Plant Physiology Development and Metabolism

This book focuses on the fundamentals of plant physiology for undergraduate and graduate students.

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Author: Satish C Bhatla

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811320231

Category: Science

Page: 1237

View: 665

This book focuses on the fundamentals of plant physiology for undergraduate and graduate students. It consists of 34 chapters divided into five major units. Unit I discusses the unique mechanisms of water and ion transport, while Unit II describes the various metabolic events essential for plant development that result from plants’ ability to capture photons from sunlight, to convert inorganic forms of nutrition to organic forms and to synthesize high energy molecules, such as ATP. Light signal perception and transduction works in perfect coordination with a wide variety of plant growth regulators in regulating various plant developmental processes, and these aspects are explored in Unit III. Unit IV investigates plants’ various structural and biochemical adaptive mechanisms to enable them to survive under a wide variety of abiotic stress conditions (salt, temperature, flooding, drought), pathogen and herbivore attack (biotic interactions). Lastly, Unit V addresses the large number of secondary metabolites produced by plants that are medicinally important for mankind and their applications in biotechnology and agriculture. Each topic is supported by illustrations, tables and information boxes, and a glossary of important terms in plant physiology is provided at the end.

Plant Physiology

This is particularly true of plant physiology. This book attempts to provide an introduction to the metabolic and developmental physiology of higher plants from a molecular biological point of view.

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Author: D. Hess

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642808135

Category: Science

Page: 334

View: 133

In recent years, molecular biology has infiltrated into all branches of botany. This is particularly true of plant physiology. This book attempts to provide an introduction to the metabolic and developmental physiology of higher plants from a molecular biological point of view. Starting from the heterocatalytic function of DNA the first ten chapters deal with metabolism; development is presented in the last nine, starting from the autocatalytic functions of DNA and including certain topics oriented more toward metabolic physiology. Both fields of plant physiology are so closely linked that an in tegrated presen tation of this kind seemed not only possible but desirable. In contrast to other accounts, an attempt has been made to give equal weight to metabolism and development. In particular, the so-called "sec ondary" plant materials, which are of considerable interest to the phar macist, the nutrition technologist, the plant breeder, and the agriculturalist, as well as to the biologist, are treated sufficiently. It is ob vious that the wealth of material made an illustrative style of presentation necessary. The book is intended for beginners, and so it has had, in part, to be simplified. Even so it has not been possible to write it without mentioning hypotheses that anticipate much more research. The beginner ought also to learn how working hypotheses are first postulated on the basis of cer tain facts and then must either be proved or refuted.

Plant Physiology

In addition, an abundance of detailed and informative illustrations complement the text.

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Author: Hans Mohr

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540580166

Category: Science

Page: 629

View: 573

In this comprehensive and stimulating text and reference, the authors have succeeded in combining experimental data with current hypotheses and theories to explain the complex physiological functions of plants. For every student, teacher and researcher in the plant sciences it offers a solid basis for an in-depth understanding of the entire subject area, underpinning up-to-date research in plant physiology. The authors vividly explain current research by references to experiments, they cite original literature in figures and tables, and, at the end of each chapter, list recent references that are relevant for a deeper analysis of the topic. In addition, an abundance of detailed and informative illustrations complement the text.

Plant Physiology and Development

In recognition of this enhancement, the text has been renamed Plant Physiology and Development. As before, Unit III begins with updated chapters on Cell Walls and Signals and Signal Transduction.

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Author: Lincoln (University of California Taiz, Santa Cruz)

Publisher:

ISBN: 1605357456

Category:

Page: 756

View: 463

Published by Sinauer Associates, an imprint of Oxford University Press. Throughout its twenty-two year history, the authors of Plant Physiology and Development have continually updated the book to incorporate the latest advances in plant biology and implement pedagogical improvements requested by adopters. This has made Plant Physiology and Development the most authoritative, comprehensive, and widely-used upper-division plant biology textbook.

Plant Physiology

Plant cells; Plant life: uniflying principles; Overview of plant structure; The cytoskeleton; Cell cycle regulation;Plasmodesmata; Energy and enzymes; Transport and translocation of water and solutes; Water and plant cells; Water structure ...

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Author: Lincoln Taiz

Publisher: Sinauer Associates Incorporated

ISBN: 0878938567

Category: Science

Page: 764

View: 804

This fourth edition provides the basics for introductory courses on plant physiology without sacrificing the more challenging material sought by upper division and graduate level students. Many new or revised figures and photographs, study questions and a glossary of key terms have been added.

