Organized Crime and Corruption Across Borders

This book explores China’s Belt and Road Initiative and the criminogenic potential for economic, financial, and socio-cultural cooperation across countries, where some are known for weak law enforcement and high levels of corruption.

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Author: T. Wing Lo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429632235

Category: Social Science

Page: 282

View: 347

This book explores China’s Belt and Road Initiative and the criminogenic potential for economic, financial, and socio-cultural cooperation across countries, where some are known for weak law enforcement and high levels of corruption. It examines whether these flows of capital are increasing the amount of organized crime in the newly linked regions and how law enforcement agencies are responding. Bringing together experts across the Global South and Europe, this book considers transnational organized crime and corruption across One Belt One Road (OBOR). It examines crime and corruption in China and its international United Front tactic; analyzes various forms of transnational organized crime such as trafficking of illegal drugs, looted antiquities, and wildlife and counterfeit products; and presents studies on corruption and organized crime in selected OBOR countries including Russia, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Czech Republic, Poland, and Bangladesh. This book makes a significant contribution to the development of southern criminology and will also be of interest to those engaged with transnational organized crime, political economy, international relations, and Asian and Chinese studies.

Organized Crime and Corruption Across Borders

"Bringing together experts across the Global South and Europe, this book considers transnational organized crime and corruption across One Belt One Road (OBOR).

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Author: T. Wing Lo

Publisher:

ISBN: 0429031041

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 429

"Bringing together experts across the Global South and Europe, this book considers transnational organized crime and corruption across One Belt One Road (OBOR). It examines crime and corruption in China and its international united front tactic; analyses various forms of transnational organized crime such as trafficking of illegal drugs, looted antiquities, and wildlife and counterfeit products; and presents studies on corruption and organised crime in selected OBOR countries including Russia, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Czech Republic, Poland, and Bangladesh. This book makes a significant contribution to the development of Southern Criminology and will also be of interest to those engaged with transnational organized crime, political economy, international relations, and Asian and Chinese studies"--

Policing Across Borders

This work will be of interest to researchers in law enforcement, criminal justice, crime prevention, and international relations.

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Author: George Andreopoulos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441995452

Category: Social Science

Page: 186

View: 796

Globalization has had a sharp impact on the definition of ‘national security,’ as the interconnectedness of many threats calls for them to be addressed at the national and global level simultaneously. Law enforcement efforts must increasingly include elements of international and transnational communication and cooperation. Police forces in different countries must find common ways to share data and track international crime trends. This timely work analyzes key challenges confronting the law enforcement community, with regards to international crime, particularly illegal trafficking and terrorism. The contributions in this volume are the result of a series of workshops that brought together international law enforcement officials, researchers, and representatives from intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), to examine the need for international police cooperation, the specific challenges this presents, and to propose solutions. This work will be of interest to researchers in law enforcement, criminal justice, crime prevention, and international relations.

Transnational Organized Crime

Transnational crime has become a problem of considerable political urgency that requires long-term attention. The United States and other countries are devoting significant resources to its investigation and control.

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Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309184452

Category: Law

Page: 76

View: 448

Crime statistics assail us from the front pages of newspapers around the country--and around the globe. As the world's economic systems become integrated, as barriers to trade, travel, and migration come down, criminal opportunities have rapidly expanded across national borders. Transnational crime has become a problem of considerable political urgency that requires long-term attention. The United States and other countries are devoting significant resources to its investigation and control. The National Academies Committee on Law and Justice convened a workshop to elicit ideas about this phenomenon and to discuss the research and information needs of policy officials. This report lays out the full range of research issues and makes useful suggestions for learning more about transnational crime.

Transnational Organized Crime

This volume will contribute to the growing literature on transnational organized crime and terrorism and serve as a valued source of information and analysis for policy formulation at the international level.

