Plant Physiology Development and Metabolism

This book focuses on the fundamentals of plant physiology for undergraduate and graduate students.

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Author: Satish C Bhatla

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811320231

Category: Science

Page: 1237

View: 860

This book focuses on the fundamentals of plant physiology for undergraduate and graduate students. It consists of 34 chapters divided into five major units. Unit I discusses the unique mechanisms of water and ion transport, while Unit II describes the various metabolic events essential for plant development that result from plants’ ability to capture photons from sunlight, to convert inorganic forms of nutrition to organic forms and to synthesize high energy molecules, such as ATP. Light signal perception and transduction works in perfect coordination with a wide variety of plant growth regulators in regulating various plant developmental processes, and these aspects are explored in Unit III. Unit IV investigates plants’ various structural and biochemical adaptive mechanisms to enable them to survive under a wide variety of abiotic stress conditions (salt, temperature, flooding, drought), pathogen and herbivore attack (biotic interactions). Lastly, Unit V addresses the large number of secondary metabolites produced by plants that are medicinally important for mankind and their applications in biotechnology and agriculture. Each topic is supported by illustrations, tables and information boxes, and a glossary of important terms in plant physiology is provided at the end.

Plant Physiology

This is particularly true of plant physiology. This book attempts to provide an introduction to the metabolic and developmental physiology of higher plants from a molecular biological point of view.

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Author: D. Hess

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642808135

Category: Science

Page: 334

View: 855

In recent years, molecular biology has infiltrated into all branches of botany. This is particularly true of plant physiology. This book attempts to provide an introduction to the metabolic and developmental physiology of higher plants from a molecular biological point of view. Starting from the heterocatalytic function of DNA the first ten chapters deal with metabolism; development is presented in the last nine, starting from the autocatalytic functions of DNA and including certain topics oriented more toward metabolic physiology. Both fields of plant physiology are so closely linked that an in tegrated presen tation of this kind seemed not only possible but desirable. In contrast to other accounts, an attempt has been made to give equal weight to metabolism and development. In particular, the so-called "sec ondary" plant materials, which are of considerable interest to the phar macist, the nutrition technologist, the plant breeder, and the agriculturalist, as well as to the biologist, are treated sufficiently. It is ob vious that the wealth of material made an illustrative style of presentation necessary. The book is intended for beginners, and so it has had, in part, to be simplified. Even so it has not been possible to write it without mentioning hypotheses that anticipate much more research. The beginner ought also to learn how working hypotheses are first postulated on the basis of cer tain facts and then must either be proved or refuted.

Plant Physiology

Plant cells; Plant life: uniflying principles; Overview of plant structure; The cytoskeleton; Cell cycle regulation;Plasmodesmata; Energy and enzymes; Transport and translocation of water and solutes; Water and plant cells; Water structure ...

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Author: Lincoln Taiz

Publisher: Sinauer Associates Incorporated

ISBN: 0878938567

Category: Science

Page: 764

View: 619

This fourth edition provides the basics for introductory courses on plant physiology without sacrificing the more challenging material sought by upper division and graduate level students. Many new or revised figures and photographs, study questions and a glossary of key terms have been added.

Plant Physiology 10

This book is intended for researchers, students, and specialists in related fields who wish to gain insight on the concepts and research trends in plant growth and development.

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Author: F.C. Steward

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780323145046

Category: Science

Page: 592

View: 496

Plant Physiology: A Treatise, Volume X: Growth and Development explores the physiology of plant growth and development, considering the morphogenesis and morphogenetic systems, dormancy, environmental cues in plant growth and development, plant senescence, the role of hormones in growth regulation, cell division, and growth and development in space. This volume is organized into eight chapters and begins with an introduction to morphogenesis as a developmental phenotype, emphasizing the cell and the shoot. The next chapters cover events in the life of the plant, reflecting the importance of the whole plant concept to the subject, and the ways in which these events are controlled and integrated into environmental signals and events. An experimental approach to a model system for dormancy is described, and then the discussion shifts to senescence and death of plants as aspects of plant development. This volume also presents a clear and illuminating overview of the major plant growth regulators and their modes of action. This book also introduces the reader to cell division and its effect on most major developmental events after fertilization, along with the genetic analysis of development and its control by genes. The final chapter focuses on the integration of plant growth studies with the technology of space travel, which permits analysis of plant behavior in the complete absence of gravity. This book is intended for researchers, students, and specialists in related fields who wish to gain insight on the concepts and research trends in plant growth and development.

Plant Physiology

In addition, an abundance of detailed and informative illustrations complement the text.

