Muslim Neoplatonists

Scholarly interest in the Brethren of Purity has continued apace in the twenty years since Muslim Neoplatonists was first published. During that period the volume has been continuously in print and continued to provoke discussion, ...

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Author: Ian Richard Netton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136853838

Category: Philosophy

Page: 162

View: 267

The tenth or eleventh century group of the Brethren of Purity (Ikhwan al Safa) are as well known in the Arab world as Darwin, Marx and Freud in the west. Designed as an introduction to their ideas, this book concentrates on the Brethren's writings, analyzing the impact on them of thinkers such as Pythagoras, Plato, Aristotle and the Neoplatonists. Ian Netton traces the influences of Judaism and Christianity, and controversially this book argues that the Brethren of Purity did not belong to the Ismaili branch of Islam as is generally believed.

Neoplatonism and Islamic Thought

See for example , " Further Development of Islamic Neoplatonism , " in Fakhry M. , A History of Islamic Philosophy , New York : Columbia University Press , 1983 , 107-163 . The theory of emanation is the basis upon which Fakhry ...

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Author: Parviz Morewedge

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791413357

Category: Philosophy

Page: 267

View: 359

This book explores, through their Neoplatonism, the philosophies of four cultures: North African, Moorish Spanish, Greek, and Islamic. Originating in North Africa, Neoplatonism became the framework for philosophical reflection in these diverse cultural settings. Neoplatonic themes like emanationism are found in all of them, despite the difficulty of reconciling such philosophical ideas with religious orthodoxy. The wide appeal of Neoplatonism, perhaps, is due to its development of the mystical dimension of Platonism. From this perspective, this volume presents eternally recurring Neoplatonic themes like the monistic vision of the entire universe descending from a single principle, and a potentiality of a mystical ascent-- a return to the origin. In addition, this book investigates the questions of self knowledge, the relation between the universal and the particular soul, and the transformation of spiritual substance into bodily substance in these cultures. These studies offer a rich and varied perspective of these cultures themselves, revealing the spirit of each in its adaptation to Neoplatonism.

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Science and Technology in Islam

The Muslim Neoplatonists: al-Kindī. AlKindī was fully imbued with both Neoplatonism and Aristotelianism and sought to harmonize both. Although he was most probably aware of the non-Aristotelian origin of the so called Theology of ...

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Author: Salim Ayduz

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199812578

Category: Religion

Page: 1152

View: 212

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam provides both an overview and a comprehensive and detailed survey of the main features of philosophy, science, medicine and technology in the Muslim world. The level of entries are scholarly, based on primary and secondary sources, and aimed at advanced students of Islamic philosophy and science. The selection of entries as well as their content reflect the highest academic standards and most recent research in the field, providing scholars and advanced students with in-depth surveys on the most important issues in the study of these topics, serving as the authoritative reference work on this important area of research.

Islam in Historical Perspective

Furthermore, since fálsafa addressed basically the same issues as kalám, the adherents of the latter considered it to be an unwelcome competitor in the struggle for Muslim minds.8 Fálsafa as an Elaboration of Neoplatonic Doctrines It is ...

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Author: Alexander Knysh

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781317273394

Category: Religion

Page: 534

View: 424

Islam in Historical Perspective provides readers with an introduction to Islam, Islamic history and societies with carefully selected historical and scriptural evidence that enables them to form a comprehensive and balanced vision of Islam’s rise and evolution across the centuries and up to the present day. Combining historical and chronological approaches, the book examines intellectual dialogues and socio-political struggles within the extraordinary rich Islamic tradition. Treating Islam as a social and political force, the book also addresses Muslim devotional practices, artistic creativity and the structures of everyday existence. Islam in Historical Perspective is designed to help readers to develop personal empathy for the subject by relating it to their own experiences and burning issues of today. It contains a wealth of historical anecdotes and quotations from original sources that are intended to emphasize its principal points in a memorable way. This new edition features a thoroughly revised and updated text, new illustrations, expanded study questions and chapter summaries.

Between Muslim and Jew

123 In a recent study, Paul Fenton has argued that the long recension of The Theology of Aristotle may have been made by a “Jewish Neoplatonic circle” in Fatimid Egypt. 124 It is also relevant to note that this work may have played some ...

