Property and Political Order in Africa

These differences produce patterned variations in relationships between individuals, communities and the state. This book captures these patterns in an analysis of structure and variation in rural land tenure regimes.

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Author: Catherine Boone

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107729599

Category: Political Science

Page: 424

View: 955

In sub-Saharan Africa, property relationships around land and access to natural resources vary across localities, districts and farming regions. These differences produce patterned variations in relationships between individuals, communities and the state. This book captures these patterns in an analysis of structure and variation in rural land tenure regimes. In most farming areas, state authority is deeply embedded in land regimes, drawing farmers, ethnic insiders and outsiders, lineages, villages and communities into direct and indirect relationships with political authorities at different levels of the state apparatus. The analysis shows how property institutions - institutions that define political authority and hierarchy around land - shape dynamics of great interest to scholars of politics, including the dynamics of land-related competition and conflict, territorial conflict, patron-client relations, electoral cleavage and mobilization, ethnic politics, rural rebellion, and the localization and 'nationalization' of political competition.

Local Politics and the Dynamics of Property in Africa

This book is dedicated to a detailed analysis of how public authority and the state are formed through debates and struggles over property in the Upper East Region of Ghana.

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Author: Christian Lund

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521886546

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 718

Access to land and property is vital to people's livelihoods in rural, peri-urban, and urban areas in Africa. People exert tremendous energy and imagination to have land claims recognized as rights with a variety of political, administrative, and legal institutions. This book is dedicated to a detailed analysis of how public authority and the state are formed through debates and struggles over property in the Upper East Region of Ghana. While scarcity may indeed promote exclusivity, the evidence from this book shows that when there are many institutions competing for the right to authorize claims to land, the result of an effort to unify and clarify the law is to intensify competition among them and weaken their legitimacy. The book particularly explores how state divestiture of land in 1979 encouraged competition between customary authorities and how the institution of the earthpriest was revived. Such processes are key to understanding property and authority in Africa.

Politics Property and Production in the West African Sahel

Through a number of case studies from the West African Sahel, this book links and explores natural resources management from the perspectives of politics, property and production.

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Author: Tor Arve Benjaminsen

Publisher: Nordic Africa Institute

ISBN: 9171064761

Category: Law

Page: 333

View: 893

Through a number of case studies from the West African Sahel, this book links and explores natural resources management from the perspectives of politics, property and production.

The Politics of Property Rights Institutions in Africa

This book provides unique insight into the relationship of institutions that govern land rights to local and national politics in African countries.

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Author: Ato Kwamena Onoma

Publisher:

ISBN: 0511691548

Category: Law

Page: 227

View: 267

This book provides unique insight into the relationship of institutions that govern land rights to local and national politics in African countries.

Local Politics and the Dynamics of Property in Africa

This book is dedicated to a detailed analysis of how public authority and the state are formed through debates and struggles over property in the Upper East Region of Ghana.

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Author: Christian Lund

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521148510

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 400

Access to land and property is vital to people's livelihoods in rural, peri-urban, and urban areas in Africa. People exert tremendous energy and imagination to have land claims recognized as rights with a variety of political, administrative, and legal institutions. This book is dedicated to a detailed analysis of how public authority and the state are formed through debates and struggles over property in the Upper East Region of Ghana. While scarcity may indeed promote exclusivity, the evidence from this book shows that when there are many institutions competing for the right to authorize claims to land, the result of an effort to unify and clarify the law is to intensify competition among them and weaken their legitimacy. The book particularly explores how state divestiture of land in 1979 encouraged competition between customary authorities and how the institution of the earthpriest was revived. Such processes are key to understanding property and authority in Africa.

Securing Property Rights

The theory of resource use laid out here advances theorizing on the emergence and transformation of property rights institutions and also provides us with a broad framework through which we can examine institutions created to govern ...

