Physical Activity and Obesity 2nd Edition

Physical Activity and Obesity, Second Edition, provides a clear explanation of the concepts, research techniques, and results of studies critical to understanding physical activity and the obesity epidemic.

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Author: Claude Bouchard

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 1450408893

Category:

Page: 392

View: 746

Physical Activity and Obesity, Second Edition, provides a clear explanation of the concepts, research techniques, and results of studies critical to understanding physical activity and the obesity epidemic.

Children Obesity and Exercise

Children, Obesity and Exercise addresses the need for authoritative advice and innovative approaches to the prevention and management of this chronic problem.

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Author: Andrew P. Hills

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134132263

Category: Education

Page: 184

View: 521

Throughout the developed world there is an increasing prevalence of childhood obesity. Because of this increase, and awareness of the risks to long term health that childhood obesity presents, the phenomena is now described by many as a global epidemic. Children, Obesity and Exercise provides sport, exercise and medicine students and professionals with an accessible and practical guide to understanding and managing childhood and adolescent obesity. It covers: overweight, obesity and body composition; physical activity, growth and development; psycho-social aspects of childhood obesity; physical activity behaviours; eating behaviours; measuring children’s behaviour; interventions for prevention and management of childhood obesity. Children, Obesity and Exercise addresses the need for authoritative advice and innovative approaches to the prevention and management of this chronic problem.

Physical Activity and Obesity

A physically sedentary lifestyle and obesity are two of the most prevalent risk factors for common chronic diseases in the Western world.

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Author: Claude Bouchard

Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers

ISBN: 0880119098

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 611

"Physical Activity and Obesity is a resource for researchers, medical practitioners, public health policy makers, and students and for anyone who wants to better understand the role of physical activity in the overall energy balance equation and its influence on the health status of the obese."--Jacket.

Physical Activity and Obesity

"Physical Activity and Obesity is a resource for researchers, medical practitioners, public health policy makers, and students and for anyone who wants to better understand the role of physical activity in the overall energy balance ...

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Author: Claude Bouchard

Publisher:

ISBN: 145045125X

Category: Exercise

Page:

View: 885

"Physical Activity and Obesity is a resource for researchers, medical practitioners, public health policy makers, and students and for anyone who wants to better understand the role of physical activity in the overall energy balance equation and its influence on the health status of the obese."--Jacket.

Physical Activity and Obesity in Adults

Both obesity and physical inactivity are global health problems responsible for the risk increment of non-communicable diseases.

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Author: Hidetaka Hamasaki

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1154201296

Category: Medicine

Page:

View: 726

Both obesity and physical inactivity are global health problems responsible for the risk increment of non-communicable diseases. Obese individuals usually cannot perform the recommended level of physical activity because of their low physical fitness and comorbidities. The purpose of this chapter is summarizing and evaluating the effects of physical activity on obesity. The author also focuses on the association between non-exercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT) and obesity. The author has reviewed 13 systematic reviews and meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials investigating the effects of physical activity on obesity. Exercise is essential for the management of obesity. However, exercise alone is not sufficient for long-term weight loss and improving cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. Diet seems to be more effective for treating obesity than exercise. On the other hand, exercise improves cardiorespiratory fitness and skeletal muscle fitness, which leads to prevent sarcopenic obesity in the elderly. Exercise therapy should be performed in conjunction with diet therapy to improve obesity. NEAT is the main determinant of variability in daily energy expenditure, which considerably contributes to weight change in humans. The current evidence regarding NEAT is limited; however, NEAT appears to be effective for the management of metabolic diseases as well as weight loss. To reveal the optimal mode of physical activity and to elucidate the effects of NEAT on health beyond weight lowering, further well-designed studies are warranted.

The Importance of Physical Activity and Exercise

Discusses the importance of physical fitness and explores the role of physical activity and exercise in solving America's obesity crisis.

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Author: Autumn Libal

Publisher: Mason Crest

ISBN: PSU:000066575030

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 104

View: 912

Discusses the importance of physical fitness and explores the role of physical activity and exercise in solving America's obesity crisis.