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Author: Emilio Viano

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015059107964

Category: Social Science

Page: 213

View: 666

Recent changes in the global economy and in international political alignments have greatly benefited the criminal underworld. There is no question that modern organized crime, adroitly exploiting trends and changes in the global economy is acquiring transnational capabilities and conducting transnational operations. What has been learned about terrorism since the September 11, 2001 events confirms the ability of international criminal networks to operate across borders with relative ease. The enormous wealth generated by organized international crime has also encouraged corruption, money-laundering, and the development of all types of violence, from intimidation to terrorism. This volume examines the unfolding of transnational organized crime in different parts of the world and analyzes the major elements that will contribute to an understanding of this situation which will become more acute as the events of September 11, 2001 and subsequent ones have amply demonstrated. The problem of organized crime and terrorism must be confronted not only in social and economic contexts, but also from local, regional, cultural, religious, and international points of view. Only then can we begin to evaluate their impact on society. It is within this framework that the international authors of the different chapters consider the implications of and the possible answers to the following pressing questions: Does international organized crime constitute a threat to the national security of democratic countries? On the international scene, is this the phenomenon that has emerged to replace communism as enemy number one in the Western world and actually worldwide? With the globalization of the economy, has transnational criminal activity now become one of the new methods of accumulating wealth? Is this wealth then used to fund terrorist activities worldwide? Are certain militant factions now using criminal means to destabilize already underprivileged countries and undermine democratic principles in general, while ostensibly claiming to defend certain political or religious-based ideologies? Is the phenomenon of international crime spreading because it has its roots in specific forms of social protest, or because it offers a means of survival for those on the fringes of society, or because different mafias are increasingly penetrating the highest levels of political and economic power? Does the obvious inefficiency of the methods, policies, and strategies that are being used in the international fight against organized crime stem from a fundamental misunderstanding and incorrect appraisal of the very complexity of such situation? This volume will contribute to the growing literature on transnational organized crime and terrorism and serve as a valued source of information and analysis for policy formulation at the international level.

Cross border Crime in a Changing Europe

Contents: Cross-Border Crime; A Relative Concept and Broad Phenomenon; Cross-Border Crime Patterns between Eastern Europe and the European Union; Transnational Organised Crime and Cross-Border Trafficking in Human Beings in the Czech ...

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Author: P. C. van Duyne

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 156072966X

Category: Social Science

Page: 246

View: 141

Contents: Cross-Border Crime; A Relative Concept and Broad Phenomenon; Cross-Border Crime Patterns between Eastern Europe and the European Union; Transnational Organised Crime and Cross-Border Trafficking in Human Beings in the Czech Republic; Multi-Disciplinary and Pro-Active Approach to the Human Trafficking Phenomenon; Trafficking in Migrants: A European Perspective; Drug Trafficking in Poland; Cross-Border Crime Between Finland and Estonia; Organised Economic Crime Problems in the Ukraine; Credit Card Fraud in International Perspective; Fraud Against the European Public Funds; Financial Investigations and Crime-Money; Facts and Myths About Underground Banking; Organised Crime and Money-Laundering; The Proceeds of Crime and their International Recovery in Europe; Extra and Sneaky Legal Evidence in Cross-Border Investigations; Afterword.

Routledge Handbook of Transnational Organized Crime

It is a phenomenon that is all too often misunderstood and misrepresented. This handbook attempts to redress the balance, by providing a fresh and interdisciplinary overview of the problems which transnational organized crime represents.

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Author: Felia Allum

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135424572

Category: Political Science

Page: 576

View: 745

Transnational organized crime crosses borders, challenges States, exploits individuals, pursues profit, wrecks economies, destroys civil society, and ultimately weakens global democracy. It is a phenomenon that is all too often misunderstood and misrepresented. This handbook attempts to redress the balance, by providing a fresh and interdisciplinary overview of the problems which transnational organized crime represents. The innovative aspect of this handbook is not only its interdisciplinary nature but also the dialogue between international academics and practitioners that it presents. The handbook seeks to provide the definitive overview of transnational organized crime, including contributions from leading international scholars as well as emerging researchers. The work starts by examining the origins, concepts, contagion and evolution of transnational organized crime and then moves on to discuss the impact, governance and reactions of governments and their agencies, before looking to the future of transnational organized crime, and how the State will seek to respond. Providing a cutting edge survey of the discipline, this work will be essential reading for all those with an interest in this dangerous phenomenon.

Dark Logic

This book constitutes the first major study showing (1) when transnational organized crime is likely to use corruption and violence tactics, (2) when transnational criminal activities most affect individual and state security, and (3) when ...

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Author: Robert Mandel

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804769938

Category: Political Science

Page: 255

View: 553

This book constitutes the first major study showing (1) when transnational organized crime is likely to use corruption and violence tactics, (2) when transnational criminal activities most affect individual and state security, and (3) when the negative consequences of these tactics and activities can be most successfully combated.

The Oxford Handbook of Organized Crime

The Oxford Handbook of Organized Crime delivers a systematic, high-quality, and truly global approach to the topic and with it a more complete understanding of organized crime in its many forms for researchers, government officials, and ...

