Plant Sensing and Communication

The book shows that plants are hardly the inanimate organisms limited by their stationary existence.

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Author: Richard Karban

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226264707

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 716

Research is showing that plants are in constant and lively discourse--they communicate, signaling to remote organs within an individual, eavesdropping on neighboring individuals, and exchanging information with other organisms ranging from other plants to microbes to animals. Plants lack central nervous systems, and the mechanisms coordinating plant sensing, behavior, and communication are quite different from the systems that accomplish similar tasks in animals. But they are no less impressive from an evolutionary perspective. In "Plant Communication, "Karban puts an ear to the ground to reveal the world of plant communication and information sensing. He reveals their sensory capabilities, the learning capacity of plants, sensory signaling and communication, the different responses to pollinators and predators, and the mechanisms that undergird this impressive behavioral repertoire. The book shows that plants are hardly the inanimate organisms limited by their stationary existence."

Plant Sensing and Communication

Richard Karban. Interspecific Interactions A Series Edited by John N. Thompson Plant Sensing Communication Richard Karban The University of Chicago Press.

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Author: Richard Karban

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226264844

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 544

The news that a flowering weed—mousear cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)—can sense the particular chewing noise of its most common caterpillar predator and adjust its chemical defenses in response led to headlines announcing the discovery of the first “hearing” plant. As plants lack central nervous systems (and, indeed, ears), the mechanisms behind this “hearing” are unquestionably very different from those of our own acoustic sense, but the misleading headlines point to an overlooked truth: plants do in fact perceive environmental cues and respond rapidly to them by changing their chemical, morphological, and behavioral traits. In Plant Sensing and Communication, Richard Karban provides the first comprehensive overview of what is known about how plants perceive their environments, communicate those perceptions, and learn. Facing many of the same challenges as animals, plants have developed many similar capabilities: they sense light, chemicals, mechanical stimulation, temperature, electricity, and sound. Moreover, prior experiences have lasting impacts on sensitivity and response to cues; plants, in essence, have memory. Nor are their senses limited to the processes of an individual plant: plants eavesdrop on the cues and behaviors of neighbors and—for example, through flowers and fruits—exchange information with other types of organisms. Far from inanimate organisms limited by their stationary existence, plants, this book makes unquestionably clear, are in constant and lively discourse.

Deciphering Chemical Language of Plant Communication

Funct Ecol 25:339–347 Karban R (2015) Plant sensing and communication. In: Thompson JN (ed) Interspecific interactions A series. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, London, p 240 Karban R, Wetzel WC, Shiojiri K, Ishizaki S, ...

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Author: James D. Blande

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319334981

Category: Science

Page: 326

View: 867

This book provides an overview of the intricacies of plant communication via volatile chemicals. Plants produce an extraordinarily vast array of chemicals, which provide community members with detailed information about the producer’s identity, physiology and phenology. Volatile organic chemicals, either as individual compounds or complex chemical blends, are a communication medium operating between plants and any organism able to detect the compounds and respond. The ecological and evolutionary origins of particular interactions between plants and the greater community have been, and will continue to be, strenuously debated. However, it is clear that chemicals, and particularly volatile chemicals, constitute a medium akin to a linguistic tool. As well as possessing a rich chemical vocabulary, plants are known to detect and respond to chemical cues. These cues can originate from neighbouring plants, or other associated community members. This book begins with chapters on the complexity of chemical messages, provides a broad perspective on a range of ecological interactions mediated by volatile chemicals, and extends to cutting edge developments on the detection of chemicals by plants.

The Living Forest

Plant Sensing and Communication (Interspecific Interactions). Chicago: Universi of Chicago Press. Kerney, R., E. Kim, R. Hangarter, A. Heiss, C. Bishop, and B. Hall. . Intracellular invasion of green algae in a salamander host.

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Author: Robert Llewellyn

Publisher: Timber Press

ISBN: 9781604698343

Category: Photography

Page: 266

View: 475

“With precise, stunning photographs and a distinctly literary narrative that tells the story of the forest ecosystem along the way, The Living Forest is an invitation to join in the eloquence of seeing.” —Sierra Magazine From the leaves and branches of the canopy to the roots and soil of the understory, the forest is a complex, interconnected ecosystem filled with plants, birds, mammals, insects, and fungi. Some of it is easily discovered, but many parts remain difficult or impossible for the human eye to see. Until now. The Living Forest is a visual journey that immerses you deep into the woods. The wide-ranging photography by Robert Llewellyn celebrates the small and the large, the living and the dead, and the seen and the unseen. You’ll discover close-up images of owls, hawks, and turtles; aerial photographs that show herons in flight; and time-lapse imagery that reveals the slow change of leaves. In an ideal blend of art and scholarship, the 300 awe-inspiring photographs are supported by lyrical essays from Joan Maloof detailing the science behind the wonder.

Sensing in Nature

Schematic illustration of interactions between herbivores and their natural enemies (parasitoids) communicated via ... Plant volatiles induced by herbivore feeding are emitted in higher quantities and have better communication value ...

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Author: Carlos López-Larrea

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461417040

Category: Medical

Page: 316

View: 574

Biological systems are an emerging discipline that may provide integrative tools by assembling the hierarchy of interactions among genes, proteins and molecular networks involved in sensory systems. The aim of this volume is to provide a picture, as complete as possible, of the current state of knowledge of sensory systems in nature. The presentation in this book lies at the intersection of evolutionary biology, cell and molecular biology, physiology and genetics. Sensing in Nature is written by a distinguished panel of specialists and is intended to be read by biologists, students, scientific investigators and the medical community.

