Quantum Physics Meets the Philosophy of Mind

The essays in this book explore, from various points of view, the possibilities of basing a non-reductive philosophy of mind on quantum physics.

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Author: Antonella Corradini

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110387551

Category: Philosophy

Page: 218

View: 973

Quantum physics, in contrast to classical physics, allows non-locality and indeterminism in nature. Moreover, the role of the observer seems indispensable in quantum physics. In fact, quantum physics, unlike classical physics, suggests a metaphysics that is not physicalism (which is today’s official metaphysical doctrine). As is well known, physicalism implies a reductive position in the philosophy of mind, specifically in its two core areas, the philosophy of consciousness and the philosophy of action. Quantum physics, in contrast, is compatible with psychological non-reductionism, and actually seems to support it. The essays in this book explore, from various points of view, the possibilities of basing a non-reductive philosophy of mind on quantum physics. In doing so, they not only engage with the ontological and epistemological aspects of the question but also with the neurophysiological ones.

Children in Greek Tragedy

Quantum mechanics and intentionality', in A. Corronini and U. Meixner, eds.,
Quantum Physics Meets the Philosophy of Mind: New Essays on the Mind-Body
Relation in Quantum-Theoretical Perspective, 35–50. Berlin. Budelmann, F. 2010
.

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Author: Emma M. Griffiths

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198826071

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 673

Astyanax is thrown from the walls of Troy; Medeia kills her children as an act of vengeance against her husband; Aias reflects with sorrow on his son's inheritance, yet kills himself and leaves Eurysakes vulnerable to his enemies. The pathos created by threats to children is a notable feature of Greek tragedy, but does not in itself explain the broad range of situations in which the ancient playwrights chose to employ such threats. Rather than casting children in tragedy as simple figures of pathos, this volume proposes a new paradigm to understand their roles, emphasizing their dangerous potential as the future adults of myth. Although they are largely silent, passive figures on stage, children exert a dramatic force that transcends their limited physical presence, and are in fact theatrically complex creations who pose a danger to the major characters. Their multiple projected lives create dramatic palimpsests which are paradoxically more significant than their immediate emotional effects: children are never killed because of their immediate weakness, but because of their potential strength. This re-evaluation of the significance of child characters in Greek tragedy draws on a fresh examination of the evidence for child actors in fifth-century Athens, which concludes that the physical presence of children was a significant factor in their presentation. However, child roles can only be fully appreciated as theatrical phenomena, utilizing the inherent ambiguities of drama: as such, case studies of particular plays and playwrights are underpinned by detailed analysis of staging considerations, opening up new avenues for interpretation and challenging traditional models of children in tragedy.

Qigong Meets Quantum Physics

This book succeeds in presenting both an easily accessible outline of quantum physics and also an appreciation of mysticism beyond vagueness and obscurity.

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Author: Imke Bock-Möbius

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 9781931483216

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 144

View: 371

This book succeeds in presenting both an easily accessible outline of quantum physics and also an appreciation of mysticism beyond vagueness and obscurity. From here it describes the physical and mental movements of qigong as a way of integrating body and mind, head and heart, detailing specific exercises and outlining their rationale and effects.

Correspondence Principle and Growth of Science

Bauman, Z.: 1956, 'Surmount the Disintegration of the Marxist Philosophy', MF,
No. ... Bohm, D.: 1951, Quantum Theory, Engl.Cliffs, N.J. Böhme, G., van den
Daele, W., and Krohn, W.: 1972, “Alternativen in der ... Bunge, M.: 1970a, “Theory
Meets Experience', in: Kiefer and Munitz (eds.) ... 2, 'Mind, Science, History,”
Albany.

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Author: W. Krajewski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401011785

Category: Science

Page: 138

View: 987

This book is devoted to the problems of the growth of science. These prob lems, neglected for a long time by the philosophers of science, have become in the 60's and 70's a subject of vivid discussion. There are philosophers who stress only the dependence of science upon various sociological, psycho logical and other factors and deny any internal laws of the development of knowledge, like approaching the truth. The majority rejects such nihilism and searches for the laws of the growth of science. However, they often overlook the role of the Correspondence Principle which connects the suc cessive scientific theories. On the other hand, some authors, while stressing the role of this principle, overlook logical difficulties connected with it, e. g. the problem of the incompatibility of successive theories, of the falsity of some of their assumptions, etc. I believe the Correspondence Principle to be a basic principle of the pro gress of contemporary physics and, probably, of every advanced science. How ever, this principle must be properly interpreted and the above-mentioned logical difficulties must be solved. Their solution requires, as it seems, revealing the idealizational nature of the basic laws of science, in any case of the quantitative laws of advanced sciences. This point has been recently emphasized by some Polish philosophers, especially in Poznan.