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Author: Hans Mohr

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540580166

Category: Science

Page: 629

View: 719

In this comprehensive and stimulating text and reference, the authors have succeeded in combining experimental data with current hypotheses and theories to explain the complex physiological functions of plants. For every student, teacher and researcher in the plant sciences it offers a solid basis for an in-depth understanding of the entire subject area, underpinning up-to-date research in plant physiology. The authors vividly explain current research by references to experiments, they cite original literature in figures and tables, and, at the end of each chapter, list recent references that are relevant for a deeper analysis of the topic. In addition, an abundance of detailed and informative illustrations complement the text.

Plant Physiology and Development

In recognition of this enhancement, the text has been renamed Plant Physiology and Development. As before, Unit III begins with updated chapters on Cell Walls and Signals and Signal Transduction.

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Author: Lincoln (University of California Taiz, Santa Cruz)

Publisher:

ISBN: 1605357456

Category:

Page: 756

View: 632

Published by Sinauer Associates, an imprint of Oxford University Press. Throughout its twenty-two year history, the authors of Plant Physiology and Development have continually updated the book to incorporate the latest advances in plant biology and implement pedagogical improvements requested by adopters. This has made Plant Physiology and Development the most authoritative, comprehensive, and widely-used upper-division plant biology textbook.

Plant Physiology

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Author: D. Hess

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540780092

Category: Science

Page: 333

View: 265

Plant Physiology

Water relations. Carbohydrate metabolism and translocation. Photosynthesis. Plant growth hormones. Growth and development.

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Author: Robert M. Devlin

Publisher: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company

ISBN: 0442220936

Category: Plant physiology

Page: 600

View: 186

Water relations. Carbohydrate metabolism and translocation. Photosynthesis. Plant growth hormones. Growth and development.

Plant Physiology

Contents: Introduction and Scope / The Cell / Water / Biophysics / Water Transport Processes / Water Absorption / Ascent of Sap / Transpiration and Guttation / Mineral Nutrition / Mineral Absorption / Nitrogen Metabolism / Photosynthetic ...

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Author: Gupta

Publisher: Oxford and IBH Publishing

ISBN: 8120416740

Category:

Page: 598

View: 358

Contents: Introduction and Scope / The Cell / Water / Biophysics / Water Transport Processes / Water Absorption / Ascent of Sap / Transpiration and Guttation / Mineral Nutrition / Mineral Absorption / Nitrogen Metabolism / Photosynthetic Apparatus / Photosynthesis / Photorespiration / Respiration / Fat Metabolism / Growth and Development / Growth Regulators / Physiology of Flowering / Photomorphogenesis / Movement in Plants / Biological Clock / Physiology of Seeds / Physiology of Abiotic Stresses / Significance of Plant Physiology / Practical Exercises

Plant Physiology 6B

This book is intended for researchers, students, and specialists in related fields who wish to gain insight on the concepts and research trends in plant hormones.

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Author: F.C. Steward

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780323152969

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 729

Plant Physiology: A Treatise, Volume VIB: Physiology of Development: The Hormones focuses on the history and status of the hormone concept in plant physiology. This book considers the responses of plant cells, tissues, and organs to regulatory substances that may be naturally occurring, exogenously applied, or even synthetic in their origin. References to auxins and other plant hormones, or regulatory substances, are made throughout at levels that extend from cell division and cell enlargement, cell physiology and metabolism, to morphogenesis and reproduction. This volume begins with an introduction to naturally occurring plant hormones ranging from auxins to gibberellins, cytokinins, and ethylene. This book also looks at some of the clearest and best studied cases where growth is controlled by interactions between two or more hormones. The concept of hormone action in plants is discussed, along with methods of auxin bioassay and the nature and metabolism of indole auxins. The physiological actions, transport, and mode of action of auxins are described, followed by an overview of naturally occurring growth inhibitors such as phenols, flavonoids, and abscisic acid. This book is intended for researchers, students, and specialists in related fields who wish to gain insight on the concepts and research trends in plant hormones.

Stress Physiology of Woody Plants

This book addresses the importance woody plants have in agriculture, forestry, and the environment and how various stresses affect their performance.

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Author: Wenhao Dai

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780429531439

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 284

View: 665

This book addresses the importance woody plants have in agriculture, forestry, and the environment and how various stresses affect their performance. It reviews physiological and molecular responses of woody plants to major environmental stresses and focuses on the mechanisms involved in imparting resistance to stress. Chapters cover basics of plant physiology including plant structure and plant growth, photosynthesis, respiration, plant growth regulation, abiotic and biotic plant stresses including drought, water logging, nutrient deficiency, salinity, chilling, freezing, heat, oxidative stress, and heavy metal toxicity.