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Author: Ato Kwamena Onoma

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:193156260

Category: Land tenure

Page: 293

View: 377

Global demands for raw materials and local processes have led to increases in land values in many African countries. Why do ruling elites in African countries respond in disparate ways to similar opportunities for the accumulation of wealth and power provided by these increases in land values? Some strengthen institutions that secure property rights in land. Others undermine existing institutions that secure property rights in land. I combine the way people use land---extract benefits from land---and the extent of their power to explain divergent institutional responses to rising land values. Actors involved in productive land use tend to prefer secure property rights institutions and where they have the capacity build such institutions. Those involved in extracting value from land in unproductive ways favor insecure property rights institutions and tend to weaken property rights institutions where they have the capacity to do so. A key insight of this dissertation is that people extract benefits from resources in different ways that are facilitated by different institutional structures. We thus need to understand how they use resources in order to grasp why they chose different institutional structures in the face of similar opportunities to profit from resources. I employ a qualitative research method that combines field interviews, archival research, participant observation and reviews of secondary literatures. I examine six cases from three countries---Botswana, Ghana and Kenya---using both spatial and temporal modes of comparing national and subnational political entities. The theory of resource use laid out here advances theorizing on the emergence and transformation of property rights institutions and also provides us with a broad framework through which we can examine institutions created to govern resources beyond land, like timber, diamonds in societies beyond those studied in this work.

Corruption Good Governance and the African State

Instead of focusing on increased monitoring, enforcement and formal democratic procedures, this book combines economic analysis with political theory in order to arrive at a better understanding of the political-economic roots of corruption ...

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Author: Ganahl, Joseph Patrick

Publisher: Universitätsverlag Potsdam

ISBN: 9783869562483

Category: Africa, Sub-Saharan

Page: 0

View: 229

African states are often called corrupt, indicating that the political system in Africa differs from the one prevalent in economically advanced democracies. This, however, does not give us any insight into what makes corruption the dominant norm of African statehood. Thus we must turn to the overly neglected theoretical work on the political economy of Africa in order to determine how the poverty of governance in Africa is firmly anchored both in Africa’s domestic socioeconomic reality, as well as in the region’s role in the international economic order. Instead of focusing on increased monitoring, enforcement and formal democratic procedures, this book combines economic analysis with political theory in order to arrive at a better understanding of the political-economic roots of corruption in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Land and Property Institutions

The idea of the state in Africa as institutionless underlies much contemporary theorizing about African politics.

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Author: Catherine Boone

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1196169472

Category:

Page: 35

View: 664

The idea of the state in Africa as institutionless underlies much contemporary theorizing about African politics. The term "neopatrimonialism" - widely employed in the comparative politics literature to describe African political systems - implies lack of institutionalization, centralization of power in the hands of a supreme ruler, and government through personalized, shifting networks. The counterpart of this idea is institution-less conceptualization of society, and most importantly perhaps, of rural society, which accounts for 50-90% of the total population of almost all African states. This paper reverses this image of structure-less states and societies. It focuses on rural land tenure institutions and argues that they are the product of institution-building strategies of Africa's modern rulers, both colonial and postcolonial.

Confronting Land and Property Problems for Peace

This collection clarifies the background of land and property problems in conflict-affected settings, and explores appropriate policy measures for peace-building.

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Author: Shinichi Takeuchi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135007355

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 339

This collection clarifies the background of land and property problems in conflict-affected settings, and explores appropriate policy measures for peace-building. While land and property problems exist in any society, they can be particularly exacerbated in conflict-affected settings – characterized by unstable security, weak governance, loss of proper documentation as well as the return of refugees and Internally Displaced Persons. Unless these problems are properly addressed, they can destabilize fragile political order and hinder economic recovery. Although tackling land and property problems is an important challenge for peace-building, it has been relatively neglected in recent debates about liberal peace-building as a result of the strong focus on state-level institution building, such as security sector reforms and transitional justice. Using rich original data from eight conflict-affected countries, this book examines the topic from the viewpoint of State-society relationship. In contrast to previous literature, this volume analyses land and property problems in conflict-afflicted areas from a long-term perspective of state-building and economic development, rather than concentrating only on the immediate aftermath of the conflict. The long-term perspective enables not only an understanding of the root causes of the property problems in conflict-affected countries, but also elaboration of effective policy measures for peace. Contributors are area specialists and the eight case study countries have been carefully selected for comparative study. The collection applies a common framework to a diverse group of countries – South Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Cambodia, Timor-Leste, Colombia, and Bosnia-Herzegovina.