Biofilms in Plant and Soil Health

Generally, interspecies interactions involve communication, commonly through quorum sensing, and metabolic cooperation or competition. Some interactions such as antagonistic, synergistic, or competition for the nutrients and growth ...

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Author: Iqbal Ahmad

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119246411

Category: Science

Page: 568

View: 303

Biofilms are predominant mode of life for microbes under natural conditions. The three-dimensional structure of the biofilm provides enhanced protection from physical, chemical and biological stress conditions to associated microbial communities. These complex and highly structured microbial communities play a vital role in maintaining the health of plants, soils and waters. Biofilm associated with plants may be pathogenic or beneficial based on the nature of their interactions. Pathogenic or undesirable biofilm requires control in many situations, including soil, plants, food and water. Written by leading experts from around the world, Biofilms in Plant and Soil Health provides an up-to-date review on various aspects of microbial biofilms, and suggests future and emerging trends in biofilms in plant and soil health. Issues are addressed in four sub areas: I) The fundamentals and significance of biofilm in plant and soil health, and the concept of mono and mixed biofilms by PGPR and fungal biofilms. II) Biochemical and molecular mechanisms in biofilm studies in plant associated bacteria, and techniques in studying biofilms and their characterization, gene expression and enhanced antimicrobial resistance in biofilms, as well as biotic and biotic factors affecting biofilm in vitro. III) The ecological significance of soil associated biofilms and stress management and bioremediation of contaminated soils and degraded ecosystems. IV) Pathogenic biofilm associated with plant and food and its control measures. This book is recommended for students and researchers working in agricultural and environmental microbiology, biotechnology, soil sciences, soil and plant health and plant protection. Researchers working in the area of quorum sensing, biofilm applications, and understanding microbiome of soil and plants will also find it useful.

Rhizosphere Biology Interactions Between Microbes and Plants

2014). N-acyl homoserine lactone (AHL) is a signal molecule used for communication among microbes for quorum sensing (Teplitski et al. 2000). AHL has been reported to enhance plant growth and development, in species such as: Arabidopsis ...

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Author: Vadakattu V. S. R. Gupta

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811561252

Category: Medical

Page: 356

View: 741

This book presents a detailed discussion on the direct interactions of plants and microorganisms in the rhizosphere environment. It includes fifteen chapters, each focusing on a specific component of plant-microbe interactions, such as the influence of plants on the root microbiome, and the downstream effects of rhizosphere microbial dynamics on carbon and nutrient fluxes in the surroundings. As such, the book helps readers gain a better understanding of diversity above the ground, and its effect on the microbiome and its functionality.

Implication of Quorum Sensing System in Biofilm Formation and Virulence

Inter-Species. Communications. in. Microbes. Mechanism of intercellular communication as a function of population ... Interspecies interactions among S.maltophilia and P. aeruginosa in mixed biofilms do not encode LuxS or any known type ...

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Author: Pallaval Veera Bramhachari

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811324291

Category: Medical

Page: 381

View: 830

This book illustrates the importance and significance of Quorum sensing (QS), it’s critical roles in regulating diverse cellular functions in microbes, including bioluminescence, virulence, pathogenesis, gene expression, biofilm formation and antibiotic resistance. Microbes can coordinate population behavior with small molecules called autoinducers (AHL) which serves as a signal of cellular population density, triggering new patterns of gene expression for mounting virulence and pathogenesis. Therefore, these microbes have the competence to coordinate and regulate explicit sets of genes by sensing and communicating amongst themselves utilizing variety of signals. This book descry emphasizes on how bacteria can coordinate an activity and synchronize their response to external signals and regulate gene expression. The chapters of the book provide the recent advancements on various functional aspects of QS systems in different gram positive and gram negative organisms. Finally, the book also elucidates a comprehensive yet a representative description of a large number of challenges associated with quorum sensing signal molecules viz. virulence, pathogenesis, antibiotic synthesis, biosurfactants production, persister cells, cell signaling and biofilms, intra and inter-species communications, host-pathogen interactions, social interactions & swarming migration in biofilms.

Harnessing Useful Rhizosphere Microorganisms for Pathogen and Pest Biocontrol Volume II

In addition, plants communicate with each other using allelopathic molecules. Abbreviations: volatile organic compounds (VOCs), quorum sensing molecules (QSM), N-acyl homoserine lactones (AHL), SA, FIGURE 4 | Background for metabolomics ...

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Author: Aurelio Ciancio

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889632008

Category:

Page:

View: 369

The use of biocontrol agents and beneficial organisms for management of plant and pest diseases appears as an environment-friendly and economic procedure. However, this option is not always available, depending on the lack of knowledge on the mechanisms of natural regulation, locally effective. In this view, this eBook considers studies and experimental works illustrating a range of problems and solutions based on microbial resources, suitable for management of biotic stress factors. These examples show how detailed data and knowledge on the organisms involved are of paramount importance to achieve a sustainable and durable management capability.

Astrobiology

Interorganismic communication between same or related species. 4. ... Plant communication centers are the stem and the rhizosphere (the entire area of interactions within the root zone). The rhizosphere of plants is a realm of ...

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Author: Vera M. Kolb

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781466584624

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 459

Astrobiology: An Evolutionary Approach provides a full course in astrobiology with an emphasis on abiogenesis and evolution. The book presents astrobiology both as a developing science and as the science of the future.The origins of life and the possibility of life elsewhere continues to be a subject of scientific and philosophical examination. The