Plant Physiology

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Author: D. Hess

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540780092

Category: Science

Page: 333

View: 502

Plant Physiology

Contents: Introduction and Scope / The Cell / Water / Biophysics / Water Transport Processes / Water Absorption / Ascent of Sap / Transpiration and Guttation / Mineral Nutrition / Mineral Absorption / Nitrogen Metabolism / Photosynthetic ...

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Author: Gupta

Publisher: Oxford and IBH Publishing

ISBN: 8120416740

Category:

Page: 598

View: 663

Contents: Introduction and Scope / The Cell / Water / Biophysics / Water Transport Processes / Water Absorption / Ascent of Sap / Transpiration and Guttation / Mineral Nutrition / Mineral Absorption / Nitrogen Metabolism / Photosynthetic Apparatus / Photosynthesis / Photorespiration / Respiration / Fat Metabolism / Growth and Development / Growth Regulators / Physiology of Flowering / Photomorphogenesis / Movement in Plants / Biological Clock / Physiology of Seeds / Physiology of Abiotic Stresses / Significance of Plant Physiology / Practical Exercises

Plant Physiology

Water relations. Carbohydrate metabolism and translocation. Photosynthesis. Plant growth hormones. Growth and development.

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Author: Robert M. Devlin

Publisher: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company

ISBN: 0442220936

Category: Plant physiology

Page: 600

View: 723

Water relations. Carbohydrate metabolism and translocation. Photosynthesis. Plant growth hormones. Growth and development.

Stress Physiology of Woody Plants

This book addresses the importance woody plants have in agriculture, forestry, and the environment and how various stresses affect their performance.

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Author: Wenhao Dai

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780429531439

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 284

View: 776

This book addresses the importance woody plants have in agriculture, forestry, and the environment and how various stresses affect their performance. It reviews physiological and molecular responses of woody plants to major environmental stresses and focuses on the mechanisms involved in imparting resistance to stress. Chapters cover basics of plant physiology including plant structure and plant growth, photosynthesis, respiration, plant growth regulation, abiotic and biotic plant stresses including drought, water logging, nutrient deficiency, salinity, chilling, freezing, heat, oxidative stress, and heavy metal toxicity.

The Evolution of Plant Physiology

This collection of papers examines these early stages of plant physiology evolution by describing the initial physiological adaptations necessary for survival as upright structures in a dry, terrestrial environment.

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Author: Alan R. Hemsley

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080472729

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 935

Coupled with biomechanical data, organic geochemistry and cladistic analyses utilizing abundant genetic data, scientific studies are revealing new facets of how plants have evolved over time. This collection of papers examines these early stages of plant physiology evolution by describing the initial physiological adaptations necessary for survival as upright structures in a dry, terrestrial environment. The Evolution of Plant Physiology also encompasses physiology in its broadest sense to include biochemistry, histology, mechanics, development, growth, reproduction and with an emphasis on the interplay between physiology, development and plant evolution. Contributions from leading neo- and palaeo-botanists from the Linnean Society Focus on how evolution shaped photosynthesis, respiration, reproduction and metabolism. Coverage of the effects of specific evolutionary forces -- variations in water and nutrient availability, grazing pressure, and other environmental variables

Annual Plant Reviews Phosphorus Metabolism in Plants

By evaluating aspects of vascular plant and green algal P uptake and metabolism, this book provides insights as to how plants sense, acquire, recycle, scavenge and use P, particularly under the naturally occurring condition of soluble ...

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Author: William Plaxton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118958858

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 631

The development of phosphorus (P)-efficient crop varieties is urgently needed to reduce agriculture's current over-reliance on expensive, environmentally destructive, non-renewable and inefficient P-containing fertilizers. The sustainable management of P in agriculture necessitates an exploitation of P-adaptive traits that will enhance the P-acquisition and P-use efficiency of crop plants. Action in this area is crucial to ensure sufficient food production for the world’s ever-expanding population, and the overall economic success of agriculture in the 21st century. This informative and up-to-date volume presents pivotal research directions that will facilitate the development of effective strategies for bioengineering P-efficient crop species. The 14 chapters reflect the expertise of an international team of leading authorities in the field, who review information from current literature, develop novel hypotheses, and outline key areas for future research. By evaluating aspects of vascular plant and green algal P uptake and metabolism, this book provides insights as to how plants sense, acquire, recycle, scavenge and use P, particularly under the naturally occurring condition of soluble inorganic phosphate deficiency that characterises the vast majority of unfertilised soils, worldwide. The reader is provided with a full appreciation of the diverse information concerning plant P-starvation responses, as well as the crucial role that plant–microbe interactions play in plant P acquisition. Annual Plant Reviews, Volume 48: Phosphorus Metabolism in Plants is an important resource for plant geneticists, biochemists and physiologists, as well as horticultural and environmental research workers, advanced students of plant science and university lecturers in related disciplines. It is an essential addition to the shelves of university and research institute libraries and agricultural and ecological institutions teaching and researching plant science.

