Qatar 1975 76 2019

plan to boost production 179 production 130 sales 130 Qatar National Petroleum Co (contd.) renamed 7 Qatar National Poultry Co 108, 143, 397 Qatar National Telephone Service 17, 111, 397 JV with Cable and Wireless 4 Qatar National ...


Author: Anthony Axon

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004444331

Category: Political Science

Page: 492

View: 809

The fourth in this series, the Contemporary Archive of the Islamic World (CAIW), draws on the resources of Cambridge-based World of Information. The discovery of substantial oil and gas deposits, changed Qatar and its people beyond recognition.

Kuwait 1975 76 2019

61 of 1976 (the so-called 'Social Insurance Law'), the employer must register a new employee within 10 days of ... As was the case with most of the Trucial States, in the nineteenth century Qatar suffered from the decline of the ...


Author: Anthony Axon

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004423817

Category: Political Science

Page: 480

View: 279

The third of a new series, the Contemporary Archive of the Islamic World, this title on Kuwait draws on the resources of World of Information, a British publisher that since 1975 has published analyses of Middle East politics and economics.

Policy Making in the GCC

Social and Economic Survey Research Institute, 'A survey of life in Qatar 2012', Annual Omnibus Survey, Qatar University, 2012. ... 74. 75. 76. co/legislative-elections-in-qatar-postponed-until-at-least-2019/ 132 POLICY MAKING IN THE GCC.


Author: Neil Quilliam

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781786732453

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 380

The GCC is a major player in the post-2011 reordering of the Middle East. Despite the rise in prominence of individual Gulf states - especially Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates - and the growth of the GCC as a collective entity, surprisingly little attention has been paid to the actual mechanics of policy-making in the region. This book analyses the vital role that institutions are coming to play in shaping policy in the Gulf Arab states. The research coincides with two key developments that have given institutions new importance in the policy process: the emergence of a new generation of leaders in the Gulf, and the era of low oil prices. Both developments, along with dramatic demographic change, have compelled state and citizens to re-evaluate the nature of the social contract that binds them together. Contributors assess the changing relationship between state and citizen and evaluate the role that formal and informal institutions play in mediating such change and informing policy.The book shows how academic, social and economic institutions are responding to the increasingly complex process of decision-making, where citizens demand better services and further empowerment, and states are obliged to seek wider counsel, although wanting to retain ultimate authority. With contributions from both academics and practitioners, this book will be highly relevant for researchers and policymakers alike.

Qatar and the Gulf Crisis

Sidi Mohamed, 'Law on Supporting National Products Lauded,' Gulf Times, 13 January 2019. ... Floating Cows. How Qatar Gets Around Boycott,' Bloomberg, 8 March 2018. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 74. 75. 76. 77. 288 pp. NOTES [148–151]


Author: Kristian Coates Ulrichsen

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780197525593

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 101

In 2017, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, the UAE and Egypt severed diplomatic ties with Qatar, launching an economic blockade by land, air and sea. The self-proclaimed 'Anti-Terror Quartet' offered maximalist demands: thirteen 'conditions' recalling Austria-Hungary's 1914 ultimatum to Serbia. They may even have intended military action. Well into its second year, the standoff in the Gulf has no realistic end in sight. With the Bahraini and Emirati criminalisation of expressing support for Qatar, and the Saudi labelling of detainees as 'traitors' for their alleged Qatari links, bitterness has been stoked between deeply interconnected peoples. The adviser to the Saudi crown prince advocating a moat to physically separate Qatar from the Arabian Peninsula illustrates the ongoing intensity--and irrationality--of the crisis. Most reporting and analysis of these developments has focused on questions of regional geopolitics, and framed the standoff in terms of its impact on (largely) Western interests. Lost in this thicket of commentary is consideration of how the Qatari leadership and population have responded to the blockade. As the 2022 FIFA World Cup draws closer, the ongoing Qatar crisis becomes increasingly important to understand. Ulrichsen offers an authoritative study of this international standoff, from both sides.

ISR and the Gulf

75. 76. 77. 78. 79. 'Turkey Prepares to Deliver “Bayraktar TB2” Drones to Qatar', Peninsula, 9 February 2019,


Author: The International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS)

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000191042

Category: Political Science

Page: 100

View: 823

Intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) is today a core capability for the modern military, in peacetime and in war. ISR is and will remain a key enabler in the Gulf region in ongoing conflicts. There is still a reliance on the United States, and its ISR systems deployed in the Gulf, to facilitate ongoing operations and to provide situational awareness at the tactical, operational and strategic levels. However, even US ISR is finite, and there is growing demand for its resources in other regions. The Gulf Cooperation Council states have some ISR capacity, but this needs further development and improved exploitation to better address regional needs. Written by a team of IISS specialists, ISR & the Gulf: An Assessment considers the meaning of and requirement for intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance in the context of the region. It examines the military needs and industrial aspirations of the Gulf Arab states regarding ISR, and the opportunities and risks these present. The report is a companion work to the Institute’s Missile-Defence Cooperation in the Gulf, and is similarly intended to help provide the basis for informed decision-making to support improved security in the region.

Religion and International Relations in the Middle East

Available online:,4:1,1:76,5:3,7:1&q=3:51+4:1+1:2,25,76+5:3+7:1+2: 1+6:1971,1972,1973,1974,1975,1976,1977,1978,1979,1980,1981,1982,1983,1984,1985,1986,1987,1988,1989, 1990,1991,1992,1993 ...


