Safety Culture and High Risk Environments

This book provides leaders in high risk industries a better understanding of how their values and behaviors can influence the organization's safety culture and improve its capacity to bounce back from failure.


Author: Cindy L. Caldwell

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351979351

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 129

View: 480

This book provides leaders in high risk industries a better understanding of how their values and behaviors can influence the organization's safety culture and improve its capacity to bounce back from failure. Examples are illustrated through case studies and practical tools are provided to evaluate and improve an organization's culture by improving leadership capability. This unique book integrates the areas of safety culture and high reliability from the perspective of leadership in a work team environment. Readers of the book will get a fresh perspective on safety culture and reliability that can be translated into practical steps for improving their organization through its leadership.

Safety Culture

In this compilation, the authors first analyze three components of safety culture: safety climate, safety values, and culture of prevention.


Author: Michel Sacre


ISBN: 1536162892

Category: Accidents

Page: 311

View: 599

In this compilation, the authors first analyse three components of safety culture: safety climate, safety values, and culture of prevention. The analysis includes both new empirical results and a review of earlier studies. Following this, Safety Culture: Progress, Trends and Challenges presents a report from ethnographic work at a large grain processing facility in the American Midwest. The grain industry is inherently dangerous with its heavy equipment, confined spaces and explosive environments. Sometimes the companies value efficiency and productivity over worker safety. Additionally, the authors examine differences in safety climate perceptions between permanent and contingent workers and associations to self-reported accidents/injuries in an organisation, considering possible relevant confounders. Possible interventions and strategic efforts as proposed as tools for the promotion and consolidation of organisational mindfulness. These interventions focus signal setting on management level and collective interactions on front-line level. Recommendations for the application in different settings derive from areas of work organisation, work design, strategic agenda and value setting, as well as from the promotion of organisational cultural preferences. One paper presents a model that combines theories of organisational learning, human error and situation awareness in sociotechnical task environments. A hypothesis which emerges from this model is that people who possess a questioning attitude in respect to their own contribution to error causation possess a better situational awareness of their sociotechnical work environment. Later, the effect of crew resource management training on the medical personnel of an acute medical unit is investigated, as it is an auspicious method to achieve cultural changes in high risk environments and achieve a positive safety culture. In closing, because a core objective of the International Safety Management Code is advancement of criteria for an effective maritime safety policy, the extent to which the code has been effective is discussed.

Group Interaction in High Risk Environments

In the following section, some elements of national and professional cultures that
are important factors in shaping organizational culture are presented.
Organizational culture as such will then be discussed from the point of view of
safety ...


Author: Rainer Dietrich

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351932080

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 423

What governs the way in which people work together and handle technology in high risk environments? The understanding of decision making, communication and the other dimensions of team interaction within aircrews and other teams in highly stressful situations, is based on a multitude of diverse factors, each with its own literature and individual studies. This book is about how teams function in just such situations, providing a uniquely integrated and interdisciplinary account of the dynamics and main explanatory factors of team interaction under high workload. The book stems from the interdisciplinary research project 'Group Interaction in High Risk Environments' (GIHRE), a Collegium of the Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz Foundation. The goals of the project, and therefore the book, are to investigate, analyze and understand the behavior of professional groups working in high risk environments and to develop practical suggestions for enhancing performance. A central focus of this book is how groups in these professions deal with the factors that can threaten the safety and effectiveness of their task performance, whether these factors are part of the environment or part of the team itself. Four representative workplaces were investigated in three broad settings: in aviation, the cockpit of a commercial airliner; in medicine, the operating room and the intensive care unit of a hospital; in nuclear power, the control room of a nuclear power plant. The international and interdisciplinary composition of the Collegium ensures the book features a variety of different methodological and conceptual approaches, which are brought to bear at both theoretical and practical levels. Readers working in all related fields will find value in the case descriptions, the academic synthesis of the similarities between them, and ways to approach new challenges; specialists in applied psychology, human factors and technical management will gain new insights.

Practical Airport Operations Safety and Emergency Management

/high-risk work environments, employees often become fixated on “getting the job
done.” This motivation can be intrinsically or extrinsically derived depending ...