Obesity

7.3.2 Physical activity patterns Cross-sectional data often reveal an inverse relationship between BMI and physical activity (28-31), indicating that obese ...

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Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9789241208949

Category: Cooking

Page: 253

View: 984

This report issues a call for urgent action to combat the growing epidemic of obesity, which now affects developing and industrialized countries alike. Adopting a public health approach, the report responds to both the enormity of health problems associated with obesity and the notorious difficulty of treating this complex, multifactorial disease. With these problems in mind, the report aims to help policy-makers introduce strategies for prevention and management that have the greatest chance of success. The importance of prevention as the most sensible strategy in developing countries, where obesity coexists with undernutrition, is repeatedly emphasized. Recommended lines of action, which reflect the consensus reached by 25 leading authorities, are based on a critical review of current scientific knowledge about the causes of obesity in both individuals and populations. While all causes are considered, major attention is given to behavioural and societal changes that have increased the energy density of diets, overwhelmed sophisticated regulatory systems that control appetite and maintain energy balance, and reduced physical activity. Specific topics discussed range from the importance of fat content in the food supply as a cause of population-wide obesity, through misconceptions about obesity held by both the medical profession and the public, to strategies for dealing with the alarming prevalence of obesity in children. The report has eleven chapters presented in five parts. Part one, which assesses the magnitude of the problem, explains the system for classifying overweight and obesity based on the body mass index, considers the importance of fat distribution, and provides an overview of trends in all regions of the world, concluding that obesity is increasing worldwide at an alarming rate. Chapters in part two evaluate the true costs of obesity in terms of physical and mental ill health, and the human and financial resources diverted to deal with these problems. Specific health consequences discussed include increased risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer, and other noncommunicable diseases, endocrine and metabolic disturbances, debilitating health problems, and psychological problems. The health benefits and risks of weight loss are also assessed. Part three draws on the latest research findings to consider specific factors involved in the development of overweight and obesity. Discussion centres on factors, such as high intakes of fat, that may disrupt normal physiological regulation of appetite and energy balance, and the role of dietary factors and levels of physical activity. In terms of opportunities for prevention, particular attention is given to the multitude of environmental and societal forces that adversely affect food intake and physical activity and may thus overwhelm the physiological regulatory systems that keep weight stable in the long term. The possible role of genetic and biological susceptibility is also briefly considered. Against this background, the fourth and most extensive part maps out strategies for prevention and management at both the population and individual levels. Separate chapters address the need to develop population-based strategies that tackle the environmental and societal factors implicated in the development of obesity, and compare the effectiveness of current options for managing overweight or obese individuals. Specific strategies discussed include dietary management, physical activity and exercise programmes, behaviour modification, drug treatment, and gastric surgery. While noting striking recent progress in the development of drug treatments, the report concludes that gastric surgery continues to show the best long-term success in treating the severely obese. The final part sets out key conclusions and recommendations for responding to the global obesity epidemic and identifies priority areas where more research is urgently needed. "... the volume is clearly written, and carries a wealth of summary information that is likely to be invaluable for anyone interested in the public health aspects of obesity and fatness, be they students, practitioner or researcher." - Journal of Biosocial Science

Physical Activity and Health

In the 10 years since the first edition of this book was published, the field of physical activity and obesity has mushroomed with new research, sparking the need for not only a new edition but an innovative and refreshing approach to the ...

