice, Davidson, Dummett and Kripke. Crucially the book demonstrates how the ideas and arguments of these key thinkers have contributed to our understanding of the theoretical account of language use and its central concepts. Ideal for undergraduate students, the book lays the necessary foundations for a complete and thorough understanding of this fascinating subject.

Studies in the Way of Words

This volume, Paul Grice’s first book, includes the long-delayed publication of his enormously influential 1967 William James Lectures. But there is much, much more in this work.

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Author: Paul Grice

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674254206

Category: Philosophy

Page: 406

View: 698

This volume, Paul Grice’s first book, includes the long-delayed publication of his enormously influential 1967 William James Lectures. But there is much, much more in this work. Grice himself has carefully arranged and framed the sequence of essays to emphasize not a certain set of ideas but a habit of mind, a style of philosophizing. Grice has, to be sure, provided philosophy with crucial ideas. His account of speaker-meaning is the standard that others use to define their own minor divergences or future elaborations. His discussion of conversational implicatures has given philosophers an important tool for the investigation of all sorts of problems; it has also laid the foundation for a great deal of work by other philosophers and linguists about presupposition. His metaphysical defense of absolute values is starting to be considered the beginning of a new phase in philosophy. This is a vital book for all who are interested in Anglo-American philosophy.

Philosophy of Language

(1981), 'Frege's Hierarchy of Indirect Sense and the Paradox of Analysis', Midwest Studies in Philosophy, VI: 37–57. —(1986), 'Why Frege Should Not ... Meaning and Analysis: New Essays on Grice, (Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave), 1–30.

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Author: Chris Daly

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781441141163

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 336

View: 198

Philosophy of Language provides students with an accessible yet detailed introduction to the major issues and thinkers in the subject. Ideal for use on undergraduate courses, but also of value for postgraduate students, the structure and content of this textbook closely reflect the way the philosophy of language is taught and studied. Thematically structured, the book introduces the work of leading thinkers who have contributed to the discipline, including Frege, Russell, Strawson, Grice, Quine, Davidson and Lewis. The author examines key distinctions in the philosophy of language, including sense and reference, sense and force, descriptions and names, semantics and pragmatics, extensional, intensional, and hyperintensional contexts, and the problems which these distinctions involve. Chris Daly's cogent and thorough analysis is supplemented by student-friendly features, including chapter summaries, questions for discussion, guides to further reading, a glossary, and an extensive bibliography.

Irregular Negatives Implicatures and Idioms

In K. Petrus (Ed.), Meaning and analysis: New essays on Grice (pp. 310–339). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Kempson, R. (1975). Presupposition and the delimitation of semantics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

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Author: Wayne A. Davis

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789401775465

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 317

View: 252

The author integrates, expands, and deepens his previous publications about irregular (or “metalinguistic”) negations. A total of ten distinct negatives—several previously unclassified—are analyzed. The logically irregular negations deny different implicatures of their root. All are partially non-compositional but completely conventional. The author argues that two of the irregular negative meanings are implicatures. The others are semantically rather than pragmatically ambiguous. Since their ambiguity is neither lexical nor structural, direct irregular negatives satisfy the standard definition of idioms as syntactically complex expressions whose meaning is non-compositional. Unlike stereotypical idioms, idiomatic negatives lack fixed syntactic forms and are highly compositional. The final chapter analyzes other “free form” idioms, including irregular interrogatives and comparatives, self-restricted verb phrases, numerical verb phrases, and transparent propositional attitude and speech act reports.

Beyond Semantics and Pragmatics

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press Levinson, S. C. (2000) Presumptive Meanings: The Theory of Generalized Conversational Implicature. ... In Meaning and Analysis: New Essays on Grice, ed. K. Petrus, pp. 170–83.

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Author: Gerhard Preyer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192509116

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 239

The study of meaning in language embraces a diverse range of problems and methods. Philosophers think through the relationship between language and the world; linguists document speakers' knowledge of meaning; psychologists investigate the mechanisms of understanding and production. Up through the early 2000s, these investigations were generally compartmentalized: indeed, researchers often regarded both the subject-matter and the methods of other disciplines with skepticism. Since then, however, there has been a sea change in the field, enabling researchers increasingly to synthesize the perspectives of philosophy, linguistics and psychology and to energize all the fields with rich new intellectual perspectives that facilitate meaningful interchange. The time is right for a broader exploration and reflection on the status and problems of semantics as an interdisciplinary enterprise, in light of a decade of challenging and successful research in this area. Taking as its starting-point Lepore and Stone's 2014 book Imagination and Convention, this volume aims to reconcile different methodological perspectives while refocusing semanticists on new problems where integrative work will find the broadest and most receptive audience.

Shakespearean Character

Mark Van Doren, 'Henry IV', in Henry the Fourth, Parts I and II: Critical Essays, ed. ... Wayne A. Davis, 'Irregular Negations: Implicature and Idiom Theories', in Meaning and Analysis: New Essays on Grice, ed.

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Author: Jelena Marelj

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781350061408

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 264

View: 191

Why do we continue to experience many of Shakespeare's dramatic characters as real people with personal histories, individual personalities, and psychological depth? What is it that makes Falstaff seem to jump off the page, and what gives Hamlet his complexity? Shakespearean Character: Language in Performance examines how the extraordinary lifelikeness of some of Shakespeare's most enigmatic and self-conscious characters is produced through language. Using theories drawn from linguistic pragmatics, this book claims that our impression of characters as real people is an effect arising from characters' pragmatic use of language in combination with the historical and textual meanings that Shakespeare conveys to his audience by dramatic and meta-dramatic means. Challenging the notion of interiority attributed to Shakespeare's characters by many contemporary critics, theatre professionals, and audiences, the book demonstrates that dramatic characters possess anteriority which gives us the impression that they exist outside of- and prior to- the play-texts as real people. Jelena Marelj's study examines five linguistically self-conscious characters drawn from the genres of history, tragedy and comedy, which continue to be subjects of extensive critical debate: Falstaff, Cleopatra, Henry V, Katherine from The Taming of the Shrew, and Hamlet. She shows that by inferring Shakespeare's intentions through his characters' verbal exchanges and the discourses of the play, the audience becomes emotionally involved with or repulsed by characters and it is this emotional response that makes these characters strikingly memorable and intimately human. Shakespearean Character will equip readers for further work on the genealogy of Shakespearean character, including minor characters, stock characters, and allegorical characters.

Cognitive Pragmatics

Meaning and Analysis: New Essays on Grice, 170–83. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan. Satpute, Ajay B. & Matthew D. Lieberman. 2006. Integrating automatic and controlled processing into neurocognitive models of social cognition.

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Author: Marco Mazzone

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9781501507731

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 197

View: 569

Cognitive pragmatics is a mature field of research, characterized by robust theories and a growing amount of experimental work. In particular, Relevance Theory has provided a rich framework for research in the field. However, this theory makes a number of assumptions that are rooted in a modular view of cognition. This book provides a detailed analysis of such assumptions, arguing for an alternative model which has, however, some support in ideas explored by relevance theorists. First of all, inferences are explained in terms of associative pattern completion within associative networks, based on the schematic organization of memory. This explanation is shown to apply to a number of cognitive domains besides pragmatics, including mindreading. Moreover, such a view is compatible with a general understanding of the neurocomputational machinery of our cortex, suggesting a general argument to the effect that modularity in its standard version cannot be right. Second, the book argues for a crucial role of conscious attention in pragmatics as well as in most cognitive processes. In the end, what is proposed is not only a revision of Relevance Theory but also a fresh analysis of reasoning, which vindicates some Gricean intuitions.