Author: Jeffrey Price

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 9780128006016

Category: Political Science

Page: 630

View: 810

Practical Airport Operations, Safety, and Emergency Management: Protocols for Today and the Future focuses on the airport itself, not the aircraft, manufacturers, designers, or even the pilots. The book explores the safety of what's been called ‘the most expensive piece of pavement in any city’— the facility that operates, maintains, and ensures the safety of millions of air passengers every year. The book is organized into three helpful sections, each focusing on one of the sectors described in the title. Section One: Airport Safety, explores the airport environment, then delves into safety management systems. Section Two: Airport Operations, continues the conversation on safety management systems before outlining airside and landside operations in depth, while Section Three: Airport Emergency Management, is a careful, detailed exploration of the topic, ending with a chapter on the operational challenges airport operations managers can expect to face in the future. Written by trusted experts in the field, users will find this book to be a vital resource that provides airport operations managers and students with the information, protocols, and strategies they need to meet the unique challenges associated with running an airport. Addresses the four areas of airport management: safety, operations, emergency management, and future challenges together in one book Written by leading professionals in the field with extensive training, teaching, and practical experience in airport operations Includes section on future challenges, including spaceport, unmanned aerial vehicles, and integrated incident command Ancillary materials for readers to reinforce concepts and instructors teaching operations courses Focuses on the topics of safety, operations, emergency management, and what personnel and students studying the topic can expect to face in the future

Safety and Quality in Medical Transport Systems

There are myriad definitions and terms that refer to safety culture, especially as
they apply to high-risk environments. Safety culture plays a significant role in the
development of Safety Management Systems (SMS) (FAA 2006), and aids an ...


Author: John W. Overton

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781317059974

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 392

View: 269

The Commission on Accreditation of Medical Transport Systems (CAMTS) has been accrediting air and ground transport services since 1991. One of the most significant needs the Commission has recognized is to assist transport services in creating a culture that supports safety and quality for both crews and patients. Most of the helicopter EMS (emergency medical service) accidents and many ground ambulance accidents can be attributed to human factors and systems designs that lead to poor decision-making. Management commitment is vital to create and maintain a culture that supports risk assessment, accountability, professionalism and organizational dynamics. This reference book has been created by CAMTS to address this need directly and comprehensively. It offers a groundbreaking collection of expert insights and practical solutions that can be used by EMS, Fire and Rescue, public and private services, and professional emergency and transport professionals worldwide. Quoting from the foreword written by the late Robert L. Helmreich, Professor Emeritus of Psychology at The University of Texas Human Factors Research Project, 'This is an important book which should be required reading for everyone involved in patient transport, from managers and dispatchers to those at the sharp end... The experienced and able authors and editors of this work use culture as the overarching concept needed to maximize safety while delivering patients expeditiously.'

Managing Safety Challenges Ahead 2 Vols Set

Papers presented at the Safety Conference: Managing Safety : Challenges Ahead, held at New Delhi during 14-16 February 2005.


Author: Pradeep Chaturvedi

Publisher: Concept Publishing Company

ISBN: 8180692302

Category: Industrial accidents

Page: 496

View: 261

Papers presented at the Safety Conference: Managing Safety : Challenges Ahead, held at New Delhi during 14-16 February 2005.

Nuclear Engineering International

... complex , high - risk environments has been heightened by many incidents
which clearly indicate that accidents are rarely ... improve the safety culture of an
organisation may be revolutionary , the plans themselves should be evolutionary




ISBN: UCSD:31822017816240

Category: Nuclear engineering


View: 130

Current Issues in Nursing

Creating a culture of safety is a ... Handoffs are recognized as high - risk work
processes because they occur on every acute care unit 3 times per day in all
health ...


Author: Perle Slavik Cowen

Publisher: Mosby

ISBN: 032303652X

Category: Medical

Page: 865

View: 226

Current Issues in Nursing provides a forum for knowledgeable debate on the important issues that nurses face today. Through the past six editions it has provided information and viewpoints of developments that continue to impact the delivery of health care and the nursing profession. This book provides the opportunity to analyze conflicting viewpoints and to synthesize one's own thoughts on the demands being made on the nursing profession and the difficult issues affecting today's health care delivery. Comments from users and reviewers have continued to praise the book for its in-depth discussion of critical issues, solid organization of material, and encouragement of independent thinking. Offers comprehensive and timely coverage of the issues affecting nursing education and practice. Provides insights and analyses of over 100 well-known and respected nursing leaders. Each section is presented in a consistent format beginning with an overview chapter, followed by a debate chapter, and concluding with several viewpoint chapters to present varying views of the topics. Presents provocative and often controversial discussions in the viewpoint chapters to encourage the reader to think critically about the issues. Updated table of contents improves the flow of material. A new section on violence prevention and care includes nine new chapters on cutting-edge topics such as terrorist events, homeland security, nursing in wars, bioterrorism, and much more. Six new chapters focus on the overall quality improvement of nursing practice. Three new chapters examine the evolution and expansion of the nursing profession. Two new chapters address the definition and role of nursing in the current health care setting. Two new chapters take a contemporary look at HIPPAA and the current health care cost trends. Two new chapters explore educational trends developing in the nursing world. A new chapters on employment and management issues including dealing with unions, health care systems, and patient to staff ratios

Hazards XVIII

Tint , Gunnar Kiivet and Karin ... a simple risk assessment method has been
worked out at Tallinn University of Technology , Chair of Work Environment and ...



