Minimalism Scope and VP Structure

In this scholarly book, author Thomas Stroik furthers recent directions in generative grammars.

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Author: Thomas Stroik

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: UCSC:32106012730252

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 173

View: 556

In this scholarly book, author Thomas Stroik furthers recent directions in generative grammars. Bringing together Chomsky's minimalist assumptions of syntactic representation and Aoun and Li's theory of scope, Stroik investigates what the logical representation of a sentence can tell us about the structure of verb phrases (VPs). Arguing that scopal relations provide the clearest view of the structural relationship between noun phrase (NP) arguments, he uses scopal data to explore and expose the base argument structure of VPs. In his analysis of VP structure, Stroik discusses double-object constructions, multiple interrogatives, bare NP adverbials, and psych-verb constructions.

Locality in Minimalist Syntax

Locality in Minimalist Syntax explains a range of syntactic phenomena that have long resisted previous generative theories, including that-trace effects, superiority effects, and the interpretations available for multiple-wh constructions.

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Author: Thomas S. Stroik

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262261579

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 162

View: 958

This minimalist study proposes that the computational system of human language must consist of strictly local operations. In this highly original reanalysis of minimalist syntax, Thomas Stroik considers the optimal design properties for human language. Taking as his starting point Chomsky's minimalist assumption that the syntactic component of a language generates representations for sentences that are interpreted at perceptual and conceptual interfaces, Stroik investigates how these representations can be generated most parsimoniously. Countering the prevailing analyses of minimalist syntax, he argues that the computational properties of human language consist only of strictly local Merge operations that lack both look-back and look-forward properties. All grammatical operations reduce to a single sort of locally defined feature-checking operation, and all grammatical properties are the cumulative effects of local grammatical operations. As Stroik demonstrates, reducing syntactic operations to local operations with a single property—merging lexical material into syntactic derivations—not only radically increases the computational efficiency of the syntactic component, but it also optimally simplifies the design of the computational system. Locality in Minimalist Syntax explains a range of syntactic phenomena that have long resisted previous generative theories, including that-trace effects, superiority effects, and the interpretations available for multiple-wh constructions. It also introduces the Survive Principle, an important new concept for syntactic analysis, and provides something considered impossible in minimalist syntax: a locality account of displacement phenomena.

Extraposition from NP in English

The notions of information structure, 125–146. Potsdam: Universitatsverlag. Selkirk, Elisabeth. ... Late adjunction and minimalist phrase structure. Syntax 4(2). 94–125. Stepanov, Arthur. 2007. ... Minimalism, scope, and VP structure.

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Author: Edward Göbbel

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9781501509858

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 378

View: 512

The impact of phonology on word order phenomena has become a central research agenda ever since the Minimalist Program emphasised the role of interface conditions on syntactic operations. This book is a detailed study of extraposition from NP, which has traditionally been the domain of syntactic investigation and information-structural studies. After an examination of syntactic accounts of PP and relative clause extraposition, which are largely found inadequate, it explores the possibility of phonological solutions by comparing the prosodic structure of canonical and extraposed word orders. Particular attention is payed to the informational status of extraposed constituents and the focus structure of the sentence. The book shows that extraposition optimises the prosodic structure of sentences and in some cases their rhythmic structure, while focus structure only plays a role in extraposition of defocused constituents. The book further argues that extraposition occurs at PF, while certain binding-theoretical consequences of extraposition can be resolved by LF movement. With its focus on the interface between syntax and phonology, the book will appeal to researchers working on either domain.

Verbal Complement Clauses

A minimalist study of direct perception constructions Claudia Felser. Rutten, J. 1991. ... Eine minimalistische Analyse zur internen Struktur der IP (Inflection-Phrase) im Deutschen” . ... Minimalism, Scope, and VP Structure.