Advances in Plant Physiology Vol 17

This volume brings collectively much needed twenty-one review articles by fifty-one dedicated contributors for this volume assorted into five relevant sections, viz.

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Author: A. Hemantaranjan

Publisher: Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 9789387869509

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 466

View: 688

The conception of Volume 17 of the International Treatise Series on Advances in Plant Physiology has been made possible entirely due to worthy contributions from World Scientists, teachers and researchers of eminence in unequivocal fields. Scientists are well in search of specific and complete literature pertaining to meaningful research for the holistic development of agriculture. The undertaking of this Treatise Series on Plant Physiology is to genuinely categorize the insufficiencies in view of mounting consequential researches for increasing productivity, prosperity and sustainability of agriculture through influential and developing technologies for restructuring metabolic limitations most responsive to abiotic stress factors. Certainly, our idea is to recognize innovative science of value across the broad disciplinary range of the treatise. The aim is to make stronger the distinctive outcome of conscientious research in some of the very sensitive areas of Plant Physiology-Plant Molecular Physiology/ Molecular Biology that broadly highlights the recent developments and mechanisms underlying plant resilience to changing environments. This volume brings collectively much needed twenty-one review articles by fifty-one dedicated contributors for this volume assorted into five relevant sections, viz., Section I: Abiotic Stresses & Plant Productivity: Physiological & Molecular Perspectives; Section II:Plant Trace Elements in Plant Physiology; Section III: Plant Functions Research in Agricultural Progression; Section IV: Physiological Basis of Yield; Section V: Nutraceuticals, Medicinal & Aromatic Plant Wealth. This is commendable that the Volume 17 deals with challenges of ongoing international concern over the abiotic stresses under changing climate besides vital aspects related to image-based plant phenotyping; phenomics and its application in physiological breeding; trace elements; plant functions; physiological basis of yield variation; medicinal and aromatic plants and so on. Apart from fulfilling the acute need of this kind of select edition in different volumes for research teams and scientists engaged in various facets of plant sciences research in traditional and agricultural universities, institutes and research laboratories throughout the world, it would be extremely a constructive book and a voluminous reference material for acquiring advanced knowledge by post-graduate and Ph.D. scholars in response to the innovative courses in Plant Physiology, Plant Biochemistry, Plant Molecular Biology, Plant Biotechnology, Environmental Sciences, Plant Pathology, Microbiology, Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry, Agronomy, Horticulture, and Botany.

Advances in Plant Physiology

The publication of Volume 8 of the International Treatise Series on Advances in Plant Physiology has been feasible - exclusively and unquestionably due to commendable contributions from World Scientists of distinction in explicit fields. ...

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Author: A. Hemantaranjan

Publisher:

