Relativistic Astrophysics

This book contains 16 contributions from well-known experts giving a broad overview for non-specialists who want to learn how to purely academic issues like gravitational wave detectors are now put into reality.

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Author: Harald Riffert

Publisher: Vieweg+Teubner Verlag

ISBN: 3663112969

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 611

During the first decades after Einstein had developed his Theory of General Relativity, the main effort was to understand the theory and verify it experimentically. Meanwhile Genral Relativity is one of the experimentally best confirmed theories and has become a powerful tool for the investigation of cosmic processes where strong gravitational fields are involved. This book contains 16 contributions from well-known experts giving a broad overview for non-specialists who want to learn how to purely academic issues like gravitational wave detectors are now put into reality.

Relativistic Astrophysics 2

This book, long and eagerly awaited, is essential for everyone whose work is related to cosmology and astrophysics.

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Author: I͡Akov Borisovich Zelʹdovich

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226979571

Category: Science

Page: 751

View: 541

Though the kinematics of the evolving universe became known decades ago, research into the physics of processes occurring in the expanding universe received a reliable observational and theoretical basis only in more recent years. These achievements have led in turn to the emergence of new problems, on which an unusually active assault has begun. This second volume of Relativistic Astrophysics provides a remarkably complete picture of the present state of cosmology. It is a synthesis of the theoretical foundations of contemporary cosmology, which are derived from work in relativity, plasma theory, thermodynamics, hydrodynamics, and particle physics. It presents the theoretical work that explains, describes, and predicts the nature of the universe, the physical process that occur in it, the formation of galaxies, the synthesis of the light elements, and the cosmological singularity and the theory of gravitation. This book, long and eagerly awaited, is essential for everyone whose work is related to cosmology and astrophysics.

General Relativity and Relativistic Astrophysics

Soon after the book appeared, W. Thirring asked me to prepare an English edition for the 'Texts and Mono graphs in Physics'. Fortunately E. Borie agreed to translate the original German text into English.

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Author: Norbert Straumann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642844393

Category: Science

Page: 459

View: 690

In 1979 I gave graduate courses at the University of Zurich and lectured in the 'Troisieme Cycle de la Suisse Romande' (a consortium offour uni versities in the french-speaking part of Switzerland), and these lectures were the basis of the 'Springer Lecture Notes in Physics', Volume 150, published in 1981. This text appeared in German, because there have been few modern expositions of the general theory of relativity in the mother tongue of its only begetter. Soon after the book appeared, W. Thirring asked me to prepare an English edition for the 'Texts and Mono graphs in Physics'. Fortunately E. Borie agreed to translate the original German text into English. An excellent collaboration allowed me to re vise and add to the contents of the book. I have updated and improved the original text and have added a number of new sections, mostly on astrophysical topics. In particular, in collaboration with M. Camenzind I have included a chapter on spherical and disk accretion onto compact objects. This book divides into three parts. Part I develops the mathematical tools used in the general theory of relativity. Since I wanted to keep this part short, but reasonably self-contained, I have adopted the dry style of most modern mathematical texts. Readers who have never before been confronted with differential geometry will find the exposition too ab stract and will miss motivations of the basic concepts and constructions.

Relativistic Astrophysics of the Transient Universe

This volume introduces the physical processes relevant to the source modeling of the transient universe.

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Author: Maurice H. P. M. Van Putten

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107010734

Category: Science

Page: 333

View: 462

"In the coming decade, the transient universe will be mapped out in great detail by the emerging wide-field multiwavelength surveys, neutrino and gravitational-wave detectors, promising to probe the astronomical and physical origin of the most extreme relativistic sources. This volume introduces the physical processes relevant to the source modeling of the transient universe. Ideal for graduate students and researchers in astrophysics, this book gives a unified treatment of electromagnetic, hadronic and gravitational radiation processes associated with relativistic outflows from compact objects. After introducing the source classes, the authors set out the various radiation processes associated with magneto-hydrodynamic flows, such as blast waves, winds, jets and accretion. Readers will gain an understanding of the theory, observations and some methods of data analysis for gravitational-wave data"--

Relativistic Astrophysics and Cosmology

This book offers a succinct and self-contained treatment of general relativity and its application to neutron stars, black holes, gravitational waves and cosmology, at an intermediate level.