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Author: Claudia Felser

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027299277

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 278

View: 301

This monograph examines the syntax of bare infinitival and participial complements of perception verbs in English and other European languages, and investigates the general conditions under which verbal complement clauses are licensed. The introductory chapter is followed by an overview of the major syntactic and semantic characteristics of non-finite complements of perception verbs in English. The third chapter presents an analysis within the framework of Chomsky's (1995) Minimalist Program according to which event-denoting complements are minimally realised as projections of an aspectual head. In the next chapter, it is argued that verbs capable of licensing aspectual complement clauses must be able to function as a special type of control predicate, an assumption which is shown to account for a number of seemingly unrelated properties of the constructions under consideration. The final chapter examines syntactically reduced clausal complements from a cross-linguistic perspective, showing that Southern Romance languages differ from Germanic ones with respect to the availability of 'bare' aspectual complement clauses, a difference that is attributed to morphological properties of verbs in these languages.

Asymmetry in Grammar

In S. Epstein & N. Hornstein ( Eds . ) , Working Minimalism ( pp . 217–249 ) . Cambridge , MA : MIT Press . ... Verb movement , universal grammar , and the structure of IP . ... Minimalism , Scope , and VP Structure .

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Author: Anne-Marie Di Sciullo

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027227780

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 411

View: 150

Asymmetry in Grammar: Syntax and Semantics brings to fore the centrality of asymmetry in DP, VP and CP. A finer grained articulation of the DP is proposed, and further functional projections for restrictive relatives, as well as a refined analyses of case identification and presumptive pronouns. The papers on VP discuss further asymmetries among arguments, and between arguments and adjuncts. Double-object constructions, specificational copula sentences, secondary predicates, and the scope properties of adjuncts are discussed in this perspective. The papers on CP propose a further articulation of the phrasal projection, justifications for Remnant IP movement, and an analysis of variation in clause structure asymmetries. The papers in semantics support the hypothesis that interpretation is a function of configurational asymmetry. The type/token information difference is further argued to correspond to the partition between the upper and lower level of the phrase. It is also proposed that Point of View Roles are not primitives of the pragmatic component, but are head-dependent categories. Configurationality is further argued to be required to distinguish contrastive from non-contrastive Topic. Compositionality is proposed to explain cross-linguistic variations in the selectional behavior of typologically different languages. The papers in syntax include contributions from Antonia Androutsopoulou and Manuel Español-Echevarría, Dana Isac, Edit Jakab, Cedric Boeckx, Julie Anne Legate, Maria Cristina Cuervo, Jacqueline Guéron, Niina Zhang, Thomas Ernst, Manuela Ambar, Jean-Yves Pollock, Anna Maria Di Sciullo, Ilena Paul and Stanca Somesfalean.The papers on semantics include contributions of Greg Carlson,Peggy Speas and Carol Tenny, Chungmin Lee, and James Pustejovsky.

Symmetry Breaking in Syntax

Stowell, Tim (1981) Origins of Phrase Structure, Ph.D. dissertation, MIT, Cambridge, MA. Stroik, Thomas (1990) 'Adverbs as V-Sisters', Linguistic Inquiry 21: 654—61. (1996) Minimalism, Scope, and VP Structure, Thousand Oaks, ...

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Author: Hubert Haider

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107017757

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 264

View: 866

A new theory of grammar which explores the old distinction between OV and VO languages and their underlying basic asymmetry.

On Shell Structure

Laenzlinger, C. (1996) “Adverb Syntax and Phrase-Structure,” in A.-M. di Sciullo, ed., Configura- tions (pp. 99–127). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press. ... (1996) Minimalism, Scope and VP-Structure. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

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Author: Richard K. Larson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134113828

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 496

View: 886

This volume collects together core papers by Richard K. Larson developing what has since come to be known as the "VP Shell" or "Split VP" analysis of sentential structure. The volume includes five previously published papers together with two major unpublished works from the same period: "Light Predicate Raising" (1989), which explores the interesting consequences of a leftward raising analysis of "NP Shift" phenomena, and "The Projection of DP (and DegP)" (1991), which extends the shell approach to the projection of nominal and adjectival structure, showing how projection can be handled in a uniform way. In addition to published, unpublished and limited distribution work, the volume includes extensive new introductory material. The general introduction traces the conceptual roots of VP Shells and its problems in the face of subsequent developments in theory, and offers an updated form compatible with modern Minimalist syntactic analysis. The section introductions to the material on datives, complex predicates and nominals show how the updated form of shell theory applies in the empirical domains where it was originally developed.