Physics Meets Philosophy at the Planck Scale

Contemporary Theories in Quantum Gravity Craig Callender, Nick Huggett.
Münch - Berndl , K . , Dürr , D ... Penrose , R . ( 1989 ) , The Emperor ' s New Mind
: Concerning Computers , Minds and the Laws of Physics . Oxford : Oxford
University ...

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Author: Craig Callender

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521664454

Category: Science

Page: 365

View: 852

Was the first book to examine the exciting area of overlap between philosophy and quantum mechanics with chapters by leading experts from around the world.

Nature Loves to Hide

In Nature Loves to Hide, physicist Shimon Malin takes readers on a fascinating tour of quantum theory--one that turns to Western philosophical thought to clarify this strange yet inescapable description of the nature of reality.

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Author: Shimon Malin

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195161092

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 554

In Nature Loves to Hide, physicist Shimon Malin takes readers on a fascinating tour of quantum theory--one that turns to Western philosophical thought to clarify this strange yet inescapable description of the nature of reality. Malin translates quantum mechanics into plain English, explaining its origins and workings against the backdrop of the famous debate between Niels Bohr and the skeptical Albert Einstein. Then he moves on to build a philosophical framework that can account for the quantum nature of reality. He draws out the linkage between the concepts of Neoplatonism and the more recent process philosophy of Alfred North Whitehead. Writing with broad humanistic insight and deep knowledge of science, and using delightful conversation with fictional astronauts Peter and Julie to explain more difficult concepts, Shimon Malin offers a profound new understanding of the nature of reality--one that shows a deep continuity with aspects of our Western philosophical tradition going back 2,500 years, and that feels more deeply satisfying, and truer, than the clockwork universe of Newton.

Computing Anticipatory Systems

Published by The American Institute of Physics , AIP Conference Proceedings
718 , 2004 . 3 . J. Baez . ... and N. Hugget , editors . Physics Meets Philosophy at
the ... Quantum Information Processing , 1 ( 1-2 ) : 107–127 , March 2002. quant -
ph / 0112087 v3 . 9 . G. Castagnoli ... 30. R. Penrose . The Emperor's New Mind .

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Author: D. M. Dubois

Publisher: American Institute of Physics

ISBN: UCSD:31822034382549

Category: Computers

Page: 652

View: 362

This book constitutes the proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Computing Anticipatory Systems, CASYS'05. The volume includes all invited papers as well as those papers that received a best paper award. Also included is a lecture on "General Principles for Brain Design," presented by Brian D. Josephson, Nobel Laureate in Physics. The papers discuss recent research and development in the modeling and computing of anticipatory systems in fields of natural and artificial systems.

Philosophical Consequences of Quantum Theory

Arthur Fine argued for that point of view , to my mind entirely convincingly . ...
ones ( so that Bell ' s inequalities are no longer derivable ) to arrive at a neo -
classical philosophy of nature that can accommodate quantum mechanics . 4 .
Offer the ...

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Author: Ernan McMullin

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015018298052

Category: Philosophy

Page: 314

View: 138

From the beginning, the implications of quantum theory for our most general understanding of the world have been a matter of intense debate. Einstein argues that the theory had to be regarded as fundamentally incomplete. Its inability, for example, to predict the exact time of decay of a single radioactive atom had to be due to a failure of the theory and not due to a permanent inability on our part or a fundamental indeterminism in nature itself. In 1964, John Bell derived a theorem which showed that any deterministic theory which preserved locality (i.e., which rejected action at a distance) would have certain consequences for measurements performed at a distance from one another. An experimental check seems to show that these consequences are not, in fact, realized. The correlation between the sets of events is much stronger than any local deterministic theory could allow. What is more, this stronger correlation is precisely that which is predicted by quantum theory. The astonishing result is that local deterministic theories of the classical sort seem to be permanently excluded. Not only can the individual decay not be predicted, but no future theory can ever predict it. The contributors in this volume wrestle with this conclusion. Some welcome it; others leave open a return to at lease some kind of deterministic world, one which must however allow something like action-at-a distance. How much lit it? And how can one avoid violating relativity theory, which excludes action-at-a-distance? How can a clash between the two fundamental theories of modern physics, relativity and quantum theory, be avoided? What are the consequences for the traditional philosophic issue of causality explanation and objectivity? One thing is certain; we can never return to the comfortable Newtonian world where everything that happened was, in principle, predictable and where what happened at one measurement site could not affect another set of measurements being performed light-years away, at a distance that a light-signal could not bridge. Contributors: James T. Cushing, Abner Shimony, N. David Mermin, Jon P. Jarrett, Linda Wessels, Bas C. van Fraassen, Jeremy Butterfield, Michael L. G. Redhead, Henry P. Stapp, Arthur Fine, R. I. G. Hughes, Paul Teller, Don Howard, Henry J. Folse, and Ernan McMullin.