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Author: Peter Hoyng

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402045233

Category: Science

Page: 294

View: 982

Relativistic Astrophysics and Cosmology offers a succinct and self-contained treatment of general relativity and its application to compact objects, gravitational waves and cosmology. The required mathematical concepts are introduced informally, following geometrical intuition as much as possible. The approach is theoretical, but there is ample discussion of observational aspects and of instrumental issues where appropriate. The book includes such topical issues as the Gravity Probe B mission, interferometer detectors of gravitational waves, and the physics behind the angular power spectrum of the cosmic microwave background (CMB). Written for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students in (astro)physics, it is ideally suited for a lecture course and contains 140 exercises with extensive hints. The reader is assumed to be familiar with linear algebra and analysis, ordinary differential equations, special relativity, and basic thermal physics.

Current Trends in Relativistic Astrophysics

The present volume contains the expanded lectures of a meeting on relativistic astrophysics, the goal of which was to provide a modern introduction to specific aspects of the field for young researchers, as well as for nonspecialists from ...

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Author: Leonardo Fernández-Jambrina

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662144204

Category: Science

Page: 244

View: 313

ThisvolumecontainsselectedlecturespresentedattheSpanishRelativityMe- ingonRelativisticAstrophysicsheldattheEscuelaT ́ecnicaSuperiordeIn- nierosNavalesofMadrid,Spain,inSeptember2001. The meeting centered on the study of several aspects of Relativistic - trophysics from various viewpoints: theoretical, numerical and observational. Lectures and contributions dealt with issues related to black holes (accretion, thermodynamics, gravitational collapse, stability), numerical and perturbative aspects of astrophysical processes (black hole evolution, relativistic stars, jet hydrodynamics. . . )andproductionanddetectionofgravitationalwaves. Other topicsandanimationsareenclosedintheaccompanyingCD-ROM. Lecturesandcontributionsareintendedtocoverthegapbetweenundergr- uatecoursesandcurrentresearchinthe?eld,includingthemostrecentadvances inRelativisticAstrophysics. Madrid,Spain, LeonardoFern ́andez-Jambrina July2002 LuisManuelGonz ́ alez-Romero Acknowlegements The24thSpanishRelativityMeetingwasrunbyUniversidadComplutensede MadridandUniversidadPolit ́ecnicadeMadrid. Fundsfortheorganizationofthe meetingwereprovidedbybothuniversities,theSpanishMinisteriodeCiencia yTecnolog ́?a,theEscuelaT ́ecnicaSuperiordeIngenierosNavales,theDepar- mentodeEnsenanzas ̃ B ́asicasdelaIngenier ́?aNavalandComunidaddeMadrid. WealsowishtothanktheDirectoroftheEscuelaT ́ecnicaSuperiordeIn- nierosNavales,Dr. L. R. Nu ̃ ́nez,forkindlyo?eringthepremisesforthemeeting, Dr. F. Robledo, Head of the Departamento de Ensenanzas ̃ B ́asicas, Prof. R. Cerc ́os,forhissupportduringthemeeting,andMs. C. Milans,forhergenerous helpwiththebureaucratictasks. Wealsoacknowledgetheworkandpatienceofthecontributorsandreferees ofthisbook,speciallyProf. W. Israel,whowasnotabletoattendthemeetingin personduetothesadeventsofSeptember11th,butkindlyagreetocontribute tothisvolume. Finally,ourthanksgoalsototheotherco-organizersofthemeeting,Prof. F. J. ChineaandMr. F. Navarro-L ́erida. TableofContents RelativisticAstrophysics LeonardoFern ́andez-Jambrina,LuisManuelGonz ́ alez-Romero. . . . . . . . . . . 1 PartI BlackHoles:Theory,Evolution,AccretionandStability BlackHoleThermodynamics WernerIsrael. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 PerturbationsofBlackHoles ValeriaFerrari. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 CriticalPhenomenainGravitationalCollapse: TheRoleofAngularMomentum Jos ́eM. Mart ́?n-Garc ́?a,CarstenGundlach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 PartII NumericalandPerturbativeAnalysis ofAstrophysicalProcesses StellarPerturbations ValeriaFerrari. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 NumericalRelativisticHydrodynamics Jos ́eMar ́?aIb ́a ̃ nez. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 FluxLimiterMethodsin3DNumericalRelativity CarlesBona,CarlosPalenzuela. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 GaugeConditionsforLong-TermNumericalBlackHole EvolutionWithorWithoutExcision MiguelAlcubierre,BerndBrugmann, ̈ DenisPollney,EdwardSeidel, andRyojiTakahashi. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140 NumericalRelativitywiththeConformalFieldEquations SaschaHusa. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 X Table of Contents PartIII GravitationalWaves:ProductionandDetection BinaryBlackHolesandGravitationalWaveProduction: Post-NewtonianAnalyticTreatment GerhardSch ̈afer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195 TheDetectionofGravitationalWaves J. AlbertoLobo. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210 PartIV OtherTopics StructureofConformalLorentzTransformations G ̈oranBergqvist,Jos ́eM. M. Senovilla. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245 CircularityConditions onStationaryAxisymmetricEinstein-Yang-MillsFields FranciscoJavierChinea,FranciscoNavarro-L ́erida. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 252 TheShortestCutinBraneCosmology ElcioAbdalla,BerthaCuadros-Melgar,Cze-ShiangFeng,BinWang. . . . . . 261 WeakEnergyConditionViolationandSuperluminalTravel FranciscoLobo,PauloCrawford. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 277 FactorStructureofRationalVacuumMetrics andaGeneralizationoftheTomimatsu-SatoSolutions CorneliusA. Hoenselaers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 292 AnAnisotropicCosmologicalModel withIsotropicBackgroundRadiation SauloCarneiro,GuillermoA. MenaMarug ́ an. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 302 LorentzianCommentsonStokesParameters JuanAntonioMorales,EmilioNavarro. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 306 CausalTransformations AlfonsoGarc ́?a-ParradoandJos ́eM. M. Senovilla. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 315 TELEPENSOUTHProject:MeasurementoftheEarth GravitomagneticFieldinaTerrestrialLaboratory Jos ́eFernandoPascual-S ́anchez. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 330 SupermassiveStarswithLocalAnisotropy, PossibleSourceofSomeQuasars’Luminosity? EmilioSantosCorchero. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 337 Modi?cationsoftheEinstein–StrausModel toAnisotropicSettings FilipeC. Mena,RezaTavakol,Raul ̈ Vera. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 343 ListofContributors G ̈oranBergqvist LeonardoFern ́andez-Jambrina M ̈alardalenUniversity UniversidadPolit ́ecnicadeMadrid DepartmentofMathematics E. T. S. I. Navales P. O. Box883 ArcodelaVictorias/n 72123V ̈aster? as,Sweden 28040-Madrid,Spain [email protected] liu. se [email protected] upm.

Relativistic Astrophysics

The final chapters examine the principles of gravitational waves and advances in understanding the field of cosmology. This book will be of great value to astrophysicists and related scientists.

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Author: Marek Demiański

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781483278988

Category: Science

Page: 342

View: 949

Relativistic Astrophysics brings together important astronomical discoveries and the significant achievements, as well as the difficulties in the field of relativistic astrophysics. This book is divided into 10 chapters that tackle some aspects of the field, including the gravitational field, stellar equilibrium, black holes, and cosmology. The opening chapters introduce the theories to delineate gravitational field and the elements of relativistic thermodynamics and hydrodynamics. The succeeding chapters deal with the gravitational fields in matter; stellar equilibrium and general relativity stability; and the properties of pulsar, rotating and neutron stars. The discussion then shifts to the association between gravitational collapse and black holes, as well as the astrophysical investigations of neutron stars and black holes. The final chapters examine the principles of gravitational waves and advances in understanding the field of cosmology. This book will be of great value to astrophysicists and related scientists.

Relativistic Kinetic Theory

This book presents fundamentals, equations, and methods of solutions of relativistic kinetic theory, with applications in astrophysics and cosmology.