Linguistic Bibliography for the Year 2000 Bibliographie Linguistique de l Ann e 2000

2915 Ruys , Eduard G .: Weak crossover as a scope phenomenon . ... Step by step : essays on minimalist syntax in honor of Howard Lasnik . — 863 . ... 2926 Stroik , Thomas S .: Minimalism , scope , and VP structure .

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Author: Sijmen Tol

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402030088

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1564

View: 396

Bibliographie Linguistique/ Linguistic Bibliography is the annual bibliography of linguistics published by the Permanent International Committee of Linguists under the auspices of the International Council of Philosophy and Humanistic Studies of UNESCO. With a tradition of more than fifty years (the first two volumes, covering the years 1939-1947, were published in 1949-1950), Bibliographie Linguistique is by far the most comprehensive bibliography in the field. It covers all branches of linguistics, both theoretical and descriptive, from all geographical areas, including less known and extinct languages, with particular attention to the many endangered languages of the world. Up-to-date information is guaranteed by the collaboration of some forty contributing specialists from all over the world. With over 20,000 titles arranged according to a detailed state-of-the-art classification, Bibliographie Linguistique remains the standard reference book for every scholar of language and linguistics.

Small Phrase Layers

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Stowell, Tim 1981. Origins of Phrase Structure. Ph.D. Thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Stroik, Thomas 1996. Minimalism, Scope and VP Structure. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications ...

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Author: Satu Manninen

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027227881

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 272

View: 201

This monograph examines the structure and properties of Finnish manner adverbials. The central idea is that, instead of AdvPs, DPs, APs, PPs, NumPs and InfinitivalPs, manner adverbials have the form of either kPs or pPs, and they are licensed as unique specifiers of a manner-related small vP. Secondly, because ”obligatory” and ”optional” manner adverbials are merged as specifiers of one and the same small vP, the computational system of language sees no difference between them. This is why ”obligatory” and ”optional” manner adverbials often behave in exactly the same way with regard to syntactic operations such as movement. Thirdly, the author shows that, although all arguments and VP-internal adverbials are merged as specifiers of a unique small vP, this hierarchical structure need not always be reflected in an unambiguous linear order: in many languages VP-internal manner, place and time adverbials are allowed to permute freely because they have no features which would need checking by the features of a higher functional head, and because their original Spec,vP positions are ”invisible” to the Linear Correspondence Axiom. Although the argumentation and analyses are mainly supported by Finnish data, the author also shows how they can be applied to other languages. The book also contains an extensive introduction to Finnish, to help readers unfamiliar with the language to follow the discussion.

The Syntax of Adjuncts

Order in Phrase Structure and Movement. Linguistic Inquiry, 29, 439–74. ... Adverbials, Functional Structure, and Restrictiveness. In NELS 28, ed. ... Minimalism, Scope, and VP Structure. Thousand Oaks, Calif.

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Author: Thomas Ernst

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139431699

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 555

View: 457

This book proposes a theory of the distribution of adverbial adjuncts in a Principles and Parameters framework, claiming that there are few syntactic principles specific to adverbials; rather, for the most part, adverbials adjoin freely to any projection. Adjuncts' possible hierarchical positions are determined by whether they can receive a proper interpretation, according to their selectional (including scope) requirements and general compositional rules, while linear order is determined by hierarchical position along with a system of directionality principles and morphological weight, both of which apply generally to adjuncts and all other syntactic elements. A wide range of adverbial types is analysed; predicational adverbs (such as manner, and modal adverbs), domain expressions like financially, temporal, frequency, duration and focusing adverbials; participant PPs (e.g. locatives and benefactives); resultative and conditional clauses, and others, taken primarily from English, Chinese, French and Italian, with occasional reference to others (such as German and Japanese).