ISBN: 8172334265

Category: Botanical chemistry

Page: 410

View: 670

The publication of Volume 8 of the International Treatise Series on Advances in Plant Physiology has been feasible - exclusively and unquestionably due to commendable contributions from World Scientists of distinction in explicit fields. within eight years, the treatise series has been instituted in the spirits and compassion of illustrious readers all through the world. The proficient International and National Co-ordinators have all along unified their views for the expediency of readers assisting them to speed up important research work in the field of Plant and Crop Physiology, Biochemistry & Plant Molecular Biology. in spite of handiness of quick accessibility of vast literature from internet, this treatise series in the field of life sciences has been realized over and above to be like a true guide, friend and philosopher, everlastingly enlightening the most hidden perceptible nerves of an individual worker, which is beyond the competence of mere web services. The volume 8 is absolutely another one of its kinds for incorporation of most timely and important worthy reviews of diverse objectives contributed by forty four well-informed, admirable and documented scientists/ stalwarts, of which twenty three participated from abroad. The original writing coming in bounteous journals of international repute covering new technologies and tools in plant science research have been pulled together in affirmative, prolific and supportive manner by specialists all over the globe. In this volume efforts have been made to fetch together twenty one indispensable review articles, duly evaluated by the respective Consulting Editors of international stature from India, U.K., U.S.A., Argentina, Australia, France, Germany, Japan, Spain, Portugal, Israel, and Morocco and rationally distributed in eight sections.Indeed, the treatise is wealth for interdisciplinary exchange of information. Apart from fulfilling need of this kind of exclusive edition in different volumes for research teams in Molecular Plant Physiology and Biochemistry in traditional and agricultural universities, institutes and research laboratories throughout the world, it would be extremely a constructive book and a voluminous reference material for acquiring advanced knowledge by post-graduate and Ph.D. scholars in response to the innovative courses in Plant Physiology, Plant Biochemistry, Plant Molecular Biology, Plant Biotechnology, Environmental Sciences, Plant Pathology, Microbiology, Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry, Agronomy, Horticulture, and Botany.CONTENTSSECTION ⬠I. PHYSIOLOGICAL AND MOLECULAR ADVANCES IN ENVIRONMENTAL STRESSES 1. Physiological and molecular implications of salicylic acid in plants under environ-mental stresses ⬠A. Hemantaranjan2. The physiology of somatic embryo induction ⬠A stressful start ⬠A. Fehér and K. à tvös3. Phenolic compounds in plant cuticles : physiological and ecological aspects ⬠G. Karabourniotis and G. Liakopoulos4. Cold acclimation in plants ⬠Sheela Agarwal5. Low temperature tolerance in crop plants : strategies for crop improvement ⬠Arunava Pattanayak and Jiban Mitra6. Rhizobium ⬠Legume symbiosis under salt stress : effects, adaptations and amelio-ration ⬠Neera Garg, Anu and Vini Arora7. Plant peroxidases ⬠A brief note on response to metal pollutants ⬠kavita shahSECTION ⬠II. PLANT SIGNALING MOLECULES - PATHWAYS AND MECHANISMS 8. Signaling through RHO-type GTPases in plants ⬠A. Szûcs, D. Dorjgotov and A. Fehér9. Cross talk for rapid communication in plants through electrical signalling ⬠Neeti Sanan Mishra, Sudir K. Sopory and Narendra Tuteja 10. Nitrogen signaling in higher plants ⬠Ann Ying Chiao and Hon-Ming Lam11 Auxin as a positional and patterning molecule essential for embryo development in plants ⬠Christiane Fischer-Iglesias and Nicole Rober-KleberSECTION ⬠III. MOLECULAR PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY12. Achene proteins in jelly fig (Ficus awkeotasang) and their potential biotechnological application ⬠Miki M.C. Wang and Jason T.C. Tzen13.Seed storage proteins : structure, properties and approaches for improvement by genetic engineering ⬠N. K. Chrungoo, Sangeeta Bharali and Cressida Jamir14. Current advances in Agrobacterium ⬠Plant interactions and their implications on agricultural biotechnology ⬠Ajith Anand and Kirankumar S. Mysore15. Sclerotinia disease and engineered resistance in oilseed crops ⬠Xu Hu and Guihua LuSECTION ⬠IV. PLANT SECONDARY METABOLITE 16. Terpenoid metabolism in cotton (Gossypium spp.) and qinghao (Artemisia annua) ⬠Shan Lu and Xiao-Ya ChenSECTION ⬠V. PLANT DEFENSE MECHANISM AND METABOLISM17. Role of a non-protein tripeptide, glutathione in plant metabolism ⬠Saroj Dua and Praveen Dobhal18. Cadmium interaction with thiols and photosynthesis in higher plants ⬠F. Pietrini, M.A. Iannelli, R. Montanari, D. Bianconi and A. MassacciSECTION ⬠VI. PHYSIOLOGICAL BASIS OF YIELD 19. Physiological approaches for enhancing yield potential in legumes ⬠A. Bhattacharya, Vijaylaxmi and J.D.S. PanwarSECTION ⬠VII. PHYSIOLOGY OF HORTICULTURAL PLANTS20. Role of calcium in the physiology of horticultural plants ⬠S.P. Singh, Lalit Bhatt, N.V. Singh and Ritu JhaSECTION ⬠VIII. TECHNIQUES IN PLANT PHYSIOLOGY21. Applications of vibrational spectroscopy to the investigation of plant material ⬠Enrique J. BaranINDEX

An Introduction to the Principles of Plant Physiology

The general physiology of the plant cell; Metabolism; The physiology of development; Iritability and movement.

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Author: Walter Stiles

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015001914962

Category: Botany

Page: 701

View: 288

The general physiology of the plant cell; Metabolism; The physiology of development; Iritability and movement.

University Botany Iii Plant Taxonomy Plant Embryology Plant Physiology

University Botany-Iii Is A Comprehensive Text Book For Students Of 3Rd Year B.Sc Botany. The Book Is Written Strictly In Accordance With Revised Common Core Syllabus Adopted By All The Universities In Andhra Pradesh.