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Author: Letizia Paoli

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199968923

Category: Social Science

Page: 592

View: 364

While the success of national and international law enforcement cooperation to suppress organized crime means that stable, large-scale criminal organizations like the Cosa Nostra or the Japanese Yakuza have seen their power reduced, organized crime remains a concern for many governments. Economic globalization and the easing of restrictions on exchanges across borders now provide ample opportunity for money-making activities in illegal markets. Policies designed to stop illegal market flows often shift these activities to new places or create new problems, as the U.S.- led war on drugs spread production and trafficking to a number South and Central American countries. The Oxford Handbook of Organized Crime provides informed, authoritative, and comprehensive overviews of these issues and other principal forms of organized crime, as well as the type and effectiveness of efforts to prevent and control them. Leading scholars from criminology, law, sociology, history, and political science discuss the key concepts, history, and methods of organized crime; the major actors and interactions involved in it; the markets and activities frequently associated with organized crime; and the policies designed to combat it. Individual chapters on criminal organizations and specific activities or markets comprise the heart of the volume. The chapters on actors provide the history, analyze the structure and activities, and assess the strength and future prospects of each organization. Articles on particular markets address the patterns of activity, identify the most affected regions, and where possible provide estimated revenues, discuss factors promoting the activity, and disclose information on the victims and harms caused. The Oxford Handbook of Organized Crime delivers a systematic, high-quality, and truly global approach to the topic and with it a more complete understanding of organized crime in its many forms for researchers, government officials, and policymakers.

Organized Crime Culture Markets and Policies

The aim of this book is not to formulate simple, straightforward answers to these questions, but rather to give an overview of contemporary criminological research combining international, national and local dimensions of specific organized ...

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Author: Dina Siegel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387747338

Category: Social Science

Page: 230

View: 671

Dina Siegel and Hans Nelen The term ‘global organized crime’ has been in use in criminology since the mid 1990s. Even more general and abstract than its daughter-terms (transnational or cross-border organized crime), ‘global organized crime’ seems to embrace the activities of criminal groups and networks all around the planet, leaving no geographical space untouched. The term appears to cover the geographical as well as the historical domain: ‘global’ has taken on the meaning of ‘forever and ever’. Global organized crime is also associatively linked with ‘globalisation’. The social construction of both terms in scientific discourse is in itself an interesting theme. But perhaps even more interesting, especially for academics trying to conduct empirical research in this area, is the analysis of the symbolic and practical meaning of these concepts. How should criminologists study globalisation in general and global organized crime in particular? Which instruments and ‘theoretical luggage’ do they have in order to conduct this kind of research? The aim of this book is not to formulate simple, straightforward answers to these questions, but rather to give an overview of contemporary criminological research combining international, national and local dimensions of specific organized crime pr- lems. The term global organized crime will hardly be used in this respect. In other social sciences, such as anthropology, there is a tendency to get rid of vague and abstract terms which can only serve to confuse our understanding. In our opinion, criminology should follow this initiative.

Decoding Albanian Organized Crime

This is an academic, yet personal, account that captures the conditions that empowered Albanian organized crime during the post-Soviet conflict in the Balkans.

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Author: Jana Arsovska

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520282810

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 882

The expansion of organized crime across national borders has become a key security concern for the international community. In this theoretically and empirically vibrant portrait of a global phenomenon, Jana Arsovska examines some of the most widespread myths about the so-called Albanian Mafia. Based on more than a decade of research, including interviews with victims, offenders, and law enforcement across ten countries, as well as court files and confidential intelligence reports, Decoding Albanian Organized Crime presents a comprehensive overview of the causes, codes of conduct, activities, migration, and structure of Albanian organized crime groups in the Balkans, Western Europe, and the United States. Paying particular attention to the dynamic relationships among culture, politics, and organized crime, the book develops a framework for understanding the global growth of the criminal underworld and provides a model for future comparative research.

The Politics of Controlling Organized Crime in Greater China

This book explores the specific role of government institutions and agencies, notably the police, in controlling organised and cross-border crime in Greater China.

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Author: Sonny Shiu-Hing Lo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135042134

Category: Political Science

Page: 254

View: 471

In China, the central government has the political will to control organized crime, which is seen as a national security threat. The crux of the problem is how to control local governments that have demonstrated lax enforcement without sufficient regulation from the provincial governments. The development of prostitution, underground gambling and narcotics production has become so serious that the central government has to rely on anti-crime campaigns to combat these "three evils". This book explores the specific role of government institutions and agencies, notably the police, in controlling organised and cross-border crime in Greater China. Drawing heavily on original empirical data, it compares the both the states of the People’s Republic of China and Taiwan, as well as city-states Hong Kong and Macao. This region has become increasingly economically integrated, and human interactions have been enhanced through improved trade relations, tourism, and increased individual freedom. The book argues that the regime capacity of crime control across Greater China has been expanded through regional and international police cooperation as well as anti-crime campaigns. It suggests that a strong central state in China is necessary to rein in the local states and to prevent the risk of deteriorating into a political-criminal nexus. Focusing on regime capacity in crime control, regime autonomy from crime groups, and regime legitimacy in the fight against organized crime, this thought-provoking book will be of great interest to students and scholars of Chinese politics and criminology more broadly.

