Roman and Byzantine Malta

The idea of carrying out research on the Maltese archipelago during the Roman and Byzantine periods stems from the author's participation in the activities of the Missione Archeologica Italiana, which had resumed in Malta in 1995 in order ...


Author: Brunella Bruno


ISBN: IND:30000127316945

Category: Excavations (Archaeology)

Page: 254

View: 377

The idea of carrying out research on the Maltese archipelago during the Roman and Byzantine periods stems from the author's participation in the activities of the Missione Archeologica Italiana, which had resumed in Malta in 1995 in order to complete research conducted on the sites of Tas-Silg and San Pawl Milqi. These archaeological sites are today considered amongst the most important on the archipelago. Their stratigraphy spans an extensive timeframe - from prehistory to the modern era - making them important points of reference and comparison, not least in the classification and study of ceramic remains. Contents: Introduction; Chapter I: The Historical Picture: from the Roman Conquest to the Islamic Occupation; Chapter II: The Archaeology of the Roman and Byzantine Periods: Current Studies and Prospective Venues of Research; Chapter III: Land and Environment; Chapter IV: Settlement and Population: Inhabited Centres, Sanctuaries, Villas and Landed Properties; Chapter V: Economic Activity and Patronage: the Main Players; Chapter VI: The Exploitation of Local Resources; ChapterVII: Did the Islands Produce Foodstuffs and Amphorae?; Chapter VIII: An Analysis of Two Maltese Sites: the Tas-Silg Sanctuary and the Villa at San Pawl Milqi; Chapter IX: Importation of Goods: Evidence from the Amphorae; General Conclusions.

Pottery from Roman Malta

... L'Africa Romana XIV: 1063-1072. Bruno, B. 2004. L'arcipelago maltese in età romana e bizantina: Attività economiche e scambi al centro de mediterraneo. Bari: Edipuglia. Bruno, B. 2009. Roman and Byzantine Malta: Trade and Economy ...


Author: Maxine Anastasi

Publisher: Archaeopress Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 9781789693300

Category: Social Science

Page: 189

View: 231

A comprehensive study of Maltese pottery forms from key stratified deposits spanning the 1st century BC to mid-4th century AD. Ceramic material is analysed and quantified in a bid to understand Maltese pottery production during the Roman period, and trace the type and volume of ceramic-borne goods that were circulating the central Mediterranean.

The Archaeology of Malta

Roman and Byzantine Malta: Trade and Economy, translated from Italian by G. Cutajar and P.J. Hudson. Malta: Midsea. Brusasco, P. 1993. ' Dal Levante al Mediterraneo Centrale: la prima fase fenicia a Tas-Silg, Malta'.


Author: Claudia Sagona

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316395288

Category: Social Science


View: 212

The Maltese archipelago is a unique barometer for understanding cultural change in the central Mediterranean. Prehistoric people helped reshape the islands' economy and when Mediterranean maritime highways were being established, the islands became a significant lure to Phoenician colonists venturing from their Levantine homeland. Punic Malta also sat at the front line of regional hostilities until it fell to Rome. Preserved in this island setting are signs of people's endurance and adaptation to each new challenge. This book is the first systematic and up-to-date survey of the islands' archaeological evidence from the initial settlers to the archipelago's inclusion into the Roman world (c.5000 BC–400 AD). Claudia Sagona draws upon old and new discoveries and her analysis covers well-known sites such as the megalithic structures, as well as less familiar locations and discoveries. She interprets the archaeological record to explain changing social and political structures, intriguing ritual practices and cultural contact through several millennia.

The Rough Guide to Malta and Gozo

Roman and Byzantine rule The Romans clumped the Maltese islands under the administrative wing of the Sicilian Kingdom , a situation that relegated them to a fringe province of Sicily . They treated the islands as a foothold in trade and ...


Author: Victor Paul Borg

Publisher: Rough Guides

ISBN: 1858286808

Category: Travel

Page: 391

View: 854

This guide to Malta and Gozo features entertaining and informative accounts of all sights, from the fortified towns of Valleta and Midina to ancient and neolithic temples. Commentaries on history, politics, religion and the environment are also included.

The Making of Christian Malta

... is essential.15 The Roman and lateRoman centuries have been covered thoroughly by Anthony Bonanno.16 For the post-Roman or Byzantine period, arguably commencing with the visit to Malta of the Byzantine general Belisarius in 533, ...