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Author: Gregory V. Vereshchagin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107048225

Category: Science

Page: 330

View: 481

This book presents fundamentals, equations, and methods of solutions of relativistic kinetic theory, with applications in astrophysics and cosmology.

Selected Papers Volume 5

This is the fifth of six volumes collecting significant papers of the distinguished astrophysicist and Nobel laureate S. Chandrasekhar.

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Author: Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226100995

Category: Science

Page: 587

View: 856

This is the fifth of six volumes collecting significant papers of the distinguished astrophysicist and Nobel laureate S. Chandrasekhar. His work is notable for its breadth as well as for its brilliance; his practice has been to change his focus from time to time to pursue new areas of research. The result has been a prolific career full of discoveries and insights, some of which are only now being fully appreciated. Chandrasekhar has selected papers that trace the development of his ideas and that present aspects of his work not fully covered in the books he has periodically published to summarize his research in each area. Volume 5 covers all of Chandrasekhar's contributions to the general theory of relativity and relativity's astrophysical applications (except his research on black holes and colliding gravitational waves, which is covered in Volume 6). The major topics include the influence of general relativity on the pulsations and stability of stars; the back reaction of gravitational waves on their sources; and post-Newtonian approximations to general relativity and their astrophysical applications. In addition to research papers, the volume includes two 1972 lectures in which Chandrasekhar assessed the past, present, and future of relativistic astrophysics. The foreword by astrophysicist Kip S. Thorne is an absorbing, brief history of the field since 1961, capturing the atmosphere of the early research and clarifying Chandrasekhar's dominant role in it. Chandrasekhar has never written a monograph synthesizing his research in relativistic astrophysics, and therefore this volume of his papers serves as a summary of that work for students and more senior researchers.

Basic Concepts in Relativistic Astrophysics

In this book, the interesting results of similar works carried out by both authors independently, is presented in a unique manner.

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Author: Lizhi Fang

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9971950669

Category: Science

Page: 218

View: 862

Relativity Astrophysics and Cosmology

Just a decade ago , before these phenomena had been discovered , it was difficult to find a useful application of relativistic gravity to astrophysics outside of cosmology . Pioneers such as Oppenheimer , Landau , Wheeler , Hoyle and ...

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Author: W. Israel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9027703698

Category: Science

Page: 332

View: 157

The 1972 Banff lectures attempted a systematic exposition of the ideas underlying recent developments in general relativity and its astronomical applications at a level accessible and useful to graduate students having some previous acquaintance with the subject. To our regret, it was not possible to include any printed record of Peebles' beautiful lectures on observational cosmology or of the many stimulating seminars on special topics contributed by the participants. What remains is nevertheless a reason ably self-contained and compact introduction to Einstein's theory in its modern in carnation, and we hope it will be found useful by the many physicists, astronomers, and mathematicians who wish to update and deepen their understanding of the theory. On behalf of the organizing committee, I should like to express appreciation to a number of people whose help was crucial to the success of the enterprise: to Jan van Kranendonk, who initiated the idea of a Banff summer school on general relativity; to him and to David Rowe and Don Betts for inspiration and moral support; to our indefatigable secretaries Olwyn Buckland and Leslie Hughes; and to Garry Nash, Richard Sigal, Tim Spanos, and Gordon Wilson who helped in a variety of ways to keep the wheels running. How much we owe to the splendid cooperative effort of the lecturers will be clear to any reader of the following pages.

Relativistic Astrophysics and Cosmology

PREFACE “Relativistic Astrophysics and Cosmology” was the theme of the Thirteenth Course of the International School of Cosmic Ray Astrophysics held at the Ettore Majorana Centre in Erice, Sicily, Italy. The school, and the papers in ...

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Author: Maurice Mandel Shapiro

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812702968

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 177

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 13th Course of the International School of Cosmic Ray Astrophysics. It focuses on major areas of astrophysics, their relation to cosmic ray physics, and our current understanding of the energetic processes in the Galaxy and the Universe that govern the acceleration and form the features of the cosmic rays that we detect at Earth. The proceedings have been selected for coverage in: . OCo Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings (ISTP CDROM version / ISI Proceedings). OCo CC Proceedings OCo Engineering & Physical Sciences."