Organized Crime A Very Short Introduction

ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly.

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Author: Georgios A Antonopoulos

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192514943

Category: Social Science

Page: 144

View: 405

For many people around the world, instances of what is described as organized crime may be part of their everyday experience; in their neighbourhoods, their streets, and the places they work and live. Policymakers, law enforcement, and the media rarely fail to bring up the issue when discussing the nature and seriousness of contemporary criminal threats, and the appropriate responses towards them. Many more people are familiar with the notion of organized crime, as the film and TV industry regularly draw on fictional and real figures and situations. Organized crime feels like a tangible, inescapable issue in today's world. In this Very Short introduction, Georgios A. Antonopoulos and Georgios Papanicolaou uncover the reality of organized crime in our world today. Shining a light on the people involved in organized crime, Antonopoulos and Papanicolaou question whether the term 'organized' is used to evoke the image, the operations, and power of a legitimate organization, such as a corporation. Discussing whether there are particular crimes that the label 'organized crime' applies to, or if any crime can be organized, they also consider what happens when organized crime extends beyond borders. Using examples from across the globe, they analyse the different cultural traditions of organized crime, such as the Mafia, Yakuza, and Triads, and also the nature of organized crime, from arms trafficking and drug dealing to extortion. Finally they explore the methods and agencies in place to control and prevent organized crime. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

The Politics of Cross border Crime in Greater China

This book provides a detailed and comprehensive study of how the state at the central and local levels has responded to the changing patterns and activities of cross-border crime in Greater China.

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Author: Shiu Hing Lo

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9780765623041

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 265

View: 827

This text brings together studies in various aspects of the theory of the capitalist economy. It focuses on major themes of the Marxist tradition that postulate the existence and importance of social relations and structures underlying the esoteric realm of prices, profits, wages, etc.

Routledge Handbook of Transnational Criminal Law

With chapters from over 25 authorities in the field, this handbook will be an invaluable reference work for student and academics and for policy makers with an interest in transnational criminal law.

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Author: Neil Boister

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135043643

Category: Law

Page: 458

View: 261

Certain types of crime are increasingly being perpetrated across national borders and require a unified regional or global response to combat them. Transnational criminal law covers both the international treaty obligations which require States to introduce specific substantive measures into their domestic criminal law schemes, and an allied procedural dimension concerned with the articulation of inter-state cooperation in pursuit of the alleged transnational criminal. The Routledge Handbook of Transnational Criminal Law provides a comprehensive overview of the system which is designed to regulate cross border crime. The book looks at the history and development of the system, asking questions as to the principal purpose and effectiveness of transnational criminal law as it currently stands. The book brings together experts in the field, both scholars and practitioners, in order to offer original and forward-looking analyses of the key elements of the transnational criminal law. The book is split into several parts for ease of reference: Fundamental concepts surrounding the international regulation of transnational crime. Procedures for international cooperation against alleged transnational criminals including jurisdiction, police cooperation, asset recovery and extradition. Substantive crimes covered by transnational criminal law analysing the current legal provisions for each crime. The implementation of transnational criminal law and the effectiveness of the system of transnational criminal law. With chapters from over 25 authorities in the field, this handbook will be an invaluable reference work for student and academics and for policy makers with an interest in transnational criminal law.

Cops Across Borders

Nadelmann argues that the internationalization of U.S. criminal law enforcement has contributed to the "Americanization" of criminal justice systems around the world This is a book about the internationalization of U.S. criminal law ...

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Author: Ethan Avram Nadelmann

Publisher: Penn State University Press

ISBN: UOM:39015028933185

Category: Political Science

Page: 524

View: 498

The author examines how U.S. law enforcement officials have responded to the challenges of internationalization. The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), with agents stationed in about 70 foreign cities, is the principal nemesis of transnational drug traffickers. FBI agents abroad investigate terrorist attacks on U.S. citizens and interests as well as white-collar and organized crime. Customs agents focus on money laundering, high-tech smuggling, and a wide variety of frauds against the customs laws. Secret Service agents target counterfeiting, and attorneys in the Departments of State and Justice supervise the rendition of fugitives and the collection of evidence in criminal investigations. Topics covered include how DEA agents have adapted to the constraints of operating in civil-law countries that prohibit many U.S.-style investigative techniques, how DEA agents have worked with and around the widespread police corruption in Latin America, and how Justice Department officials have improved their capacity to secure evidence and fugitives from foreign countries that operate according to very different legal and social norms. Nadelmann argues that the internationalization of U.S. criminal law enforcement has contributed to the "Americanization" of criminal justice systems around the world