Author: Anthony Luttrell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351785433

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 387

This title was first published in 2002: Dr Luttrell's work has helped change our understanding of the history of the small islands of Malta and Gozo, providing a more coherent story of the ways in which, during the Middle Ages, a small isolated Muslim community was converted into a more prosperous outpost of Roman Christianity with a unique cultural mixture of Arabic speech and European institutions. This selection of studies places the process within the context of developments in the medieval Mediterranean world and combines archaeological and architectural investigations with work in Maltese, Sicilian and other archives, with a particular focus on ecclesiastical matters; a new introduction brings the subject up to date. This work is of relevance to scholars of Islam and Christianity, while providing insights into the nature of an unusual island community whose significance far exceeds its size.


MALTA. The most interesting sites of this period are underground – the late Roman/ Byzantine catacombs that lie beneath several areas of Malta – although there are also a few places to see above ground. All the tomb complexes are ...


Author: Juliet Rix

Publisher: Bradt Travel Guides

ISBN: 9781784770709

Category: Travel

Page: 344

View: 836

This new, thoroughly updated fourth edition of Bradt's Malta - written by an expert who has been visiting for more than a decade - remains the most comprehensive guide available and has built a reputation for being the essential guide for getting beneath the surface of this island nation and discovering what lies beyond the beaches. Sun, sand and sea there may be, but Malta boasts so much more, and this new edition is packed with historical and archaeological insights, from the Stone Age to the Romans, the Knights Hospitaller to World War II. It also showcases the islands' wildlife and bird-watching opportunities, summer festas, and the less commercialised islands of Gozo and Comino. Malta has been changing at the rate of knots, with Valletta's year as European Capital of Culture accelerating restoration and renovation. Copious openings - of historic sights, key fortresses, a new national gallery and boutique accommodation, particularly in Valletta - are covered, while the culinary scene continues to thrive, with notably greater choice for vegetarians and vegans. Malta has recently become much more socially accepting and is now considered one of the top places for LGBT travellers, while the offering for younger travellers has expanded, too. The Isle of MTV festival is going strong, Annie Mac now has a spring festival in Malta and a host of bars and clubs has sprung up. There is also lots on offer culturally, with festivals, concerts, exhibitions, theatre and opera all contributing to a full programme. Bradt's Malta contains all the information needed for a successful trip. Whatever your budget, it is the ideal guide for everyone from culture aficionados to history and archaeology buffs, foodies, war veterans, families and couples escaping for a romantic break.

Insularity and identity in the Roman Mediterranean

141 Bruno, B. (2009) Roman and Byzantine Malta: Trade and Economy (trans. G. Cutajar with P.J. Hudson). Malta. Busuttil, J. (1966) The Maltese textile industry in Antiquity. Melita Historica IV(3), 215–219. Caroll, F. A., Hunt, C. O., ...


Author: Anna Kouremenos


ISBN: 9781785705816

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 739

Insularity – the state or condition of being an island – has played a key role in shaping the identities of populations inhabiting islands of the Mediterranean. As entities surrounded by water and usually possessing different landscapes and ecosystems from those of the mainland, islands allow for the potential to study both the land and the sea. Archaeologically, they have the potential to reveal distinct identities shaped by such forces as invasion, imperialism, colonialism, and connectivity. The theme of insularity and identity in the Roman period has not been the subject of a book length study but has been prevalent in scholarship dealing with the prehistoric periods. The papers in this book explore the concepts of insularity and identity in the Roman period by addressing some of the following questions: what does it mean to be an island? How has insularity shaped ethnic, cultural, and social identity in the Mediterranean during the Roman period? How were islands connected to the mainland and other islands? Did insularity produce isolation or did the populations of Mediterranean islands integrate easily into a common ‘Roman’ culture? How has maritime interaction shaped the economy and culture of specific islands? Can we argue for distinct ‘island identities’ during the Roman period? The twelve papers presented here each deal with specific islands or island groups, thus allowing for an integrated view of Mediterranean insularity and identity.

Malta and Gozo

The most interesting sites of this period are underground – the late Roman/ Byzantine catacombs that lie beneath several areas of Malta – although there are also a few places to see above ground. All the tomb complexes are referred to ...


Author: Juliet Rix

Publisher: Bradt Travel Guides

ISBN: 9781784770259

Category: Gozo Island (Malta)

Page: 334

View: 402

Packed with historical and archaeological facts from the Stone Age to the Romans, the Knights Hospitaller to World War II, it also showcases the islands' wildlife (and bird-watching opportunities), summer festas, and the less commercialised islands of Gozo and Comino.

A Companion to Byzantine Italy

Early approaches to the archaeology of Byzantine Malta were overwhelmingly conditioned by research on the Late Roman catacombs, which were studied almost exclusively as monuments of early Christianity on the islands.15 The contribution ...



Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004307704

Category: History

Page: 848

View: 187

This book offers a collection of essays on Byzantine Italy which provides a fresh synthesis of current research as well as new insights on various aspects of its local societies from the 6th to the 11th century.

Insights and Interpretations

Malta passed into Byzantine hands in the mid - sixth century , in the wake of the decline of the Western Roman Empire . There were possible Vandal and Ostrogothic conquests immediately before the Byzantine era .


Author: Princeton University. Department of Art and Archaeology. Index of Christian Art

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691099901

Category: Art

Page: 236

View: 186

Established in 1917, the Index of Christian Art, located at Princeton University, is now the largest archive of medieval art in existence and the most specialized resource for the iconographer. Throughout its eighty-five years, it has justly been recognized as one of the most learned institutions for the study of the art and culture of the medieval world. The essays in this book, all by staff or scholars of the archive, highlight some of the current research in the archive and the scholarship for which it has been widely renowned. The studies cover art from the Late Antique period to the end of the fifteenth century and include most of the media represented in the archive, from manuscripts to sculpture to glass. From reinterpreting previous scholarship to making new insights into the medieval mind, they explore such themes as Jephtha's Daughter; Mary Magdalene; Saints Blaise, Paul, Joseph, and Elisabeth of Hungary; and topics including women in the Bibles moralis es, Late German sermons, the iconographic program at Bourges Cathedral, Franciscan devotional art, and a late medieval Islamic manuscript. This volume presents some of the most exciting and interdisciplinary approaches to the study of these subjects, from the home of medieval iconography in Princeton. The contributors are Adelaide Bennett, Lois Drewer, Ivan Great, Judith Golden, Gerald Guest, Margaret Jennings, Margaret Lindsey, Mika Natif, Lynn Ransom, Pamela Sheingorn, and A. E. Wright.

Italy and the East Roman World in the Medieval Mediterranean

Social Structure and the Hierarchy of Officialdom in Byzantine Italy, 554–800 A.D (Ph.D. thesis, University of Nottingham) 1975. 'Byzantine Malta: A Discussion of the Sources', in A.T. Luttrell, ed., Medieval Malta, Studies on Malta ...


Author: Thomas J. MacMaster

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351609036

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 170

Italy and the East Roman World in the Medieval Mediterranean addresses the understudied topic of the Italian peninsula’s relationship to the continuation of the Roman Empire in the East, across the early and central Middle Ages. The East Roman world, commonly known by the ahistorical term "Byzantium", is generally imagined as an Eastern Mediterranean empire, with Italy part of the medieval "West". Across 18 individually authored chapters, an introduction and conclusion, this volume makes a different case: for an East Roman world of which Italy forms a crucial part, and an Italian peninsula which is inextricably connected to—and, indeed, includes—regions ruled from Constantinople. Celebrating a scholar whose work has led this field over several decades, Thomas S. Brown, the chapters focus on the general themes of empire, cities and elites, and explore these from the angles of sources and historiography, archaeology, social, political and economic history, and more besides. With contributions from established and early career scholars, elucidating particular issues of scholarship as well as general historical developments, the volume provides both immediate contributions and opens space for a new generation of readers and scholars to a growing field.

The Economy of Modern Malta

Malta's purchasing-power-parity (PPP) GDP per capita is 83 per cent of the UK's level, putting it in the top quartile of global per capita income ... Bruno, B., Roman and Byzantine Malta: Trade and Economy, Valletta: Midsea Books, 2009.


Author: Paul Caruana Galizia

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137565983

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 379

This book provides the first wide-ranging account of the Maltese economy in the modern era, from colonialism to European Union membership. It sets arguments about growth and development, and the impact and legacy of colonization, against detailed histories of agriculture, manufacturing and trade, and different economic policy regimes. It is based on volumes of newly collected archival evidence and the latest thinking in economic history. By extending coverage up to the present, the book explains how one of the world's smallest nation-states achieved lasting economic development, quintupling its per capita income level since 1970, when many other postcolonial and advanced economies stagnated.

Essays on the Archaeology and Ancient History of TheMaltese Islands

This collection of essays, by leading scholar and academic Professor Mario Buhagiar, brings together in a single volume a select miscellany of studies which focus primarily on Bronze Age, Punico-Roman, Early Christian and Byzantine ...