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: 149259573X

Category: Exercise

Page:

View: 673

Physical Activity and Obesity, Second Edition, addresses an array of topics that explore and divulge the links between physical activity (or inactivity) and obesity. Leading scientists from various backgrounds team up to provide an unrivaled resource examining the latest research and developments in the field. Each chapter provides researchers and practitioners with a clear explanation of the concepts, research techniques, and results of studies critical to understanding physical activity and the obesity epidemic. In the 10 years since the first edition of this book was published, the field of physical activity and obesity has mushroomed with new research, sparking the need for not only a new edition but an innovative and refreshing approach to the contents. Editors Bouchard and Katzmarzyk create a go-to resource with 89 succinct, authoritative chapters that may be used independently or as a complete text. Packed with the most up-to-date information linking obesity and physical activity, this comprehensive book: delves into areas of uncertainty and controversy instead of avoiding them or skirting the issues; emphasizes, where appropriate, the underlying mechanisms between physical activity and obesity; and points to research areas that need further exploration and attention. The nine parts of the book flow logically and address obesity in all populations, including children and adults of various backgrounds, ethnicities, and social classes. An overview of the methods used in assessing the levels of sedentary behavior and physical activity is given, followed by a global view of the problem of physical inactivity and obesity. Readers will learn about the key determinants of physical activity levels and obesity and the links between a sedentary lifestyle and the risk of obesity. Other topics examined include behavioral and environmental correlates and determinants of obesity, the relationship between low physical activity energy expenditure and obesity risk, clinical implications, and policy and research issues related to physical activity and obesity. Physical Activity and Obesity, Second Edition, helps readers better understand the role of physical activity in the overall energy balance equation. The unique format, expert contributors, and complete references make this resource indispensable for researchers, health and exercise practitioners, and students studying the ever-expanding topic of obesity as it relates to physical activity.

The Significance of Physical Activity and Obesity in Elementary School Children

Experimental studies have shown that decreased physical activity in elementary school aged children during recess and physical education classes increase the alarming growing obesity rate.

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Author: Kris D. Hoffman

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1110045307

Category: Evidence-based nursing

Page: 42

View: 898

Experimental studies have shown that decreased physical activity in elementary school aged children during recess and physical education classes increase the alarming growing obesity rate. There's a childhood obesity crisis in the country, and there is no lack of reasons: progressively sedentary lifestyles motivated by video games, television and computers; a fast-food culture in which soda machines and greasy cafeteria food are abundant in kids' lives; and deteriorating chances for exercise, predominantly during the school day (Fainaru-Wada, 2009). About thirty years ago, children were approximately 5% obese, now the percentage has increased to 16-18%. Childhood obesity and lack of exercise is leading to multiple co-morbidities including diabetes, hypertension, cardiac disease, neuropathy, hyperlipidemia, bone and joint problems, stroke, cancers, sleep apnea, and social and psychological problems during adulthood (CDC, 2013). Implementing of educational interventions and moderate, vigorous physical activity during recess and physical education elementary school years would theoretically reduce obesity in children, which could potentially lessen co-morbidities, therefore, would ideally decrease the cost of health care. Initial proposals for the physical activity increase would be made to the administrators of the school, board of directors, teachers, staff members and parents via a power point, lecture and educational handouts on obesity. Data collection and analysis will be conducted by school nurses and physical education teachers and presented in monthly meetings during the school year. Evaluation of the physical activity and potential decreasing weights of children will be conducted by parents via questionnaires. Dissemination of the proposed plan will be discussed and changed according to the results and opinions of the key stakeholders.

Physical Activity Fitness Nutrition and Obesity During Growth

The reviews presented in this volume give readers an interdisciplinary insight into the realm of obesity as a global epidemic in early childhood.

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Author: Jana Pařízková

Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers

ISBN: 9781608059461

Category: Medical

Page: 300

View: 813

An imbalance between high energy intake – due to inadequate diet – and reduced energy expenditure – caused by sedentary habits – is believed to create an inherent risk of obesity among individuals. Lifestyle changes among preschool children coupled with health problems (cardiovascular, metabolic, orthopedic, psychological etc.) correlate to an observed increase in body mass index and may even predispose growing children towards obesity in their adult life. Adequate physical activity in the form of regular exercise (in terms of intensity, frequency and duration) has been shown to reduce BMI and have a positive impact on health and physical fitness levels among children. Thus physical activity programs have been applied for obesity prevention and treatment with some degree of success. Physical Activity, Fitness, Nutrition and Obesity During Growth focuses on research findings and recommendations to mitigate obesity risk in children during early growth stages. The reviews presented in this volume give readers an interdisciplinary insight into the realm of obesity as a global epidemic in early childhood. The review also discusses interventions based on physical activity, which can help combat obesity among children while avoiding undesirable strategies (such as strict diets). The book is intended for public health officials, social workers, as well as general medical practitioners and counsellors.