The Evolution of Plant Physiology

This collection of papers examines these early stages of plant physiology evolution by describing the initial physiological adaptations necessary for survival as upright structures in a dry, terrestrial environment.

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Author: Alan R. Hemsley

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080472729

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 578

Coupled with biomechanical data, organic geochemistry and cladistic analyses utilizing abundant genetic data, scientific studies are revealing new facets of how plants have evolved over time. This collection of papers examines these early stages of plant physiology evolution by describing the initial physiological adaptations necessary for survival as upright structures in a dry, terrestrial environment. The Evolution of Plant Physiology also encompasses physiology in its broadest sense to include biochemistry, histology, mechanics, development, growth, reproduction and with an emphasis on the interplay between physiology, development and plant evolution. Contributions from leading neo- and palaeo-botanists from the Linnean Society Focus on how evolution shaped photosynthesis, respiration, reproduction and metabolism. Coverage of the effects of specific evolutionary forces -- variations in water and nutrient availability, grazing pressure, and other environmental variables

Advances in Plant Physiology Vol 17

This volume brings collectively much needed twenty-one review articles by fifty-one dedicated contributors for this volume assorted into five relevant sections, viz.

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Author: A. Hemantaranjan

Publisher: Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 9789387869509

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 466

View: 860

The conception of Volume 17 of the International Treatise Series on Advances in Plant Physiology has been made possible entirely due to worthy contributions from World Scientists, teachers and researchers of eminence in unequivocal fields. Scientists are well in search of specific and complete literature pertaining to meaningful research for the holistic development of agriculture. The undertaking of this Treatise Series on Plant Physiology is to genuinely categorize the insufficiencies in view of mounting consequential researches for increasing productivity, prosperity and sustainability of agriculture through influential and developing technologies for restructuring metabolic limitations most responsive to abiotic stress factors. Certainly, our idea is to recognize innovative science of value across the broad disciplinary range of the treatise. The aim is to make stronger the distinctive outcome of conscientious research in some of the very sensitive areas of Plant Physiology-Plant Molecular Physiology/ Molecular Biology that broadly highlights the recent developments and mechanisms underlying plant resilience to changing environments. This volume brings collectively much needed twenty-one review articles by fifty-one dedicated contributors for this volume assorted into five relevant sections, viz., Section I: Abiotic Stresses & Plant Productivity: Physiological & Molecular Perspectives; Section II:Plant Trace Elements in Plant Physiology; Section III: Plant Functions Research in Agricultural Progression; Section IV: Physiological Basis of Yield; Section V: Nutraceuticals, Medicinal & Aromatic Plant Wealth. This is commendable that the Volume 17 deals with challenges of ongoing international concern over the abiotic stresses under changing climate besides vital aspects related to image-based plant phenotyping; phenomics and its application in physiological breeding; trace elements; plant functions; physiological basis of yield variation; medicinal and aromatic plants and so on. Apart from fulfilling the acute need of this kind of select edition in different volumes for research teams and scientists engaged in various facets of plant sciences research in traditional and agricultural universities, institutes and research laboratories throughout the world, it would be extremely a constructive book and a voluminous reference material for acquiring advanced knowledge by post-graduate and Ph.D. scholars in response to the innovative courses in Plant Physiology, Plant Biochemistry, Plant Molecular Biology, Plant Biotechnology, Environmental Sciences, Plant Pathology, Microbiology, Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry, Agronomy, Horticulture, and Botany.

Annual Plant Reviews Control of Primary Metabolism in Plants

The first part of this volume is devoted to generic aspects of metabolic control, with chapters on the key control points in pathways.

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Author: William Plaxton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781405172097

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 335

The ability to control the rates of metabolic processes in response to changes in the internal or external environment is an indispensable attribute of living cells that must have arisen with life’s origin. This adaptability is necessary for conserving the stability of the intracellular environment which is, in turn, essential for maintaining an efficient functional state. The advent of genomics, proteomics, and metabolomics has revolutionised the study of plant development and is now having a significant impact on the study of plant metabolism and its control. In the last few years, significant advances have been made, with the elucidation of enzyme gene families and the identification of new proteinaceous and allosteric regulators. The first part of this volume is devoted to generic aspects of metabolic control, with chapters on the key control points in pathways. Part Two considers the control of specific pathways, with detailed descriptions (including structures) and discussions of the regulation of these pathways, particularly in terms of the enzymology. The book is directed at researchers and professionals in plant biochemistry, physiology, molecular biology and cell biology.