Current Trends in Relativistic Astrophysics

This volume contains selected lectures presented at the Spanish Relativity Meeting on Relativistic Astrophysics held at the Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros Navales of Madrid, Spain, in September 2001. The meeting centered on the ...

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Author: Leonardo Fernández-Jambrina

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540369738

Category: Science

Page: 244

View: 979

The present volume contains the expanded lectures of a meeting on relativistic astrophysics, the goal of which was to provide a modern introduction to specific aspects of the field for young researchers, as well as for nonspecialists from related areas. Particular emphasis is placed on the theory of black holes and evolution, relativistic stars and jet hydrodynamics, as well as the production and detection of gravitational waves. The book is complemented by further contributions and animation supplied on the accompanying CD-ROM.

The Sixth Canadian Conference on General Relativity and Relativistic Astrophysics

Galary Cluster Dynamics , Astrophysical Journal 378 , 476-486 . Gunn , J. E. ( 1979 ] Feeding the Monster : Gas Discs in Elliptical Galaries , Active Galactic Nuclei , Cambridge Univ . Press , Cambridge , pp . 213-226 .

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Author: Stephen Paul Braham

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 082188588X

Category: Science

Page: 373

View: 186

This volume is the refereed proceedings of the Sixth Canadian Conference on General Relativity and Relativistic Astrophysics held in May 1995 at the University of New Brunswick. The book includes invited talks and contributed talks and posters including state-of-the art reviews of many of the most recent important developments in gravitational physics. This book would serve as a good supplement to standard texts on the topic. Features: * Review articles in key areas: black holes, numerical relativity, etc. * Contributions covering most of gravitational physics * Useful articles for students who wish to begin exploring the issues discusses * Invited talks given by researchers known for their ability to communicate their expertise

Relativistic Astrophysics and Cosmology Einstein s Legacy

In particular, this binary system represents a truly unique laboratory for relativistic gravitational physics. ... unique and versatile objects which can be used to study an extremely wide range of physical and astrophysical problems.

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Author: Bernd Aschenbach

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540747130

Category: Science

Page: 506

View: 667

The year 2005, which marked the 100th anniversary of the 'annus mirabilis', the year in which Albert Einstein published three of his most important scientific papers, was the perfect opportunity to review and to present the current scientific understanding of relativistic topics. This book provides an up-to-date reference on the theory of gravity, relativistic astrophysics and cosmology. It is a useful reference tool for both the expert and the new-comer in these fields.

Ninth Texas Symposium on Relativistic Astrophysics

... yet remain a completely distinct theory from general relativity ( as we shall see below ) . ... must look for new arenas for testing relativistic gravity , arenas that may involve astrophysical systems far outside the solar system .

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Author: Jürgen Ehlers

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B3764553

Category: Astrophysics

Page: 599

View: 676

Astronomy and Relativistic Astrophysics

The International Workshop on Astronomy and Relativistic Astrophysics has been organized since 2003 (the first edition of the event was held in Olinda (Brazil)). In this year, astrophysicists, astronomers and scientists working in ...

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Author: César A Zen Vasconcellos

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814464970

Category:

Page: 280

View: 971

This book presents scientific research on the central theme of new states of matter and new phenomena in the universe. The topics covered range from the big bang, through topics including the formation of exotic stars, black holes and the plasma of quarks and gluons by heavy ion reactions, to the influence of dark matter and dark energy in the evolution of the universe. Scientific interest in these themes has been growing: together with the development of major projects such as AUGER, LHC, FERMI Telescope, FAIR/GSI and GEO/LIGO, the diversity and scope of research on such themes has been on the rise. The content is detailed enough to capture the interest of experts in the field and is useful for future explorations on these fascinating themes. Contents:Supercritical Fields, Extreme Neutron-Rich Isotopes, and Short Living Giant Atoms (W Greiner)Quark-Gluon Plasma in Neutron Stars (R B Jacobsen et al.)An Investigation of the Coupling Constants in Quantum Hadrodynamics Effective Models (L N Burigo et al.)Neutron Stars in an Effective Model with Adjustable Coefficients (A Mesquita et al.)Color Superconductivity with 2 and 3 Flavors in the Chromodielectric Model (M Vidalis & M Malheiro)Analogue of Superradiance Effect in Acoustic Black Hole in the Presence of Disclination (F A Gomes & G A Marques)On the Quintessence Scalar Field Potential (J A E Carrillo et al.)Dark Energy Equation of State and Cosmic Topology (S D P Vitenti et al.)Some Topological Effects in Safko–Witten Spacetime (V B Bezerra)and other papers Readership: Students and professionals interested in astronomy and astrophysics. Keywords:General Relativity;Gravitation;Cosmology;Compact Stars;Cosmic Matter in the Laboratory;IwaraKey Features:This book features prominent scientists as contributors, including Walter Greiner, Horst Stoeker, Fridolin Weber and Marcelo GleiserIt provides a comprehensive overview on the important theme of compact stars and related topicsIt provides an overview of the research front on new phenomena and new states of matter in the universe

Texas In Tuscany Proceedings Of The Xxi Symposium On Relativistic Astrophysics

Detecting GW events will also give us the possibility of testing General Relativity and alternate theories of ... But the discovery will be more convincing and more easily granted by the whole physics and astrophysics community if at ...

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Author: Bandiera Rino

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814485180

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 395

This invaluable proceedings contains contributions from leading scientists in astrophysics, cosmology and related fields such as gravitation and elementary particles physics. It provides a general review of the status and the prospects of research in these fields for an audience of astrophysicists and physicists. The book includes both in depth reviews of various fields of relativistic astrophysics and shorter contributions on the latest results and developments in more specific areas. Some of the topics discussed are: physics of the early universe, cosmological parameters, formation of galaxies, black holes and compact objects, gravitational waves, cosmic rays, high energy radiation, dark matter, cosmic background, active galactic nuclei, supernovae and gravitational lensing.The proceedings have been selected for coverage in:• Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings (ISTP CDROM version / ISI Proceedings)

General Relativity And Relativistic Astrophysics Proceedings Of The 5th Canadian Conference

Astrophysical Journal 234 (1979) L219. . I. Shapiro, in General Relativity and Gravitation, ed. N. Ashby, D. Bartlett, and W. Wyss (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1990). . R. Dicke, and H. Goldenberg Astrophysical Journal ...

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Author: Mann Robert B

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814550314

Category:

Page: 500

View: 942

This book reviews comprehensively the technological, scientific, artistic and medical applications of liquid crystals. It starts with the basics of liquid crystals and covers electro-optical, thermo-optical, colour, polymeric, lyotropic, and scientific applications of liquid crystalline materials. It discusses the fabrication and operational principles of a full range of liquid crystal displays including dynamic scattering, twisted nematic, supertwisted nematic, dichroic, smectic A, ferroelectric, polymer dispersed, light valve, active matrix, etc., in detail. It also covers the emerging applications of liquid crystals such as optical computing, nonlinear optics, decorative and visual arts. The detailed chapters on classification, theory, chemical structure, physical properties and surface alignment of liquid crystals facilitate the basic understanding of the science behind LCDs and other uses of liquid crystals. The chapters on liquid crystal polymers and lyotropic liquid crystals, give deep insight into these areas. The potential uses and applications are also described in detail.

Relativistic Astrophysics And Cosmology Proceedings Of The Eighteenth Texas Symposium

Since 1963, the Texas Symposia have been a biennial, peripatetic forum for forefront developments on a wide range of topics in relativistic astrophysics, from pulsars to string theory, from the birth of the universe to the death of stars.

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Author: Olinto Angela V

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814544801

Category:

Page: 812

View: 895

This book provides an overview of how diverse issues of Magnetism have implications for other areas of physics. Attention will be drawn to different aspects of many-body physics, which first appeared in Magnetism but have had deep impact in different branches of physics. Each of these aspects will be illustrated schematically and in terms of physical examples, chosen from multicritical phenomena, quantum phase transition, spin glasses, relaxation, phase ordering and quantum dissipation. A unique feature of this book is a unified and coherent discussion of magnetic phenomena, presented in a lucid and pedagogical manner.