Political Order and Inequality

... Political Topographies of the African State: Territorial Authority and Institutional Change Catherine Boone, Property and Political Order in Africa: ...

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Author: Carles Boix

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316300169

Category: Political Science

Page:

View: 954

The fundamental question of political theory, one that precedes all other questions about the nature of political life, is why there is a state at all. Is human cooperation feasible without a political authority enforcing it? Or do we need a state to live together? This problem then opens up two further questions. If a state is necessary to establish order, how does it come into place? And, when it does, what are the consequences for the political status and economic welfare of its citizens? Combining ethnographical material, historical cases, and statistical analysis, this book describes the foundations of stateless societies, why and how states emerge, and the basis of political obligation. As a result of this inquiry, it explains the economic and political roots of inequality, describes the causes of the stagnation of the preindustrial world, and explores what led to the West's prosperity of the past two centuries.

The Family Estate in Africa

Too often accounts of African family life have tended to describe the family in purely static terms. The contributors to this book emphasize the developmental or time dimension of the family, analysing it as a process.

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Author: Robert F. Gray

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136529122

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 476

Too often accounts of African family life have tended to describe the family in purely static terms. The contributors to this book emphasize the developmental or time dimension of the family, analysing it as a process. In the seven different societies described in East Africa, the Congo and the Transvaal the changing nature of the distribution of rights in the family property and resources is directly linked with the growth and change of the family itself. First published in 1964.

Land Reforms to Land Titling

The tensions and conflicts over the land inevitably shape the political order and stability of regimes in Africa. Her observation is that 'Africa is ...

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Author: Pradeep Nayak

Publisher: Sage Publications Pvt. Limited

ISBN: 9789353885236

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 256

In India, land policies have been undergoing a paradigm shift since the economic reforms of the early 1990s. Conclusive land titling or guaranteed title to land has emerged as an alternative policy option to the redistributive land reform agenda before economic liberalization, and marks a historic reorientation of land policy. Land Reforms to Land Titling: Emerging Paradigms of Land Governance in India studies this reorientation. Would the neoliberal policy of secure individual property rights in land address diverse land-related questions in India? Whose interests will a conclusive titling policy serve, given unequal land holdings? How are capitalist or market imperatives of efficiency and growth bypassing social concerns? This book addresses these and other important questions through an in-depth study of not only India’s land governance history but also the experiences of other developing countries. The book also talks about policy implications and will be an invaluable read for academics and policymakers alike.

People Place and Property Rights

In Land and the politics of belonging in West Africa, eds. ... Property and political order in Africa: Land rights and the structure of politics.

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Author: Ulrika Kolben Waaranperä

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000468878

Category: Law

Page: 176

View: 893

For more than a century, property rights to land in Molo in the Kenyan highlands have been subjected to diverse reforms and desires. Colonial and independent state administrations have restructured land tenure systems to establish and maintain authority or alleviate landlessness. Meanwhile, people on the ground have developed their own ideas about property rights, place, and people. Via a detailed political ethnography, Ulrika Kolben Waaranperä uncovers the heterodox notion of property rights that has emerged as land has been redistributed, settlement schemes established, electricity lines drawn, and electoral violence mobilized. The book makes an important contribution to the study of land and politics in Kenya and beyond by drawing attention to how conceptions of property rights are shaped by and constitutive of relations of belonging and authority. This relational view challenges the universal definition of property rights undergirding most contemporary land reforms. Instead, property rights are situated within the political and rendered legible for both definitional and distributional debates. In effect, land reform is posited as a fundamentally political undertaking.

Property Without Rights

Origins and Consequences of the Property Rights Gap Michael Albertus ... Property and Political Order in Africa: Land Rights and the Structure of Politics ...