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Author: S.M. Reddy

Publisher: New Age International

ISBN: 8122415474

Category: Angiosperms

Page: 388

View: 900

University Botany-Iii Is A Comprehensive Text Book For Students Of 3Rd Year B.Sc Botany. The Book Is Written Strictly In Accordance With Revised Common Core Syllabus Adopted By All The Universities In Andhra Pradesh. Every Care Has Been Taken To Present The Subject In A Simple Language And In A Profusely Illustrated Manner For Better Understanding. The Book Is Divided Into Three Parts.Part A Deals With The Morphology, Taxonomy And Economic Importance Of Different Families. It Also Deals With Basic Rules Of Nomenclature And Systems Of Classifications Of Angiosperm Plants. A Brief Account Of Modern Trends In Taxonomy And Basics Of Ethanobotany Are Also Given.Part B Deals With The Reproduction And Development Of Angiosperm Plants. Microsporogenesis And Megasporogenesis And Fertilization Are Discussed In Different Chapters. Brief Description Of Development Of Endosperm And Embryo Formed Sixth Seventh Chapters Respectively. An Introduction To Palynology With Special Reference To A Few Families Is Also Given.Part C Deals With The Plant Water Relations, Mineral Nutrition, Plant Metabolism With Respect To Photosynthesis, Respiration And Nitrogen Metabolism Are Given. Growth And Development Of Angiosperm Plant With Reference To Growth Substances And Light Are Discussed. Fruit Ripening, Seed Dormacy And Germination Also Formed This Part. Plant Life In Relation To Environmental Stress Is Given In Last Part Of This Section.

Annual Plant Reviews Control of Primary Metabolism in Plants

The first part of this volume is devoted to generic aspects of metabolic control, with chapters on the key control points in pathways.

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Author: William Plaxton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781405172097

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 491

The ability to control the rates of metabolic processes in response to changes in the internal or external environment is an indispensable attribute of living cells that must have arisen with life’s origin. This adaptability is necessary for conserving the stability of the intracellular environment which is, in turn, essential for maintaining an efficient functional state. The advent of genomics, proteomics, and metabolomics has revolutionised the study of plant development and is now having a significant impact on the study of plant metabolism and its control. In the last few years, significant advances have been made, with the elucidation of enzyme gene families and the identification of new proteinaceous and allosteric regulators. The first part of this volume is devoted to generic aspects of metabolic control, with chapters on the key control points in pathways. Part Two considers the control of specific pathways, with detailed descriptions (including structures) and discussions of the regulation of these pathways, particularly in terms of the enzymology. The book is directed at researchers and professionals in plant biochemistry, physiology, molecular biology and cell biology.

Biochemistry and Physiology of Plant Hormones

Written pri marily for students rather than researchers, the book is purposely brief. Biochemical aspects have been given priority intentionally, somewhat at the expense of physiological considerations.

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Author: T.C. Moore

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781468400793

Category: Science

Page: 274

View: 640

Biochemistry and Physiology of Plant Hormones is intended primarily as a textbook or major reference for a one-term ;intermediate-Ievel or ad vanced course dealing with hormonal regulation of growth and develop ment of seed plants for students majoring in biology, botany, and applied botany fields such as agronomy, forestry, and horticulture. Additionally, it should be useful to others who wish to become familiar with the topic in relation to their principal student or professional interests in related fields. It is assumed that readers will have a background in fundamental biology, plant physiology, and biochemistry. The dominant objective of Biochemistry and Physiology of Plant Hor mones is to summarize, in a reasonably balanced and comprehensive way, the current state of our fundamental knowledge regarding the major kinds of hormones and the phytochrome pigment system. Written pri marily for students rather than researchers, the book is purposely brief. Biochemical aspects have been given priority intentionally, somewhat at the expense of physiological considerations. There are extensive citations ofthe literature-both old and recent-but, it is hoped, not so much docu mentation as to make the book difficult to read. The specific choices of publications to cite and illustrations to present were made for different reasons, often to illustrate historical development, sometimes to illustrate ideas that later proved invalid, occasionally to exemplify conflicting hy potheses, and most often to illustrate the current state of our knowledge about hormonal phenomena.

Fundamentals of Plant Physiology 19th Edition

Besides fulfilling the needs of undergraduate students, this book will be useful to postgraduate students and also to those appearing in various competitive examinations.

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Author: Jain V.K.

Publisher: S. Chand Publishing

ISBN: 9789352533343

Category: Science

Page:

View: 536

In its 19th edition, the book continues to provide a comprehensive coverage on the basic principles of plant physiology. It focuses on the concepts of plant physiological form & functions as well as processes in crop production. Besides fulfilling the needs of undergraduate students, this book will be useful to postgraduate students and also to those appearing in various competitive examinations.