Advances in Plant Physiology

The publication of Volume 8 of the International Treatise Series on Advances in Plant Physiology has been feasible - exclusively and unquestionably due to commendable contributions from World Scientists of distinction in explicit fields. ...

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Author: A. Hemantaranjan

Publisher:

ISBN: 8172334265

Category: Botanical chemistry

Page: 410

View: 677

The publication of Volume 8 of the International Treatise Series on Advances in Plant Physiology has been feasible - exclusively and unquestionably due to commendable contributions from World Scientists of distinction in explicit fields. within eight years, the treatise series has been instituted in the spirits and compassion of illustrious readers all through the world. The proficient International and National Co-ordinators have all along unified their views for the expediency of readers assisting them to speed up important research work in the field of Plant and Crop Physiology, Biochemistry & Plant Molecular Biology. in spite of handiness of quick accessibility of vast literature from internet, this treatise series in the field of life sciences has been realized over and above to be like a true guide, friend and philosopher, everlastingly enlightening the most hidden perceptible nerves of an individual worker, which is beyond the competence of mere web services. The volume 8 is absolutely another one of its kinds for incorporation of most timely and important worthy reviews of diverse objectives contributed by forty four well-informed, admirable and documented scientists/ stalwarts, of which twenty three participated from abroad. The original writing coming in bounteous journals of international repute covering new technologies and tools in plant science research have been pulled together in affirmative, prolific and supportive manner by specialists all over the globe. In this volume efforts have been made to fetch together twenty one indispensable review articles, duly evaluated by the respective Consulting Editors of international stature from India, U.K., U.S.A., Argentina, Australia, France, Germany, Japan, Spain, Portugal, Israel, and Morocco and rationally distributed in eight sections.Indeed, the treatise is wealth for interdisciplinary exchange of information. Apart from fulfilling need of this kind of exclusive edition in different volumes for research teams in Molecular Plant Physiology and Biochemistry in traditional and agricultural universities, institutes and research laboratories throughout the world, it would be extremely a constructive book and a voluminous reference material for acquiring advanced knowledge by post-graduate and Ph.D. scholars in response to the innovative courses in Plant Physiology, Plant Biochemistry, Plant Molecular Biology, Plant Biotechnology, Environmental Sciences, Plant Pathology, Microbiology, Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry, Agronomy, Horticulture, and Botany.CONTENTSSECTION ⬠I. PHYSIOLOGICAL AND MOLECULAR ADVANCES IN ENVIRONMENTAL STRESSES 1. Physiological and molecular implications of salicylic acid in plants under environ-mental stresses ⬠A. Hemantaranjan2. The physiology of somatic embryo induction ⬠A stressful start ⬠A. Fehér and K. à tvös3. Phenolic compounds in plant cuticles : physiological and ecological aspects ⬠G. Karabourniotis and G. Liakopoulos4. Cold acclimation in plants ⬠Sheela Agarwal5. Low temperature tolerance in crop plants : strategies for crop improvement ⬠Arunava Pattanayak and Jiban Mitra6. Rhizobium ⬠Legume symbiosis under salt stress : effects, adaptations and amelio-ration ⬠Neera Garg, Anu and Vini Arora7. Plant peroxidases ⬠A brief note on response to metal pollutants ⬠kavita shahSECTION ⬠II. PLANT SIGNALING MOLECULES - PATHWAYS AND MECHANISMS 8. Signaling through RHO-type GTPases in plants ⬠A. Szûcs, D. Dorjgotov and A. Fehér9. Cross talk for rapid communication in plants through electrical signalling ⬠Neeti Sanan Mishra, Sudir K. Sopory and Narendra Tuteja 10. Nitrogen signaling in higher plants ⬠Ann Ying Chiao and Hon-Ming Lam11 Auxin as a positional and patterning molecule essential for embryo development in plants ⬠Christiane Fischer-Iglesias and Nicole Rober-KleberSECTION ⬠III. MOLECULAR PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY12. Achene proteins in jelly fig (Ficus awkeotasang) and their potential biotechnological application ⬠Miki M.C. Wang and Jason T.C. Tzen13.Seed storage proteins : structure, properties and approaches for improvement by genetic engineering ⬠N. K. Chrungoo, Sangeeta Bharali and Cressida Jamir14. Current advances in Agrobacterium ⬠Plant interactions and their implications on agricultural biotechnology ⬠Ajith Anand and Kirankumar S. Mysore15. Sclerotinia disease and engineered resistance in oilseed crops ⬠Xu Hu and Guihua LuSECTION ⬠IV. PLANT SECONDARY METABOLITE 16. Terpenoid metabolism in cotton (Gossypium spp.) and qinghao (Artemisia annua) ⬠Shan Lu and Xiao-Ya ChenSECTION ⬠V. PLANT DEFENSE MECHANISM AND METABOLISM17. Role of a non-protein tripeptide, glutathione in plant metabolism ⬠Saroj Dua and Praveen Dobhal18. Cadmium interaction with thiols and photosynthesis in higher plants ⬠F. Pietrini, M.A. Iannelli, R. Montanari, D. Bianconi and A. MassacciSECTION ⬠VI. PHYSIOLOGICAL BASIS OF YIELD 19. Physiological approaches for enhancing yield potential in legumes ⬠A. Bhattacharya, Vijaylaxmi and J.D.S. PanwarSECTION ⬠VII. PHYSIOLOGY OF HORTICULTURAL PLANTS20. Role of calcium in the physiology of horticultural plants ⬠S.P. Singh, Lalit Bhatt, N.V. Singh and Ritu JhaSECTION ⬠VIII. TECHNIQUES IN PLANT PHYSIOLOGY21. Applications of vibrational spectroscopy to the investigation of plant material ⬠Enrique J. BaranINDEX