The New Physics and Cosmology

This book is the carefully edited record of the fascinating discussions at a Mind and Life conference in which five leading physicists and a historian (David Finkelstein, George Greenstein, Piet Hut, Arthur Zajonc, Anton Zeilinger, and Tu ...

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Author: Arthur Zajonc

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019534782X

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 118

What happens when the Dalai Lama meets with leading physicists and a historian? This book is the carefully edited record of the fascinating discussions at a Mind and Life conference in which five leading physicists and a historian (David Finkelstein, George Greenstein, Piet Hut, Arthur Zajonc, Anton Zeilinger, and Tu Weiming) discussed with the Dalai Lama current thought in theoretical quantum physics, in the context of Buddhist philosophy. A contribution to the science-religion interface, and a useful explanation of our basic understanding of quantum reality, couched at a level that intelligent readers without a deep involvement in science can grasp. In the tradition of other popular books on resonances between modern quantum physics and Zen or Buddhist mystical traditions--notably The Dancing Wu Li Masters and The Tao of Physics, this book gives a clear and useful update of the genuine correspondences between these two rather disparate approaches to understanding the nature of reality.

Quantum Enigma

This second edition includes such advances. The authors have also drawn on many responses from readers and instructors to improve the clarity of the book's explanations.

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Author: Bruce Rosenblum

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199792955

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 161

In trying to understand the atom, physicists built quantum mechanics, the most successful theory in science and the basis of one-third of our economy. They found, to their embarrassment, that with their theory, physics encounters consciousness. Authors Bruce Rosenblum and Fred Kuttner explain all this in non-technical terms with help from some fanciful stories and anecdotes about the theory's developers. They present the quantum mystery honestly, emphasizing what is and what is not speculation. Quantum Enigma's description of the experimental quantum facts, and the quantum theory explaining them, is undisputed. Interpreting what it all means, however, is heatedly controversial. But every interpretation of quantum physics involves consciousness. Rosenblum and Kuttner therefore turn to exploring consciousness itself--and encounter quantum mechanics. Free will and anthropic principles become crucial issues, and the connection of consciousness with the cosmos suggested by some leading quantum cosmologists is mind-blowing. Readers are brought to a boundary where the particular expertise of physicists is no longer the only sure guide. They will find, instead, the facts and hints provided by quantum mechanics and the ability to speculate for themselves. In the few decades since the Bell's theorem experiments established the existence of entanglement (Einstein's "spooky action"), interest in the foundations, and the mysteries, of quantum mechanics has accelerated. In recent years, physicists, philosophers, computer engineers, and even biologists have expanded our realization of the significance of quantum phenomena. This second edition includes such advances. The authors have also drawn on many responses from readers and instructors to improve the clarity of the book's explanations.

The Bookseller

Georgia Warnke's Justice and Interpretation ( May , $ 35 ) examines the political
philosophy of Rawls , Dworkin and Habermas ... an account of the philosophical
foundations and modern writings on the mind / body of quantum theory for
scientists and non problem ... Philo literature , politics , science , Talmud
comsophy Meets the Cognitive and Social Sciences puters , the birth of the
universe and the ...

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112096576134

Category: Bibliography

Page:

View: 170

Gravitation and Cosmology

Proceedings of the Third International Meeting on Gravitation and Cosmology
Francisco S. Guzmán Murillo, Alfredo ... to connects observations with aspects of
the fundamental theory of the quantum and gravitational realms is an actual and
exciting development . ... The Emperor ' s New Mind . ... In C . Callender and N .
Huggett , editors , Physics meets philosophy at the Planck Scale , pages 290 –
304 .

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Author: Francisco S. Guzmán Murillo

Publisher: Amer Inst of Physics

ISBN: UCSD:31822036973477

Category: Science

Page: 250

View: 355

The 3rd International Meeting on Gravitation and Cosmology was devoted to several topics of current interest in Modern Cosmology, Astrophysics and Gravity, with emphasis on hybrid models of dark energy and dark matter, as well as brane worlds. It also included presentations of current research conducted mainly by Cuban, Mexican, as well as North American experts in these fields.

Joy as a Metaphor of Convergence

... is coming into question in the scientific field of quantum physics . The place
where philosophy meets science is also the place where physicist becomes poet
. If the individual self - reflective mind knows that it knows , universal mind not
only ...

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Author: Delores D. Liston

Publisher: Hampton Press (NJ)

ISBN: STANFORD:36105110404782

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 244

View: 582

Discusses a major purpose of education - the development of the capacity to interpret experience within a moral and spiritual framework. The metaphor of Joy enables the author to integrate themes of preciousness and meaning of life with processes that facilitate the quest for personal meaning.