Publisher: IChemE

ISBN: 0852954603

Category: Chemical industry

Page: 983

View: 961

Ergonomics for the New Millennium

Diagnosis of safety culture in safety management audits . Safety Science . Kets
de Vries ... Safety culture - a reflection of risk awareness . Zürich : Swiss Re
Publications ... Contingent workers in high risk environments . California
Management ...


Author: International Ergonomics Association. Congress


ISBN: 0945289138

Category: Cybernetics


View: 181

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of the Psychology of Occupational Safety and Workplace Health

A Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Organizational Psychology focusing on occupational safety and workplace health.


Author: Sharon Clarke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118978986

Category: Psychology

Page: 560

View: 219

A Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Organizational Psychology focusing on occupational safety and workplace health. The editors draw on their collective experience to present thematically structured material from leading thinkers and practitioners in the USA, Europe, and Asia Pacific Provides comprehensive coverage of the major contributions that psychology can make toward the improvement of workplace safety and employee health Equips those who need it most with cutting-edge research on key topics including wellbeing, safety culture, safety leadership, stress, bullying, workplace health promotion and proactivity

Safe Patient Handling and Movement

CH A PTER FOUR Variations in High - Risk Patient Handling Tasks by Practice
Setting Audrey L. Nelson While physical environment , work practices , and safety
culture influence which ergonomic interventions to implement , key to ...


Author: Audrey L. Nelson


ISBN: UOM:39015062478741

Category: Medical

Page: 262

View: 459


Environmental Protection in Germany

5 Plant safety Safety culture in industrial society No major hazardous incidents
have occurred in the industrial plants of the ... Plant safety concepts In future ,
operators of plants presenting a particularly high risk potential will be required to




ISBN: STANFORD:36105043370688

Category: Environmental policy

Page: 232

View: 503

Proceedings of the Annual Meeting

Safety cultures , which are the only way in which high - risk organizations can
prevent devastating accidents , are ... At the institutional level , the paper explores
the complexities introduced into environmental issues as a result of ( a ) the ...


Author: Eastern Academy of Management. Meeting


ISBN: PSU:000055800051

Category: Management


View: 618

Magazine of the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work

Marketing strategy When it comes to safety , marketing techniques have rarely
been used . ... A company with a poor safety and environmental record puts its
public image at risk . ... to other cultures and are very useful for small companies .




ISBN: UVA:X004426276

Category: Industrial hygiene


View: 304

Healthy Iowans 2010

Or , a nurse who is visiting an at - risk family may observe that there are no smoke
alarms in the home and counsel the ... and culture sensitive encompassing the
environmental issues covered by the safe and healthy homes initiative by 2002 .


Author: Iowa. Department of Public Health


ISBN: IOWA:31858037756701

Category: Health promotion


View: 752

The PM Net Work

... W. Foley Work in a high - risk environment requires significant attention to the
safety of workers , the public and the environment . At the Hanford Nuclear
Reservation , safety is of the highest priority . Safety is behavior - based , it is a
culture .




ISBN: PSU:000070840551

Category: Project management


View: 899

Reducing the Risk of Falls in Your Health Care Organization

Other safety culture assessment tools focus on staff perceptions and attitudes . ...
These staff - based assessments are structured self - report surveys that elicit
perceptions of the working environment from the perspective of staff at the “ sharp


Author: Joint Commission Resources, Inc

Publisher: Joint Commission on

ISBN: UOM:39015063087590

Category: Education

Page: 159

View: 758

Data have shown that injuries often result from falls. This book provides strategies, tips, and tools to help reduce the risk of falls experienced by patients, and real-life examples of organizations that have effectively implemented fall reduction programs.

Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety Hazards

The quality of work environment , supervision and safety in building construction .
Saf Sci 17 ... Normal Accidents : Living with High - risk Technologies . New York :
Basic ... Establishing good " safety culture " helps mitigate workplace dangers .


Author: Jeanne Mager Stellman

Publisher: International Labour Organization

ISBN: 922109815X

Category: Electronic books

Page: 864

View: 571

Safety Health

Seven Key Ingredients in a positive Safety Culture 125 126 9 32 32 42 61
ERGONOMICS Ergonomics - OSHA Headlines , and Solutions ... to manage the
High Risk Employee 90 Sate Operating Procedures in Refuse Collection 93 A
Multidisciplinary Approach to Industrial Safety ... Line Managements
Implementation of a Ground Safety Program - Environmental Issues 134 14




ISBN: UOM:39015018786023

Category: Industrial hygiene


View: 548