Author: Mario Buhagiar


ISBN: 9993274828

Category: Excavations (Archaeology)

Page: 522

View: 339

This collection of essays, by leading scholar and academic Professor Mario Buhagiar, brings togetherin a single volume a select miscellany of studies which focus primarily on Bronze Age, Punico-Roman,Early Christian and Byzantine archaeology and history filtered through a synthesis of the archaeological,documentary, and art historical evidence. Its main strength is the contextualisation and informedanalysis of the iconographic and artistic source material.The essays include:* The Fortified Bronze Age Settlements of the Maltese Islands* Two Archaeological Sites: Ras ir-Raheb and Ras il-Wardija* Roman Malta: A Review of the Archaeological Source Material* The St Paul Shipwreck Controversy: An Assessment of the Source Material* St Paul's Shipwreck and Early Christianity in Malta* The Early Christian Cemeteries: An Overview* The Bingemma Necropolis* The Jesuits' Hill Archaeological Site on the Grand Harbour* The Late Roman and Early Christian Hypogea of Tarxien and Casal Paola* Late Roman and Early Christian Burial Sites in the Zebbiegh-Mgarr and Birkirkara-HasSajjied Districts* The Funerary Triclinia of the Maltese Catacombs* The Iconography of the Maltese Rock-Tombs: Romano-Punic, Early Christian andByzantine* The Rock-Engravings and Architectural Decoration of the Romano-Punic and EarlyChristian Hypogea* The Xaghra ta' Santa Duminka Rock-Tombs: Reflections on Maltese Early Christian Art* The Early Christian and Byzantine Site at Abbatija tad-Dejr: Archaeological and ArtHistorical Insights* The Jewish Catacombs of Roman Melite* Early Christian and Byzantine Malta: Archaeological and Textual Considerations* The Early Christian Remains at Tas-Silg and San Pawl Milqi: A Reconsideration of theArchaeological Evidence* Gozo in Late Roman, Byzantine and Muslim Times

Byzantium Venice and the Medieval Adriatic

La circolazione delle ceramiche nellVAdriatico tra tarda Antichità e Altomedioevo. III Incontro di Studio CER.AM.IS, Documenti di archeologia 43 (Mantua), 157–82. 2009. Roman and Byzantine Malta: Trade and Economy (Sta Venera, Malta).


Author: Magdalena Skoblar

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108840705

Category: History

Page: 372

View: 860

Innovative study re-positioning the Adriatic as a liminal region between different cultures and faiths before the heyday of Venice.

A Research Guide to the Ancient World

Roman and Byzantine Malta: trade and economy / Brunella Bruno. Sta. Venera, Malta: Midsea, 2009. 254 p. DG989.5 .B7813 2009. Gozo Island A3.1861. Ägyptisches Kulturgut auf den Inseln Malta und A3.1862. Gozo in phönikiischer und ...


Author: John M. Weeks

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781442237407

Category: History

Page: 454

View: 775

A Research Guide to the Ancient World: Print and Electronic Sources is a partially annotated bibliography that covers the study of the ancient world, and closes the traditional subject gap between the humanities and the social sciences in this area of study. This book is the only bibliographic resource available for such holistic coverage.

The Oxford Handbook of the Phoenician and Punic Mediterranean

In Tas-Silg, Marsaxlokk (Malta) I: Archaeological Excavations Conducted by the University of Malta, 1996–2005, ... London: Thames and Hudson. Bruno, B. 2009. Roman and Byzantine Malta: Trade and Economy. Malta: Midsea.


Author: Brian R. Doak

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190499358

Category: History

Page: 768

View: 666

The Phoenicians created the Mediterranean world as we know it-yet they remain a shadowy and poorly understood group. The academic study of the Phoenicians has come to an important crossroads; the field has grown in sheer content, sophistication of analysis, and diversity of interpretation, and we now need a current overview of where the study of these ancient seafarers and craftsman stands and where it is going. Moreover, the field of Phoenician studies is particularly fragmented and scattered. While there is growing interest in all things Phoenician and Punic, the latest advances are mostly published in specialized journals and conference volumes in a plethora of languages. This Handbook is the first of its type to appear in over two decades, and the first ever to appear in English. In these chapters, written by a wide range of prominent and promising scholars from across Europe, North America, Australia, and the Mediterranean world, readers will find summary studies on key historical moments (such as the history of Carthage), areas of culture (organized around language, religion, and material culture), regional studies and areas of contact (spanning from the Levant and the Aegean to Iberia and North Africa), and the reception of the Phoenicians as an idea, entangled with the formation of other cultural identities, both ancient and modern.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium

Bruno, B. Roman and Byzantine Malta: Trade and Economy. Translated by G. Cutajar. Valetta, Malta: Midsea Books, 2009. Heyd, W. Histoire du commerce du Levant au moyen âge. 2 vols. Leipzig: O. Harrassowitz, 1936.