From Myth to Modern Mind Copernicus through quantum mechanics

inverse expression of correspondence principle , 293 ; 407 , 409 , 409 , 418 ;
resistance to Einstein's photon theory , 432 ... quantum solution and mechanical
principles , 461 - 46 2 ; “ correspondence principle and principle of
complementarity ” , 462 ... Experiments and Considerations Touching Colors ,
243 ; methodology , 252 ; meets Newton , 256 ; corresponds with ... See also
alchemy , Aristotelian philosophy , atomism , Descartes , Galileo , God , Hume ,
James I , Locke , motion ...

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Author: Richard H. Schlagel

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 0820426997

Category: History

Page: 580

View: 936

More than any other discipline, science has shaped the modern view of the world. The purpose of this two volume study is to recount how this came to be. Beginning with a depiction of primitive forms of mentality, Volume I, Theogony through Ptolemy, traces the contributions of the Presocratics and Plato to the sustained growth of scientific rationalism, culminating in Aristotle's organismic cosmology. This is followed by a description of the research of the Hellenistic precursors of modern science from Euclid and Archimedes through Ptolemy and Galen, comparing their mental outlook with that of the early church fathers. Volume II, Copernicus through Quantum Mechanics, recounts the origins of modern physical science and its conceptual development from the fourteenth century to the present.

How Free are You

What understanding are we to have of how Quantum Theory applies to the world
and to us ? ... A universal determinist , someone who applies causation more
widely than in his philosophy of mind and action , meets a zealous objector .

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Author: Ted Honderich

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: UOM:39015029987511

Category: Free will and determinism

Page: 145

View: 728

A concise introduction to one of the central questions of philosophy for students and general readers, this book asks the question, "Are we subject to determinism or do we possess Free Will and thus responsibility for our actions?" The first six chapters of the book deal with the rival claims of the two theories, and investigate whether either of them is clear, consistent, complete, and demonstrably true. The inquiry in itself amounts to a complete philosophy of mind. The last four chapters deal with the implications of determinism and its significance in our public and private actions. Honderich examines the doctrines of compatibilism, which argues that we are subject to causation but are nevertheless free, and incompatibilism, which sees determinism and freedom as mutually exclusive. This debate has been one of philosophy's main battlegrounds for centuries, with thinkers as distinguished as Hume and Kant in opposite camps.

The Participatory Mind

A New Theory of Knowledge and of the Universe Henryk Skolimowski ... In
putting the proposition that philosophy has not absorbed in depth the new ideas
and discoveries of science , we must not ... Although Popper's epistemology
admirably meets the challenge of Einstein , it is ill at ease with regard to quantum
theory .

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Author: Henryk Skolimowski

Publisher: Penguin Group USA

ISBN: UOM:39076002854482

Category: Psychology

Page: 394

View: 316

We take I.Q. tests but not Compassion Aptitude tests. Yet mind and emotions need to be seen as two different parts of the same spectrum if the battered human psyche is to be mended. Skolimowski sees the opportunity for a new order to be brought about if the Western mind can return to, then reintegrate, the spiritual.

Journal of Indian Psychology

At the same time these advantages are not sufficient unless the theory in
question meets certain other criteria that any : theory must meet . Some
philosophical critics have also raised doubts as to whether Observational Theory
is even logically coherent quite apart from its questionable idealist assumption
that reality is , somehow , mind - dependent . ... if Observational Theory could
persuade the community of physicists that it represents a legitimate extension of
quantum theory and this ...

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015024846928

Category: Psychology

Page:

View: 342

New Scientist

Review Quantum Enigma : Physics encounters consciousness by Bruce
Rosenblum and Fred Kuttner , OUP , $ 29.95 , ISBN 019517559X WHERE MIND
MEETS MATTER WHAT THE BLEEP DO WE KNOW ? ... It is a world physics and
philosophy : the phenomenon of “ decoherence " consciousness , and the “
quantum where an atom can be in two places observer - created reality . does
away with the ...

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822036013472

Category: Science

Page:

View: 680

Enchanted Paths and Magic Words

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Author: Ethelbert Courtland Barksdale

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

ISBN: UOM:39015043819518

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 394

View: 665

Dreams of time travel have long haunted the human imagination. Many physicists and philosophers think that time travel is impossible; others, such as Stephen Hawking, ponder whether perhaps it could be done. Part One of this book offers a nontechnical account of some of the major current theories concerned with time travel and with the quantum mind. The mind already makes imaginary journeys in time. The mind may some day, through a special process of information transfer, make real ones. In Part Two, the reader goes on several trial-run trips in time with great writers and filmmakers as guides.