Annual Plant Reviews Phosphorus Metabolism in Plants

By evaluating aspects of vascular plant and green algal P uptake and metabolism, this book provides insights as to how plants sense, acquire, recycle, scavenge and use P, particularly under the naturally occurring condition of soluble ...

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Author: William Plaxton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118958827

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 271

The development of phosphorus (P)-efficient crop varieties is urgently needed to reduce agriculture's current over-reliance on expensive, environmentally destructive, non-renewable and inefficient P-containing fertilizers. The sustainable management of P in agriculture necessitates an exploitation of P-adaptive traits that will enhance the P-acquisition and P-use efficiency of crop plants. Action in this area is crucial to ensure sufficient food production for the world’s ever-expanding population, and the overall economic success of agriculture in the 21st century. This informative and up-to-date volume presents pivotal research directions that will facilitate the development of effective strategies for bioengineering P-efficient crop species. The 14 chapters reflect the expertise of an international team of leading authorities in the field, who review information from current literature, develop novel hypotheses, and outline key areas for future research. By evaluating aspects of vascular plant and green algal P uptake and metabolism, this book provides insights as to how plants sense, acquire, recycle, scavenge and use P, particularly under the naturally occurring condition of soluble inorganic phosphate deficiency that characterises the vast majority of unfertilised soils, worldwide. The reader is provided with a full appreciation of the diverse information concerning plant P-starvation responses, as well as the crucial role that plant–microbe interactions play in plant P acquisition. Annual Plant Reviews, Volume 48: Phosphorus Metabolism in Plants is an important resource for plant geneticists, biochemists and physiologists, as well as horticultural and environmental research workers, advanced students of plant science and university lecturers in related disciplines. It is an essential addition to the shelves of university and research institute libraries and agricultural and ecological institutions teaching and researching plant science.

Biochemistry and Physiology of Plant Hormones

Written pri marily for students rather than researchers, the book is purposely brief. Biochemical aspects have been given priority intentionally, somewhat at the expense of physiological considerations.

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Author: T.C. Moore

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781468400793

Category: Science

Page: 274

View: 581

Biochemistry and Physiology of Plant Hormones is intended primarily as a textbook or major reference for a one-term ;intermediate-Ievel or ad vanced course dealing with hormonal regulation of growth and develop ment of seed plants for students majoring in biology, botany, and applied botany fields such as agronomy, forestry, and horticulture. Additionally, it should be useful to others who wish to become familiar with the topic in relation to their principal student or professional interests in related fields. It is assumed that readers will have a background in fundamental biology, plant physiology, and biochemistry. The dominant objective of Biochemistry and Physiology of Plant Hor mones is to summarize, in a reasonably balanced and comprehensive way, the current state of our fundamental knowledge regarding the major kinds of hormones and the phytochrome pigment system. Written pri marily for students rather than researchers, the book is purposely brief. Biochemical aspects have been given priority intentionally, somewhat at the expense of physiological considerations. There are extensive citations ofthe literature-both old and recent-but, it is hoped, not so much docu mentation as to make the book difficult to read. The specific choices of publications to cite and illustrations to present were made for different reasons, often to illustrate historical development, sometimes to illustrate ideas that later proved invalid, occasionally to exemplify conflicting hy potheses, and most often to illustrate the current state of our knowledge about hormonal phenomena.