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Author: Michael Albertus

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108835237

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 416

View: 526

A new understanding of the causes and consequences of incomplete property rights in countries across the world.

Institutional Change in the Horn of Africa

Traditional theories of property rights change have posited an evolutionary progression of property rights towards private property in response to changes in the relative price ratio of land compared to the other factors of production.

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Author: Sandra F. Joireman

Publisher: Universal-Publishers

ISBN: 1581120001

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 352

View: 618

Traditional theories of property rights change have posited an evolutionary progression of property rights towards private property in response to changes in the relative price ratio of land compared to the other factors of production. Using case studies from two areas of Ethiopia and one area of Eritrea the dissertation demonstrates the role of political factors such as interest group preference and state intervention in directing property rights development away from a linear path. The case studies trace the development of three separate systems of property rights throughout the twentieth century up to the Ethiopian revolution of 1974. Analysis of history and litigation in the three areas demonstrates that in none did property rights evolve spontaneously towards privatization. In one area of the study relative price changes did not lead to changes in the system of property rights as the theory predicts. In the other two areas, changes in property rights followed a change in the relative price of land, but these changes were brought about exogenously, by the intervention of the government or interest groups in guiding property rights in a particular direction. There are two theoretical conclusions to the study 1) property rights development does not always occur when we expect it to, other factors such as vested interests and government reluctance can intervene with their development and 2) even if property rights do change in response to relative price changes, they may not always move towards privatization or greater specification. In addition, one interesting empirical result of the research was that in communal systems of land tenure the transaction costs of land transfer are higher, leading to a drag on economic efficiency in the overall economy of the region. Generally, the incorporation of political factors into the model of changing property rights leads to a less parsimonious, but more accurate description of the progression of land rights in developing countries in particular.

Elections in Museveni s Uganda

Boone, Property and Political Order in Africa, 311. 70. Kjær, “Political Settlements and Productive Sector Policies”; Whitfield et al., The Politics of ...

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Author: Sam Wilkins

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351470742

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 953

Uganda’s 2016 elections, which returned thirty-year incumbent President Yoweri Museveni and his National Resistance Movement (NRM) in yet another landslide, took place in an atmosphere of patronage, coercion and fraud. But is this diagnosis sufficient to understand the processes of voting and regime maintenance in Uganda today? Based on a series of detailed case studies from across Uganda, this book provides a more nuanced and complex picture of what the Museveni regime is, and how it keeps winning elections. Whilst not denying that various electoral malpractices are systemic to the regime’s survival, the authors find that these cannot be extricated from Uganda’s history, its wider social realities, and its local political cultures in which the NRM has become so embedded. In so doing, the authors – who include anthropologists, development specialists, historians, geographers, and political-scientists – develop new ways of thinking about the meaning of voting and elections in non-democratic Uganda, and elsewhere. This edition was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Eastern African Studies.

Contemporary Customary Land Issues in Africa

This book examines current trends in customary land issues in Africa, focusing on the practice of converting customary land into leasehold tenure, particularly in Zambia.

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Author: Horman Chitonage

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781527514379

Category: Political Science

Page: 262

View: 771

This book examines current trends in customary land issues in Africa, focusing on the practice of converting customary land into leasehold tenure, particularly in Zambia. Since the enactment of the 1995 Lands Act No. 29 in Zambia, conversion of customary land has become a controversial policy, raising questions about the future of customary land and rural communities, and the role of traditional authorities in a changing environment. Alienating customary land into leasehold tenure has serious implications for local and national politics and gender dynamics. Analysis of these trends suggests that the policy of creating land markets on customary land is subjecting customary systems to the forces of change. However, governments that have adopted this policy have not, by and large, adopted measures to respond to these challenges. Although customary tenure is widely believed to be resilient, it is not clear how the customary system will navigate the current winds of change. Chapters in this book draw from the Land Use and Rural Livelihoods in Africa Project (LURLAP), a collaborative research project undertaken by staff and students at the University of Cape Town and the University of Zambia.