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Author: Steven M. Wasserstrom

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400864133

Category: History

Page: 310

View: 410

Steven Wasserstrom undertakes a detailed analysis of the "creative symbiosis" that existed between Jewish and Muslim religious thought in the eighth through tenth centuries. Wasserstrom brings the disciplinary approaches of religious studies to bear on questions that have been examined previously by historians and by specialists in Judaism and Islam. His thematic approach provides an example of how difficult questions of influence might be opened up for broader examination. In Part I, "Trajectories," the author explores early Jewish-Muslim interactions, studying such areas as messianism, professions, authority, and class structure and showing how they were reshaped during the first centuries of Islam. Part II, "Constructions," looks at influences of Judaism on the development of the emerging Shi'ite community. This is tied to the wider issue of how early Muslims conceptualized "the Jew." In Part III, "Intimacies," the author tackles the complex "esoteric symbiosis" between Muslim and Jewish theologies. An investigation of the milieu in which Jews and Muslims interacted sheds new light on their shared religious imaginings. Throughout, Wasserstrom expands on the work of social and political historians to include symbolic and conceptual aspects of interreligious symbiosis. This book will interest scholars of Judaism and Islam, as well as those who are attracted by the larger issues exposed by its methodology. Originally published in 1995. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Ibn Gabirol s Theology of Desire

See Ian Richard Netton, Muslim Neoplatonists (London; Boston; Syndey: George Allen & Unwin, 1982). As in more standard systems of Neoplatonism, Intellect is the first reality outside of God (with the Ifiwan's four grades of matter ...

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Author: Sarah Pessin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107032217

Category: Philosophy

Page: 269

View: 551

The first full-length treatment of Ibn Gabirol's philosophy in English, this study completely reinvents the medieval author of the Fountain of Life or Fons Vitae (known to many in the history of philosophy by his Latinized name, Avicebron). Developing Ibn Gabirol's vision in terms of a "Theology of Desire," the book rescues the voice of the eleventh-century Jewish poet-philosopher from centuries of misreadings as it sets out to examine the role of love, desire, and ethical self-transformation in medieval Jewish Neoplatonism.

Allah Transcendent

and not even Averroes, despite his desire to return from Avicenna's Neoplatonism to a stricter Aristotelianism, could Wholly reject its ideas.' 53. See above 11. 47. 54. See Gyekye, Arabic Logic, p. 7; Netton, Muslim Neoplatonists, pp.

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Author: Ian Richard Netton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136102745

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 191

Examines the role of God in medieval Islamic philosophy and theology in a new and exciting way. Renouncing the traditional chronological method of considering Islamic philosophy, Netton uses modern literary modes of criticism derived from structuralism, post-structuralism and semiotics.

Free Will and Predestination in Islamic Thought

Netton's Muslim Neoplatonists, p. 55, p. 68, p. 74, p. 84. Corbin, Avicenna and the Visionary Recital, pp. 25–6. Avicenna, xviii. Risālat al-ad.h.awīya, pp. 140–50; Lucchetta, Epistola sulla Vita Futura, p. For instance, Avicenna speaks ...

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Author: Maria De Cillis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317937043

Category: Philosophy

Page: 260

View: 456

The subject of "human free-will" versus "divine predestination" is one of the most contentious topics in classical Islamic thought. By focusing on a theme of central importance to any philosophy of religion, and to Islam in particular, this book offers a critical study of the intellectual contributions offered to this discourse by three key medieval Islamic thinkers: Avicenna, al-Ghāzālī and Ibn ʿArabī. Through investigation of primary sources, Free Will and Predestination in Islamic Thought establishes the historical, political and intellectual circumstances which prompted Avicenna, al-Ghāzālī and Ibn ʿArabī’s attempts at harmonization. By analysing the theoretical and linguistic ‘techniques’ which were employed to convey these endeavours, this book demonstrates that the three individuals were committed to compromise between philosophical, theological and mystical outlooks. Arguing that the three scholars’ treatments of the so-called qaḍā wa’l-qadar (decree and destiny) and ikhtiyār (free-will) issues were innovative, influential and fundamentally more complex than hitherto recognized, this book contributes to a fuller understanding of Islamic intellectual history and culture and will be useful to researchers interested in Islamic Studies, Religion and Islamic Mysticism.

Averroes

Muslim. Neoplatonists. Rehabilitation. of. Aristotle. In his attempt to rehabilitate Aristotle, Averroes begins by mounting a sustained attack against the Muslim Neoplatonists, led by al-Fārābī and Avicenna, on the double charge that ...

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Author: Majid Fakhry

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781780746678

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 224

View: 983

This stimulating book covers all area of the twelfth century Muslim philosopher's life from his transmission of Aristotelian thought to the Western world, to his conflict with the Ash'arite theologians.

Islam in the World

Ibn ' Arabi's theosophy embodied many of the assumptions of the Muslim neoplatonists . God is pure being in philosophical terms , a necessary existent ) , free from all other attributes . This was a view the Muslim philosophers had ...

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Author: Malise Ruthven

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195305035

Category: Religion

Page: 502

View: 513

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