Author: John H. Rosser

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: 9780810875678

Category: History

Page: 591

View: 283

The Byzantine Empire dates back to Constantine the Great, the first Christian ruler of the Roman Empire, who, in 330 AD, moved the imperial capital from Rome to a port city in modern-day Turkey, which he then renamed Constantinople in his honor. From its founding, the Byzantine Empire was a major anchor of east-west trade, and culture, art, architecture, and the economy all prospered in the newly Christian empire. As Byzantium moved into the middle and late period, Greek became the official language of both church and state and the Empire's cultural and religious influence extended well beyond its boundaries. In the mid-15th century, the Ottoman Turks put an end to 1,100 years of Byzantine history by capturing Constantinople, but the Empire's legacy in art, culture, and religion endured long after its fall. In this revised and updated second edition of the Historical Dictionary of Byzantium, author John H. Rosser introduces both the general reader and the researcher to the history of the Byzantine Empire. This comprehensive dictionary includes detailed, alphabetical entries on key figures, ideas, places, and themes related to Byzantine art, history, and religion, and the second edition contains numerous additional entries on broad topics such as transportation and gender, which were less prominent in the previous edition. An expanded introduction introduces the reader to Byzantium and a guide to further sources and suggested readings can be found in the extensive bibliography that follows the entries. A basic chronology and various maps and illustrations are also included in the dictionary. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Byzantium.

Cyprus between Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages ca 600 800

Bruno, B. (2009), Roman and Byzantine Malta: Trade and Economy. La Valletta: Midsea Books. Bruno, B. and Cutajar, N. (2013), “Imported Amphoras as Indicators of Economic Activity in Early Medieval Malta”, in E. Zanini, P. Pergola, ...


Author: Luca Zavagno

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351999113

Category: History

Page: 228

View: 883

Research on early medieval Cyprus has focused on the late antique "golden age" (late fourth/early fifth to seventh century) and the so-called Byzantine "Reconquista" (post-AD 965) while overlooking the intervening period. This phase was characterized, supposedly, by the division of the political sovereignty between the Umayyads and the Byzantines, bringing about the social and demographic dislocation of the population of the island. This book proposes a different story of continuities and slow transformations in the fate of Cyprus between the late sixth and the early ninth centuries. Analysis of new archaeological evidence shows signs of a continuing link to Constantinople. Moreover, together with a reassessment of the literary evidence, archaeology and material culture help us to reappraise the impact of Arab naval raids and contextualize the confrontational episodes throughout the ebb and flow of Eastern Mediterranean history: the political influence of the Caliphate looked stronger in the second half of the seventh century, the administrative and ecclesiastical influence of the Byzantine empire was held sway from the beginning of the eighth to the twelfth century. Whereas the island retained sound commercial ties with the Umayyad Levant in the seventh and eighth centuries, at the same time politically and economically it remained part of the Byzantine sphere. This belies the idea of Cyprus as an independent province only loosely tied to Constantinople and allows us to draw a different picture of the cultural identities, political practices and hierarchy of wealth and power in Cyprus during the passage from Late Antiquity to the early Middle Ages.

Punic Antiquities of Malta and Other Ancient Artefacts Held in Ecclesiastic and Private Collections

1992 Roman Malta . The Archaeological Heritage of the Maltese Islands . ... 1996 “ Egyptian iconography in ancient Maltese art . ... 1986 Late Roman and Byzantine Catacombs and Related Burial Places in the Maltese Islands .


Author: Claudia Sagona

Publisher: Peeters Publishers

ISBN: 9042917032

Category: Religion

Page: 276

View: 652

Ancient artefacts that comprise the private collections of Malta came largely from the Phoenician and later Punic burial grounds of the archipelago. In many respects, the perception of the island's ancient population as depicted in recent historic accounts has suffered from a limited knowledge of what has been found in the islands over the last few centuries. Co-authored with Isabelle Vella Gregory and Anton Bugeja, this book forms a companion volume to Claudia Sagona's The Archaeology of Punic Malta (2002, Peeters) and Punic Antiquities of Malta and Other Ancient Artefacts Held in Ecclesiastic and Private Collections (2003, Peeters). More than 700 objects, many brought into the public arena for the first time, are documented in this volume. The artefacts are held in three collections: that of Joseph Attard Tabone, of the Palazzo Parisio (Naxxar) and of St George's Parish Church (Qormi). While much of the material is characteristically Phoenician and Punic, imported Cypriot, Greek, Italian and other wares demonstrate that the islands were drawn into the ancient economic and political exchanges of the Mediterranean region.