Physical Activity and Obesity in Lebanese Adolescents

The second aim was to determine the relation between Body Mass Index and percent body fat among girls and to investigate the effect of physical activity on this relation. The work in this thesis was conducted across two phases.

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Author: Abdallah Fazah

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:793119879

Category:

Page: 280

View: 923

Obesity is a pathological excess of body fat. An environment with boundless food availability, and an increasingly sedentary lifestyle coupled with less chances for PA creates the perfect setting for obesity. Previous studies in Lebanon show that prevalence of obesity in adults is significant. Suggested causes include low physical activity, inactive lifestyle, and nutritional intake. However, in adolescents, research shows that prevalence is low among girls as compared to boys, and as compared to girls in other countries. The first aim was to assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Lebanese adolescents and to examine correlates of physical activity, inactivity, and quality of life with BMI status. The second aim was to determine the relation between Body Mass Index and percent body fat among girls and to investigate the effect of physical activity on this relation. The work in this thesis was conducted across two phases. In phase one, 1000 participated. They completed a self-report questionnaire made up of several sections. Data from this phase was used in study 1. In phase two, 65 adolescent girls were recruited. Body weight and height were measured by standard anthropometric procedures. DXA whole body scans were performed and subjects completed a physical activity questionnaire. Data from this phase was used in study 2 and 3. In Study one, based on international BMI cut off points, the prevalence of overweight and obesity is 22.5% and 7.8% in boys respectively, and 12.47% and 1.78% in girls respectively. Boys are more active than girls. Obesity in adolescence impairs quality of life and is more pronounced in girls. Study two shows that girls demonstrate a higher body fat for a given BMI, based on this, the current prevalence of overweight and obesity is underestimated. Finally, study three suggests that by adding a simple validated self report questionnaire for physical activity, it may be possible to improve the relation between BMI and %BF.

Parent child physical activity sedentary behaviour and obesity

The theoretical part of the monograph presented theories and models of parent-child health-related behaviours, including parental involvement in the physical activity, screen time, and eating behaviours of their children.

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Author: Erik Sigmund

Publisher: Palacký University Olomouc

ISBN: 9788024452227

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 88

View: 589

The theoretical part of the monograph presented theories and models of parent-child health-related behaviours, including parental involvement in the physical activity, screen time, and eating behaviours of their children. The findings of retrospective, experimental, and meta-analytic studies indicate that a long-term positive outcome for the reduction of the excessive body weight of children or the formation of an active lifestyle requires the active participation of parents. Therefore, the main objective of the monograph is to describe the parent-child patterns of the physical activity and sedentary behaviour of Czech families with pre-schoolers and school-aged children and answer the question of which family-based determinants affect the likelihood of the overweight/obesity of children.

Obesity in Europe

It was in 2003 that the EU Commission Directorate General for Education and Culture commissioned a «Study on young people's lifestyles and sedentariness and the role of sport in the context of education and as a means of restoring the ...

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Author: Wolf-Dietrich Brettschneider

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

ISBN: UOM:39015073929856

Category: Social Science

Page: 323

View: 702

It was in 2003 that the EU Commission Directorate General for Education and Culture commissioned a «Study on young people's lifestyles and sedentariness and the role of sport in the context of education and as a means of restoring the balance». The purpose of this study was to compile an intercultural comparative analysis of adolescents' lifestyles within the EU. This analysis was based on international and national studies from the areas of epidemiology, cardiology, paediatrics, physiology, nutrition, psychology, sociology and sport sciences dealing with physical activity, fitness and motor abilities.