Author: Sotiris Roussos

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783039365272

Category: Social Science

Page: 140

View: 224

The volume has a twofold purpose: first, to question main presuppositions and perceptions regarding religion and international politics in the Middle East and, second, to reflect on the role(s) of religion in the regional order. The first part deals with the contribution of religion to a post-Western turn in International Relations in the Middle East and beyond. It discusses the postsecular conceptual framework in order to expand their approaches to the analysis of the Middle East and addresses the search for religion’s “suitable place” within International Relations, taking as a starting point the social changes in the world and the postulated "Mesopotamian turn" in International Relations. The second part focuses on the role of state-like non-state actors. ISIS challenged the international order because, contrary to revolutionary states in the past, it negates the foundations of the Westphalian system. At the same time, the rise of ISIS had a tremendous impact on the jihadi (sub) system. The third part studies the impact of religion on foreign and security policy (Israel, UAE, UK, and Saudi Arabia). It explores how religion has been shaping each stage of the decision-making process, the position that religion holds in perceptions of stability in the post-2011 era, and the politics of ‘‘moderate Islam’’, arguing that even though ‘’moderate Islam’’ has been devised for creating ‘’soft power’’, it serves ‘’sharp power’’ as well.

Technology Trade With The Middle East

... 5 10 10 75 20 10 5 5 ܝܝ ܃ ܃ 10 15 15 20 5 n / a 5 Lebanon 1975-79 1974-78 1973-77 1967-76 Libya 1975-79 1974-78 ... 1975-79 1974-78 1973-77 1967-76 370 380 114 71 10 5 4 5 330 330 60 21 5 10 n / a 30 40 40 46 5 10 Qatar 1975-79 ...


Author: James J. Emery

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000242317

Category: Political Science

Page: 302

View: 915

First published in 1986, the research for this book was originally undertaken by the authors at The Futures Group for the Office of Technology Assessment. This study assesses technology trade from the perspective of the competing supplier countries. This group was defined to include the United States, Japan, and Western Europe. Six Middle Eastern countries were selected for detailed review: Algeria, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia.

Unfulfilled Aspirations

Israel, relations with, 75 Kuwait Airways Flight 422 hijacking (1988), 78 Libya, relations with, 79, 80, 81, 86, 107, ... 74, 75, 79–80, 83 protests (2019), 87–8 Qatar diplomatic crisis (2017–), 81, 155 Soviet Union, relations with, ...


Author: Adham Saouli

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780197521885

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 783

The first volume of its kind to address concepts and theories of what constitutes a 'Middle Power' in the Middle East.

Sustainable Food Drying Techniques in Developing Countries Prospects and Challenges

75. 76. 77. 78. 79. 80. 81. 82. 83. 84. 85. 86. 87. 88. 89. 90. 91. 92. 93. 94. 95. 96. H. Eustache et al., ... renewal unlikely due to ban on exploration,” (2019) The Oil & Gas Year, “Qatar: advantages in adversity” (2019), ...


Author: Mahadi Hasan Masud

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030424763

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 189

View: 973

This book presents a comprehensive review of renewable energy-based sustainable drying techniques for developing countries. Aspiring towards a world with zero food waste, the book has provided discussion on sustainable drying techniques in terms of energy efficiency. The socio-economic condition of each developing country is unique; therefore, has specific technological requirements. As such, the book presents discussions on food waste scenario around the world, the socio-economic status of developing countries and their correlation with food. The book gives an overview of the quality aspects of drying, along with the required energy and time to retain these features. Additionally, a method of selecting drying techniques for developing countries, taking the cost and safety factor into consideration, has been discussed extensively Also, the renewable and non-renewable energy resources of low income, lower-middle income, middle income, and high-income developing countries have been analyzed and presented. The book also highlights the available drying techniques that are currently being practiced by the consumers and industries of developing countries. The book recommends ten sustainable drying technologies for the developing countries and describes their working principle. Discussion on potential challenges for sustainable drying technology adoption is also presented. The book presents up-to-date research on sustainable drying techniques and their impact on developing countries to reduce food waste. Food waste is not only a humanitarian concern but also a threat to environmental sustainability. Currently, one-third of all produced food is being wasted, when nearly 805 million people - including children remain undernourished on a daily basis. In an effort to solve this crisis, a number of food preservations techniques are being practiced in food supply chain. Drying is one such preservation technique that prevents microbial proliferation, slows enzymatic reaction and preserves the physio-chemical properties of food. Albeit, drying is an effective means of food preservation; it is also highly energy-intensive. Developing countries do not have sufficient energy and financial resources to adopt conventional (expensive and high energy) drying techniques. As such, this is the first reference work dedicated to discussing the prospects and challenges of sustainable (renewable energy based and inexpensive) drying techniques for developing countries in order to reduce food waste. Sustainable food drying techniques in developing countries: Prospects and Challenges is a singular work in the field of food preservation and affordable drying technology.

Unilateral Sanctions in International Law

Agreement Between the Government of the State of Qatar and the Government of the Republic of Singapore for the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of ... 75 76 All can 74 Turkcell v Iran (2014); see


Author: Surya P Subedi QC

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781509948390

Category: Law

Page: 432

View: 247

This is the first book that explores whether there are any rules in international law applicable to unilateral sanctions and if so, what they are. The book examines both the lawfulness of unilateral sanctions and the limitations within which they should operate. In doing so, it includes an analysis of State practice, the provisions of various international legal instruments dealing with such sanctions and their impact on other areas of international law such as freedom of navigation, aviation and transit, and the principles of international trade, investment, regional economic integration, and the protection of human rights and the environment. This study finds that unilateral sanctions by a state or a group of states against another state as opposed to 'smart' or targeted sanctions of limited scope would be unlawful, unless they meet the procedural and substantive requirements stipulated in international law. Importantly, the book identifies and consolidates these requirements scattered in different areas of international law, including the additional rules of customary international law that have emerged out of the recent practice of States and that increase the limitations on the use of unilateral sanctions.